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Editorial: The government claims that the country's nuclear [#permalink]
01 Aug 2005, 08:02
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Editorial: The government claims that the country's nuclear power plants are entirely safe and hence the public's fear of nuclear accidents at these plants is groundless. The government also contends that its recent action to limit nuclear industry's financial liability in the case of nuclear accidents at these plants is justified by the need to protect the nuclear industry from the threat of bankruptcy. But even the government says that unlimited liability poses such a threat only if injury claims can be sustained against the industry; and if the government admits that for such claims to be sustained, injury must result from nuclear accident. The public's fear, therefore, is well founded.
Which one of the following principles, if valid, most helps to justify the editorial's argumentation?
(a) if government claims that something is unsafe then, in the absence of overwhelming evidence to the contrary, that thing should be assumed to be unsafe
(b) fear that a certain kind of event will occur is well founded if those who have control over the occurrence of events of that kind stand to benefit financially from such an occurrence
(c) If a potentially dangerous thing is safe only because the financial security of those responsible for its operation depends on its being safe, then eliminating that dependence is not in the best interest of the public
(d) The government sometimes makes unsupported claims about what situations will arise, but it does not act to prevent certain kinds of situation from arising unless there is real danger that such a situation will arise
(e) If a real financial threat to a major industry exists, then government action to limit that threat is justified
C is incorrect because , it conveys that the financial liability is a deterrent for maintaining safety as nuclear stations. Even if we assume this, it does not justify the fears of the ppl , for there may be a very ethical management at the company which has the public's interest at heart.