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Emotional stress is a well known cause of certain serious

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Emotional stress is a well known cause of certain serious [#permalink] New post 12 Feb 2013, 02:51
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Emotional stress is a well known cause of certain serious health problems, including high blood pressure and cardiac complications. Now, an additional concern can be added to the list of maladies caused by emotional stress. A recent study surveyed both people who have high levels of emotional stress and people who don’t, and found that people with high emotional stress levels are significantly more obese and nervous than people with lower levels of emotional stress.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument rests?

A) Obesity and nervousness can lead to serious health problems.
B) Emotionally stressed out people are aware of the various health problems attributed to emotional stress, including high blood pressure and cardiac complications.
C) Equivalent numbers of people with high and low levels of emotional stress were surveyed for the study.
D) Obesity and nervousness do not make individuals less capable to deal with emotionally stressful situations.
E) Emotionally stressed out people who had encountered an emotionally stressful situation immediately before responding to the survey were more obese and nervous than the people form same group who had not encountered any emotionally stressful situation for a few days.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Emotional stress is a well known cause - New Question [#permalink] New post 12 Feb 2013, 02:58
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IMO Answer should be D.
If an option proves that the cause and effect are irreversible than that option strengthens the argument or can be the assumption of the argument.

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Re: Emotional stress is a well known cause - New Question [#permalink] New post 12 Feb 2013, 07:47
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When we deal with this such statement that something is compared: some people in a group and others do not ............is always the same answer.

D must be the answer.

I repeat myself: whenever we encouter these questions the answer is always worded as D
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Re: Emotional stress is a well known cause - New Question [#permalink] New post 12 Feb 2013, 08:43
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Emotional stress is a well known cause of certain serious health problems, including high blood pressure and cardiac complications. Now, an additional concern can be added to the list of maladies caused by emotional stress. A recent study surveyed both people who have high levels of emotional stress and people who don’t, and found that people with high emotional stress levels are significantly more obese and nervous than people with lower levels of emotional stress.
Emotional problems--> many other effects (two of them- obesity, nervousness).
Point to observe--> obesity and nervousness are the effects of emotional stress not the other way round
Way to solve a causal relationship i.e if Cause(C)-->Effect(E) --> Then the correct answer must be one of
i)If C is there then E must be there.
ii)If E occurs then C must be there.
iii)E should not in turn cause C


Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument rests?

A) Obesity and nervousness can lead to serious health problems.It is saying that E is causing C, a serious mistake
B) Emotionally stressed out people are aware of the various health problems attributed to emotional stress, including high blood pressure and cardiac complications. out of scope, cause and effect relations must be answered using above techniques only.
C) Equivalent numbers of people with high and low levels of emotional stress were surveyed for the study. noway concerned with the number
D) Obesity and nervousness do not make individuals less capable to deal with emotionally stressful situations. saying that E Does not in turn cause C, point (iii) in our discussion, therefore right
E) Emotionally stressed out people who had encountered an emotionally stressful situation immediately before responding to the survey were more obese and nervous than the people form same group who had not encountered any emotionally stressful situation for a few days. saying that E caused C, in other words people who were obese responded as being stressed

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Re: Emotional stress is a well known cause - New Question [#permalink] New post 12 Feb 2013, 09:40
aditya111 wrote:
Emotional stress is a well known cause of certain serious health problems, including high blood pressure and cardiac complications. Now, an additional concern can be added to the list of maladies caused by emotional stress. A recent study surveyed both people who have high levels of emotional stress and people who don’t, and found that people with high emotional stress levels are significantly more obese and nervous than people with lower levels of emotional stress.
Emotional problems--> many other effects (two of them- obesity, nervousness).
Point to observe--> obesity and nervousness are the effects of emotional stress not the other way round
Way to solve a causal relationship i.e if Cause(C)-->Effect(E) --> Then the correct answer must be one of
i)If C is there then E must be there.
ii)If E occurs then C must be there.
iii)E should not in turn cause C


Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument rests?

A) Obesity and nervousness can lead to serious health problems.It is saying that E is causing C, a serious mistake
B) Emotionally stressed out people are aware of the various health problems attributed to emotional stress, including high blood pressure and cardiac complications. out of scope, cause and effect relations must be answered using above techniques only.
C) Equivalent numbers of people with high and low levels of emotional stress were surveyed for the study. noway concerned with the number
D) Obesity and nervousness do not make individuals less capable to deal with emotionally stressful situations. saying that E Does not in turn cause C, point (iii) in our discussion, therefore right
E) Emotionally stressed out people who had encountered an emotionally stressful situation immediately before responding to the survey were more obese and nervous than the people form same group who had not encountered any emotionally stressful situation for a few days. saying that E caused C, in other words people who were obese responded as being stressed

Do consider giving Kudos +1 if you learnt something from above explanation.


Yes Aditya i agree with your point. But one more issue with A, is that note the argument states that that Emotional stress leads to certain type of serious health problem.....Its a vague term and we can categorize every other disease occurring because of it as a a serious health concern...

Vercules pls post the OA and OE......
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Re: Emotional stress is a well known cause - New Question [#permalink] New post 12 Feb 2013, 10:08
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Re: Emotional stress is a well known cause - New Question [#permalink] New post 12 Feb 2013, 10:10
Thanks for updating the answer...request can you continue posting questions on cause and effect assumption.It will really help....
Thanks again

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Re: Emotional stress is a well known cause - New Question [#permalink] New post 13 Feb 2013, 03:05
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Quote:
Emotional stress is a well known cause of certain serious health problems, including high blood pressure and cardiac complications. Now, an additional concern can be added to the list of maladies caused by emotional stress. A recent study surveyed both people who have high levels of emotional stress and people who don’t, and found that people with high emotional stress levels are significantly more obese and nervous than people with lower levels of emotional stress.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument rests?


Here goes the OE. Suggestions to improve the quality of OE are most welcome

The argument shows a causal relationship between the premises and the conclusion. The conclusion states that emotional stress causes people to become obese and nervous. The assumption in this causal argument should must support the causal direction of the conclusion. i.e. the assumption must prove that A causes B or Emotional stress causes obesity and nervousness.

The assumptions in a causal arguments are often of two types:

i) Assumptions that support the causality of the argument either by eliminating an alternate cause of the conclusion OR
ii) by demonstrating that the conclusion, it it exists, is in proper direction. In other words A is caused by B and not B has caused A.

Any option which does not tell us anything about the causal link between Emotional eating and, obesity and nervousness can be safely eliminated.


A) Obesity and nervousness can lead to serious health problems.

The stimulus does not discuss the seriousness of health problems, so, this choice becomes irrelevant. Moreover, no link to the causal relationship

B) Emotionally stressed out people are aware of the various health problems attributed to emotional stress, including high blood pressure and cardiac complications.

Again the awareness of people on problems related to emotional stress is irrelevant.

C) Equivalent numbers of people with high and low levels of emotional stress were surveyed for the study.

The number of respondents does not say anything about the causal link between emotional eating and, obesity and nervousness.

D) Obesity and nervousness do not make individuals less capable to deal with emotionally stressful situations.

This answer choice rules out an opposite direction for the causality, making our conclusion valid. Thus, the correct choice.

E) Emotionally stressed out people who had encountered an emotionally stressful situation immediately before responding to the survey were more obese and nervous than the people form same group who had not encountered any emotionally stressful situation for a few days.

This choice is incorrect for two reasons. First, the argument never compares some emotional eater to other emotional eaters. Second, the argument is not based on immediate impact of emotional stress in making people obese and nervous.



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Re: Emotional stress is a well known cause of certain serious [#permalink] New post 26 Nov 2013, 16:42
Explanation by vercules deserves 10 Kudos, Cam we get 20-30 More Causal Questions?
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Re: Emotional stress is a well known cause of certain serious [#permalink] New post 02 Dec 2013, 01:25
Everything else is perfect except A :) Obesity is an effect of emotional stress and serious illness is also an effect of emotional stress. The question here in discussion is not about cause-effect but two effects of a single cause in time space. so three situations arise either serious illness causes obesity or obesity causes serious illness (its like syllogism a ->b a->c then a->b->c ) or a->c->b) or both are mere correlated events but not causal. But the question is how one will prove it with such discrete data.

Though Answer C seems OK but the presence of option A erodes C's Integrity. :) as a single solution.

One more thing, here the question is not of what we thing is right or wrong but what author has actually assumed while clubbing premises and conclusion and is right in his/her perspective. See no where in question is " if below statements are true"

Lets do a negation test and see if argument can stand after option C is reversed.

Conclusion: Emotional stress is a well known cause of certain serious health problems
Option D: Obesity and nervousness do not make individuals less capable to deal with emotionally stressful situations
Negation of Option D: Obesity and nervousness make individuals less capable to deal with emotionally stressful situations

Check yourself if conclusion will stand for itself or not, Now negate the option A :)

Sometime traps are right and well proven but lack to support the argument ;)

Actually, we all are trying to fit every solution into cause-effect jigsaw irrespective of what actually conclusion demands as it must be true argument.

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Re: Emotional stress is a well known cause of certain serious   [#permalink] 02 Dec 2013, 01:25
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