Efforts to equalize the funds available to school districts, : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# Efforts to equalize the funds available to school districts,

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Efforts to equalize the funds available to school districts, [#permalink]

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29 Oct 2005, 04:55
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Efforts to equalize the funds available to school districts, a major goal of education reformers and many states in the 1970’s, has not significantly reduced the gaps existing between the richest and poorest districts.

(A) has not significantly reduced the gaps existing
(B) has not been significant in reducing the gap that exists
(C) has not made a significant reduction in the gap that exists
(D) have not significantly reduced the gap that exists
(E) have not been significant in a reduction of the gaps existing
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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29 Oct 2005, 04:58
D for the proper S-V agreement and the active voice.
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29 Oct 2005, 20:47
D is good.
Classical Subject- Verb agreement problem. "Efforts" is plural and hence needs "have".
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29 Oct 2005, 22:44
D it is.

Efforts ... have. Subject-Verb agreement.
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30 Oct 2005, 05:07
"Efforts" is plural, and so (A), (B), and (C) are out.

(E) distorts the meaning of the original sentence.

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Efforts to equalize the funds available to school districts, [#permalink]

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11 Jul 2007, 07:28
273. Efforts to equalize the funds available to school districts, a major goal of education reformers and many states in the 1970’s, has not significantly reduced the gaps existing between the richest and poorest districts.

(D) have not significantly reduced the gap that exists
(E) have not been significant in a reduction of the gaps existing
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11 Jul 2007, 07:37
Could you post all the answer choices? Did you narrow down to just D and E? In that case, I think I like D better than E. E is kind of wordy and awkward. What is the OA?
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11 Jul 2007, 10:05
D.

Dont like the use of 'reduction of gaps existing' in E.
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11 Jul 2007, 17:58
The OA is D. I posted this question because I want to know why E is wrong. Someone advise please!
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11 Jul 2007, 18:20
[quote="bmwhype2"]The OA is D. I posted this question because I want to know why E is wrong. Someone advise please![/quote

1. E is wordy whereas D is short and concise and conveys the meaning.
2. E uses passive voice whereas D uses active voice.
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11 Jul 2007, 18:39
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bmwhype2 wrote:
273. Efforts to equalize the funds available to school districts, a major goal of education reformers and many states in the 1970’s, has not significantly reduced the gaps existing between the richest and poorest districts.

(D) have not significantly reduced the gap that exists
(E) have not been significant in a reduction of the gaps existing

I think the difference is in the meanings of the sentences.

E implies the efforts have not been significant whereas D implies the reduction has not been significant. We cannot change the meaning of the stem.

In sentence correction, passive answers are not always wrong. In addition, concise answers are not always wrong.

I think its important to keep in mind that both reasons that vishalsuri said are "secondary" reasons. it is more important to look at the structure of the sentences for blatant grammar mistakes.
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11 Jul 2007, 19:10
bmwhype2 wrote:
bmwhype2 wrote:
273. Efforts to equalize the funds available to school districts, a major goal of education reformers and many states in the 1970’s, has not significantly reduced the gaps existing between the richest and poorest districts.

(D) have not significantly reduced the gap that exists
(E) have not been significant in a reduction of the gaps existing

I think the difference is in the meanings of the sentences.

E implies the efforts have not been significant whereas D implies the reduction has not been significant. We cannot change the meaning of the stem.

In sentence correction, passive answers are not always wrong. In addition, concise answers are not always wrong.

I think its important to keep in mind that both reasons that vishalsuri said are "secondary" reasons. it is more important to look at the structure of the sentences for blatant grammar mistakes.

Thanks for the explanation. I could have never thought of that one.
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11 Jul 2007, 21:39
The passive voice in E is what makes it wrong. There may be something else, but the passive is too obvious...and E is just confusing in its agreement and modification of the subject of the sentence.
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06 May 2011, 02:21
D; Passive vs Active; significantly reduced (Better) vs significant in a reduction
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Efforts to equalize the funds available to school districts, [#permalink]

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10 Mar 2013, 12:03
Efforts to equalize the funds available to school districts, a major goal of education reformers and many states in the 1970’s, has not significantly reduced the gaps existing between the richest and poorest districts.
(A) has not significantly reduced the gaps existing
(B)has not been significant in reducing the gap that exists
(C)has not made a significant reduction in the gap that exists
(D) have not significantly reduced the gap that exists
(E) have not been significant in a reduction of the gaps existing

Whats the difference between option As gaps existing and option Ds that exists?Is both modified gaps correctly?
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Re: Efforts to equalize the funds available to school districts, [#permalink]

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10 Mar 2013, 22:36
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mun23 wrote:
Efforts to equalize the funds available to school districts, a major goal of education reformers and many states in the 1970’s, has not significantly reduced the gaps existing between the richest and poorest districts.
(A) has not significantly reduced the gaps existing
(B)has not been significant in reducing the gap that exists
(C)has not made a significant reduction in the gap that exists
(D) have not significantly reduced the gap that exists
(E) have not been significant in a reduction of the gaps existing

Whats the difference between option As gaps existing and option Ds that exists?Is both modified gaps correctly?

Hi mun23,

The major difference between "gaps existing" and "gap that exists" is that (A) says gaps, which is plural and (D) says gap, which is singular. Second, the difference between "that" and "existing" is that one is a relative clause and other is a participle. But, both are modifying the preceding noun, "gaps" in (A) and gap in (D). Both of these modifying structures are conveying the same meaning.

Also note that this question is a good example of a case in which the correct answer changes the meaning slightly, but is still the correct choice because the other answer choices are grammatically incorrect.

Hope this helps,

Vercules
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Re: Efforts to equalize the funds available to school districts, [#permalink]

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11 Mar 2013, 00:09
1. the gaps existing between the richest and poorest districts
2. the gap that exists between the richest and poorest districts

Both alternatives are grammatically correct. Option A is eliminated only due to usage of has .
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Re: Efforts to equalize the funds available to school districts, [#permalink]

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21 Apr 2013, 19:36
All duplicate threads on this topic have been merged.

Please check and follow the Guidelines for Posting in Verbal GMAT forum before posting anything.
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Re: Efforts to equalize the funds available to school districts, [#permalink]

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26 Aug 2013, 17:51
nakib77 wrote:
Efforts to equalize the funds available to school districts, a major goal of education reformers and many states in the 1970’s, has not significantly reduced the gaps existing between the richest and poorest districts.

(A) has not significantly reduced the gaps existing
(B) has not been significant in reducing the gap that exists
(C) has not made a significant reduction in the gap that exists
(D) have not significantly reduced the gap that exists
(E) have not been significant in a reduction of the gaps existing

s-v agreement, efforts plural so it has to take have

a,b,c are rejected
d,e are left out of them E changes meaning,
d is good

so answr: d
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Re: Efforts to equalize the funds available to school districts, [#permalink]

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28 Jul 2015, 02:41
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Re: Efforts to equalize the funds available to school districts,   [#permalink] 28 Jul 2015, 02:41

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