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During the 1980s approximately $50 billion in private [#permalink] ### Show Tags 12 Jan 2008, 08:23 00:00 Difficulty: (N/A) Question Stats: 100% (01:31) correct 0% (00:00) wrong based on 13 sessions ### HideShow timer Statistics During the 1980’s approximately$50 billion in private investment capital is estimated to have left Mexico and added to the strain on the country’s debt-ridden economy.

(A) During the 1980’s approximately $50 billion in private investment capital is estimated to have left Mexico and added (B) During the 1980’s it is estimated that approximately$50 billion in private investment capital left Mexico and added

(C) It is estimated that there was approximately $50 billion in private investment capital that left Mexico during the 1980’s and added (D) It is estimated that during the 1980’s approximately$50 billion in private investment capital left Mexico, adding

(E) Approximately $50 billion in private investment capital is estimated as having left Mexico during the 1980’s, adding I chose B, but it's not correct. would someone please explain to me what is this question really testing? some grammatical explanation for your given answer would be super! also, what's wrong with B? thanks If you have any questions you can ask an expert New! Manager Joined: 01 Sep 2007 Posts: 100 Location: Astana Followers: 1 Kudos [?]: 26 [0], given: 0 Re: SC: Estimate? approximate? or both? [#permalink] ### Show Tags 12 Jan 2008, 11:55 i would pick D. no particular explanation, just intuitively. B looks flawed because During the 1980’s it is estimated that approximately$50 billion in private investment capital left Mexico and added to the strain on the country’s debt-ridden economy.
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Re: SC: Estimate? approximate? or both? [#permalink]

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12 Jan 2008, 12:39
tarek99 wrote:
During the 1980’s approximately $50 billion in private investment capital is estimated to have left Mexico and added to the strain on the country’s debt-ridden economy. (A) During the 1980’s approximately$50 billion in private investment capital is estimated to have left Mexico and added

(B) During the 1980’s it is estimated that approximately $50 billion in private investment capital left Mexico and added (C) It is estimated that there was approximately$50 billion in private investment capital that left Mexico during the 1980’s and added

(D) It is estimated that during the 1980’s approximately $50 billion in private investment capital left Mexico, adding (E) Approximately$50 billion in private investment capital is estimated as having left Mexico during the 1980’s, adding

I chose B, but it's not correct. would someone please explain to me what is this question really testing? some grammatical explanation for your given answer would be super! also, what's wrong with B? thanks

Its ok to being a sentence with it so D is my answer.

Also notice that the phrase "It is estimated that during the 1980’s approximately $50 billion in private investment capital left Mexico" is modifying the rest of the sentence or in this case intensifying then strain on the economy. E: is awkward. SVP Joined: 21 Jul 2006 Posts: 1538 Followers: 10 Kudos [?]: 739 [0], given: 1 Re: SC: Estimate? approximate? or both? [#permalink] ### Show Tags 12 Jan 2008, 14:45 thanks a lot guys! i really appreciate it. the OA is D. BSchool Forum Moderator Joined: 01 Oct 2009 Posts: 602 GMAT 1: 530 Q47 V17 GMAT 2: 710 Q50 V36 WE: Business Development (Telecommunications) Followers: 37 Kudos [?]: 306 [0], given: 410 Re: SC: Estimate? approximate? or both? [#permalink] ### Show Tags 18 Mar 2010, 00:33 Can someone explain the prob with A SVP Joined: 17 Feb 2010 Posts: 1558 Followers: 19 Kudos [?]: 572 [0], given: 6 Re: SC: Estimate? approximate? or both? [#permalink] ### Show Tags 05 Apr 2010, 08:09 Option (A) - During the 1980’s approximately$50 billion in private investment capital is estimated to have left Mexico and added - $50 billion is singular - so have is not needed. also uage os present perfect is incorrect. Manhattan GMAT Instructor Affiliations: ManhattanGMAT Joined: 21 Jan 2010 Posts: 354 Location: San Francisco Followers: 497 Kudos [?]: 1313 [2] , given: 11 Re: SC: Estimate? approximate? or both? [#permalink] ### Show Tags 06 Apr 2010, 19:49 2 This post received KUDOS Hey All, Just wanted to weigh in on this one quickly. You've all arrived at the right answer, but there's been some misinformation spread about why some of the answer choices are wrong. Let's look at them one by one. During the 1980’s approximately$50 billion in private investment capital is estimated to have left Mexico and added to the strain on the country’s debt-ridden economy.

The two major issues here are Modifiers and Parallelism. If you don't see that...it's time to buy the MGMAT SC guide! : )

(A) During the 1980’s approximately $50 billion in private investment capital is estimated to have left Mexico and added PROBLEMS: MODIFIER: Prepositional phrases will often be bounced around sentences. This will necessarily change the meaning. DO NOT think that it doesn't matter where these prepositional phrases go. The phrase here is "During the 1980s" which is modifying the verb "is estimated" in this answer choice. But the estimation didn't happen during the 1890s, the money left during the 1980s. ALSO, the word "have" is not incorrect. It is neither singular nor plural, but part of the infinitive form "to have". PARALLEL: The capital did not "leave Mexico" and "add strain". The FACT that money disappeared added strain, not the money itself. (B) During the 1980’s it is estimated that approximately$50 billion in private investment capital left Mexico and added

PROBLEMS:

MODIFIER: Same as A.

PARALLEL: Same as A.

(C) It is estimated that there was approximately $50 billion in private investment capital that left Mexico during the 1980’s and added PROBLEMS: MODIFIER: This issue is fixed because the "during the 1980's" comes AFTER the estimation now. PARALLEL: Same as A. (D) It is estimated that during the 1980’s approximately$50 billion in private investment capital left Mexico, adding

MODIFIER: This issue is fixed, because the "during the 1980s" comes AFTER the word estimated now.

PARALLEL: Instead of keeping capital as the subject of the verb "add", we've changed the verb "add" to the participle/modifier "adding", which modifies the FACT that the money left Mexico. This is what we were looking for all along.

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14 Feb 2015, 23:16
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