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Either Perry s faction or Tucker s faction, but not both,

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Either Perry s faction or Tucker s faction, but not both, [#permalink] New post 10 Jun 2009, 21:57
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A
B
C
D
E

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Either Perry’s faction or Tucker’s faction, but not both, will win control of the government. If Perry’s faction wins, the nation will suffer economically. If Tucker’s faction wins, the nation will suffer militarily.
Given the statements in the passage, which one of the following statements must be true?
(A) It is possible, but not certain, that the nation will neither suffer economically nor suffer militarily.
(B) If the nation suffers economically, it is certain that Perry’s faction has won control of the government.
(C) It is certain that the nation will suffer either economically or militarily, and also certain that it will not suffer both.
(D) If the nation suffers militarily, it is possible, but not certain, that Tucker’s faction has won control of the government.
(E) If the nation suffers both economically and militarily, it is certain that neither Perry’s faction nor Tucker’s has won control of the government.
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Re: Factions . [#permalink] New post 10 Jun 2009, 23:59
tenaman10 wrote:
Either Perry’s faction or Tucker’s faction, but not both, will win control of the government. If Perry’s faction wins, the nation will suffer economically. If Tucker’s faction wins, the nation will suffer militarily.
Given the statements in the passage, which one of the following statements must be true?
(A) It is possible, but not certain, that the nation will neither suffer economically nor suffer militarily.
(B) If the nation suffers economically, it is certain that Perry’s faction has won control of the government.
(C) It is certain that the nation will suffer either economically or militarily, and also certain that it will not suffer both.
(D) If the nation suffers militarily, it is possible, but not certain, that Tucker’s faction has won control of the government.
(E) If the nation suffers both economically and militarily, it is certain that neither Perry’s faction nor Tucker’s has won control of the government.


My initial guess is (C).

(A) Since one of them will win, and there is no other possibility of a third person's victory, then this does not appear possible.
(B) Seems like causal link is reversed...
(D) ???? Doesn't feel right... but can't type articulate why its wrong either.
(E) We can't deduce this from the given info.

(C) Since one of the two factions will win, it is certain the nation will suffer some kind of damage, but since ONLY one faction will win, then it is impossible to suffer both types of damage.
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Re: Factions . [#permalink] New post 11 Jun 2009, 00:00
tenaman10 wrote:
Either Perry’s faction or Tucker’s faction, but not both, will win control of the government. If Perry’s faction wins, the nation will suffer economically. If Tucker’s faction wins, the nation will suffer militarily.
Given the statements in the passage, which one of the following statements must be true?
(A) It is possible, but not certain, that the nation will neither suffer economically nor suffer militarily.
(B) If the nation suffers economically, it is certain that Perry’s faction has won control of the government.
(C) It is certain that the nation will suffer either economically or militarily, and also certain that it will not suffer both.
(D) If the nation suffers militarily, it is possible, but not certain, that Tucker’s faction has won control of the government.
(E) If the nation suffers both economically and militarily, it is certain that neither Perry’s faction nor Tucker’s has won control of the government.


As this is a must be true question, if answer choices contain any new information, which is not present in the stimulus then that answer choice must be wrong.

Options A, E can be eliminated based on this criteria.

I eliminated options B and C because they use very strong language 'certatain'

Choice D is the correct answer.

What is OA?

Last edited by hasham222 on 11 Jun 2009, 05:09, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Factions . [#permalink] New post 11 Jun 2009, 02:59
One more vote for C.
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Re: Factions . [#permalink] New post 11 Jun 2009, 03:46
will go with D.
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Re: Factions . [#permalink] New post 11 Jun 2009, 04:32
I'll vote for D.

I don't agree to C, due to the last part in this option - "also certain that it will not suffer both". This is too extreme kindda answer.
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Re: Factions . [#permalink] New post 11 Jun 2009, 04:43
Either Perry’s faction or Tucker’s faction, but not both, will win control of the government. If Perry’s faction wins, the nation will suffer economically. If Tucker’s faction wins, the nation will suffer militarily.
Given the statements in the passage, which one of the following statements must be true?
(A) It is possible, but not certain, that the nation will neither suffer economically nor suffer militarily.
(B) If the nation suffers economically, it is certain that Perry’s faction has won control of the government.
(C) It is certain that the nation will suffer either economically or militarily, and also certain that it will not suffer both.
(D) If the nation suffers militarily, it is possible, but not certain, that Tucker’s faction has won control of the government.
(E) If the nation suffers both economically and militarily, it is certain that neither Perry’s faction nor Tucker’s has won control of the government.

My reasoning:
A,uses "possible,but not certain" to stimuli we know to be certain - certainly true of false so wrong
B - it is applying the logic in reverse and here "certain" commits too much because we aren't told whether the nation will not suffer economically if Tucker wins.
C - for similar reason to B. we are not told whether nation suffers militarily if Perry wins and economically if Tucker wins.
E - This is wrong since first statement confirms either one will win.

Therefore D
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Re: Factions . [#permalink] New post 11 Jun 2009, 05:22
D for me, coz in C the statement after comma is not true..
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Re: Factions . [#permalink] New post 11 Jun 2009, 05:59
D is the correct answer. You have to keep in mind that the nation can suffer economically, for instance, for more reasons than the election.

I have to say that I love this type of question. It represents pure logic (all, some, none, must, may etc) and use no greyzones at all.
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Re: Factions . [#permalink] New post 11 Jun 2009, 10:44
i am also for D.
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Re: Factions . [#permalink] New post 13 Jun 2009, 11:18
Excellent question...was thinking of C initially....But git the hang of D after looking at the posts...
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Re: Factions . [#permalink] New post 13 Jun 2009, 21:24
Another Vote for D

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Re: Factions .   [#permalink] 13 Jun 2009, 21:24
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