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During winters to stop the spread of flu virus, Ayurveda

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During winters to stop the spread of flu virus, Ayurveda [#permalink] New post 16 Feb 2013, 23:02
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A
B
C
D
E

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  35% (medium)

Question Stats:

58% (01:47) correct 42% (00:50) wrong based on 53 sessions
During winters to stop the spread of flu virus, Ayurveda suggests drinking warm water and to apply eucalyptus oil on the nose, which acts like a growth inhibitor, allowing the body time to build antibodies to fight the virus.

A) to apply eucalyptus oil on the nose, which acts like a growth inhibitor, allowing the body time to build antibodies to fight the virus

B) applying eucalyptus oil, which acts as a growth inhibitor on the nose, allowing the body time to build antibodies and to fight the virus

C) applying eucalyptus oil on the nose, which acts as a growth inhibitor, allowing the body time to build antibodies to fight the virus

D) to apply eucalyptus oil on the nose, which acting like a growth inhibitor allows the body time to build antibodies to fight the virus

E) applying eucalyptus oil on the nose, which acting like a growth inhibitor allowing the body time for building antibodies fighting the virus
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: Ayurveda [#permalink] New post 16 Feb 2013, 23:14
Should be 'applying' and not 'to apply' to maintain parallelism. That rules out A and D. In E, 'acting like a growth inhibitor allowing the body time' is grammatically incorrect.

Between B and C, choose C because building antibodies and fighting the virus are not separate but the former leads to the latter.

C it is.
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Re: Ayurveda [#permalink] New post 17 Feb 2013, 07:59
In option C, what does 'which' modify ?
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Re: Ayurveda [#permalink] New post 17 Feb 2013, 11:15
dipzz wrote:
In option C, what does 'which' modify ?


Exactly my thoughts. The only reason B could be winning is the style in which it is constructed.
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Re: Ayurveda [#permalink] New post 17 Feb 2013, 11:39
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dipzz wrote:
In option C, what does 'which' modify ?


Hi Dipzz,

In option C "which" modifies "eucalyptus oil". The rule says that noun modifiers should touch the nouns they modify, but there is an exception to that rule. If a phrase (usually a prepositional prepositional phrase), which is critical to the meaning of the sentence and can not be placed else where in the sentence without changing the meaning of the sentence, then it can come in between the noun and the modifier modifying it.

in the given sentence we can not place the phrase "on the nose" elsewhere in the sentence without changing the meaning. So, this prepositional phrase is critical to the meaning of the sentence. Therefore, the usage is correct and "which" is correctly modifying "eucalyptus oil".


Hope that helps,

Vercules
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Re: Ayurveda [#permalink] New post 17 Feb 2013, 19:22
Vercules wrote:
dipzz wrote:
In option C, what does 'which' modify ?


Hi Dipzz,

In option C "which" modifies "eucalyptus oil". The rule says that noun modifiers should touch the nouns they modify, but there is an exception to that rule. If a phrase (usually a prepositional prepositional phrase), which is critical to the meaning of the sentence and can not be placed else where in the sentence without changing the meaning of the sentence, then it can come in between the noun and the modifier modifying it.

in the given sentence we can not place the phrase "on the nose" elsewhere in the sentence without changing the meaning. So, this prepositional phrase is critical to the meaning of the sentence. Therefore, the usage is correct and "which" is correctly modifying "eucalyptus oil".


Hope that helps,

Vercules


Ya i agree with u dude...
I have two doubts

1. I have doubt on Parallelism if i go with C ?
I replaced C for underlined part

During winters to stop the spread of flu virus, Ayurveda suggests drinking warm water and applying eucalyptus oil on the nose, which acts as a growth inhibitor, allowing the body time to build antibodies to fight the virus

Here drinking .... & applying .... are parallel.
But applying has a prepositional phrase "on the nose" whereas drinking do not ?

If i chose B both are parallel.


2. All over, "suggests" is a subjective verb, which needs plural form verb. Is it true here?

Pls help me in this !
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Re: During winters to stop the spread of flu virus, Ayurveda [#permalink] New post 17 Feb 2013, 22:49
Another point to choose C over B is the use of AND in the bold phrases shown below.

B) applying eucalyptus oil, which acts as a growth inhibitor on the nose, allowing the body time to build antibodies and to fight the virus

C) applying eucalyptus oil on the nose, which acts as a growth inhibitor, allowing the body time to build antibodies to fight the virus

Antibodies fight the virus. Not the body time fights the virus
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Re: Ayurveda [#permalink] New post 18 Feb 2013, 00:06
Expert's post
shanmugamgsn wrote:
Vercules wrote:
dipzz wrote:
In option C, what does 'which' modify ?


Hi Dipzz,

In option C "which" modifies "eucalyptus oil". The rule says that noun modifiers should touch the nouns they modify, but there is an exception to that rule. If a phrase (usually a prepositional prepositional phrase), which is critical to the meaning of the sentence and can not be placed else where in the sentence without changing the meaning of the sentence, then it can come in between the noun and the modifier modifying it.

in the given sentence we can not place the phrase "on the nose" elsewhere in the sentence without changing the meaning. So, this prepositional phrase is critical to the meaning of the sentence. Therefore, the usage is correct and "which" is correctly modifying "eucalyptus oil".


Hope that helps,

Vercules


Ya i agree with u dude...
I have two doubts

1. I have doubt on Parallelism if i go with C ?
I replaced C for underlined part

During winters to stop the spread of flu virus, Ayurveda suggests drinking warm water and applying eucalyptus oil on the nose, which acts as a growth inhibitor, allowing the body time to build antibodies to fight the virus

Here drinking .... & applying .... are parallel.
But applying has a prepositional phrase "on the nose" whereas drinking do not ?

If i chose B both are parallel.

2. All over, "suggests" is a subjective verb, which needs plural form verb. Is it true here?

Pls help me in this !


Hi shanmugamgsn,

1) Word by word parallelism is not necessary for a sentence to be correct. The logic always take precedence over grammar. The prepositional phrase "on the nose" is not actually damaging the parallel structure.

lets see B

During winters to stop the spread of flu virus, Ayurveda suggests drinking warm water and applying eucalyptus oil, which acts as a growth inhibitor on the nose, allowing the body time to build antibodies and to fight the virus

The meaning of the sentence is changed. It now says that "on the nose" eucalyptus oil is acting as a growth inhibitor. But, eucalyptus oil acts as a growth inhibitor in general and not just on the nose. By changing the placement of prepositional phrase we have distorted the meaning and logic of the sentence.


Yes the situation is tricky but you have just make a note of it.


As a rule you can remember,

if you have "A + preposition + B, which..."
then:
--> if B works well (in terms of both grammar, common sense and the intended meaning of the sentence) as the antecedent of "which", then "which" should stand for B.
--> if B doesn't work as the antecedent, but "A + preposition + B" DOES work, then "which" can stand for "A (+ prep + B)"


The example in this post comes under the second category.

As an example in which "logic trumps the apparent parallelism" see my post below:

studies-of-performance-reports-show-new-question-147279.html

Quote:
2. All over, "suggests" is a subjective verb, which needs plural form verb. Is it true here?


Yes, "suggests" is the main verb of the sentence, but its subject is not plural, it is singular "Ayurveda". The phrase "During winters to stop the spread of flu" is the modifier in the sentence. This modifier also requires a subject of the clause which it is modifying. Moreover, "suggests" is in the non-underlined part of the sentence, and non-underlined parts are always correct.

I hope it clarifies your doubts,

Vercules
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Re: Ayurveda   [#permalink] 18 Feb 2013, 00:06
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