Eclampsia in pregnancy is especially prevalent among women : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
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# Eclampsia in pregnancy is especially prevalent among women

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Eclampsia in pregnancy is especially prevalent among women [#permalink]

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05 Mar 2010, 22:51
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Please! solve & it would be nice if you could explain ( don't just post the answer rather provide explanation)

Eclampsia in pregnancy is especially prevalent among women who are seriously malnourished. In order to achieve early detection of eclampsia in these individuals, public health officials distributed pamphlets explaining the importance of early detection of this potentially fatal disease.
Which of the f...ollowing, if true, is the best criticism of the use of the pamphlet as a method of achieving the public health officials’ goal?
(A) Many prenatal diseases produce symptoms that cannot be detected by the patient.
(B) Once Eclampsia has been detected, the effectiveness of treatment can vary from person to person.
(C) The pamphlet was sent to all town residents, including those individuals who are not pregnant.
(D) Eclampsia is much more common in very young and very old mothers, rather than in those at the height of their productive years.
(E) Pregnant women who are seriously malnourished are often homeless and thus unlikely to receive and read the pamphlet.

OA
[Reveal] Spoiler:
E

Originally posted by Andrea on FB group
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Last edited by AtifS on 02 Apr 2010, 03:31, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Eclampsia in pregnancy is especially prevalent among women [#permalink]

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05 Mar 2010, 23:05
I've narrowed down between A & E.
Now I think A comes after E. I mean to say the plan to send the pamphlets by officer and then the detection matters.
SO if the patients mostly prone to the disease even failed to receive the pamphlet then the officers plan will fail at the very initial phase of implementation
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06 Mar 2010, 10:45
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I think it's "E", since if its true that the seriously malnourished are often homeless and unlikely to receive the pamphlet which would make a less desirable method of achieving the goal.

"A" is logic too, but the pamphlet could mainly stress the importance of early detection, it could encourage pregnant women to do further check-ups and to be knowledgeable about the dangers, besides although many of "diseases produce symptoms that cannot be detected by the patient" some may be detectable by the patient, so it would be useful anyway.
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06 Mar 2010, 17:08
Thanks for explaining.
@angel2009 u were near
@Gazzar looks like it's your 1st ever post after joining in 2008 cool. I agree with your answer and kudos on your 1st post.
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Re: Eclampsia in pregnancy is especially prevalent among women [#permalink]

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11 Mar 2010, 13:21
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Hey All,

You guys are totally on top of the explanation here, but I would exhort you to always put your explanations and considerations in the terms of a format that you can repeat again and again. Otherwise, you're just depending on your gut to get you through.

So let's try and outline this sucker:

Conclusion: Pamphlets explaining importance of early detection will achieve more early detection
Premise: Disease prevalent among malnourished
Assumption: People will actually get the pamphlets/read them/take them seriously (malnourished?)

Okay. So let's look at what we found just by looking at the passage. Well, the conclusion SEEMS pretty airtight, doesn't it? If you tell people how bad smoking is, fewer people smoke. So the pamphlet seems pretty straightforward. As far as I can see, the only thing that would weaken this would take on the assumption that people will actually GET/READ/UNDERSTAND the pamphlets.

Another thing worth noting is that seemingly innocuous bit about "malnourished" people. Sure, it could just be a red herring, but there are far fewer of those on the GMAT than most people think. So we should definitely keep in mind that we were given that premise. Maybe there was a reason...

(A) Many prenatal diseases produce symptoms that cannot be detected by the patient.
PROBLEM: A few things. "Many prenatal diseases" does not necessarily imply eclampsia. Also, even if some symptoms can't be detected, the pamphlet is likely going to describe the ones that CAN be detected (otherwise, what would be the point?).

(B) Once Eclampsia has been detected, the effectiveness of treatment can vary from person to person.
PROBLEM: The conclusion here is about detection only, not saving lives or improving general health.

(C) The pamphlet was sent to all town residents, including those individuals who are not pregnant.
PROBLEM: This actually STRENGTHENS the argument. The more people who get the pamphlet, the better.

(D) Eclampsia is much more common in very young and very old mothers, rather than in those at the height of their productive years.
PROBLEM: Age isn't really relevant to our discussion. We care equally much about all people.

(E) Pregnant women who are seriously malnourished are often homeless and thus unlikely to receive and read the pamphlet.
ANSWER: Uh-oh. Now the intended demographic (the malnourished...see how it came up?) won't get the pamphlets at all, so it's unlikely they can help.

Again, your thinking on this was great, but as you may notice in my posts on this forum, I always try to tie everything to a process that you can recreate over and over again. Don't get lazy on these! Take notes! : )

-t
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Re: Eclampsia in pregnancy is especially prevalent among women [#permalink]

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11 Mar 2010, 17:35
Many thanks for the advice
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Re: Eclampsia in pregnancy is especially prevalent among women [#permalink]

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11 Mar 2010, 23:58
TommyWallach wrote:
Hey All,

You guys are totally on top of the explanation here, but I would exhort you to always put your explanations and considerations in the terms of a format that you can repeat again and again. Otherwise, you're just depending on your gut to get you through.

So let's try and outline this sucker:

Conclusion: Pamphlets explaining importance of early detection will achieve more early detection
Premise: Disease prevalent among malnourished
Assumption: People will actually get the pamphlets/read them/take them seriously (malnourished?)

Okay. So let's look at what we found just by looking at the passage. Well, the conclusion SEEMS pretty airtight, doesn't it? If you tell people how bad smoking is, fewer people smoke. So the pamphlet seems pretty straightforward. As far as I can see, the only thing that would weaken this would take on the assumption that people will actually GET/READ/UNDERSTAND the pamphlets.

Another thing worth noting is that seemingly innocuous bit about "malnourished" people. Sure, it could just be a red herring, but there are far fewer of those on the GMAT than most people think. So we should definitely keep in mind that we were given that premise. Maybe there was a reason...

(A) Many prenatal diseases produce symptoms that cannot be detected by the patient.
PROBLEM: A few things. "Many prenatal diseases" does not necessarily imply eclampsia. Also, even if some symptoms can't be detected, the pamphlet is likely going to describe the ones that CAN be detected (otherwise, what would be the point?).

(B) Once Eclampsia has been detected, the effectiveness of treatment can vary from person to person.
PROBLEM: The conclusion here is about detection only, not saving lives or improving general health.

(C) The pamphlet was sent to all town residents, including those individuals who are not pregnant.
PROBLEM: This actually STRENGTHENS the argument. The more people who get the pamphlet, the better.

(D) Eclampsia is much more common in very young and very old mothers, rather than in those at the height of their productive years.
PROBLEM: Age isn't really relevant to our discussion. We care equally much about all people.

(E) Pregnant women who are seriously malnourished are often homeless and thus unlikely to receive and read the pamphlet.
ANSWER: Uh-oh. Now the intended demographic (the malnourished...see how it came up?) won't get the pamphlets at all, so it's unlikely they can help.

Again, your thinking on this was great, but as you may notice in my posts on this forum, I always try to tie everything to a process that you can recreate over and over again. Don't get lazy on these! Take notes! : )

-t

wow! Thanks a lot for guiding on how to solve CR questions. Really, amazing and will implement from now on. Kudos +1
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Re: Eclampsia in pregnancy is especially prevalent among women [#permalink]

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29 Aug 2014, 22:18
AtifS wrote:
Please! solve & it would be nice if you could explain ( don't just post the answer rather provide explanation)

Eclampsia in pregnancy is especially prevalent among women who are seriously malnourished. In order to achieve early detection of eclampsia in these individuals, public health officials distributed pamphlets explaining the importance of early detection of this potentially fatal disease.
Which of the f...ollowing, if true, is the best criticism of the use of the pamphlet as a method of achieving the public health officials’ goal?
(A) Many prenatal diseases produce symptoms that cannot be detected by the patient.
(B) Once Eclampsia has been detected, the effectiveness of treatment can vary from person to person.
(C) The pamphlet was sent to all town residents, including those individuals who are not pregnant.
(D) Eclampsia is much more common in very young and very old mothers, rather than in those at the height of their productive years.
(E) Pregnant women who are seriously malnourished are often homeless and thus unlikely to receive and read the pamphlet.

OA
[Reveal] Spoiler:
E

Originally posted by Andrea on FB group

(A) Many prenatal diseases produce symptoms that cannot be detected by the patient. ----Talking about other diseases.
(B) Once Eclampsia has been detected, the effectiveness of treatment can vary from person to person. ----effectiveness.. we are not talking about that but effectiveness of pamphlets
(C) The pamphlet was sent to all town residents, including those individuals who are not pregnant. ----Ok.. sent to all the residents. It doesnot weaken the argument.
(D) Eclampsia is much more common in very young and very old mothers, rather than in those at the height of their productive years. ----So... Where are the pamphlets?
(E) Pregnant women who are seriously malnourished are often homeless and thus unlikely to receive and read the pamphlet. ----Yess!!
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Eclampsia in pregnancy is especially prevalent among women [#permalink]

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30 Aug 2014, 05:54
Eclampsia in pregnancy is especially prevalent among women who are seriously malnourished.
In order to achieve early detection of eclampsia in these individuals, public health officials distributed pamphlets explaining the importance of early detection of this potentially fatal disease.

Which of the f...ollowing, if true, is the [b]best criticism of the use of the pamphlet[/b] as a method of achieving the public health officials’ goal?
We need to find an option that criticizes the use of pamphlet. If we can show/prove that there are less chances of these distributed pamphlets to reach intended audience then our purpose will be solved.
(A) Many prenatal diseases produce symptoms that cannot be detected by the patient.[ doesn't help in measuring the effectiveness of strategy.even then precaution or prevention is better than cure . anyways doesnt help in our task]
(B) Once Eclampsia has been detected, the effectiveness of treatment can vary from person to person.[post detection is not an issue.effectiveness of applied strategy to increase awareness is in question.]
(C) The pamphlet was sent to all town residents, including those individuals who are not pregnant. [in a way , its a good thing]
(D) Eclampsia is much more common in very young and very old mothers, rather than in those at the height of their productive years. [mentions the grouping. doesn't reflect on pamphlet]
(E) Pregnant women who are seriously malnourished are often homeless and thus unlikely to receive and read the pamphlet.
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Re: Eclampsia in pregnancy is especially prevalent among women [#permalink]

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27 Nov 2015, 21:39
TommyWallach wrote:
Hey All,

You guys are totally on top of the explanation here, but I would exhort you to always put your explanations and considerations in the terms of a format that you can repeat again and again. Otherwise, you're just depending on your gut to get you through.

So let's try and outline this sucker:

Conclusion: Pamphlets explaining importance of early detection will achieve more early detection
Premise: Disease prevalent among malnourished
Assumption: People will actually get the pamphlets/read them/take them seriously (malnourished?)

Okay. So let's look at what we found just by looking at the passage. Well, the conclusion SEEMS pretty airtight, doesn't it? If you tell people how bad smoking is, fewer people smoke. So the pamphlet seems pretty straightforward. As far as I can see, the only thing that would weaken this would take on the assumption that people will actually GET/READ/UNDERSTAND the pamphlets.

Another thing worth noting is that seemingly innocuous bit about "malnourished" people. Sure, it could just be a red herring, but there are far fewer of those on the GMAT than most people think. So we should definitely keep in mind that we were given that premise. Maybe there was a reason...

(A) Many prenatal diseases produce symptoms that cannot be detected by the patient.
PROBLEM: A few things. "Many prenatal diseases" does not necessarily imply eclampsia. Also, even if some symptoms can't be detected, the pamphlet is likely going to describe the ones that CAN be detected (otherwise, what would be the point?).

(B) Once Eclampsia has been detected, the effectiveness of treatment can vary from person to person.
PROBLEM: The conclusion here is about detection only, not saving lives or improving general health.

(C) The pamphlet was sent to all town residents, including those individuals who are not pregnant.
PROBLEM: This actually STRENGTHENS the argument. The more people who get the pamphlet, the better.

(D) Eclampsia is much more common in very young and very old mothers, rather than in those at the height of their productive years.
PROBLEM: Age isn't really relevant to our discussion. We care equally much about all people.

(E) Pregnant women who are seriously malnourished are often homeless and thus unlikely to receive and read the pamphlet.
ANSWER: Uh-oh. Now the intended demographic (the malnourished...see how it came up?) won't get the pamphlets at all, so it's unlikely they can help.

Again, your thinking on this was great, but as you may notice in my posts on this forum, I always try to tie everything to a process that you can recreate over and over again. Don't get lazy on these! Take notes! : )

-t

Hi I have a query here.

A - Many prenatal diseases produce symptoms that cannot be detected by the patient.

Your analysis rejects this option because of the reason - Many prenatal - which may or may not include eclampsia

My query is in E

E - Pregnant women who are seriously malnourished are often homeless and thus unlikely to receive and read the pamphlet.

There is a word - unlikely (does not guarantee the outcome) - in the option. This shows that the home less pregnant malnourished women may or may not receive and read the pamphlet.

I hope you remember the negation logic for assumption

Many - Probability of the event of occurrence is > 50 and < 100
unlikely - probability of the event of occurrence is < 50

So E is better weekner than A. Can we reject A on above analysis
Re: Eclampsia in pregnancy is especially prevalent among women   [#permalink] 27 Nov 2015, 21:39
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