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During the eighteenth century, widespread changes in

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During the eighteenth century, widespread changes in [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jun 2010, 06:08
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A
B
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During the eighteenth century, widespread changes in agriculture, known as the agrarian revolution, involving the large-scale introduction of enclosed fields, of new farming techniques and crops, and the substitution of commercial for subsistence farming.

A. revolution, involving the large-scale introduction of enclosed fields, of new farming techniques and crops, and

B. revolution, involved the large-scale introduction of enclosed fields and of new farming techniques and crops, and

C. revolution, which involved the large-scale introduction of enclosed fields and of new farming techniques and crops, and

D. revolution involved the large-scale introduction of enclosed fields, new farming techniques and crops, and of

E. revolution that involved the large-scale introduction of enclosed fields and new farming techniques and crops, and of
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: During the eighteenth century, widespread changes in [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jun 2010, 06:16
B - Exp to follow, if my choice is correct
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Re: During the eighteenth century, widespread changes in [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jun 2010, 07:04
Statements with "involving" are adverbial phrases. They did not contain a standard verb to modify.

While D is run-on, B is correct as the verb "involved" modifies "widespread changes in agriculture".
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New post 16 Jun 2010, 13:08
B.

During the eighteenth century, widespread changes in agriculture, [strike]known as the agrarian revolution[/strike], involving the large-scale introduction of enclosed fields, of new farming techniques and crops, and the substitution of commercial for subsistence farming.

During the eighteenth century, widespread changes in agriculture, known as the agrarian revolution, involved the large-scale introduction of enclosed fields and of new farming techniques and crops, and the substitution of commercial for subsistence farming.
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Re: During the eighteenth century, widespread changes in [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jun 2010, 18:23
The correct ans is B.

Only B and D are proper sentences.B is better

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Re: During the eighteenth century, widespread changes in [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jun 2010, 02:14
B

The main clause in this sentense is
widespread changes in agriculture involving the large-scale introduction of enclosed fields, of new farming techniques and crops, and the substitution of commercial for subsistence farming

Obviously from above, involving is wrong tense. Most of the other answers clubs "involved......crops, and" to the subordinate phrase "the eg....... revolution" with that. Doing so makes the main clause itself incomplete.

Does this make sense?
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Re: During the eighteenth century, widespread changes in [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jun 2010, 02:50
Of course B :-)
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New post 17 Jun 2010, 04:43
OA is B.
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Re: During the eighteenth century, widespread changes in [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jun 2010, 07:09
During the eighteenth century, widespread changes in agriculture, known as the agrarian revolution, involving the large-scale introduction of enclosed fields, of new farming techniques and crops, and the substitution of commercial for subsistence farming.

A. revolution, involving the large-scale introduction of enclosed fields, of new farming techniques and crops, and - not parallel

B. revolution, involved the large-scale introduction of enclosed fields and of new farming techniques and crops, and - involved the introduction of X and of Y, and the substitution of new farming..... - CORRECT

C. revolution, which involved the large-scale introduction of enclosed fields and of new farming techniques and crops, and - incomplete sentence

D. revolution involved the large-scale introduction of enclosed fields, new farming techniques and crops, and of - we need 'of' for 'new farming techniques'

E. revolution that involved the large-scale introduction of enclosed fields and new farming techniques and crops, and of - awkward
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Re: During the eighteenth century, widespread changes in [#permalink]

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Re: During the eighteenth century, widespread changes in [#permalink]

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New post 10 Dec 2015, 01:13
Question:

'And' indicates parallelism. In option B shouldn't 'of' come before the substitution of commercial as well.?
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Re: During the eighteenth century, widespread changes in [#permalink]

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B is no doubt the best of the lot. Still a small hazy area---The revolution involved two things namely 1. the large scale introduction of X and the substitution of Y. There are only two items in the main list. Do we need a comma between them, i.e before the second ‘and’? One might observe that there is no comma before the ‘and’ in the subordinate modifier namely ‘of enclosed fields’ and ‘of new farming techniques and crops’ and rightly so in IMO.
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Re: During the eighteenth century, widespread changes in [#permalink]

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New post 10 Dec 2015, 20:48
daagh : Thank you for the response. Observed the question again, in option E there is a 'that' after revolution. That refers to the noun before it. So I interpret it as it's not the revolution that involved the so called 'methods' rather the widespread changes. And in option B, the comma introduces a meaningful split.
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Re: During the eighteenth century, widespread changes in [#permalink]

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New post 15 Dec 2015, 20:35
Core sentence is Wide spread changes in agriculture involved.....
In that context, A, C, E are out because these are just phrases if you remove the modifiers.

Between B and D, D has parallelism issue so I will go with B as correct answer.

ykaiim wrote:
During the eighteenth century, widespread changes in agriculture, known as the agrarian revolution, involving the large-scale introduction of enclosed fields, of new farming techniques and crops, and the substitution of commercial for subsistence farming.

A. revolution, involving the large-scale introduction of enclosed fields, of new farming techniques and crops, and

B. revolution, involved the large-scale introduction of enclosed fields and of new farming techniques and crops, and

C. revolution, which involved the large-scale introduction of enclosed fields and of new farming techniques and crops, and

D. revolution involved the large-scale introduction of enclosed fields, new farming techniques and crops, and of

E. revolution that involved the large-scale introduction of enclosed fields and new farming techniques and crops, and of
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Re: During the eighteenth century, widespread changes in [#permalink]

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New post 29 Dec 2015, 05:20
During the eighteenth century, widespread changes in agriculture, known as the agrarian revolution, involving the large-scale introduction of enclosed fields, of new farming techniques and crops, and the substitution of commercial for subsistence farming. Main clause in bold! - no 'real' verb is given in A - furthermore the right tense should be used

A. revolution, involving the large-scale introduction of enclosed fields, of new farming techniques and crops, and

B. revolution, involved the large-scale introduction of enclosed fields and of new farming techniques and crops, and

C. revolution, which involved the large-scale introduction of enclosed fields and of new farming techniques and crops, and

D. revolution involved the large-scale introduction of enclosed fields, new farming techniques and crops, and of no comma between revolution and involved

E. revolution that involved the large-scale introduction of enclosed fields and new farming techniques and crops, and of no verb in the main clause
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Re: During the eighteenth century, widespread changes in   [#permalink] 29 Dec 2015, 05:20
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