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Re: electric pumps [#permalink] New post 09 Aug 2012, 04:35
First option i eliminated was D and Spent 2 min to choose A from the remaining options.

very Bad!

If there are more comas in a sentence then it can be wrong
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Re: electric pumps [#permalink] New post 09 Aug 2012, 04:39
The sentence is like

"If A occurs, B is the consequence." If the consequence is a personal opinion of a particular person, he shall be mentioned prior to his idea as in D. Correct me if I am wrong.
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Re: electric pumps [#permalink] New post 09 Aug 2013, 19:23
Hey sudhanshushankerjha,
"Their" in the sentence D cannot be the antecedent of "cows" because "cows" in this sentence is not an independent noun. As you can see, "cows" modifies "milk" (cows' milk). An antecedent only refers to a separate noun such as "farmers" in this sentence.
Hope that it's clear.

sudhanshushankerjha wrote:
Bt in D choice...'their' can have 2 antecedents.
their --> farmers
their --> cows

plz correct if m wrong.
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Re: electric pumps [#permalink] New post 20 Aug 2013, 07:19
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" their" can not have "cows " as antecedent...as cows is not mentioned anywhere..its rather the possessive case cows milk..., however.., their can have .., "farmers" or "engineers" as antecedent..
pls clarify...
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Re: electric pumps [#permalink] New post 25 Jun 2014, 19:15
noboru wrote:
how can the farmer be the one who install?
shouldnt it be the engineer?
Please clarify.
thanks
@noboru, this problem deals with advanced modifier where the initial phrase impacts not only the main subject but also the main verb of the sentence.
(A/B) >> Modifier Problem: "By installing special electric pumps" is modifying “houses” in A and “the warmth” in B;
(C/E) >> Grammatically, all of CE & D are correct. Meaning-wise also, both an engineer and a farmer can install a pump. But, we shall look for the meaning in the whole sentence which goes much beyond away from just the noun getting impacted by the initial phrase. This distinction actually makes this problem superior than other problems where the initial modifier just impacts the ensuing main subject noun.

In this problem, the ensuing main verb in the sentence is also getting impacted by the initial phrase.
The strategy to tackle such problems of modifiers where multiple subjects or similar subjects are fitting in the modifier schema is to check the applicability of the modifier to the entailing main verb in the sentence. Here, “installing” in modifier phrase has no bearing on “reports”(main verb) in CE, though has correct bearing on “could use”(main verb) in D.
Let us take example from the current problem.

If we restructure CE, we get “engineer reports(main verb) by installing pumps engineer(initial phrase)” which is wrong. Looking meaning-wise at D, we can say “farmers could use(main verb) warmth …. by installing pumps(initial phrase)”, which is correct.
(D) >> Correct
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electric pumps [#permalink] New post 26 Jun 2014, 08:53
Bit modified to increase the contrast.

By installing electric pumps, Father of the church reports that Farmers can ...

By installing electric pumps, farmers, according to Father of the church, can ...

Now we can clearly see that D sounds logical, but do you think sandwiching a subject between two modifiers is acceptable to GMAT OAs.

In following MGMAT thread instructor considered such sandwiching wrong, further I have seen e-gmat rejecting answer choices by giving similar explanation.
http://www.manhattangmat.com/forums/mor ... t5054.html
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electric pumps   [#permalink] 26 Jun 2014, 08:53
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