Ecoefficiency (measures to minimize environmental impact through the reduction or elimination of waste from production processes) has become a goal for companies worldwide, with many realizing significant cost savings from such innovations. Peter Senge and Goran Carstedt see this development as laudable but suggest that simply adopting ecoefficiency innovations could actually worsen environmental stresses in the future. Such innovations reduce production waste but do not alter the number of products manufactured nor the waste generated from their use and discard; indeed, most companies invest in ecoefficiency improvements in order to increase profits and growth. Moreover, there is no guarantee that increased economic growth from ecoefficiency will come in similarly ecoefficient ways, since in today’s global markets, greater profits may be turned into investment capital that could easily be reinvested in old-style eco-inefficient industries. Even a vastly more ecoefficient industrial system could, were it to grow much larger, generate more total waste and destroy more habitat and species than would a smaller, less ecoefficient economy. Senge and Carstedt argue that to preserve the global environment and sustain economic growth, businesses must develop a new systemic approach that reduces total material use and total accumulated waste.
Focusing exclusively on ecoefficiency, which offers a compelling business case according to established thinking, may distract companies from pursuing radically different products and business models.
Highlighted text is the key point for this passage.
So in short "Senge says an issue in companies for which he didnt even state solution"
Lets go to POE
The primary purpose of the passage is to
A. explain why a particular business strategy has been less successful than was once anticipated --- Author does not explain any business strategy -- Incorrect
B. propose an alternative to a particular business strategy that has inadvertently caused ecological damage --- He does not provide alternative even. Just stated a proble -- Incorrect
C. present a concern about the possible consequences of pursuing a particular business strategy --- Yes he presents a concern caused by simply implemeting Ecoefficiency -- Correct
D. make a case for applying a particular business strategy on a larger scale than is currently practiced --- No he does not make any case -- Incorrect
E. suggest several possible outcomes of companies’ failure to understand the economic impact of a particular business strategy --- No suggestion here -- Incorrect
Primary purpose of passage/ Main idea are simple question moreover you just want to understand the gist of passage.
For POE use initial words for each choice such as in this case "explain , propose an alternative , present a concern, make a case, suggest "
Simply on the fly u can eliminate A,C,E because author does any.
You just really wanna do POE for B and C.
Finally C will be winner
Thanks, C is indeed winner. Though, I am slightly confused why did you say we can eliminate C just for having "present a concern". Also, A also seems to have same "business strategy" as it is in C. I think author is trying to present a case against "Ecoefficiency" as "business strategy".