Each of the vegetables in the store had been washed with : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
Check GMAT Club App Tracker for the Latest School Decision Releases http://gmatclub.com/AppTrack

 It is currently 04 Dec 2016, 19:22

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# Each of the vegetables in the store had been washed with

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Princeton Review Representative
Joined: 17 Jun 2013
Posts: 163
Followers: 139

Kudos [?]: 299 [2] , given: 0

Each of the vegetables in the store had been washed with [#permalink]

### Show Tags

14 Jul 2013, 11:09
2
KUDOS
Expert's post
2
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00

Difficulty:

35% (medium)

Question Stats:

49% (01:34) correct 51% (00:42) wrong based on 423 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

Each of the vegetables in the store had been washed with vegetable wash before they were sold.

A) had been washed with vegetable wash before they were sold

B) was washed with vegetable wash before it was sold

C) was washed with vegetables washes before they were sold

D) had been washed with vegetable wash before it was sold

E) was washed with vegetable wash and had been sold after
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

_________________

Special offer! Save $250 on GMAT Ultimate Classroom, GMAT Small Group Instruction, or GMAT Liveonline when you use the promo code GCVERBAL250. Or, save$150 on GMAT Self-Prep when you use the code GCVERBAL150. Enroll at www.princetonreview.com

If you have any questions
New!
Manager
Joined: 06 Jul 2013
Posts: 116
GMAT 1: 620 Q48 V28
GMAT 2: 700 Q50 V33
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 21 [0], given: 42

Re: Each of the vegetables [#permalink]

### Show Tags

14 Jul 2013, 11:26
A incorrect because past perfect is not needed as before correct define the sequence

B is correct

C They is incorrect , each of the vegetables is singular subject

D same A

E awkward
Princeton Review Representative
Joined: 17 Jun 2013
Posts: 163
Followers: 139

Kudos [?]: 299 [11] , given: 0

Re: Each of the vegetables [#permalink]

### Show Tags

14 Jul 2013, 21:42
11
KUDOS
Expert's post
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED

There are two main issues in this sentence, pronoun and verb tense. I will choose to work with verb tense as the first issue. In this case, one thing happened before another in the past and therefore the first event requires the use of past perfect while the second event requires simple past. There are some cases, in which specific time is mentioned in which past perfect is optional but this is not such a case because the event happened at an undetermined time in the past. Therefore past perfect is required and B, C and E are eliminated.

The second issue is pronoun. Answer D uses "it" while Answer A uses "they". most people think the subject of the sentence is vegetables but the subject of a sentence cannot be in a prepositional phrase. Therefore, the subject of the sentence is Each, which is a singular pronoun thus the correct pronoun is "it" and the answer is D.
_________________

Special offer! Save $250 on GMAT Ultimate Classroom, GMAT Small Group Instruction, or GMAT Liveonline when you use the promo code GCVERBAL250. Or, save$150 on GMAT Self-Prep when you use the code GCVERBAL150. Enroll at www.princetonreview.com

Director
Joined: 29 Nov 2012
Posts: 898
Followers: 14

Kudos [?]: 1006 [1] , given: 543

Re: Each of the vegetables [#permalink]

### Show Tags

14 Jul 2013, 22:15
1
KUDOS
As per the meaning and sequencing of events The vegetables were washed and then they were sold.

Only A and D have the right tense. Since "each" is singular you need "it"

So A is incorrect because of "they" Hence Answer is D
_________________

Click +1 Kudos if my post helped...

Amazing Free video explanation for all Quant questions from OG 13 and much more http://www.gmatquantum.com/og13th/

GMAT Prep software What if scenarios http://gmatclub.com/forum/gmat-prep-software-analysis-and-what-if-scenarios-146146.html

Intern
Joined: 16 May 2013
Posts: 30
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 30 [0], given: 13

Re: Each of the vegetables [#permalink]

### Show Tags

15 Jul 2013, 04:25
BeckyRobinsonTPR wrote:

There are two main issues in this sentence, pronoun and verb tense. I will choose to work with verb tense as the first issue. In this case, one thing happened before another in the past and therefore the first event requires the use of past perfect while the second event requires simple past. There are some cases, in which specific time is mentioned in which past perfect is optional but this is not such a case because the event happened at an undetermined time in the past. Therefore past perfect is required and B, C and E are eliminated.

The second issue is pronoun. Answer D uses "it" while Answer A uses "they". most people think the subject of the sentence is vegetables but the subject of a sentence cannot be in a prepositional phrase. Therefore, the subject of the sentence is Each, which is a singular pronoun thus the correct pronoun is "it" and the answer is D.

I want to know if it is a questions from GMAC.

Also i want to know if the past perfect tense is actually required here since use of "before" already denotes the time sequence correctly. I want further discussion on this.
Manager
Joined: 06 Jul 2013
Posts: 116
GMAT 1: 620 Q48 V28
GMAT 2: 700 Q50 V33
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 21 [0], given: 42

Re: Each of the vegetables [#permalink]

### Show Tags

15 Jul 2013, 06:20
Past perfect is not required when sequence of events is evident with the use of words like Before and After.
In this case before clearly states that vegetables were washed before selling.

Please let me know if my information on this subject is incorrect.
Senior Manager
Joined: 08 Apr 2013
Posts: 295
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 21 [0], given: 27

Re: Each of the vegetables [#permalink]

### Show Tags

16 Jul 2013, 02:55
AMITAGARWAL2 wrote:
Past perfect is not required when sequence of events is evident with the use of words like Before and After.
In this case before clearly states that vegetables were washed before selling.

Please let me know if my information on this subject is incorrect.

above idea is correct.

this question is wrong. both choice b and d are correct.
_________________

If anyone in this gmat forum is in England,Britain, pls, email to me, (thanghnvn@gmail.com) . I have some questions and need your advise. Thank a lot.

Manager
Joined: 20 Nov 2011
Posts: 51
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 8 [0], given: 17

Re: Each of the vegetables [#permalink]

### Show Tags

17 Jul 2013, 06:44
AMITAGARWAL2 wrote:
Past perfect is not required when sequence of events is evident with the use of words like Before and After.
In this case before clearly states that vegetables were washed before selling.

Please let me know if my information on this subject is incorrect.

I don't agree with you. I think that 'before' is obvious signal that we must use 'had' to indicate 1 action occurred before another one. If its possible cite the source for such a strict rule that you said. thanks
Intern
Joined: 22 Sep 2012
Posts: 8
Concentration: Entrepreneurship, Strategy
GPA: 3.3
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 0 [0], given: 9

Re: Each of the vegetables in the store had been washed with [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 Jul 2013, 03:20
i think option b is correct as the use of the word "before" clearly states that the veggies were washed before selling...could someone please elaborate and explain why we cannot omit the use of past perfect tense.

Thanks
VP
Status: Far, far away!
Joined: 02 Sep 2012
Posts: 1123
Location: Italy
Concentration: Finance, Entrepreneurship
GPA: 3.8
Followers: 179

Kudos [?]: 1910 [0], given: 219

Re: Each of the vegetables in the store had been washed with [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 Jul 2013, 03:35
Ace99 wrote:
i think option b is correct as the use of the word "before" clearly states that the veggies were washed before selling...could someone please elaborate and explain why we cannot omit the use of past perfect tense.

Thanks

In fact you can go either way. B and D are both fine.

If the order of the events is clear "X before Y" the past perfect is not required (I cannot say it's wrong, but it's unnecessary).
There is no much evidence to choose between B and D, so if you pick B you are fine.
_________________

It is beyond a doubt that all our knowledge that begins with experience.

Kant , Critique of Pure Reason

Tips and tricks: Inequalities , Mixture | Review: MGMAT workshop
Strategy: SmartGMAT v1.0 | Questions: Verbal challenge SC I-II- CR New SC set out !! , My Quant

Rules for Posting in the Verbal Forum - Rules for Posting in the Quant Forum[/size][/color][/b]

Intern
Joined: 02 May 2012
Posts: 20
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 24 [2] , given: 200

Re: Each of the vegetables in the store had been washed with [#permalink]

### Show Tags

13 Aug 2013, 06:33
2
KUDOS
2
This post was
BOOKMARKED
'D' stands out as the most logical answer here ....Use of past perfect is very much needed ...Other difference being use of 'it' as Each of needs a singular pronoun...

Now as Zarrolou has pointed out that its not necessary to use past perfect if the sequence of the actions has been clearly demarcated using "BEFORE" ...As far as grammar says ... If the Past Perfect action did occur at a specific time, the Simple Past can be used instead of the Past Perfect when "before" or "after" is used in the sentence. The words "before" and "after" actually tell you what happens first, so the Past Perfect is optional. For this reason, both sentences below are correct.
Examples:

She had visited her Japanese relatives once in 1993 before she moved in with them in 1996.
She visited her Japanese relatives once in 1993 before she moved in with them in 1996.

On the other hand..

If the Past Perfect is not referring to an action at a specific time, Past Perfect is not optional. Compare the examples below. Here Past Perfect is referring to a general action rather than an action at a specific time. For this reason, Simple Past cannot be used.
Examples:

She never saw a bear before she moved to Alaska. Not Correct
She had never seen a bear before she moved to Alaska. Correct

Last edited by abhijeetjha on 20 Aug 2013, 14:42, edited 1 time in total.
Current Student
Joined: 25 Sep 2012
Posts: 300
Location: India
Concentration: Strategy, Marketing
GMAT 1: 660 Q49 V31
GMAT 2: 680 Q48 V34
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 129 [0], given: 242

Re: Each of the vegetables [#permalink]

### Show Tags

13 Aug 2013, 08:59
BeckyRobinsonTPR wrote:

There are two main issues in this sentence, pronoun and verb tense. I will choose to work with verb tense as the first issue. In this case, one thing happened before another in the past and therefore the first event requires the use of past perfect while the second event requires simple past. There are some cases, in which specific time is mentioned in which past perfect is optional but this is not such a case because the event happened at an undetermined time in the past. Therefore past perfect is required and B, C and E are eliminated.

The second issue is pronoun. Answer D uses "it" while Answer A uses "they". most people think the subject of the sentence is vegetables but the subject of a sentence cannot be in a prepositional phrase. Therefore, the subject of the sentence is Each, which is a singular pronoun thus the correct pronoun is "it" and the answer is D.

Really nice explanation. Except for I did not understand past perfect and everything. Anyways I looked up.
GMAT Club Legend
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 10437
Followers: 883

Kudos [?]: 191 [0], given: 0

Re: Each of the vegetables in the store had been washed with [#permalink]

### Show Tags

02 Apr 2015, 22:23
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
Intern
Joined: 13 Aug 2014
Posts: 36
GMAT 1: 750 Q51 V39
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 10 [0], given: 16

Re: Each of the vegetables in the store had been washed with [#permalink]

### Show Tags

03 Apr 2015, 07:56
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
BeckyRobinsonTPR wrote:

There are two main issues in this sentence, pronoun and verb tense. I will choose to work with verb tense as the first issue. In this case, one thing happened before another in the past and therefore the first event requires the use of past perfect while the second event requires simple past. There are some cases, in which specific time is mentioned in which past perfect is optional but this is not such a case because the event happened at an undetermined time in the past. Therefore past perfect is required and B, C and E are eliminated.

The second issue is pronoun. Answer D uses "it" while Answer A uses "they". most people think the subject of the sentence is vegetables but the subject of a sentence cannot be in a prepositional phrase. Therefore, the subject of the sentence is Each, which is a singular pronoun thus the correct pronoun is "it" and the answer is D.

So this is 2015, and from what I have gathered, B is grammatically correct (and actually preferred over D, as it is suggested in MGMAT SC Guide to stay away from perfect tenses unless they are necessary). The time indicator "before" makes the usage of past perfect unnecessary, regardless of exactly when the washing happened.
But you are an expert who has stated otherwise, and I'm really interested in knowing if B can still be considered incorrect. Any opinions?
Manager
Joined: 13 Nov 2014
Posts: 70
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 33 [0], given: 25

Re: Each of the vegetables in the store had been washed with [#permalink]

### Show Tags

03 Apr 2015, 10:46
had been is needed because there was an activity that happened in the past before another action that happened in the past. Also, it is required at the end because each is the subject and of the vegetables is the prep phrase.
Manager
Joined: 23 Jan 2012
Posts: 78
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 11 [0], given: 40

Re: Each of the vegetables in the store had been washed with [#permalink]

### Show Tags

05 Apr 2015, 07:26
BeckyRobinsonTPR wrote:

There are two main issues in this sentence, pronoun and verb tense. I will choose to work with verb tense as the first issue. In this case, one thing happened before another in the past and therefore the first event requires the use of past perfect while the second event requires simple past. There are some cases, in which specific time is mentioned in which past perfect is optional but this is not such a case because the event happened at an undetermined time in the past. Therefore past perfect is required and B, C and E are eliminated.

The second issue is pronoun. Answer D uses "it" while Answer A uses "they". most people think the subject of the sentence is vegetables but the subject of a sentence cannot be in a prepositional phrase. Therefore, the subject of the sentence is Each, which is a singular pronoun thus the correct pronoun is "it" and the answer is D.

Can you please explain how do we determine the 'undetermined' and 'undetermined' time? After reading the above example my first thought was that we don't need a past perfect tense to express the meaning of the sentence effectively. Your help will be appreciated.

Thanks.
Re: Each of the vegetables in the store had been washed with   [#permalink] 05 Apr 2015, 07:26
Similar topics Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
The telecom minister had been 0 22 Jun 2014, 20:24
3 When do we use Had and Had been? 3 08 Nov 2012, 02:38
Had been usage in Kaplan 1 22 Sep 2009, 22:37
The family s mood, which had been enthusiastic at the 5 20 Dec 2008, 23:46
1 Sleeping pills had been showing up with regularity as a 8 01 Jul 2007, 08:25
Display posts from previous: Sort by

# Each of the vegetables in the store had been washed with

 Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group and phpBB SEO Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.