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e 25.B 24. A recent study has found that within the past few

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e 25.B 24. A recent study has found that within the past few [#permalink] New post 29 Jun 2009, 22:48
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[Reveal] Spoiler:
24. e 25.B

24. A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors had elected early retirement rather than face the threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractice insurance.
(A) had elected early retirement rather than face
(B) had elected early retirement instead of facing
(C) have elected retiring early instead of facing
(D) have elected to retire early rather than facing
(E) have elected to retire early rather than face

Fight between A and E... can anyone clarify....???
25. A recent study of ancient clay deposits has provided new evidence supporting the theory of global forest fires ignited by a meteorite impact that contributed to the extinction of the dinosaurs and many other creatures some 65 million years ago.
(A) supporting the theory of global forest fires ignited by a meteorite impact that
(B) supporting the theory that global forest fires ignited by a meteorite impact
(C) that supports the theory of global forest fires that were ignited by a meteorite impact and that
(D) in support of the theory that global forest fires were ignited by a meteorite impact and that
(E) of support for the theory of a meteorite impact that ignited global forest fires and
I choose D...plz clarify your choice???
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Re: sc DOUBTS PLZ EXPLAIN [#permalink] New post 06 Dec 2012, 12:59
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Sachin9 wrote:


1) When do we know that 'to' and be understood and can be omitted?
I eliminated E because I thought 2 structures are not parallel because you dont have a 'to' before face

2) What is wrong with C :shock:
retiring and facing are parallel.


Hi Sachin,

Whenever we have a list, the common items in the first entity of the list may not be repeated before all the entities in the list. OG questions are inundated with such parallel construction. For example the first question of OGV2:

Like ants, termites have an elaborate social structure in which a few individuals reproduce and the rest serve the colony by tending juveniles, gathering food, building the nest, or battling intruders.

This is the sentence with correct answer choice E. Notice the entities in the sub-list. Termites serve the colony by:
a. tending juveniles,
b. gathering food,
c. building the nest, or
d. battling intruders.

In the sentence, only the first entity is preceded by “by”. It is understood before other entities. This is a very common structure. Here comes the need to identify the correct entities that are intended to make the correct intended parallel list. Try out this official question:

The computer software being designed for a project studying Native American access to higher education will not only meet the needs of that study, but also has the versatility and power of facilitating similar research endeavors.

(A) but also has the versatility and power of facilitating
(B) but also have the versatility and power to facilitate
C) but it also has the versatility and power to facilitate
(D) and also have the versatility and power of facilitating
(E) and it also has such versatility and power that it can facilitate

Now let’s analyze, why choice C is incorrect.

C) have elected retiring early instead of facing: Notice the use of “elected” here. The way it has been used in this choice and the original sentence as well, it seems to suggest that the doctors have cast their votes for an entity named “retiring” instead of another entity “facing”. This is the incorrect use of the word. The intended meaning is that they have elected to – chose to – do one thing rather than the other. This incorrect use of “elected” makes this choice incorrect.

Hope this helps. :)
Thanks.
Shraddha
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Re: sc DOUBTS PLZ EXPLAIN [#permalink] New post 30 Jun 2009, 00:32
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24. A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors had elected early retirement rather than face the threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractice insurance.
(A) had elected early retirement rather than face
[using past perfect is not correct as the first part of a sentence uses present perfect, which implies that the action should have connection with present; early retirement-noun and face-verb are not parallel]
(B) had elected early retirement instead of facing
(C) have elected retiring early instead of facing
(D) have elected to retire early rather than facing
(E) have elected to retire early rather than face [correct]

25. A recent study of ancient clay deposits has provided new evidence supporting the theory of global forest fires ignited by a meteorite impact that contributed to the extinction of the dinosaurs and many other creatures some 65 million years ago.
(A) supporting the theory of global forest fires ignited by a meteorite impact that
[pronoun reference is not correct-here that refers to a meteriote impact. In fact the cause of extinction of the dinosaurs... are forest fires ]
(B) supporting the theory that global forest fires ignited by a meteorite impact [correct]
(C) that supports the theory of global forest fires that were ignited by a meteorite impact and that
(D) in support of the theory that global forest fires were ignited by a meteorite impact and that [I think it's not clear to what 'that' refers here]
(E) of support for the theory of a meteorite impact that ignited global forest fires and
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Re: sc DOUBTS PLZ EXPLAIN [#permalink] New post 27 Jun 2012, 06:58
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cyberjadugar wrote:
Hi,

I am confused between (D) & (E), could anyone please explain?

Regards,


Hi there,

This is the sentence with choice D:

A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors have elected to retire early rather than facing the threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractice insurance.

The original sentence means that according to a recent study, in the last few years many doctors have chosen to do X rather than Y. Here, X and Y should be parallel. Per this choice (D),
X = to retire early
Y = facing the threats of…
These two entities are not parallel because X is “to verb” while Y is written in verb-ing form. Hence, we have parallelism error in this sentence.

Choice E corrects this error. This is the sentence with choice E:

A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors have elected to retire early rather than face the threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractice insurance.

X = to retire early
Y = (to) face the threats of…
The two entities are parallel here, and hence choice E is the correct answer.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
Shraddha
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Re: sc DOUBTS PLZ EXPLAIN [#permalink] New post 29 Jun 2009, 23:18
24. A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors had elected early retirement rather than face the threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractice insurance.
(A) had elected early retirement rather than face
(B) had elected early retirement instead of facing
(C) have elected retiring early instead of facing
(D) have elected to retire early rather than facing
(E) have elected to retire early rather than face

E would be the right answer because of correct use of verb tense.
Sentences which describe an event that has happened in near past will almost invariably tend to use present perfect. ( recently in this case)
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Re: sc DOUBTS PLZ EXPLAIN [#permalink] New post 26 Jun 2012, 19:45
Maulikgmat wrote:
[Reveal] Spoiler:
24. e 25.B

24. A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors had elected early retirement rather than face the threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractice insurance.
(A) had elected early retirement rather than face
(B) had elected early retirement instead of facing
(C) have elected retiring early instead of facing
(D) have elected to retire early rather than facing
(E) have elected to retire early rather than face

Hi,

I am confused between (D) & (E), could anyone please explain?

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Re: e 25.B 24. A recent study has found that within the past few [#permalink] New post 27 Jun 2012, 06:07
@Maulikgmat, could you please ensure that the relevant parts in SC questions are underlined, so that you can get prompt and accurate replies ?
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Re: sc DOUBTS PLZ EXPLAIN [#permalink] New post 02 Dec 2012, 02:54
egmat wrote:
cyberjadugar wrote:
Hi,

I am confused between (D) & (E), could anyone please explain?

Regards,


Hi there,

This is the sentence with choice D:

A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors have elected to retire early rather than facing the threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractice insurance.

The original sentence means that according to a recent study, in the last few years many doctors have chosen to do X rather than Y. Here, X and Y should be parallel. Per this choice (D),
X = to retire early
Y = facing the threats of…
These two entities are not parallel because X is “to verb” while Y is written in verb-ing form. Hence, we have parallelism error in this sentence.

Choice E corrects this error. This is the sentence with choice E:

A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors have elected to retire early rather than face the threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractice insurance.

X = to retire early
Y = (to) face the threats of…
The two entities are parallel here, and hence choice E is the correct answer.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
Shraddha



Hi Shraddha,
Again, a great post of yours.. I, however, have 2 doubts:

1)
Y = (to) face the threats of…

When do we know that 'to' and be understood and can be omitted?
I eliminated E because I thought 2 structures are not parallel because you dont have a 'to' before face

2) What is wrong with C :shock:
retiring and facing are parallel.

Kindly help..

Regards,
Sachin
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Re: e 25.B 24. A recent study has found that within the past few [#permalink] New post 12 Dec 2012, 19:56
I agree with 24 OA...

But i have doubt with 25 ????

25. A recent study of ancient clay deposits has provided new evidence supporting the theory of global forest fires ignited by a meteorite impact that contributed to the extinction of the dinosaurs and many other creatures some 65 million years ago.
(A) supporting the theory of global forest fires ignited by a meteorite impact that
(B) supporting the theory that global forest fires ignited by a meteorite impact
(C) that supports the theory of global forest fires that were ignited by a meteorite impact and that --- too many that distrots meaning
(D) in support of the theory that global forest fires were ignited by a meteorite impact and that
(E) of support for the theory of a meteorite impact that ignited global forest fires and

i could eliminate only C easily..
But i need some one to comment on E ???

OA B is in passive construction, but E is in active.
So why dont we prefer E ?
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Re: sc DOUBTS PLZ EXPLAIN [#permalink] New post 03 Jan 2013, 05:52
egmat wrote:
Sachin9 wrote:


1) When do we know that 'to' and be understood and can be omitted?
I eliminated E because I thought 2 structures are not parallel because you dont have a 'to' before face

2) What is wrong with C :shock:
retiring and facing are parallel.




Now let’s analyze, why choice C is incorrect.

C) have elected retiring early instead of facing: Notice the use of “elected” here. The way it has been used in this choice and the original sentence as well, it seems to suggest that the doctors have cast their votes for an entity named “retiring” instead of another entity “facing”. This is the incorrect use of the word. The intended meaning is that they have elected to – chose to – do one thing rather than the other. This incorrect use of “elected” makes this choice incorrect.

Hope this helps. :)
Thanks.
Shraddha


I find it difficult sometimes to understand the intended meaning.. This is one area I guess that can't be learnt by any grammatical rules.
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Re: e 25.B 24. A recent study has found that within the past few [#permalink] New post 15 Mar 2013, 15:31
A recent study of ancient clay deposits has provided new evidence supporting the theory of global forest fires ignited by a meteorite impact that contributed to the extinction of the dinosaurs and many other creatures some 65 million years ago.

Lets try to re-write this sentence as below
SOMETHING has provided new evidence supporting the theory of global forest fires <ignited by a meteorite impact that> contributed to the extinction of the dinosaurs and many other creatures some 65 million years ago.

Here Global forest fire is the reason for the extinction. Hence we need to use

SOMETHING has provided new evidence supporting the theory THAT global forest fires contributed to blah blah blah

(A) supporting the theory of global forest fires ignited by a meteorite impact that
(B) supporting the theory that global forest fires ignited by a meteorite impact
(C) that supports the theory of global forest fires that were ignited by a meteorite impact and that
(D) in support of the theory that global forest fires were ignited by a meteorite impact and that
(E) of support for the theory of a meteorite impact that ignited global forest fires and
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Re: e 25.B 24. A recent study has found that within the past few [#permalink] New post 22 May 2014, 22:08
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