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Editorial: The premier s economic advisor assures her that

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Editorial: The premier s economic advisor assures her that [#permalink] New post 26 Jul 2012, 11:10
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Question Stats:

84% (02:21) correct 16% (01:19) wrong based on 134 sessions
Editorial: The premier’s economic advisor assures her that with the elimination of wasteful
spending the goal of reducing taxes while not significantly decreasing government services
can be met. But the premier should not listen to this advisor, who in his youth was convicted
of embezzlement. Surely his economic advice is as untrustworthy as he is himself, and so the
premier should discard any hope of reducing taxes without a significant decrease in
government services. Which one of the following is a questionable argumentative strategy
employed in the editorial’s argument?
a) rejecting a proposal on the grounds that a particular implementation of the proposal is likely
to fail
b) trying to win support for a proposal by playing on people’s fears of what could happen
otherwise
c) criticizing the source of a claim rather than examining the claim itself
d) taking a lack of evidence for a claim as evidence undermining the claim
e) presupposing what it sets out to establish


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[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: CR - Flaw in Argument [#permalink] New post 27 Jul 2012, 16:25
Can some one explain the answers.
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Re: CR - Flaw in Argument [#permalink] New post 27 Jul 2012, 17:21
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The editorial maintains that the premier should not trust the economic advisor based on the economic advisor's prior unseemliness. What the editorial does not do is address what is wrong with the economic advisor's plan (this is a classic ad hominem - or attack the man - fallacy). Only (C) captures this fallacy.

a) rejecting a proposal on the grounds that a particular implementation of the proposal is likely
to fail

The editorial does not address the proposal itself.

b) trying to win support for a proposal by playing on people’s fears of what could happen
otherwise

Does not talk about people's fears.

c) criticizing the source of a claim rather than examining the claim itself

Answer.

d) taking a lack of evidence for a claim as evidence undermining the claim

Again, the editorial does not address the advisor's plan, and thus it never mentions a lack of evidence of that plan.

e) presupposing what it sets out to establish

The editorial does not presuppose that the proposal is not valid. It simply attacks the advisor's past record.
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Re: CR - Flaw in Argument   [#permalink] 27 Jul 2012, 17:21
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