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# Economist Reading Comprehension Challenge #5

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Manager
Joined: 27 Jan 2013
Posts: 230
GMAT 1: 780 Q49 V51
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Kudos [?]: 212 [5] , given: 32

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29 Jul 2013, 06:25
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Hi All,

I hope everyone is doing well in GMAT studies. I really enjoyed this article so I went ahead and made a challenge. After reading you might get up from your chair and take a brisk walk:) Good luck and let me know if you have any questions!

Happy Studies,

HG.

PS: For other challenges and for general RC strategy start here: the-economist-reading-comprehension-challenge-151479.html?hilit=economist%20reading%20comprehension%20challenge

Here is the link to the article:

http://www.economist.com/news/science-a ... tty-tissue

Altered States

1. Which of the following best expresses the main point of the passage?

A. While long known that exercise lowers cholesterol a new study has conclusively demonstrated that exercise also protects against a wide range of diseases such as diabetes and osteoporosis.

B. A new study has demonstrated that exercise could help the body store fat cells more efficiently.

C. Long known as a panacea for health, exercise has been shown to have far reaching effects even when done inconsistently.

D. While long known to improve health and protect the body from various ills, exercise has now been shown to help the body store excess calories in a healthier way.

E. Exercise promotes health and protects the body from various diseases but lifestyle choices have an equal impact on overall health and longevity.

2. According to the passage each the following is a benefit of exercise EXCEPT?

A. A stronger and more efficient immune response

B. Protection from heart attacks

C. A healthier allocation of fat cells

D. Greater cell communication

E. A more efficient cardiovascular system

3. The passage supports which of the following statements about epigenetic markers?

A. To understand the most important benefits of exercise it is critical to understand their structure

B. In the past, it has been too expensive to analyze them

C. Although there may be challenges related to studying them, detecting them is relatively easy.

D. Without them exercise would be far less beneficial

E. They are more difficult to detect in a person with adult-onset diabetes

4. The study mentioned in the third paragraph supports which of the following statements about exercise?

A. There is a minimum amount of exercise necessary to see some of the benefits normally associated with exercise.

B. Increasing the number of work-out sessions per week will increase the benefits of exercise but any amount of exercise is still beneficial to bodily health

C. Physiological changes from exercise can be observed in as little as six months of moderate work-outs

D. Although fatty tissue is considered an organ it is of far less importance than the liver or the pancreas

E. Muscle tissue is different than fatty tissue in that the latter is considered an organ and releases chemicals that have an impact on other organs.

[Reveal] Spoiler:
1.D 2.A 3.C 4.C

_________________

"It is a curious property of research activity that after the problem has been solved the solution seems obvious. This is true not only for those who have not previously been acquainted with the problem, but also for those who have worked over it for years." -Dr. Edwin Land

GMAT vs GRE Comparison

If you found my post useful KUDOS are much appreciated.

Here is the first set along with some strategies for approaching this work: http://gmatclub.com/forum/the-economist-reading-comprehension-challenge-151479.html

If you have any questions
New!
 Economist GMAT Tutor Discount Codes Veritas Prep GMAT Discount Codes e-GMAT Discount Codes
Current Student
Joined: 24 Nov 2012
Posts: 177
Concentration: Sustainability, Entrepreneurship
GMAT 1: 770 Q50 V44
WE: Business Development (Internet and New Media)
Followers: 42

Kudos [?]: 278 [0], given: 73

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30 Jul 2013, 13:08
nicked the first one... interesting questions nevertheless... thanks herrgrau
_________________

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Economist GMAT Test - 730, Q50, V41 Aug 9th, 2013
Manhattan GMAT Test - 670, Q45, V36 Aug 11th, 2013
Manhattan GMAT Test - 680, Q47, V36 Aug 17th, 2013
GmatPrep CAT 1 - 770, Q50, V44 Aug 24th, 2013
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GMAT - 770, Q50, V44, Oct 7th, 2013
My Debrief - http://gmatclub.com/forum/from-the-ashes-thou-shall-rise-770-q-50-v-44-awa-5-ir-162299.html#p1284542

Manager
Joined: 26 Feb 2012
Posts: 116
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Finance
WE: Engineering (Telecommunications)
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Kudos [?]: 19 [0], given: 56

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22 Jan 2014, 19:54
Hi HerrGrau

Appreciated ur effort....+1
I have made only 1 mistake rest all are correct though I have taken little more time to solve.
I want to know what is the ideal time?

Rgds
Prasannajeet
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Kudos [?]: 86 [0], given: 34

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29 Jan 2014, 08:29
Missed the second one. Assumed protection against diseases => healthy immune system.
_________________

--It's one thing to get defeated, but another to accept it.

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Joined: 17 May 2012
Posts: 5
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Kudos [?]: 0 [0], given: 2

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19 Feb 2014, 20:59
Hi,
I would like to know why the answer for 2nd question cannot be E.If one cant assume resistance to diseases is immunity,they never explicitly mentioned about cardio vascular system,right?

Manager
Joined: 27 Jan 2013
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20 Feb 2014, 02:09
Hi Kona,

Thanks for participating! The answer for question two can't be E because of the first sentence of the second paragraph: Exercise works its magic in many ways. It improves the power and efficiency of the heart;. This means that the efficiency of the cardiovascular system is improved. For answer A it's important to realize that "protect against diseases" is not the same as a stronger and more efficient immune response. There are body functions that protect against diseases that have nothing to do with the strength or effectiveness of the immune system. Let me know if you have any further questions!

Happy Studies,

A.
_________________

"It is a curious property of research activity that after the problem has been solved the solution seems obvious. This is true not only for those who have not previously been acquainted with the problem, but also for those who have worked over it for years." -Dr. Edwin Land

GMAT vs GRE Comparison

If you found my post useful KUDOS are much appreciated.

Here is the first set along with some strategies for approaching this work: http://gmatclub.com/forum/the-economist-reading-comprehension-challenge-151479.html

Senior Manager
Joined: 07 Apr 2012
Posts: 464
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 53 [0], given: 58

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01 Aug 2014, 05:40
I chose 3-D, 4-D.
Whats wrong with that?
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Kudos [?]: 1 [0], given: 377

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17 Apr 2015, 12:02
Thanks HerrGrau, The passage is very interesting.
Manager
Joined: 25 Sep 2015
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Location: United States
GMAT 1: 700 Q V
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Kudos [?]: 22 [0], given: 72

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07 Jun 2016, 09:45
Can you explain why 4th answer is C?
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