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During the past decade, the labor market in France has not

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During the past decade, the labor market in France has not [#permalink] New post 07 Dec 2006, 02:57
During the past decade, the labor market in France has not been operating according to free market principles, but instead stifling functioning through its various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers.


A) principles, but instead stifling functioning through its various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers
B) principles, instead it has been functioning in a stifled manner as a result of various government regulations that restrict the hiring and firing of workers
C) principles, rather functioning despite being stifled as a result of government regulations that variously restrict worker hiring and firing
D) principles; the hiring and firing of workers is restricted there by various government regulations, its functioning being stifled
E) principles; instead, its functioning has been stifled by various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers

Last edited by karlfurt on 07 Dec 2006, 05:53, edited 1 time in total.
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 [#permalink] New post 10 Dec 2006, 12:59
gk3.14 wrote:
yes, what is wrong with B.. karlfurt, Can you please give us the OE?




The original sentence is problematic in its use of the possessive pronoun “its.â€
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During the past decade, the labor market in France has not [#permalink] New post 28 Jul 2007, 19:46
During the past decade, the labor market in France has not been operating according to free market principles, but instead stifling functioning through its various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers.

a) principles, but instead stifling functioning through its various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers
b) principles, instead it has been functioning in a stifled manner as a result of various government regulations that restrict the hiring and firing of workers
c) principles, rather functioning despite being stifled as a result of government regulations that variously restrict worker hiring and firing
d) principles; the hiring and firing of workers is restricted there by various government regulations, its functioning being stifled
e) principles; instead, its functioning has been stifled by various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers
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between A and E [#permalink] New post 29 Jul 2007, 18:29
The only question I have about E is that whether it is correct not to have subject in the second sentence after the semicolon? As far as I remember from theory, both sentences should be independent, so they can stand alone id subdivided.

Can anybody give an explanation?
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During the past decade, the labor market in France has not [#permalink] New post 26 Aug 2007, 11:35
During the past decade, the labor market in France has not been operating according to free market principles, but instead stifling functioning through its various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers.

a. principles, but instead stifling functioning through its various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers

b. principles, instead it has been functioning in a stifled manner as a result of various government regulations that restrict the hiring and firing of workers

c. principles, rather functioning despite being stifled as a result of government regulations that variously restrict worker hiring and firing

d. principles; the hiring and firing of workers is restricted there by various government regulations, its functioning being stifled

e. principles; instead, its functioning has been stifled by various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers
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Re: SC mgmt II [#permalink] New post 26 Aug 2007, 19:13
Piter wrote:
During the past decade, the labor market in France has not been operating according to free market principles, but instead stifling functioning through its various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers.

a. principles, but instead stifling functioning through its various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers
b. principles, instead it has been functioning in a stifled manner as a result of various government regulations that restrict the hiring and firing of workers
c. principles, rather functioning despite being stifled as a result of government regulations that variously restrict worker hiring and firing
d. principles; the hiring and firing of workers is restricted there by various government regulations, its functioning being stifled
e. principles; instead, its functioning has been stifled by various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers


B. its one of the most difficult one but I go with B.

E is not parallel.
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 [#permalink] New post 26 Aug 2007, 20:36
Between B and E.

I chose B because E changes the tense from "present perfect continuous" to "present continuous" unnecessarily.
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 [#permalink] New post 27 Aug 2007, 04:32
I also went with B, but it has very unusual mistake...

OA is E
OE
Quote:
The original sentence is problematic in its use of the possessive pronoun “its.” The antecedent to “its” is the “labor market,” which incorrectly and illogically suggests that the labor market is somehow possessing or passing government regulations itself. In addition, the original sentence incorrectly uses active rather than passive voice to describe the effects imposed on the "labor market" by government regulations, thus illogically suggesting that the "labor market" itself is stifling functioning, rather than being stifled by other forces.

(A) This choice is incorrect as it repeats the original sentence.

(B) This choice incorrectly uses a comma to connect two independent clauses, thus creating a run-on sentence. Two independent clauses must be connected either by a conjunction, such as “and” or “but,” or by a semicolon.

(C) This choice incorrectly uses “stifled” to modify the labor market itself, as opposed to its functioning. Also, “variously restrict” is awkward; various is used more appropriately to modify "government regulations," rather than the manner in which the regulations restrict worker hiring and firing.

(D) In order to properly use a semicolon, both the clause before and after the semicolon must be independent clauses or sentences, and the clauses must be closely related in meaning. In this choice, the underlined portion, though grammatically correct, does not stand alone as an effective independent clause. Also, the pronoun “its” lacks a clear antecedent.

(E) CORRECT. This answer choice correctly uses the semicolon to connect two independent but closely related clauses. In addition, the pronoun “its” clearly and unambiguously refers to the “labor market.”
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During the past decade, the labor market in France has not [#permalink] New post 27 Jun 2008, 08:22
During the past decade, the labor market in France has not been operating according to free market principles, but instead stifling functioning through its various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers.

(A) principles, but instead stifling functioning through its various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers
(B) principles, instead it has been functioning in a stifled manner as a result of various government regulations that restrict the hiring and firing of workers
(C) principles, rather functioning despite being stifled as a result of government regulations that variously restrict worker hiring and firing
(D) principles; the hiring and firing of workers is restricted there by various government regulations, its functioning being stifled
(E) principles; instead, its functioning has been stifled by various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers

Last edited by aaron22197 on 27 Jun 2008, 08:34, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: SC-700 Level [#permalink] New post 27 Jun 2008, 08:33
During the past decade, the labor market in France has not been operating according to free market principles, but instead stifling functioning through its various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers.

A)principles, but instead stifling functioning through its various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers

B)principles, instead it has been functioning in a stifled manner as a result of various government regulations that restrict the hiring and firing of workers

C)principles, rather functioning despite being stifled as a result of government regulations that variously restrict worker hiring and firing

D)principles; the hiring and firing of workers is restricted there by various government regulations, its functioning being stifled passive & not parallel

E)principles; instead, its functioning has been stifled by various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers not parallel

IMO B
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Re: SC-700 Level [#permalink] New post 27 Jun 2008, 10:10
Between B and E .. picking B.

The phrase - "functioning has been stifled" doesn't seem grammatically correct.
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Re: SC-700 Level [#permalink] New post 27 Jun 2008, 11:56
I feel it should be E. Can we have the OA please? The semicolon removes the need for parallelism, we can consider that part of the sentence as a separate sentence, and besides B is wordy with the use of 'as a result of'
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Re: SC-700 Level [#permalink] New post 27 Jun 2008, 12:55
I vote E. Adding the semi colon does not change the context and meaning, it makes the statement more manageable and concise. B is too long and does not seem to flow very well.
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Re: SC-700 Level [#permalink] New post 27 Jun 2008, 18:15
OA is E
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Re: SC-700 Level [#permalink] New post 09 Nov 2009, 03:48
During the past decade, the labor market in France has not been operating according to free market principles, but instead stifling functioning through its various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers.

A)principles, but instead stifling functioning through its various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers

B)principles, instead it has been functioning in a stifled manner as a result of various government regulations that restrict the hiring and firing of workers

C)principles, rather functioning despite being stifled as a result of government regulations that variously restrict worker hiring and firing

D)principles; the hiring and firing of workers is restricted there by various government regulations, its functioning being stifled

E)principles; instead, its functioning has been stifled by various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers


It is E

"Restrict" and "has been" functioning is not parallel in B. Also, we need a semicolon to avoid run-on
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Re: SC-700 Level [#permalink] New post 09 Nov 2009, 10:23
zaarathelab wrote:
During the past decade, the labor market in France has not been operating according to free market principles, but instead stifling functioning through its various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers.

A)principles, but instead stifling functioning through its various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers

B)principles, instead it has been functioning in a stifled manner as a result of various government regulations that restrict the hiring and firing of workers

C)principles, rather functioning despite being stifled as a result of government regulations that variously restrict worker hiring and firing

D)principles; the hiring and firing of workers is restricted there by various government regulations, its functioning being stifled

E)principles; instead, its functioning has been stifled by various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers


It is E

"Restrict" and "has been" functioning is not parallel in B. Also, we need a semicolon to avoid run-on


I think there is another point to note: "government regulations " doest not restrict "hiring and firing" but promulgation of it doest restrict "hiring anf firing" so E is correct as E is using "restricting"
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During the past decade, the labor market in France has not [#permalink] New post 26 Sep 2010, 11:22
During the past decade, the labor market in France has not been operating according to free market principles,but instead stifling functioning through its various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers.

a) principles, but instead stifling functioning through its various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers
b) principles, instead it has been functioning in a stifled manner as a result of various government regulations that restrict the hiring and firing of workers
c) principles, rather functioning despite being stifled as a result of government regulations that variously restrict worker hiring and firing
d) principles; the hiring and firing of workers is restricted there by various government regulations, its functioning being stifled
e) principles; instead, its functioning has been stifled by various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers
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Re: Labor market in France [#permalink] New post 26 Sep 2010, 11:38
IMO E

a) principles, but instead stifling functioning through its various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers - modifier error
b) principles, instead it has been functioning in a stifled manner as a result of various government regulations that restrict the hiring and firing of workers - Wordy
c) principles, rather functioning despite being stifled as a result of government regulations that variously restrict worker hiring and firing - Wordy and awkward
d) principles; the hiring and firing of workers is restricted there by various government regulations, its functioning being stifled - where is there?
e) principles; instead, its functioning has been stifled by various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers - Correct, conveys the meaning in the most clear and correct way. both the parts before and after the semicolon can stand on their own.

What's the OA?
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Re: Labor market in France [#permalink] New post 26 Sep 2010, 11:57
rafi wrote:
IMO E


b) principles, instead it has been functioning in a stifled manner as a result of various government regulations that restrict the hiring and firing of workers - Wordy
e) principles; instead, its functioning has been stifled by various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers - Correct, conveys the meaning in the most clear and correct way. both the parts before and after the semicolon can stand on their own.

What's the OA?


Is it correct to use "its" in independent clause introduced by semicolon (;)?
It refers to subject of previous clause.
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Re: Labor market in France [#permalink] New post 29 Sep 2010, 06:53
rafi wrote:
IMO E

a) principles, but instead stifling functioning through its various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers - modifier error
b) principles, instead it has been functioning in a stifled manner as a result of various government regulations that restrict the hiring and firing of workers - Wordy
c) principles, rather functioning despite being stifled as a result of government regulations that variously restrict worker hiring and firing - Wordy and awkward
d) principles; the hiring and firing of workers is restricted there by various government regulations, its functioning being stifled - where is there?
e) principles; instead, its functioning has been stifled by various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers - Correct, conveys the meaning in the most clear and correct way. both the parts before and after the semicolon can stand on their own.

What's the OA?



Hi,
In choice E

;instead, its functioning has been stifled by various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers

Is this part after ; will be called independent even if it is using Its as a pronoun which we can't say to what it is referring to.

Please explain...
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Re: Labor market in France [#permalink] New post 01 Oct 2010, 06:32
I see that people have rejected option [B] as wordy but I think in terms of parallelism no other option can beat B.

"has not been operating" parallel portions "has been functioning"

I think parallelism should take precedence over wordiness. Any comments.
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Re: Labor market in France   [#permalink] 01 Oct 2010, 06:32
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