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24 Dec 2005, 19:37
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During the 1980's approximately $50 billion in private investment capital is estimated to have left Mexico and added to the strain on the country's debt-ridden economy. A. During the 1980's approximately$50 billion in private investment capital is estimated to have left Mexico and added
B. During the 1980's it is estimated that approximately $50 billion in private investment capital left Mexico and added C. It is estimated that there was approximately$50 billion in private investment capital that left Mexico during the 1980's and added
D. It is estimated that during the 1980's approximately $50 billion in private investment capital left Mexico, adding E. Approximately$50 billion in private investment capital is estimated as having left Mexico during the 1980's, adding
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24 Dec 2005, 19:45
The and added in A does not explain the cause and effect properly. So is the case with B and C. Between D and E, my choice is D. As having left in E does not sound right. Not sure though.
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24 Dec 2005, 19:52
I will gp for C

A. During the 1980's approximately $50 billion in private investment capital is estimated to have left Mexico and added B. During the 1980's it is estimated that approximately$50 billion in private investment capital left Mexico and added

C. It is estimated that there was approximately $50 billion in private investment capital that left Mexico during the 1980's and added D. It is estimated that during the 1980's approximately$50 billion in private investment capital left Mexico, adding

E. Approximately $50 billion in private investment capital is estimated as having left Mexico during the 1980's, adding VP Joined: 21 Sep 2003 Posts: 1065 Location: USA Followers: 3 Kudos [?]: 58 [0], given: 0 [#permalink] ### Show Tags 24 Dec 2005, 20:48 Desparate D for me too. Agree with plsubbu's explanation for A/B/C In E "estimated as having left" is incorrect use of -ing. "estimated to have left" would be better. _________________ "To dream anything that you want to dream, that is the beauty of the human mind. To do anything that you want to do, that is the strength of the human will. To trust yourself, to test your limits, that is the courage to succeed." - Bernard Edmonds CEO Joined: 20 Nov 2005 Posts: 2911 Schools: Completed at SAID BUSINESS SCHOOL, OXFORD - Class of 2008 Followers: 22 Kudos [?]: 217 [0], given: 0 [#permalink] ### Show Tags 24 Dec 2005, 22:01 Will go with D. Cause and effect requires "adding" _________________ SAID BUSINESS SCHOOL, OXFORD - MBA CLASS OF 2008 Manager Joined: 12 Nov 2005 Posts: 78 Followers: 1 Kudos [?]: 12 [0], given: 0 [#permalink] ### Show Tags 24 Dec 2005, 22:43 I go with D for 1. Parallelism estimated......left 2. "ing" form introduces action, that is simultaneous with main clause D. It is estimated that during the 1980's approximately$50 billion in private investment capital left Mexico, adding
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25 Dec 2005, 00:01
A. During the 1980's approximately $50 billion in private investment capital is estimated to have left Mexico and added ==> Use of 'is estimated' is unidiomatic B. During the 1980's it is estimated that approximately$50 billion in private investment capital left Mexico and added ==> "added" is awkward

C. It is estimated that there was approximately $50 billion in private investment capital that left Mexico during the 1980's and added ==> Awkward construction D. It is estimated that during the 1980's approximately$50 billion in private investment capital left Mexico, adding ==> Correct! Use of "It is" is idiomatic, plus the use of 'adding' to show cause/effect

E. Approximately $50 billion in private investment capital is estimated as having left Mexico during the 1980's, adding[/quote] ==> 'as having' is awkward _________________ Don't be afraid to take a flying leap of faith.. If you risk nothing, than you gain nothing... Manager Joined: 20 Oct 2004 Posts: 126 Followers: 1 Kudos [?]: 27 [0], given: 0 [#permalink] ### Show Tags 25 Dec 2005, 10:03 OA is D. Director Status: No dream is too large, no dreamer is too small Joined: 14 Jul 2010 Posts: 650 Followers: 38 Kudos [?]: 695 [0], given: 39 Re: [#permalink] ### Show Tags 29 Dec 2011, 12:35 plsubbu wrote: The and added in A does not explain the cause and effect properly. So is the case with B and C. Between D and E, my choice is D. As having left in E does not sound right. Not sure though. Where this type of present participle (adding) is required? Please help? _________________ Collections:- PSof OG solved by GC members: http://gmatclub.com/forum/collection-ps-with-solution-from-gmatclub-110005.html DS of OG solved by GC members: http://gmatclub.com/forum/collection-ds-with-solution-from-gmatclub-110004.html 100 GMAT PREP Quantitative collection http://gmatclub.com/forum/gmat-prep-problem-collections-114358.html Collections of work/rate problems with solutions http://gmatclub.com/forum/collections-of-work-rate-problem-with-solutions-118919.html Mixture problems in a file with best solutions: http://gmatclub.com/forum/mixture-problems-with-best-and-easy-solutions-all-together-124644.html Re: [#permalink] 29 Dec 2011, 12:35 Similar topics Replies Last post Similar Topics: 4 During the 1980s approximately$50 billion in private 3 03 May 2008, 10:23
During the 1980's approximately $50 billion in private 8 22 Jan 2008, 09:20 1 During the 1980s approximately$50 billion in private 9 12 Jan 2008, 09:23
2 During the 1980s approximately $50 billion in private 5 24 Oct 2007, 09:15 During the 1980s approximately$50 billion in private 9 13 Aug 2007, 01:58
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