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During the past decade, the labor market in France has not

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During the past decade, the labor market in France has not [#permalink] New post 07 Dec 2006, 02:57
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During the past decade, the labor market in France has not been operating according to free market principles, but instead stifling functioning through its various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers.


A) principles, but instead stifling functioning through its various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers
B) principles, instead it has been functioning in a stifled manner as a result of various government regulations that restrict the hiring and firing of workers
C) principles, rather functioning despite being stifled as a result of government regulations that variously restrict worker hiring and firing
D) principles; the hiring and firing of workers is restricted there by various government regulations, its functioning being stifled
E) principles; instead, its functioning has been stifled by various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers

Last edited by karlfurt on 07 Dec 2006, 05:53, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: During the past decade, the labor market in France [#permalink] New post 28 Feb 2013, 06:39
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IMO - E
I had similar process of elimination. (Please provide the OA)

stoy4o wrote:
greatps24 wrote:
During the past decade, the labor market in France has not been operating according to free market principles, but instead stifling functioning through its various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers.

[Reveal] Spoiler:
OA after discussion.


a. principles, but instead stifling functioning through its various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers
Incorrect: ", but instead..." starts a new clause which is missing a subject or an object (ei. "it"). We can't answer the question "What is stiffling?".

b. principles, instead it has been functioning in a stifled manner as a result of various government regulations that restrict the hiring and firing of workers
Incorrect: "Instead" requires a comma. Also, it marks the beginning of an independent clause. It is against grammar rules to connect two independent clauses with a comma.

c. principles, rather functioning despite being stifled as a result of government regulations that variously restrict worker hiring and firing
Incorrect: Same missing subject and verb pair as in choice A. Also, "rather" would be OK to use with ", but" in front of it but not by itself.

d. principles; the hiring and firing of workers is restricted there by various government regulations, its functioning being stifled
Incorrect: pronoun "there" does not have a proper antecedent. Same applies to ", its functioning..."

e. principles; instead, its functioning has been stifled by various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers
Correct: ";" ends the independent clause and starts a new one with "instead". Proper usage of "," after "instead". Noun phrase "its functioning" refers to the subject ("labor market").
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Re: SC mgmat France! [#permalink] New post 14 Apr 2013, 21:24
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Similar topics on "During the past decade, the labor market in France has not" are merged.
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Re: During the past decade, the labor market in France has not [#permalink] New post 17 Jun 2013, 03:39
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Lets Review:

During the past decade, the labor market in France has not been operating according to free market principles, but instead stifling functioning through its various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers.

So here we got our hit, "but instead" both, we need only one here. No check the options.

A) principles, but instead stifling functioning through its various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers
Can be ignored

B) principles, instead it has been functioning in a stifled manner as a result of various government regulations that restrict the hiring and firing of workers
after Instead, to what 'it' refers to confusing
C) principles, rather functioning despite being stifled as a result of government regulations that variously restrict worker hiring and firing
Despite is not showing meaning.
D) principles; the hiring and firing of workers is restricted there by various government regulations, its functioning being stifled
we need some adjoining word in b/w principle and the hiring
E) principles; instead, its functioning has been stifled by various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers
no issues here.

Correct answer E
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Re: SC-700 Level [#permalink] New post 17 Jun 2013, 07:38
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Manhattan forum says "B" is wrong because "instead" is an adverb. So the statement requires a semi colon rather than a comma.

However my understanding is that "Instead" is a conjuctive adverb. So why its wrong to use instead with a comma?

Can anyone in this forum please help me here?
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Re: During the past decade, the labor market in France has not [#permalink] New post 19 Jun 2013, 15:29
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hi Maaadhu,

conjunctive adverb:-
clause;conjunctive,clause
or
clause.conjunctive,clause

for further details pls go to:-
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Conjunctive_adverb

http://grammar.yourdictionary.com/parts ... verbs.html

BR//SuryaV
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Re: SC mgmt II [#permalink] New post 07 Nov 2013, 07:16
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Fistail wrote:
Piter wrote:
During the past decade, the labor market in France has not been operating according to free market principles, but instead stifling functioning through its various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers.

a. principles, but instead stifling functioning through its various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers
b. principles, instead it has been functioning in a stifled manner as a result of various government regulations that restrict the hiring and firing of workers
c. principles, rather functioning despite being stifled as a result of government regulations that variously restrict worker hiring and firing
d. principles; the hiring and firing of workers is restricted there by various government regulations, its functioning being stifled
e. principles; instead, its functioning has been stifled by various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers


B. its one of the most difficult one but I go with B.

E is not parallel.



I also went with B because it gives the intended meaning and it is parallel. However, i feel there should be "," after "instead". Then, it should have ";" after "principles". Hence, may be B is not correct. E also seems parallel. "has been stifled" is parallel to "has not been operating". So, I am changing to E. :(
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Re: During the past decade, the labor market in France has not [#permalink] New post 20 Nov 2013, 17:53
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karlfurt wrote:
During the past decade, the labor market in France has not been operating according to free market principles, but instead stifling functioning through its various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers.


A) principles, but instead stifling functioning through its various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers
B) principles, instead it has been functioning in a stifled manner as a result of various government regulations that restrict the hiring and firing of workers
C) principles, rather functioning despite being stifled as a result of government regulations that variously restrict worker hiring and firing
D) principles; the hiring and firing of workers is restricted there by various government regulations, its functioning being stifled
E) principles; instead, its functioning has been stifled by various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers


Good one;
I was confused between B AND E. Ok let clarify the sentence which was presented uses both But & Instead. For the second clause - needs to be contradictory in some way to use BUT. Since the second clause is supportive in reasoning the first clause; Insteat has to be used. Instead appear in two option choices B and E. Both seems to be correct. Now comes the role of sentence structure by close look you can delineate these similarities -operating according to, functioning through , restricting the. So need to find similar parallel structure sentence. I guess B miss this while perfectly uses to match the original clause. Hence choose E correct.


Hope this helps :arrow: :banana
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Re: During the past decade, the labor market in France has not [#permalink] New post 27 Nov 2013, 15:43
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I also had to choose between B and E, but I picked E, because the second part of the sentence starting with "instead" seemed to signal the beginning of a new thought, and I thought that it should be placed in an independent clause. Because it will be in an independent clause, it should separated with a conjunction or a semicolon.
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Re: During the past decade, the labor market in France has not [#permalink] New post 05 Aug 2014, 22:39
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According to Manhattan, OA is E.
But my choice was B as ';' is used between 2 independent sentences. Is E an independent sentence? :!: :!:
Anyone please explain!! :?
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Re: During the past decade, the labor market in France has not [#permalink] New post 30 Sep 2014, 00:41
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Can we have a verbal expert to pitch in and clarify, why B is wrong.

I am under the impression that instead is a conjunction, so a commas is rightly placed.
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Re: During the past decade, the labor market in France has not [#permalink] New post 30 Sep 2014, 07:40
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scofield1521 wrote:
According to Manhattan, OA is E.
But my choice was B as ';' is used between 2 independent sentences. Is E an independent sentence? :!: :!:
Anyone please explain!! :?


Dear Scofield,

The later part of E, i.e instead, its functioning has been stifled by various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers, is an independent clause. The correct way to judge whether a clause is an independent clause or not is to see, whether all alone, it makes any sense or not. The best way to do that is by using a full-stop, instead of the punctuation.

The second part does make sense and moreover, the presence of the word instead doesn't makes a clause dependent. The word instead just suggest that some topic is continued from the last sentence.

Thus B is incorrect and E is acceptable.

Hope this helps to resolve your query.
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Re: During the past decade, the labor market in France has not [#permalink] New post 04 Oct 2014, 05:50
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iamba wrote:
OA is E

The original sentence is problematic in its use of the possessive pronoun “its.” The antecedent to “its” is the “labor market,” which incorrectly and illogically suggests that the labor market is somehow possessing or passing government regulations itself. In addition, the original sentence incorrectly uses active rather than passive voice to describe the effects imposed on the "labor market" by government regulations, thus illogically suggesting that the "labor market" itself is stifling functioning, rather than being stifled by other forces.

(A) This choice is incorrect as it repeats the original sentence.

(B) This choice incorrectly uses a comma to connect two independent clauses, thus creating a run-on sentence. Two independent clauses must be connected either by a conjunction, such as “and” or “but,” or by a semicolon.

(C) This choice incorrectly uses “stifled” to modify the labor market itself, as opposed to its functioning. Also, “variously restrict” is awkward; various is used more appropriately to modify "government regulations," rather than the manner in which the regulations restrict worker hiring and firing.

(D) In order to properly use a semicolon, both the clause before and after the semicolon must be independent clauses or sentences, and the clauses must be closely related in meaning. In this choice, the underlined portion, though grammatically correct, does not stand alone as an effective independent clause. Also, the pronoun “its” lacks a clear antecedent.

(E) CORRECT. This answer choice correctly uses the semicolon to connect two independent but closely related clauses. In addition, the pronoun “its” clearly and unambiguously refers to the “labor market.”


How the second part of the sentence is independent ??

When you have no idea what instead is referring ???

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Re: During the past decade, the labor market in France has not [#permalink] New post 04 Oct 2014, 09:50
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Dear LS,

The instead in the second part of sentence is just continuing the topic from the last sentence.
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Re: During the past decade, the labor market in France has not [#permalink] New post 19 Oct 2014, 11:43
It's too long so there should be a break for two sentences also the second part should use past perfect, which renders only viable answer E.
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Re: During the past decade, the labor market in France has not [#permalink] New post 20 Oct 2014, 11:00
I join u guys in your opinions as I think its E.
Re: During the past decade, the labor market in France has not   [#permalink] 20 Oct 2014, 11:00
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