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During the past decade, the labor market in France has not

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During the past decade, the labor market in France has not [#permalink] New post 07 Dec 2006, 02:57
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During the past decade, the labor market in France has not been operating according to free market principles, but instead stifling functioning through its various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers.


A) principles, but instead stifling functioning through its various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers
B) principles, instead it has been functioning in a stifled manner as a result of various government regulations that restrict the hiring and firing of workers
C) principles, rather functioning despite being stifled as a result of government regulations that variously restrict worker hiring and firing
D) principles; the hiring and firing of workers is restricted there by various government regulations, its functioning being stifled
E) principles; instead, its functioning has been stifled by various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers

Last edited by karlfurt on 07 Dec 2006, 05:53, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: During the past decade, the labor market in France has not [#permalink] New post 19 Jun 2013, 15:29
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hi Maaadhu,

conjunctive adverb:-
clause;conjunctive,clause
or
clause.conjunctive,clause

for further details pls go to:-
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Conjunctive_adverb

http://grammar.yourdictionary.com/parts ... verbs.html

BR//SuryaV
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Re: SC mgmt II [#permalink] New post 07 Nov 2013, 07:16
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Fistail wrote:
Piter wrote:
During the past decade, the labor market in France has not been operating according to free market principles, but instead stifling functioning through its various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers.

a. principles, but instead stifling functioning through its various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers
b. principles, instead it has been functioning in a stifled manner as a result of various government regulations that restrict the hiring and firing of workers
c. principles, rather functioning despite being stifled as a result of government regulations that variously restrict worker hiring and firing
d. principles; the hiring and firing of workers is restricted there by various government regulations, its functioning being stifled
e. principles; instead, its functioning has been stifled by various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers


B. its one of the most difficult one but I go with B.

E is not parallel.



I also went with B because it gives the intended meaning and it is parallel. However, i feel there should be "," after "instead". Then, it should have ";" after "principles". Hence, may be B is not correct. E also seems parallel. "has been stifled" is parallel to "has not been operating". So, I am changing to E. :(
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Re: During the past decade, the labor market in France has not [#permalink] New post 20 Nov 2013, 17:53
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karlfurt wrote:
During the past decade, the labor market in France has not been operating according to free market principles, but instead stifling functioning through its various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers.


A) principles, but instead stifling functioning through its various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers
B) principles, instead it has been functioning in a stifled manner as a result of various government regulations that restrict the hiring and firing of workers
C) principles, rather functioning despite being stifled as a result of government regulations that variously restrict worker hiring and firing
D) principles; the hiring and firing of workers is restricted there by various government regulations, its functioning being stifled
E) principles; instead, its functioning has been stifled by various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers


Good one;
I was confused between B AND E. Ok let clarify the sentence which was presented uses both But & Instead. For the second clause - needs to be contradictory in some way to use BUT. Since the second clause is supportive in reasoning the first clause; Insteat has to be used. Instead appear in two option choices B and E. Both seems to be correct. Now comes the role of sentence structure by close look you can delineate these similarities -operating according to, functioning through , restricting the. So need to find similar parallel structure sentence. I guess B miss this while perfectly uses to match the original clause. Hence choose E correct.


Hope this helps :arrow: :banana
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Re: During the past decade, the labor market in France has not [#permalink] New post 05 Aug 2014, 22:39
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According to Manhattan, OA is E.
But my choice was B as ';' is used between 2 independent sentences. Is E an independent sentence? :!: :!:
Anyone please explain!! :?
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Re: During the past decade, the labor market in France has not [#permalink] New post 04 Oct 2014, 05:50
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iamba wrote:
OA is E

The original sentence is problematic in its use of the possessive pronoun “its.” The antecedent to “its” is the “labor market,” which incorrectly and illogically suggests that the labor market is somehow possessing or passing government regulations itself. In addition, the original sentence incorrectly uses active rather than passive voice to describe the effects imposed on the "labor market" by government regulations, thus illogically suggesting that the "labor market" itself is stifling functioning, rather than being stifled by other forces.

(A) This choice is incorrect as it repeats the original sentence.

(B) This choice incorrectly uses a comma to connect two independent clauses, thus creating a run-on sentence. Two independent clauses must be connected either by a conjunction, such as “and” or “but,” or by a semicolon.

(C) This choice incorrectly uses “stifled” to modify the labor market itself, as opposed to its functioning. Also, “variously restrict” is awkward; various is used more appropriately to modify "government regulations," rather than the manner in which the regulations restrict worker hiring and firing.

(D) In order to properly use a semicolon, both the clause before and after the semicolon must be independent clauses or sentences, and the clauses must be closely related in meaning. In this choice, the underlined portion, though grammatically correct, does not stand alone as an effective independent clause. Also, the pronoun “its” lacks a clear antecedent.

(E) CORRECT. This answer choice correctly uses the semicolon to connect two independent but closely related clauses. In addition, the pronoun “its” clearly and unambiguously refers to the “labor market.”


How the second part of the sentence is independent ??

When you have no idea what instead is referring ???

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Re: During the past decade, the labor market in France has not [#permalink] New post 04 Oct 2014, 09:50
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Dear LS,

The instead in the second part of sentence is just continuing the topic from the last sentence.
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Re: During the past decade, the labor market in France has not [#permalink] New post 19 Oct 2014, 11:43
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It's too long so there should be a break for two sentences also the second part should use past perfect, which renders only viable answer E.
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 [#permalink] New post 07 Dec 2006, 04:44
I will go with E. I think the way the second part of the sentence is structured warrants a semi colon. D seems to be wrong with the use of "is restricted there"
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 [#permalink] New post 07 Dec 2006, 05:06
hsampath wrote:
I will go with E. I think the way the second part of the sentence is structured warrants a semi colon. D seems to be wrong with the use of "is restricted there"


In E since a semicolon seperates indepedent clauses dont you think its has antecedent problem?

instead, its functioning has been stifled by various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers
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 [#permalink] New post 07 Dec 2006, 05:17
No, I don't think there is an antecedent problem. That's precisely the reason we use a semi colon instead of a full stop.

In B, a comma after instead seems to be missing. With that, it would have been better and difficult for me to choose.

principles, instead, it has been functioning in a stifled manner as a result of various government regulations that restrict the hiring and firing of workers
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 [#permalink] New post 07 Dec 2006, 15:32
I like E becaue of semicolon and proper comma but do not like the passive voice, but others are worng too

Is E the OA?
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 [#permalink] New post 09 Dec 2006, 01:08
what is the problem with B...

Is it wrong only because of a comma that is missing after "insead" as hsampath said??

@hsampath...

can u give some insight in this regards...

:)
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 [#permalink] New post 09 Dec 2006, 08:14
yes, what is wrong with B.. karlfurt, Can you please give us the OE?
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 [#permalink] New post 09 Dec 2006, 08:53
C is not in agreement with the logical meaning of the original sentence. THe original sentence intends to say that 'various regulations are affecting'

C says that the regulations affect in various ways.

In other words, there is lack of clarity in C due to the misplaced 'various'.

This is why I eliminated C.
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 [#permalink] New post 10 Dec 2006, 12:59
gk3.14 wrote:
yes, what is wrong with B.. karlfurt, Can you please give us the OE?




The original sentence is problematic in its use of the possessive pronoun “its.â€
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During the past decade, the labor market in France has not [#permalink] New post 28 Jul 2007, 19:46
During the past decade, the labor market in France has not been operating according to free market principles, but instead stifling functioning through its various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers.

a) principles, but instead stifling functioning through its various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers
b) principles, instead it has been functioning in a stifled manner as a result of various government regulations that restrict the hiring and firing of workers
c) principles, rather functioning despite being stifled as a result of government regulations that variously restrict worker hiring and firing
d) principles; the hiring and firing of workers is restricted there by various government regulations, its functioning being stifled
e) principles; instead, its functioning has been stifled by various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers
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between A and E [#permalink] New post 29 Jul 2007, 18:29
The only question I have about E is that whether it is correct not to have subject in the second sentence after the semicolon? As far as I remember from theory, both sentences should be independent, so they can stand alone id subdivided.

Can anybody give an explanation?
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During the past decade, the labor market in France has not [#permalink] New post 26 Aug 2007, 11:35
During the past decade, the labor market in France has not been operating according to free market principles, but instead stifling functioning through its various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers.

a. principles, but instead stifling functioning through its various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers

b. principles, instead it has been functioning in a stifled manner as a result of various government regulations that restrict the hiring and firing of workers

c. principles, rather functioning despite being stifled as a result of government regulations that variously restrict worker hiring and firing

d. principles; the hiring and firing of workers is restricted there by various government regulations, its functioning being stifled

e. principles; instead, its functioning has been stifled by various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers
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Re: SC mgmt II [#permalink] New post 26 Aug 2007, 19:13
Piter wrote:
During the past decade, the labor market in France has not been operating according to free market principles, but instead stifling functioning through its various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers.

a. principles, but instead stifling functioning through its various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers
b. principles, instead it has been functioning in a stifled manner as a result of various government regulations that restrict the hiring and firing of workers
c. principles, rather functioning despite being stifled as a result of government regulations that variously restrict worker hiring and firing
d. principles; the hiring and firing of workers is restricted there by various government regulations, its functioning being stifled
e. principles; instead, its functioning has been stifled by various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers


B. its one of the most difficult one but I go with B.

E is not parallel.
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 [#permalink] New post 26 Aug 2007, 20:36
Between B and E.

I chose B because E changes the tense from "present perfect continuous" to "present continuous" unnecessarily.
  [#permalink] 26 Aug 2007, 20:36
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