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Each of William Kennedy's novels in the

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Each of William Kennedy's novels in the [#permalink] New post 19 Dec 2004, 11:21
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Question Stats:

66% (02:26) correct 34% (01:29) wrong based on 124 sessions
15. Each of William Kennedy's novels in the "Albany Trilogy"-Ironweed, Legs, and Billy Phelan's Greatest Game-are set in the area around Albany, New York, a region whose history also suggested some details of the novels' plots.

(A) Each of William Kennedy's novels in the "Albany Trilogy"-Ironweed, Legs, and Billy Phelan's Greatest Game-are set in the area around Albany, New York,
(B) Ironweed, Legs, and Billy Phelan's Greatest Game-each of them novels in William Kennedy's "Albany Trilogy"-are set in the area around Albany, New York,
(C) William Kennedy's "Albany trilogy" novels-Ironweed, Legs, and Billy Phelan's Greatest Game-are all set in the area around Albany, New York,
(D) Novels by William Kennedy-Ironweed, Legs, and Billy Phelan's Greatest Game-each one of the "Albany Trilogy" novels, is set in the area around Albany, New York,
(E) Novels by William Kennedy-Ironweed, Legs, and Billy Phelan's Greatest Game-every one of the "Albany Trilogy" novels are set in the area around Albany, New York,

Highlight below
Step 1: What's the subject of the verb "are"? It's "each" from the beginning of the sentence. Each is singular, so "are," being plural, is incorrect. Eliminate choices (A) and (B).

Step 2: The sentence can correct this error in one of two ways: it can make "each" plural and keep the plural verb, or keep "each" singular and offer a singular verb. Choice (C) has "novels…are" so it's okay. Choice (D) gives you "novels…is" so eliminate it. Choice (E) gives you "every one…are" so eliminate it.

Step 3: Choice (C) remains.

Step 4: William Kennedy's "Albany trilogy" novels-Ironweed, Legs, and Billy Phelan's Greatest Game-are all set in the area around Albany, New York, a region whose history also suggested some details of the novels' plots. Yes.



The question is (B) is not wrong as the explaination said because "each" is in the modify phrase. Can someone tell me why (B) is wrong?
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by pqhai on 16 Nov 2013, 11:00, edited 1 time in total.
Added OA
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 [#permalink] New post 19 Dec 2004, 12:30
'B' should have a singular verb 'is' instead of 'are' to go with the subject 'each of them'
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 [#permalink] New post 20 Dec 2004, 05:04
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'B' is wrong because of incorrect usage of pronoun "them" and not because of 'each---are' combination

The usage of 'are' is correct in choice B, because 'each' is in the modifying clause. i,e, you can read the sentence correctly, by neglecting the portion within dashes.
in that case, the sentence will become "Ironweed, Legs, and Billy Phelan's Greatest Game-are set in the area around Albany, New York,......blah blah.,," which is perfect.

However, the problem is with the modifying phrase itself.
.....each of them novels in William Kennedy's "Albany Trilogy...... its incorrect use of "them".

You cannot use "them" to refer to books. Had it been "these", then the sentence wud have been correct.
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Re: Each of William Kennedy's novels in the "Albany [#permalink] New post 16 Nov 2013, 02:45
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Re: Each of William Kennedy's novels in the [#permalink] New post 16 Nov 2013, 02:50
can somebody please explain why b is wrong?

8 year bump ftw:D
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Re: Each of William Kennedy's novels in the [#permalink] New post 16 Nov 2013, 11:07
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amostofi1999 wrote:
can somebody please explain why b is wrong?

8 year bump ftw:D


Hello amostofi

I'm glad to help.

Each of William Kennedy's novels in the "Albany Trilogy"-Ironweed, Legs, and Billy Phelan's Greatest Game-are set in the area around Albany, New York, a region whose history also suggested some details of the novels' plots.

(A) Each of William Kennedy's novels in the "Albany Trilogy"-Ironweed, Legs, and Billy Phelan's Greatest Game-are set in the area around Albany, New York,
Wrong. S-V agreement problem. "each + nouns" ==> singular. Thus, "are" is wrong.

(B) Ironweed, Legs, and Billy Phelan's Greatest Game-each of them novels in William Kennedy's "Albany Trilogy"-are set in the area around Albany, New York,
Wrong. B switches main subject "each of WK's novels" to modifier. Modifier is just the additional part of the sentence. We can't omit it without meaning changes. But that's not the case here.

(C) William Kennedy's "Albany trilogy" novels-Ironweed, Legs, and Billy Phelan's Greatest Game-are all set in the area around Albany, New York,
Correct.

(D) Novels by William Kennedy-Ironweed, Legs, and Billy Phelan's Greatest Game-each one of the "Albany Trilogy" novels, is set in the area around Albany, New York,
Wrong. S-V agreement problem.

(E) Novels by William Kennedy-Ironweed, Legs, and Billy Phelan's Greatest Game-every one of the "Albany Trilogy" novels are set in the area around Albany, New York,
Wrong. If we delete the modifier ==> The sentence becomes: Novels by WK every one of the "Albany Trilogy novels..." <== very awkward sentence. Definitely wrong.

Hope it helps.
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Re: Each of William Kennedy's novels in the [#permalink] New post 16 Nov 2013, 21:01
thanks a lot! this makes a lot more sense than the official explanation.
this is from the online quizzes that come with Kaplan GMAT Premier book, and as you see in the first post, kaplan claims b was wrong because of subject-verb agreement!
Re: Each of William Kennedy's novels in the   [#permalink] 16 Nov 2013, 21:01
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