Find all School-related info fast with the new School-Specific MBA Forum

It is currently 31 Jul 2014, 19:56

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Events & Promotions

Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

During the past decade, the labor market in France has not

  Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:
Director
Director
avatar
Joined: 02 Mar 2006
Posts: 582
Location: France
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 6 [0], given: 0

GMAT Tests User
During the past decade, the labor market in France has not [#permalink] New post 07 Dec 2006, 02:57
2
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  45% (medium)

Question Stats:

47% (01:00) correct 53% (00:58) wrong based on 746 sessions
During the past decade, the labor market in France has not been operating according to free market principles, but instead stifling functioning through its various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers.


A) principles, but instead stifling functioning through its various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers
B) principles, instead it has been functioning in a stifled manner as a result of various government regulations that restrict the hiring and firing of workers
C) principles, rather functioning despite being stifled as a result of government regulations that variously restrict worker hiring and firing
D) principles; the hiring and firing of workers is restricted there by various government regulations, its functioning being stifled
E) principles; instead, its functioning has been stifled by various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by karlfurt on 07 Dec 2006, 05:53, edited 1 time in total.
8 KUDOS received
Manhattan GMAT Instructor
User avatar
Joined: 22 Sep 2010
Posts: 185
Schools: MBA, Thunderbird School of Global Management / BA, Wesleyan University
Followers: 75

Kudos [?]: 112 [8] , given: 7

Re: SC-700 Level [#permalink] New post 23 Oct 2010, 09:38
8
This post received
KUDOS
This is a tough question, so let's break down the semicolon/comma issue a bit:

It would be far too general to say that "The GMAT prefers commas" or "The GMAT prefers semicolons." The reality is the GMAT prefers whichever one is more accurate. If the clause that precedes the semicolon/comma and the clause that follows the semicolon/comma are both independent (i.e. they are complete sentence on their own) you must connect them with either:

-A semicolon
-A comma AND a coordinating conjunction (for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so)

Notice how the GMAT complicates this for us: In some of the answers above, the second half of the sentence is an independent clause, and in others it is not. This is why it's critical to read through every single answer choice closely when you have a semicolon/comma split.

Notice how choice E above is two independent clauses correctly connected by a semicolon. You could replace the semicolon with a period and then capitalize the word "Instead" and you'd be good to go with two separate sentences.

In choice B, you can really also replace the comma with a period and capitalize the word "Instead" as the start of the sentence. What this tells you is that you need to replace that comma with a semicolon.
_________________


Brett Beach-Kimball | Manhattan GMAT Instructor

Manhattan GMAT Discount | Manhattan GMAT Reviews

4 KUDOS received
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Status: I rest, I rust.
Joined: 04 Oct 2010
Posts: 121
Schools: ISB - Co 2013
WE 1: IT Professional since 2006
Followers: 15

Kudos [?]: 99 [4] , given: 8

GMAT Tests User
Re: SC-700 Level [#permalink] New post 22 Oct 2010, 11:03
4
This post received
KUDOS
I vaguely remember reading somewhere something like:
1). "Instead is used for a replacement", eg. "I'd ask my sister's friend, instead of my friend's sister, out for a date".
2). "Rather is used for a change of action/plan", eg. "I'd rather date my girlfriend than do my homework".

If indeed this be true, arent all of the options shady? Or have I got it all wrong?

PS: Please excuse the examples if they sound true-ish, they have helped me get the rule :)
_________________

Respect,
Vaibhav

PS: Correct me if I am wrong.

3 KUDOS received
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 07 May 2007
Posts: 181
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 6 [3] , given: 0

GMAT Tests User
 [#permalink] New post 29 Jul 2007, 17:25
3
This post received
KUDOS
OA is E

The original sentence is problematic in its use of the possessive pronoun “its.” The antecedent to “its” is the “labor market,” which incorrectly and illogically suggests that the labor market is somehow possessing or passing government regulations itself. In addition, the original sentence incorrectly uses active rather than passive voice to describe the effects imposed on the "labor market" by government regulations, thus illogically suggesting that the "labor market" itself is stifling functioning, rather than being stifled by other forces.

(A) This choice is incorrect as it repeats the original sentence.

(B) This choice incorrectly uses a comma to connect two independent clauses, thus creating a run-on sentence. Two independent clauses must be connected either by a conjunction, such as “and” or “but,” or by a semicolon.

(C) This choice incorrectly uses “stifled” to modify the labor market itself, as opposed to its functioning. Also, “variously restrict” is awkward; various is used more appropriately to modify "government regulations," rather than the manner in which the regulations restrict worker hiring and firing.

(D) In order to properly use a semicolon, both the clause before and after the semicolon must be independent clauses or sentences, and the clauses must be closely related in meaning. In this choice, the underlined portion, though grammatically correct, does not stand alone as an effective independent clause. Also, the pronoun “its” lacks a clear antecedent.

(E) CORRECT. This answer choice correctly uses the semicolon to connect two independent but closely related clauses. In addition, the pronoun “its” clearly and unambiguously refers to the “labor market.”
2 KUDOS received
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Joined: 03 Nov 2005
Posts: 399
Location: Chicago, IL
Followers: 3

Kudos [?]: 25 [2] , given: 17

GMAT Tests User
Re: SC-700 Level [#permalink] New post 22 Oct 2010, 15:31
2
This post received
KUDOS
First, I thought there is nothing wrong with B, but then I realized B is a run-on sentence. Here, instead is not the right conjugation to connect two full independent sentences, but "but" is. E is my choice.
_________________

Hard work is the main determinant of success

Expert Post
2 KUDOS received
MBA Section Director
User avatar
Joined: 19 Mar 2012
Posts: 1589
Location: India
GPA: 3.8
WE: Marketing (Energy and Utilities)
Followers: 592

Kudos [?]: 2159 [2] , given: 681

Re: During the past decade, the labor market in France [#permalink] New post 08 Oct 2012, 07:41
2
This post received
KUDOS
Expert's post
aditi1903 wrote:
During the past decade, the labor market in France has not been operating according to free market principles, but
instead stifling functioning through its various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers.

• principles, but instead stifling functioning through its various government regulations restricting the hiring and
firing of workers
• principles, instead it has been functioning in a stifled manner as a result of various government regulations that
restrict the hiring and firing of workers
• principles, rather functioning despite being stifled as a result of government regulations that variously restrict
worker hiring and firing
• principles; the hiring and firing of workers is restricted there by various government regulations, its functioning
being stifled
• principles; instead, its functioning has been stifled by various government regulations restricting the hiring and
firing of workers


Again a cool question!
MGMAT Rocks!
Here we go
A is definitely the most awkward sentence I could ever imagine. One could definitely get rid of this without much though. It has bad parallelism. Dependent clause after ", but" and a lot of other things horribly wrong with it.
B initially looks okay but its a run on sentence. That cannot be tolerated in the GMAT.
C rather indicates a preference. So its usage here is wrong. Also, being as a modifier is never true on the gmat. (being when used as something other than a modifier makes a lot of sense sometimes though)
D Similar problems with being. Also voice parallelism is haywire in the clause after ";"

E. Correct answer choice

Though it is not tested here, but the correct option uses this phrase "regulations restricting"
I ll post a very interesting finding from an OG question!

Q133 Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take some credit for the resurgence of the rare Kemp's ridley turtle, saying that their compliance with laws requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on shrimp nets protect adult sea turtles.

A. requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on shrimp nets protect
B. requiring turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets is protecting
C. that require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets protect
D. to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets are protecting
E. to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets is protecting

Concept tested: SV agreement, Meaning.
Difficulty level: High
Illustration: This question tests a very important aspect of meaning. First, we know that the main verb in the underlined portion “protect” is wrong as the main subject “compliance is singular. (Note that protect is not being used as a command subjunctive in A. “be” is used as the command subjunctive). According to this logic, A and C are wrong. Now among B, D and E, “to require” indicates purpose of the law which is not the intended meaning (please refer to the tip below). So, D and E are incorrect. B is the correct answer. Tip: “Laws to require” indicates purpose of the law, but “laws requiring indicates contents of the law. While this might sound very obvious to natives, but non natives might have to struggle to get this clearly. Consider the following examples.
1. Arms act is passed to discourage random public shootings. Correct
2. Arms act is passed to levy heavy fines on people who carry unlicensed firearm. Wrong.
2 is wrong because the arms act is not issued to levy fines. It is issued to prevent something by levying fines. So the correct option is B.

_________________

My GMAT Resources
V30-V40: How to do it! | GMATPrep SC | GMATPrep CR | GMATPrep RC | Critical Reasoning Megathread | CR: Numbers and Statistics | CR: Weaken | CR: Strengthen | CR: Assumption | SC: Modifier | SC: Meaning | SC: SV Agreement | RC: Primary Purpose | PS/DS: Numbers and Inequalities | PS/DS: Combinatorics and Coordinates

My MBA Resources
Everything about the MBA Application | Over-Represented MBA woes | Fit Vs Rankings | Low GPA: What you can do | Letter of Recommendation: The Guide | Indian B Schools accepting GMAT score | Why MBA?

My Reviews
Veritas Prep Live Online

2 KUDOS received
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
Joined: 03 Sep 2012
Posts: 339
Location: United States
Concentration: Healthcare, Strategy
GMAT 1: 730 Q48 V42
GPA: 3.88
WE: Medicine and Health (Health Care)
Followers: 9

Kudos [?]: 65 [2] , given: 31

GMAT Tests User
Re: Sentence Correction:Paralllel Structure [#permalink] New post 08 Nov 2012, 02:24
2
This post received
KUDOS
Quote:
During the past decade, the labor market in France has not been operating according to free market principles, but instead stifling functioning through its various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers.


principles, but instead stifling functioning through its various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers

principles, instead it has been functioning in a stifled manner as a result of various government regulations that restrict the hiring and firing of workers

principles, rather functioning despite being stifled as a result of government regulations that variously restrict worker hiring and firing

principles; the hiring and firing of workers is restricted there by various government regulations, its functioning being stifled

principles; instead, its functioning has been stifled by various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers



Superficially, the sentence is taking two statements loosely connected one which refers to how the Labor market was operating in the past , and another to How it is operating now..
We need someway to connect the two clauses ..

A sounds to confusing and wrong therefore best to start off with the remaining options and try to eliminate maximum possible..

(B) Tries to connect these clauses by using the conjunctive adverb INSTEAD and puts a COMMA preceding instead..One rule regarding conjunctive adverb worth remembering is that they may be used to connect two clauses by USING

i) a Semi colon ... CLAUSE X - SEMI COLON - Conjunctive adverb, CLAUSE Y ..
ii) Use a PERIOD/FULL STOP after the first clause. - Introduce the conjunctive adverb followed by the CLAUSE Y ...

Because B adds the conjunctive adverb INSTEAD it looks tempting however it fails to use a semi colon, nor does it use a period / full stop to separate the two clauses.. Therefore it looks suspect ...

(C) Like B, C also introduces a conjunctive adverb RATHER however it it uses RATHER much like (B) used INSTEAD... C too looks suspect..

(D) Introduces a semi colon, but does not use a conjunctive adverb or a linking/transitional phrase. Semi colon alone does not permit one to connect two clauses...we need something to BRIDGE THE GAP..

(E) Correctly uses the semi colon followed by the conjunctive adverb INSTEAD ...


Other correct versions of this sentence :

principles. Instead, it has been functioning in a stifled manner as a result of various government regulations that restrict the hiring and firing of workers


principles. Rather, functioning despite being stifled as a result of government regulations that variously restrict worker hiring and firing



Use of SEMI COLON, COLON, COMMA etc are less important than say Parralelism or modifiers however few rules are a must , and overall as long as you memorize the rules regarding their usage, they aren't much of an issue..

Hope it helps..
_________________

"When you want to succeed as bad as you want to breathe, then you’ll be successful.” - Eric Thomas

1 KUDOS received
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 04 Jun 2010
Posts: 113
Concentration: General Management, Technology
Schools: Chicago (Booth) - Class of 2013
GMAT 1: 670 Q47 V35
GMAT 2: 730 Q49 V41
Followers: 11

Kudos [?]: 90 [1] , given: 43

GMAT Tests User
Re: Labor market in France [#permalink] New post 26 Sep 2010, 12:07
1
This post received
KUDOS
Orange08 wrote:

Is it correct to use "its" in independent clause introduced by semicolon (;)?
It refers to subject of previous clause.


I am quite certain that it is. I'll explain why with examples from MGMAT SC:
Wrong: Andrew and Lisa are inseparable; doing everything together.
The second part can not stand on its own so this is not a right use of the semicolon.
Right: Andrew and Lisa are inseparable; they do everything together.
This is one way to correct the sentence above. Each part can stand on his own.
The use of they here is very similar to the use of its in your question.

Hope it helps..
_________________

Consider Kudos if my post helped you. Thanks!
--------------------------------------------------------------------
My TOEFL Debrief: http://gmatclub.com/forum/my-toefl-experience-99884.html
My GMAT Debrief: http://gmatclub.com/forum/670-730-10-luck-20-skill-15-concentrated-power-of-will-104473.html

1 KUDOS received
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
Status: Upset about the verbal score - SC, CR and RC are going to be my friend
Joined: 30 Jun 2010
Posts: 318
Followers: 4

Kudos [?]: 14 [1] , given: 6

GMAT Tests User
Re: Labor market in France [#permalink] New post 29 Sep 2010, 07:00
1
This post received
KUDOS
utin wrote:
rafi wrote:
IMO E

a) principles, but instead stifling functioning through its various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers - modifier error
b) principles, instead it has been functioning in a stifled manner as a result of various government regulations that restrict the hiring and firing of workers - Wordy
c) principles, rather functioning despite being stifled as a result of government regulations that variously restrict worker hiring and firing - Wordy and awkward
d) principles; the hiring and firing of workers is restricted there by various government regulations, its functioning being stifled - where is there?
e) principles; instead, its functioning has been stifled by various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers - Correct, conveys the meaning in the most clear and correct way. both the parts before and after the semicolon can stand on their own.

What's the OA?



Hi,
In choice E

;instead, its functioning has been stifled by various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers

Is this part after ; will be called independent even if it is using Its as a pronoun which we can't say to what it is referring to.

Please explain...


the part after ; functions as a clause with a subject and a verb even if that clause has a pronoun it is grammatically right usage.
_________________

My gmat story
MGMAT1 - 630 Q44V32
MGMAT2 - 650 Q41V38
MGMAT3 - 680 Q44V37
GMATPrep1 - 660 Q49V31
Knewton1 - 550 Q40V27

1 KUDOS received
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 13 Apr 2010
Posts: 173
Location: singapore
Schools: Wharton,NY Stern,INSEAD,Stanford
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 28 [1] , given: 25

GMAT ToolKit User GMAT Tests User
Re: SC-700 Level [#permalink] New post 22 Oct 2010, 17:39
1
This post received
KUDOS
B- Changes meaning.

E- The available best option
_________________

Regards,
Nagesh
My GMAT Study Plan: my-gmat-study-plan-112833.html
Idioms List : gmat-idioms-104283.html?hilit=idioms#p813231
--------------------------------------
Consider Kudos if you like my posts

1 KUDOS received
Director
Director
avatar
Status: Impossible is not a fact. It's an opinion. It's a dare. Impossible is nothing.
Affiliations: Chicago Booth Class of 2015
Joined: 26 Nov 2009
Posts: 995
Followers: 13

Kudos [?]: 379 [1] , given: 36

GMAT Tests User
Re: SC-700 Level [#permalink] New post 22 Oct 2010, 19:03
1
This post received
KUDOS
i believe semicolon wins over comma in gmat. so my hunch is E. I like "being" which eliminate D and C. B has ambiguous "it".
_________________

Please press kudos if you like my post.

1 KUDOS received
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 09 Nov 2012
Posts: 14
Location: India
Concentration: Finance, Statistics
Schools: Yale '16, YLP '16 (M)
GPA: 3.4
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 13 [1] , given: 23

Re: During the past decade,the labour market in France has been [#permalink] New post 27 Feb 2013, 07:24
1
This post received
KUDOS
Someone please explain this?
Thanks!
Expert Post
1 KUDOS received
Current Student
User avatar
Status: Making every effort to create original content for you!!
Joined: 23 Dec 2010
Posts: 490
Location: United States
Concentration: Healthcare, Social Entrepreneurship
GMAT 1: 660 Q48 V34
GMAT 2: 750 Q49 V42
Followers: 242

Kudos [?]: 833 [1] , given: 82

Re: During the past decade,the labour market in France has been [#permalink] New post 27 Feb 2013, 09:02
1
This post received
KUDOS
Expert's post
mun23 wrote:
During the past decade, the labor market in France has not been operating according to free market principles, but instead stifling functioning through its various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers.

Need detail explanation.anyone plz help me...........


Hi dhruvd and mun23,

(A)principles, but instead stifling functioning through its various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers

stifling means to suffocate, the use of active voice in this sentence means that "labor market" is stifling itself, this is incorrect. The labor market's functioning is stifled by the the government regulations, so an active construction instead of a passive one is preferred; second, "its various government regulations" means that the regulations are made by labor market, again the meaning is inappropriate.

(B)principles, instead it has been functioning in a stifled manner as a result of various government regulations that restrict the hiring and firing of workers

The meaning is clear in this sentnece but the punctuation used is incorrect. Two independent clauses are joined by using just a comma. A semicolon or comma + and would have been more appropriate.

(C)principles, rather functioning despite being stifled as a result of government regulations that variously restrict worker hiring and firing

The intended meaning is that the functioning of the labor market is being stifled by the government regulations, but the sentence changes the meaning to say that the labor market is being stifled, which is incorrect. Second, "variously restrict" is again incorrect, the sentence meant "various government regulations" so "various" should modify "government regulations" and not "restrict". Moreover, the construction "variously restrict" is awkward at best.

(D)principles; the hiring and firing of workers is restricted there by various government regulations, its functioning being stifled

This sentence is the second best option in among all the answer choices. "its" has no clear antecedent. Moreover, "there" is used for physical locations and less preferred for "labor market"

(E)principles; instead, its functioning has been stifled by various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers

This choice is clear and concise. The semicolon is correctly used to connect two independent clauses. The meaning is clear as it clearly expresses that the functioning of the labor market is stifled by the government regulations.

Hope that helps,

Vercules
_________________

Press Kudos if you want to say thanks

Ultimate Reading Comprehension Encyclopedia | Ultimate Sentence Correction Encyclopedia | GMAT Prep Software Analysis and What If Scenarios -- VERBAL | GMAT Prep Software Analysis and What If Scenarios -- IR

Please Read and Follow the 9 Rules of Posting in Verbal Forum

Director
Director
avatar
Joined: 28 Dec 2005
Posts: 922
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 37 [0], given: 0

GMAT Tests User
 [#permalink] New post 07 Dec 2006, 04:44
I will go with E. I think the way the second part of the sentence is structured warrants a semi colon. D seems to be wrong with the use of "is restricted there"
VP
VP
avatar
Joined: 28 Mar 2006
Posts: 1390
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 18 [0], given: 0

GMAT Tests User
 [#permalink] New post 07 Dec 2006, 05:06
hsampath wrote:
I will go with E. I think the way the second part of the sentence is structured warrants a semi colon. D seems to be wrong with the use of "is restricted there"


In E since a semicolon seperates indepedent clauses dont you think its has antecedent problem?

instead, its functioning has been stifled by various government regulations restricting the hiring and firing of workers
Director
Director
avatar
Joined: 28 Dec 2005
Posts: 922
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 37 [0], given: 0

GMAT Tests User
 [#permalink] New post 07 Dec 2006, 05:17
No, I don't think there is an antecedent problem. That's precisely the reason we use a semi colon instead of a full stop.

In B, a comma after instead seems to be missing. With that, it would have been better and difficult for me to choose.

principles, instead, it has been functioning in a stifled manner as a result of various government regulations that restrict the hiring and firing of workers
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 28 Aug 2006
Posts: 245
Location: Albuquerque, NM
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 1 [0], given: 0

GMAT Tests User
 [#permalink] New post 07 Dec 2006, 15:32
I like E becaue of semicolon and proper comma but do not like the passive voice, but others are worng too

Is E the OA?
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 03 Dec 2006
Posts: 1
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 0 [0], given: 0

 [#permalink] New post 09 Dec 2006, 01:08
what is the problem with B...

Is it wrong only because of a comma that is missing after "insead" as hsampath said??

@hsampath...

can u give some insight in this regards...

:)
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Joined: 14 Aug 2006
Posts: 368
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 1 [0], given: 0

GMAT Tests User
 [#permalink] New post 09 Dec 2006, 08:14
yes, what is wrong with B.. karlfurt, Can you please give us the OE?
SVP
SVP
User avatar
Joined: 08 Nov 2006
Posts: 1560
Location: Ann Arbor
Schools: Ross '10
Followers: 12

Kudos [?]: 160 [0], given: 1

GMAT Tests User
 [#permalink] New post 09 Dec 2006, 08:53
C is not in agreement with the logical meaning of the original sentence. THe original sentence intends to say that 'various regulations are affecting'

C says that the regulations affect in various ways.

In other words, there is lack of clarity in C due to the misplaced 'various'.

This is why I eliminated C.
  [#permalink] 09 Dec 2006, 08:53
    Similar topics Author Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
During the past decade, the labor market in France has not mun23 0 27 Feb 2013, 23:17
During the past decade, the labor market in France has not preethinaidu87 0 07 Nov 2012, 14:09
During the past decade, the labor market in France has not aaron22197 0 30 Oct 2012, 21:49
During the past decade, the labor market in France has not Piter 0 27 Aug 2007, 04:32
During the past decade, the labor market in France has not iamba 0 29 Jul 2007, 18:29
Display posts from previous: Sort by

During the past decade, the labor market in France has not

  Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  

Go to page    1   2   3   4   5    Next  [ 88 posts ] 



cron

GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Privacy Policy| Terms and Conditions| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group and phpBB SEO

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.