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# During the second half of the last century, [u]as airplanes

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Intern
Joined: 28 Jul 2013
Posts: 5
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 18 [2] , given: 10

During the second half of the last century, [u]as airplanes [#permalink]

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08 Sep 2013, 10:23
2
KUDOS
2
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00

Difficulty:

35% (medium)

Question Stats:

64% (02:06) correct 36% (00:57) wrong based on 176 sessions

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During the second half of the last century, as airplanes replaced ships as the means of transportation, it was widely anticipated that the time spent in transit by the average traveler would decrease considerably.

as airplanes replaced ships as the means of transportation, it was widely anticipated that

as airplanes replaced ships as the means of transportation, it was anticipated widely that

with ships being replaced by airplanes as the means of transportation, there was wide anticipation that

as ships were replacing airplanes, many anticipated that

airplanes replacing ships as the means of transportation produced anticipation widely that
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by Narenn on 08 Sep 2013, 19:59, edited 1 time in total.
Topic Renamed - Please use the first sentence of the question to name the topic
Manager
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Joined: 15 May 2013
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Location: India
GMAT Date: 08-02-2013
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Kudos [?]: 80 [1] , given: 34

Re: During the second half of the last century, [u]as airplanes [#permalink]

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09 Sep 2013, 05:41
1
KUDOS
A
A, it is correctly referring to "the time spent in transit by the average traveler ..."
B, Changes the order of anticipated and widely
C, With here is serving as a prepositional modifier, referent of there is not clear, being is a temporary state and not preferred
D, Primarily changes who replaced what.
E, Incorrect
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Director
Status: 1,750 Q's attempted and counting
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Kudos [?]: 666 [0], given: 630

Re: During the second half of the last century, [u]as airplanes [#permalink]

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05 Nov 2013, 22:18
Spoiler - I got this question wrong - the sentence seemed awkward to me, a bit long with too many modifiers and commas and I had difficultly identifying the subject and determining what was an independent clause and dependent, if any. After a closer look at the answer, some research, and the description provided by ramannanda9, I disagree with his analysis. Here's why:

Here's the correct sentence "During the second half of the last century, as airplanes replaced ships as the means of transportation, it was widely anticipated that the time spent in transit by the average traveler would decrease considerably."

IMO the subject of the sentence is "It" which is apart of an independent clause of "it was widely anticipated that the time spent in transit by the average traveler would decrease considerably." Of all the answers choices this is the most preferable way to communicate this intended meaning.

IMO the sentence is introduced by a prepositional phrase that modifies another prepositional phrase. The prep. phrase "During the second half of the last century" modifies "as airplanes replaced ships". Traditionally a modifiers will modify the noun closest to it but the phrase is a prep. phrase beginning with "as". If you want to check the logic of this assertion, just flip the modifier and see if it makes sense.

as airplanes replaced ships During the second half of the last century as the means of transportation, ....

In addition, the correct sentence uses a passive construction. Let me explain. The subject is "It", but "It" is a pronoun. What is the antecedent? IMO it's "Time". A concise uncluttered active sentence would read as follows: The time spent in transit by the average traveler was widely anticipated to would decrease considerably.
Director
Status: 1,750 Q's attempted and counting
Affiliations: University of Florida
Joined: 09 Jul 2013
Posts: 513
Location: United States (FL)
Schools: UFL (A)
GMAT 1: 600 Q45 V29
GMAT 2: 590 Q35 V35
GMAT 3: 570 Q42 V28
GMAT 4: 610 Q44 V30
GPA: 3.45
WE: Accounting (Accounting)
Followers: 25

Kudos [?]: 666 [0], given: 630

Re: During the second half of the last century, [u]as airplanes [#permalink]

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05 Nov 2013, 22:40
andybond87 - I am curious about the source of this question. Could you list the source in the problem?
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Kudos [?]: 165 [0], given: 0

Re: During the second half of the last century, [u]as airplanes [#permalink]

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19 May 2016, 16:53
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
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Kudos [?]: 96 [0], given: 768

Re: During the second half of the last century, [u]as airplanes [#permalink]

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19 May 2016, 21:04
andybond87 wrote:
During the second half of the last century, as airplanes replaced ships as the means of transportation, it was widely anticipated that the time spent in transit by the average traveler would decrease considerably.

as airplanes replaced ships as the means of transportation, it was widely anticipated that

as airplanes replaced ships as the means of transportation, it was anticipated widely that

with ships being replaced by airplanes as the means of transportation, there was wide anticipation that

as ships were replacing airplanes, many anticipated that

airplanes replacing ships as the means of transportation produced anticipation widely that

i dont think that gmat makes us choose between b and a.

c is wrong because "being". moreover, during ... modifies replaced so, during...phrase should be placed near replace, not a noun "ship". if we have a clause, during...phrase can be placed at the beginning of the clause.
d is wrong because we do not have clear reason for using progressive tense.
e is wrong because airplain produced is not logic in our real world.
Re: During the second half of the last century, [u]as airplanes   [#permalink] 19 May 2016, 21:04
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