Find all School-related info fast with the new School-Specific MBA Forum

It is currently 16 Sep 2014, 21:57

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Events & Promotions

Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

During the presidential debates, representatives from

  Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:
Expert Post
GMAT Pill Instructor
User avatar
Joined: 14 Apr 2009
Posts: 1559
Location: New York, NY
Followers: 288

Kudos [?]: 657 [0], given: 6

During the presidential debates, representatives from [#permalink] New post 24 Aug 2013, 17:26
Expert's post
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  55% (hard)

Question Stats:

64% (02:00) correct 36% (01:53) wrong based on 229 sessions
During the presidential debates, representatives from some states were dissatisfied with recent budget reforms, saying the new budget changes fail to meet the goal of directing federal funds to states who were most weakened by the financial recession. Their criticism is primarily based on the fact that most states that now receive additional funding are states with major city populations that enjoyed a budget surplus last year. What the critics disregard, though, is the fact that all the states who had their funding increased had been identified by an assessment committee as having greater than 20% decline in economic output over the past year. So regardless of the states' budget surplus or deficit, the federal government has not failed to distribute funds fairly.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

(A) Rather than being determined by budget surplus or deficit, the amount of funding a state needs depends on whether it has a major city or not.

(B) The number of states that have received an increase in funding represents a significant proportion of all the states in the country.

(C) The committee's assessment of states' financial needs has been deemed biased by the local media.

(D) The assessment committee did not identify many states with greater than 20% decline in economic output other than those with major cities and budget surpluses in the last year.

(E) States with budget deficits typically had more decline in economic output than did states with major cities and budget surpluses.


Original Source: Practice Pill Platform
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

_________________


... and more


Image What's Inside GMAT Pill?

Zeke Lee, GMAT Pill Study Method (Study Less. Score More.)


GMAT Pill Reviews | GMAT PILL Free Practice Test

GMAT Pill GMAT Discount CodesKaplan GMAT Prep Discount CodesVeritas Prep GMAT Discount Codes
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 06 Jul 2013
Posts: 118
GMAT 1: 620 Q48 V28
GMAT 2: 700 Q50 V33
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 10 [0], given: 42

Reviews Badge
Re: During the presidential debates, representatives from [#permalink] New post 24 Aug 2013, 17:49
representatives saying more fund given to major cities which had surplus budget. critics are saying budget is given to cities with 20% decline in economy.
so arugument depends upon - cities which were identified were major cities with 20% decline. D
Manager
Manager
avatar
Status: Joining Cranfield Sep 2014
Joined: 01 Sep 2012
Posts: 65
Concentration: Technology, General Management
GMAT 1: 530 Q50 V14
GMAT 2: 630 Q48 V29
WE: Engineering (Energy and Utilities)
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 19 [0], given: 60

Reviews Badge
Re: During the presidential debates, representatives from [#permalink] New post 24 Aug 2013, 20:40
What is wrong with choice E. Can any one explain?
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 14 Nov 2011
Posts: 147
Location: United States
Concentration: General Management, Entrepreneurship
Schools: Stanford '15
GPA: 3.61
WE: Consulting (Manufacturing)
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 17 [0], given: 97

GMAT ToolKit User
Re: During the presidential debates, representatives from [#permalink] New post 24 Aug 2013, 21:04
amitbharadwaj7 wrote:
What is wrong with choice E. Can any one explain?


It is the opposite of the information given in the question.
3 KUDOS received
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 21 Aug 2012
Posts: 150
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 33 [3] , given: 41

Re: During the presidential debates, representatives from [#permalink] New post 24 Aug 2013, 23:53
3
This post received
KUDOS
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
GMATPill wrote:
During the presidential debates, representatives from some states were dissatisfied with recent budget reforms, saying the new budget changes fail to meet the goal of directing federal funds to states who were most weakened by the financial recession. Their criticism is primarily based on the fact that most states that now receive additional funding are states with major city populations that enjoyed a budget surplus last year. What the critics disregard, though, is the fact that all the states who had their funding increased had been identified by an assessment committee as having greater than 20% decline in economic output over the past year. So regardless of the states' budget surplus or deficit, the federal government has not failed to distribute funds fairly.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

(A) Rather than being determined by budget surplus or deficit, the amount of funding a state needs depends on whether it has a major city or not.

(B) The number of states that have received an increase in funding represents a significant proportion of all the states in the country.

(C) The committee's assessment of states' financial needs has been deemed biased by the local media.

(D) The assessment committee did not identify many states with greater than 20% decline in economic output other than those with major cities and budget surpluses in the last year.

(E) States with budget deficits typically had more decline in economic output than did states with major cities and budget surpluses.


Original Source: Practice Pill Platform


Hi,

I would like to add my 2 cents.

Criticism: New budget changes failed to meet the goal of federal funds who were weakened by financial recession.
States which receive additional funding===> enjoyed budget surplus last year
Counter: All states whose funding increased === > had greater than 20% decline in economic output.

Conclusion: Federal govt. did not fail to distribute funds

Assumption: 1. Recession caused greater than 20% decline in economic o/p in states.
2. States who enjoyed budget surplus last year are the one's that showed greater than 20% decline in economic o/p.

(A) Rather than being determined by budget surplus or deficit, the amount of funding a state needs depends on whether it has a major city or not.
Amount of funding has no relevance here. The argument talks about additional funding. Also major city or not is not a concern.

(B) The number of states that have received an increase in funding represents a significant proportion of all the states in the country.
The criticism is made by states. The argument does not talk about funds at national level.

(C) The committee's assessment of states' financial needs has been deemed biased by the local media.
"Biased by local media" .. This fails the argument... This is not an assumption

(D) The assessment committee did not identify many states with greater than 20% decline in economic output other than those with major cities and budget surpluses in the last year.

This shows that the additional funding was provided to those states that have greater than 20% decline in economic output..Assumption 2 is correct.

(E) States with budget deficits typically had more decline in economic output than did states with major cities and budget surpluses.
budget surplus is in talks here... Budget deficit is out of question..!!!

Assumption 2 connects the criticism and the counter statement.

Thanks,
Jai

KUDOS if it HELPED..!!! :)
_________________

MODULUS Concept ---> inequalities-158054.html#p1257636
HEXAGON Theory ---> hexagon-theory-tips-to-solve-any-heaxgon-question-158189.html#p1258308

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 05 May 2014
Posts: 28
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 9 [0], given: 5

Re: During the presidential debates, representatives from [#permalink] New post 07 May 2014, 06:02
Sorry but I still cannot understand why D is the assumption. Really appreciate if someone can help me. Thanks a lot
Intern
Intern
User avatar
Status: Gearing up for the final battle.
Joined: 19 Sep 2011
Posts: 19
For what?: You know!!
GMAT 1: 690 Q49 V35
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 5 [0], given: 39

Re: During the presidential debates, representatives from [#permalink] New post 09 May 2014, 11:55
dqtuan9627 wrote:
Sorry but I still cannot understand why D is the assumption. Really appreciate if someone can help me. Thanks a lot



The author thinks that the distribution was fair and the cities that got the funding were really the ones that needed it the most. Now look at option D, it says that "The assessment committee did not identify many states with greater than 20% decline in economic output other than those with major cities and budget surpluses in the last year." What do we learn from this: Suppose out of 20 cities, there were 5 cities that had the economic decline and were also big cities. Infact, these 5 cities where the ONLY cities that experienced the 20% decline. Hence the funding had to go to them only and to no other city. This is what the assessment committee found and this is what the author believes.

Hope it helped.
Experts please pitch in and help out to clarify things better.
Re: During the presidential debates, representatives from   [#permalink] 09 May 2014, 11:55
    Similar topics Author Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
3 Experts publish their posts in the topic From Grockit: If # represents +, -, *, or /, then does JenniferClopton 10 29 Nov 2010, 21:09
I found this one debatable. This is from OG 11th edition vinay3 3 13 Oct 2010, 16:45
2 Political Commentator: During the previous presidential ykaiim 6 05 Jun 2010, 08:03
Experts publish their posts in the topic During the 1992 Presidential campaign, President George H. xcusemeplz2009 8 08 Dec 2009, 03:23
In a meeting of 3 representatives from each of 6 different TOUGH GUY 5 28 Sep 2006, 02:11
Display posts from previous: Sort by

During the presidential debates, representatives from

  Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Privacy Policy| Terms and Conditions| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group and phpBB SEO

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.