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During the 1980s approximately $50 billion in private

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Director
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During the 1980s approximately $50 billion in private [#permalink] New post 24 Oct 2007, 08:15
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A
B
C
D
E

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(N/A)

Question Stats:

57% (01:47) correct 43% (00:44) wrong based on 6 sessions
260. During the 1980’s approximately $50 billion in private investment capital is estimated to have left Mexico and added to the strain on the country’s debt-ridden economy.
(A) During the 1980’s approximately $50 billion in private investment capital is estimated to have left Mexico and added
(B) During the 1980’s it is estimated that approximately $50 billion in private investment capital left Mexico and added
(C) It is estimated that there was approximately $50 billion in private investment capital that left Mexico during the 1980’s and added
(D) It is estimated that during the 1980’s approximately $50 billion in private investment capital left Mexico, adding
(E) Approximately $50 billion in private investment capital is estimated as having left Mexico during the 1980’s, adding

Can someone please explain why 'estimated as having left' in (E) is wrong? I would appreciate if the reason provided is more helpful than 'sounds awkward' :))-.

I understand that 'estimated to be' is idiomatic but looks like 'estimated as' is also idiomatic.
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Re: SC: private investment [#permalink] New post 24 Oct 2007, 08:36
eyunni wrote:
260. During the 1980’s approximately $50 billion in private investment capital is estimated to have left Mexico and added to the strain on the country’s debt-ridden economy.
(A) During the 1980’s approximately $50 billion in private investment capital is estimated to have left Mexico and added
(B) During the 1980’s it is estimated that approximately $50 billion in private investment capital left Mexico and added
(C) It is estimated that there was approximately $50 billion in private investment capital that left Mexico during the 1980’s and added
(D) It is estimated that during the 1980’s approximately $50 billion in private investment capital left Mexico, adding
(E) Approximately $50 billion in private investment capital is estimated as having left Mexico during the 1980’s, adding

Can someone please explain why 'estimated as having left' in (E) is wrong? I would appreciate if the reason provided is more helpful than 'sounds awkward' :))-.

I understand that 'estimated to be' is idiomatic but looks like 'estimated as' is also idiomatic.


$50 million was the estimated amount that had supposedly left mexico.

More than the grammar involved just look at E - it says Approx 50 mil is estimated has having left mexico - indicating that the estimate was that the money had left mexico - where as the it was the AMOUNT whose estimated value was 50 Million THAT had left mexico.

All things considered D sounds best.
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 [#permalink] New post 24 Oct 2007, 09:15
I chose D as well.

I excluded E because I felt the term "estimated at having" was too awkward.
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 [#permalink] New post 24 Oct 2007, 09:19
A, B, C are all bad because of the "and added"...the capital itself wasn't added to the strain.

E uses the very strange "as having", which might be grammatically correct but is clearly stylistically inferior to D.

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 [#permalink] New post 26 Oct 2007, 13:12
OA is D.
  [#permalink] 26 Oct 2007, 13:12
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