Find all School-related info fast with the new School-Specific MBA Forum

It is currently 20 Apr 2014, 10:30

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Events & Promotions

Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

Eating saltwater fish may significantly reduce the risk of

  Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:
CEO
CEO
User avatar
Joined: 21 Jan 2007
Posts: 2775
Location: New York City
Followers: 6

Kudos [?]: 171 [0], given: 4

GMAT Tests User
Eating saltwater fish may significantly reduce the risk of [#permalink] New post 11 Jul 2007, 07:36
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  15% (low)

Question Stats:

81% (01:48) correct 18% (01:23) wrong based on 156 sessions
Eating saltwater fish may significantly reduce the risk of heart attacks and also aid for sufferers of rheumatoid arthritis and asthma, according to three research studies published in the New England Journal of Medicine.

(A) significantly reduce the risk of heart attacks and also aid for
(B) be significant in reducing the risk of heart attacks and aid for
(C) significantly reduce the risk of heart attacks and aid
(D) cause a significant reduction in the risk of heart attacks and aid to
(E) significantly reduce the risk of heart attacks as well as aiding

[Reveal] Spoiler:
C
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by daagh on 21 Oct 2013, 06:22, edited 4 times in total.
Correct the question
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
Joined: 06 Mar 2006
Posts: 497
Followers: 6

Kudos [?]: 60 [0], given: 1

GMAT Tests User
 [#permalink] New post 11 Jul 2007, 07:44
I am between A and C. C does seems shorter, but I am not sure if you eliminate the word for, will it change the meaning of the sentence? I will probably choose A.
Director
Director
Joined: 06 Sep 2006
Posts: 746
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 10 [0], given: 0

GMAT Tests User
 [#permalink] New post 11 Jul 2007, 08:37
I think i have seen this one but we probably dont have 'may' underlined or do we? If it is underlined then C,D and E are automatically elliminated.

So, everything as it is then the answer must be A because B wouldn't make sense.

Assuming 'may' is NOT underlined then, I believe OA may be D?

Eating sw fish may cause a significant reduction in...and (a significant) aid to sufferers of X.

Last edited by asaf on 11 Jul 2007, 08:43, edited 2 times in total.
Director
Director
User avatar
Joined: 16 May 2007
Posts: 550
Followers: 3

Kudos [?]: 12 [0], given: 0

GMAT Tests User
 [#permalink] New post 11 Jul 2007, 08:37
I'm not satisfied with any, but will go with C .
ont you think 'reduces' should be used instead of 'reduce ' in C. Anyway, if were to pick one answer, i would still go with C
Director
Director
Joined: 17 Sep 2005
Posts: 932
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 17 [0], given: 0

GMAT Tests User
 [#permalink] New post 11 Jul 2007, 11:51
trahul4 wrote:
I'm not satisfied with any, but will go with C .
ont you think 'reduces' should be used instead of 'reduce ' in C. Anyway, if were to pick one answer, i would still go with C


There is no ambuguity in C.
Underlining in the question is Wrong.
If you look at the Option A, it states "significantly reduce the risk of heart attacks and also aid for".
So "may" should not be underlined in the question.
"may" will require plural verb so C is Right.

Please see below:

Eating saltwater fish may significantly reduce the risk of heart attacks and aid sufferers of rheumatoid arthritis and asthma, according to three research studies published in the New England Journal of Medicine.

So C has:
- proper S-V agreement
- Parallelism
- Correct Idiom "aid + person/thing"

- Brajesh
Director
Director
Joined: 29 Aug 2005
Posts: 882
Followers: 7

Kudos [?]: 125 [0], given: 7

GMAT Tests User
Re: SC1000 #272 Saltwater Fish [#permalink] New post 11 Jul 2007, 12:04
It looks like choice is betwen A and C.
I will go with C, see below

bmwhype2 wrote:
272. Eating saltwater fish may significantly reduce the risk of heart attacks and also aid for sufferers of rheumatoid arthritis and asthma, according to three research studies published in the New England Journal of Medicine.
(A) significantly reduce the risk of heart attacks and also aid for ---"also" is redundant, "for" makes sentence structure unparallel
(B) be significant in reducing the risk of heart attacks and aid for
(C) significantly reduce the risk of heart attacks and aid ---Perfect and Correct
(D) cause a significant reduction in the risk of heart attacks and aid to
(E) significantly reduce the risk of heart attacks as well as aiding

There were previous posts on this question but there were inherent typos in those threads. I reposted this question for further clarification.
1 KUDOS received
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 05 Jul 2007
Posts: 55
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 2 [1] , given: 0

 [#permalink] New post 11 Jul 2007, 22:08
1
This post received
KUDOS
It has to be C
You cannot "aid for sufferers", so A & B are out bc 'aid' is an active verb in this case.
You cannot "aid to sufferers" so bye-bye D.
And E has agreement issues btw "reduce" and "as well as aiding"
C it is by POE and by the fact that reduce and aid both act as active verbs in their respective clauses.
BTW, because may is part of the actual sentence, it should be "may significantly reduce" and not "may significantly reduces", to answer trahul4's question.
Director
Director
User avatar
Joined: 16 May 2007
Posts: 550
Followers: 3

Kudos [?]: 12 [0], given: 0

GMAT Tests User
 [#permalink] New post 12 Jul 2007, 01:29
yes if may is part of the sentence then usage of reduce is correct.
But if may is not used, then i believe we should use reduces.. any comments ?
Manager
Manager
Joined: 04 Sep 2010
Posts: 85
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 5 [0], given: 11

Re: SC1000 #272 Saltwater Fish [#permalink] New post 06 May 2011, 02:17
It is C and OA is also C
Retired Moderator
User avatar
Status: 2000 posts! I don't know whether I should feel great or sad about it! LOL
Joined: 04 Oct 2009
Posts: 1733
Location: Peru
Schools: Harvard, Stanford, Wharton, MIT & HKS (Government)
WE 1: Economic research
WE 2: Banking
WE 3: Government: Foreign Trade and SMEs
Followers: 60

Kudos [?]: 207 [0], given: 109

GMAT Tests User
Re: Eating saltwater fish may significantly reduce the risk of [#permalink] New post 05 Feb 2012, 08:15
+1 C

Parallelism: reduce...AND...aid. Both must be working verbs.
When aid acts as a working verb, the correct idiom is "aid (object)"

We don't need "aid for".
_________________

"Life’s battle doesn’t always go to stronger or faster men; but sooner or later the man who wins is the one who thinks he can."

My Integrated Reasoning Logbook / Diary: my-ir-logbook-diary-133264.html

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
Status: May The Force Be With Me (D-DAY 15 May 2012)
Joined: 06 Jan 2012
Posts: 294
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Entrepreneurship
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 56 [0], given: 16

Reviews Badge
Re: Eating saltwater fish may significantly reduce the risk of [#permalink] New post 05 Feb 2012, 09:09
+1 C

A similar type of question was on veritas preps mock test
_________________

Giving +1 kudos is a better way of saying 'Thank You'.

Manager
Manager
Joined: 28 Sep 2011
Posts: 206
GMAT 1: Q V
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 26 [0], given: 5

GMAT Tests User
Re: Eating saltwater fish may significantly reduce the risk of [#permalink] New post 20 Mar 2012, 20:21
I have chosen C for this question:

A. "Aid for" is not correct here - it seems to be acting as a noun that is parallel to risk. This makes no sense.

B. Same as A. If "aid" was used as a verb, it wouldn't be parallel to "reducing," so this answer choice is incorrect in either case.

C. This is the correct answer. The verb "aid" is parallel to reduce and the meaning of the sentence is clear.

D. Again, "aid to" seems to act as a noun that is parallel to risk, but this meaning doesn't make any sense. Also, "cause a significant reduction in the risk..." seems wordy - this could definitely be more concise.

E. We have a parallelism error here - reduce and aiding are not parallel.
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
Joined: 08 Jun 2010
Posts: 398
Location: United States
Concentration: General Management, Finance
GMAT 1: 680 Q50 V32
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 50 [0], given: 13

GMAT Tests User
Re: Eating saltwater fish may significantly reduce the risk of [#permalink] New post 20 Mar 2012, 22:15
I go with C as well.

The question tests "and" parallelism. In B, maybe significant in reducing is wrong usage. Same goes with D, may cause a significant reduction in...
In E, as well as is the parallel marker but aiding is not parallel with reduce.
So, that leaves us with A and C. A is wrong because of ALSO, which is redundant when and is present. I don't know about aid for. But considering idiomatic is not of much emphasis in the new version, I prefer to rule out based on ALSO rather than AID FOR..
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
Joined: 12 Mar 2012
Posts: 370
Concentration: Operations, Strategy
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 87 [0], given: 31

Re: Eating saltwater fish may significantly reduce the risk of [#permalink] New post 21 Mar 2012, 06:56
C for me too it incorporates the correct parallelism
_________________

Practice Practice and practice...!!

If my reply /analysis is helpful-->please press KUDOS
If there's a loophole in my analysis--> suggest measures to make it airtight.

Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 01 Nov 2010
Posts: 183
Location: Zürich, Switzerland
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 12 [0], given: 20

Re: Eating saltwater fish may significantly reduce the risk of [#permalink] New post 23 Mar 2012, 07:50
bmwhype2 wrote:
272. Eating saltwater fish may significantly reduce the risk of heart attacks and also aid for sufferers of rheumatoid arthritis and asthma, according to three research studies published in the New England Journal of Medicine.
(A) significantly reduce the risk of heart attacks and also aid for
(B) be significant in reducing the risk of heart attacks and aid for
(C) significantly reduce the risk of heart attacks and aid
(D) cause a significant reduction in the risk of heart attacks and aid to
(E) significantly reduce the risk of heart attacks as well as aiding

There were previous posts on this question but there were inherent typos in those threads. I reposted this question for further clarification.


IMO Answer C. I chose C over A since-

1. Grammatically more correct and perfectly parallel- reduce the risk and aid
2. Does not use "also" and makes the entire sentence unambiguous.
5 KUDOS received
e-GMAT Representative
User avatar
Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 1578
Followers: 1064

Kudos [?]: 2545 [5] , given: 164

GMAT Tests User
Re: Eating saltwater fish may significantly reduce the risk of [#permalink] New post 20 Aug 2013, 09:51
5
This post received
KUDOS
Expert's post
Hi bagdmba,

This is in response to the question you asked in the thread: various-functions-of-verb-ing-words-158049.html#p1258698

Eating saltwater fish may significantly reduce the risk of heart attacks and also aid for sufferers of rheumatoid arthritis and asthma, according to three research studies published in the New England Journal of Medicine.

The phrase “aid for” is a noun phrase which means “help for”. For example:
UN’s aid for Somalia children reaches them on time.

But in this sentence "aid" must be parallel to “reduce” and hence, must be a verb to become grammatically parallel to “reduce”. When “aid” is used as verb, we cannot use preposition after it.

o UN aids Somalia children by providing them with food and medicines.

Now, the manner in which “aid” is used in this sentence makes it illogically parallel to the risk of heart attacks: - i.e. eating saltwater fish may significantly reduce two things

o The risk of heart attack
o Aid for sufferers of arthritis – illogical implying that actual “aid” for arthritis patients may be reduced.

Thus, it is very important to use words in their correct form, otherwise meaning can be thoroughly distorted. In this sentence, we were able to infer the intended logical meaning. Based on this understanding, we should select the answer that communicates the logical meaning.


PoE:

(A) significantly reduce the risk of heart attacks and also aid for: Incorrect for the reasons stated above.

(B) be significant in reducing the risk of heart attacks and aid for: Incorrect. As in choice A, this choice also communicates illogical meaning. In this choice is means in reducing “the risk…” and (in reducing) “aid for…”.

(C) significantly reduce the risk of heart attacks and aid: Correct answer.

(D) cause a significant reduction in the risk of heart attacks and aid to: Incorrect.
1. As in choice A, this choice also communicated illogical meaning. There are two possible lists here. But each is illogical.

a. List 1- eating saltwater fish cause a significant reduction in
i. the risk of heart attack and
ii. aid to sufferers

b. List 2- eating saltwater fish cause
i. a significant reduction in the risk of heart attack and
ii. aid to sufferers

2. Cause aid to sufferers is awkward and wordy. We say – provide aid to sufferers, not cause aid to sufferers.

(E) significantly reduce the risk of heart attacks as well as aiding: Incorrect. “aiding” is verb-ing of “aid” which not parallel to “reduce”.

Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha
_________________

Free trial:Click here to start free trial (100+ free practice questions)
Free Session: September 14: Learn how to define your GMAT strategy, create your study plan and master the core skills to excel on the GMAT. Click here to attend.
ImageImageImageImage

CBS Thread Master
Joined: 27 Aug 2012
Posts: 1061
Followers: 63

Kudos [?]: 332 [0], given: 97

Premium Member
Re: Eating saltwater fish may significantly reduce the risk of [#permalink] New post 23 Aug 2013, 01:47
Expert's post
Manager
Manager
Joined: 23 Aug 2013
Posts: 66
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 3 [0], given: 5

Re: Eating saltwater fish may significantly reduce the risk of [#permalink] New post 23 Aug 2013, 22:53
"Eating saltwater fish may significantly..."

How can we know if fish used in the above sentence is singular or plural?
_________________

Kudos would be appreciated -:) !

Verbal Forum Moderator
Verbal Forum Moderator
User avatar
Joined: 15 Jun 2012
Posts: 983
Location: United States
Followers: 93

Kudos [?]: 937 [0], given: 116

Premium Member
Re: Eating saltwater fish may significantly reduce the risk of [#permalink] New post 23 Aug 2013, 23:16
HarishLearner wrote:
"Eating saltwater fish may significantly..."

How can we know if fish used in the above sentence is singular or plural?


Hi HarishLearner

"Fish" is both singular and plural. We do not say "fishes". (may be we can see "fishes" in old bible, but it's rare.)
Example: I have 3 fish. (not 3 fishes).
Other example: deer, beer, etc.

Hope it's clear.
_________________

Please +1 KUDO if my post helps. Thank you.

"Designing cars consumes you; it has a hold on your spirit which is incredibly powerful. It's not something you can do part time, you have do it with all your heart and soul or you're going to get it wrong."

Chris Bangle - Former BMV Chief of Design.

Manager
Manager
Joined: 23 Aug 2013
Posts: 66
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 3 [0], given: 5

Re: Eating saltwater fish may significantly reduce the risk of [#permalink] New post 24 Aug 2013, 01:31
pqhai wrote:
HarishLearner wrote:
"Eating saltwater fish may significantly..."

How can we know if fish used in the above sentence is singular or plural?


Hi HarishLearner

"Fish" is both singular and plural. We do not say "fishes". (may be we can see "fishes" in old bible, but it's rare.)
Example: I have 3 fish. (not 3 fishes).
Other example: deer, beer, etc.

Hope it's clear.


I know they are both singular and plural. In this context, is it singular or plural? For example, if "may" was not there, it would be "Eating Saltwater Fish reduces"
so we are using singular verb. Which means we assume fish to be singular. Why so?

Also I think fishes can be used to refer to different types of fishes or schools of fish.

eg: Salmon and Carp are good fishes.
_________________

Kudos would be appreciated -:) !

Re: Eating saltwater fish may significantly reduce the risk of   [#permalink] 24 Aug 2013, 01:31
    Similar topics Author Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
New posts The current economic downturn has significantly reduced mao 9 23 May 2007, 19:33
New posts Eating saltwater fish may significantly reduce the risk of mbunny 6 25 Jun 2007, 08:18
New posts Eating saltwater fish may significantly reduce the risk of stallone 2 05 Nov 2008, 21:06
New posts Eating beets significantly lowers the risk of cancer, AnkitK 9 23 Jul 2011, 10:10
New posts Eating beets significantly lowers the risk of cancer, kingb 5 06 Nov 2012, 18:09
Display posts from previous: Sort by

Eating saltwater fish may significantly reduce the risk of

  Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  

Go to page    1   2    Next  [ 24 posts ] 



cron

GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Privacy Policy| Terms and Conditions| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group and phpBB SEO

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.