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# Ecoefficiency (measures to minimize environmental impact

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Re: Ecoefficiency (measures to minimize environmental impact [#permalink]

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02 Aug 2013, 05:40
I am not getting Q6 and Q7. Please explain.
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Re: Ecoefficiency (measures to minimize environmental impact [#permalink]

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04 Aug 2013, 01:13
I got everything write but i took more than 9 minutes tor 3 questions, anyone interested in discussing the timing strategies, i read the whole passage and understood, made notes, so i didnt go back to the passage for any question, but i believe there is too much reading in these questions as well as the passage. Big sentences in question 7, any advice on how to tackle this passage for timing?

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Re: Ecoefficiency (measures to minimize environmental impact [#permalink]

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12 Aug 2013, 21:59
rajechP wrote:
I am confused with Q 4. Why not the answer is option B. Senge and Carstedt propose an alternative.

Ecoefficiency (measures to minimize environmental ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------Senge and Carstedt argue that to preserve the global environment and sustain economic growth, businesses must develop a new systemic approach that reduces total material use and total accumulated waste. Focusing exclusively on ecoefficiency, which offers a compelling business case according to established thinking, may distract companies from pursuing radically different products and business models.

Hi,

The question 4 asks "what is the primary purpose"?
if you notice carefully there are 2 questions which are based on the Main Line of the passage.
and that line is" but suggest that simply adopting ecoefficiency innovations could actually worsen environmental stresses in the future."

The passage further explains this line in detail.
It explains the concerns of the particular "ecoefficiency" strategy.

Thus the passage does not primarily suggest any alternative strategy.

Thanks,
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Re: Ecoefficiency (measures to minimize environmental impact [#permalink]

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13 Aug 2013, 06:52
4. C
5. E
6. D
7. B

I always read the last 2-3 lines of a passage in a hurry. I repent now. But I still can't manage as it's been there for a long time
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14 Aug 2013, 20:58
Why isnt (B) the answer of question 5..Can someone explain?
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Re: Ecoefficiency (measures to minimize environmental impact [#permalink]

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14 Aug 2013, 21:15
akankshasoneja wrote:
Why isnt (B) the answer of question 5..Can someone explain?

hi,

Q5:According to the passage, an exclusive pursuit of ecoefficiency may cause companies to
A. neglect the development of alternative business models and products
B. keep the number of products that they manufacture unchanged
C. invest capital from increased profits primarily in inefficient and outmoded industries that may prove unprofitable
D. overemphasize the production process as the key to increasing profits and growth
E. focus more on reducing costs than on reducing the environmental impact of production processes

see passage last line:
Focusing exclusively on ecoefficiency, which offers a compelling business case according to established thinking, may distract companies from pursuing radically different products and business models.

clearly this is what A says.

B is nowhere written.

hope it helps
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Re: Ecoefficiency (measures to minimize environmental impact [#permalink]

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25 Jan 2015, 08:42
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Re: Ecoefficiency (measures to minimize environmental impact [#permalink]

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05 Feb 2015, 01:39
vksunder wrote:
Ecoefficiency (measures to minimize environmental impact through the reduction or elimination of waste from production processes) has become a goal for companies worldwide, with many realizing significant cost savings from such innovations. Peter Senge and Goran Carstedt see this development as laudable but suggest that simply adopting ecoefficiency innovations could actually worsen environmental stresses in the future. Such innovations reduce production waste but do not alter the number of products manufactured nor the waste generated from their use and discard; indeed, most companies invest in ecoefficiency improvements in order to increase profits and growth. Moreover, there is no guarantee that increased economic growth from ecoefficiency will come in similarly ecoefficient ways, since in today’s global markets, greater profits may be turned into investment capital that could easily be reinvested in old-style eco-inefficient industries. Even a vastly more ecoefficient industrial system could, were it to grow much larger, generate more total waste and destroy more habitat and species than would a smaller, less ecoefficient economy. Senge and Carstedt argue that to preserve the global environment and sustain economic growth, businesses must develop a new systemic approach that reduces total material use and total accumulated waste. Focusing exclusively on ecoefficiency, which offers a compelling business case according to established thinking, may distract companies from pursuing radically different
Q4:The primary purpose of the passage is to
A. explain why a particular business strategy has been less successful than was once anticipated
B. propose an alternative to a particular business strategy that has inadvertently caused ecological damage
C. present a concern about the possible consequences of pursuing a particular business strategy
D. make a case for applying a particular business strategy on a larger scale than is currently practiced
E. suggest several possible outcomes of companies’ failure to understand the economic impact of a particular business strategy
[Reveal] Spoiler:
C

Q5:According to the passage, an exclusive pursuit of ecoefficiency may cause companies to
A. neglect the development of alternative business models and products
B. keep the number of products that they manufacture unchanged
C. invest capital from increased profits primarily in inefficient and outmoded industries that may prove unprofitable
D. overemphasize the production process as the key to increasing profits and growth
E. focus more on reducing costs than on reducing the environmental impact of production processes
[Reveal] Spoiler:
[spoiler=]A
[/spoiler]

Q6:The passage mentions which of the following as a possible consequence of companies’ realization of greater profits through ecoefficiency?
A. The companies may be able to sell a greater number of products by lowering prices.
B. The companies may be better able to attract investment capital in the global market.
C. The profits may be reinvested to increase economic growth through ecoefficiency.
D. The profits may be used as investment capital for industries that are not ecoefficient.
E. The profits may encourage companies to make further innovations in reducing production waste.
[Reveal] Spoiler:
D

Q7:The passage implies that which of the following is a possible consequence of a company’s adoption of innovations that increase its ecoefficiency?
A. Company profits resulting from such innovations may be reinvested in that company with no guarantee that the company will continue to make further improvements in ecoefficiency.
B. Company growth fostered by cost savings from such innovations may allow that company to manufacture a greater number of products that will be used and discarded, thus worsening environmental stress.
C. A company that fails to realize significant cost savings from such innovations may have little incentive to continue to minimize the environmental impact of its production processes.
D. A company that comes to depend on such innovations to increase its profits and growth may be vulnerable in the global market to competition from old-style ecoinefficient industries.
E. A company that meets its ecoefficiency goals is unlikely to invest its increased profits in the development of new and innovative ecoefficiency measures.
[Reveal] Spoiler:
B

C
C
D
B
6 minutes - Got 3 right
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Re: Ecoefficiency (measures to minimize environmental impact [#permalink]

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05 Feb 2015, 01:42
farhanc85 wrote:
I got everything write but i took more than 9 minutes tor 3 questions, anyone interested in discussing the timing strategies, i read the whole passage and understood, made notes, so i didnt go back to the passage for any question, but i believe there is too much reading in these questions as well as the passage. Big sentences in question 7, any advice on how to tackle this passage for timing?

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Well you need to shorten your notes because if you are making too detailed notes you are wasting precious time.
Your notes should give you an idea where the answer is , so that you can always go back for 5 seconds and answer the question
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23 Apr 2015, 20:42
(1) Ecoefficient: reduce waste, companies: cost savings.
(2) P and G see: Eco worsen enviroment in future.
(3) Eco reduce waste in process but not reduce waste from using and discarding; Company invest Eco to increase profits and growth.
(4) Greater profit, greater invest in eco-inefficiency industries.
(5) More ecoefficient economy, more waste, more danger.
(6) P and G see: to protect environment, develop a new systemic approach.
(7) Focus on eco, may distract from pursuing new business models.

Summarizing main ideas make us answer more correctly. Because, we can figure out the flow of argument/ article, and know exactly where we can get right information.
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13 Jun 2015, 11:21
metallicafan wrote:
I don't understand why the answer in Q7 cannot be choice A.

The text says:
"Moreover, there is no guarantee that increased economic growth from ecoefficiency will come in similarly ecoefficient ways, since in today’s global markets, greater profits may be turned into investment capital that could easily be reinvested in old-style eco-inefficient industries".

And that's what choice A says!. Check it out:
"Company profits resulting from such innovations may be reinvested in that
company with no guarantee that the company will continue to make further
improvements in ecoefficiency.
"

I think there is quite strong difference in text:
A) "Moreover, there is no guarantee that increased economic growth from ecoefficiency will come in similarly ecoefficient ways, since in today’s global markets, greater profits may be turned into investment capital that could easily be reinvested in old-style eco-inefficient industries".
No guarantee - this is just little possibility that some companies make such bad thing. And this is definitely not common scenario for most of ecoefficient companies.

B) " Such innovations reduce production waste but do not alter the number of products manufactured nor the waste generated from their use and discard;"
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Re: Ecoefficiency (measures to minimize environmental impact [#permalink]

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20 Aug 2015, 08:01
~6 mins all correct.

In Q4 I was between B and C, which IMO can easily trap in test condition, if you don't pay close attention.

Q4: The primary purpose of the passage is to
B. propose an alternative to a particular business strategy that has inadvertently caused ecological damage
>>
Senge and Carstedt argue that to preserve the global environment and sustain economic growth, businesses must develop a new systemic approach that reduces total material use and total accumulated waste..

They are just saying that an alternative approach must be developed to fix the current drawbacks but that approach is not mentioned.

[[Because if that is not done then...]]
Focusing exclusively on ecoefficiency, which offers a compelling business case according to established thinking, may distract companies from pursuing radically different

C. present a concern about the possible consequences of pursuing a particular business strategy
>> Correct.
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Re: Ecoefficiency (measures to minimize environmental impact [#permalink]

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07 Nov 2015, 03:30
mamathak wrote:
manishgeorge wrote:
I have a question on #7.. Majority is going for answer B. But I am not understanding why that is a viable answer because. The passage suggests that the reduction in costs will not alter the total number of products being manufactured.

The last sentence says that Focusing
exclusively on ecoefficiency,
(50) which offers a compelling
to established thinking, may
distract companies from
models.

That is the case unless the authors suggestions is adopted, correct. So I am getting the answer as E.

they will stops innovations.

Hi,

Even i chose E instead of B for the same reason. In option E, there is no content that goes against what is mentioned in the passage. But option B clearly mentions "manufacture greater number of products" which goes against the line " do not alter the number of products manufactured" in the passage. Can someone clarify?

Hello,

The section in the passage you are referring to is "Senge and Goran Carstedt see this development as laudable but suggest that simply adopting ecoefficiency innovations could actually worsen environmental stresses in the future. Such innovations reduce production waste but do not alter the number of products manufactured nor the waste generated from their use and discard." This actually states ecoefficieny reduces production waste. Question B is saying that ecoefficiency leads to cost savings through company growth and it is this cost savings and growth (not ecoefficiency) that will lead to increased production and waste. Ecoefficiency is the catalyst, not the cause.

The last section says, "Focusing exclusively on ecoefficiency, which offers a compelling business case according to established thinking, may distract companies from pursuing radically different products and business models." The question is saying that if a company meets its goals it will be be unlikely to invest. The section doesn't talk about what happens when a company when a meets its goals, it only talks about the process of trying to be ecoefficient.

Hope this makes sense!!
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Ecoefficiency (measures to minimize environmental impact [#permalink]

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14 Oct 2016, 03:24
How can we clearly state that the 'increased prfts' given in the line 14, is denoting the prfts from non eccoeffiecient. Doest it also mention that they invest in old eccoefficient industries. experts pls give a clear explanation. I am stuck with q 3
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14 Dec 2016, 00:37
8:41 on the timer.
(D) got Q-D wrong - misinterpret the question.
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Re: Ecoefficiency (measures to minimize environmental impact [#permalink]

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04 Jan 2017, 03:37
kuttingchai wrote:
This is what i got, not sure
4-C
5-A - why 5 is B ?
6-D
7-B

Pay attention to the last sentence.
Re: Ecoefficiency (measures to minimize environmental impact   [#permalink] 04 Jan 2017, 03:37

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