Employment costs rose 2.8 percent in the 12 months that : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# Employment costs rose 2.8 percent in the 12 months that

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Employment costs rose 2.8 percent in the 12 months that [#permalink]

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03 Sep 2006, 11:16
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Employment costs rose 2.8 percent in the 12 months that ended in September, slightly less than they did in the year that ended in the previous quarter.

A. less than they did
B. less than it did
C. less than they were
D. lower than
E. lower than they were

Could someone also explain what the difference is between A and C?

Thank,
jjhko
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by WaterFlowsUp on 11 May 2015, 11:02, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Employment costs rose 2.8 percent in the 12 months that [#permalink]

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03 Sep 2006, 13:00
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I think it is A

Employment costs rose 2.8 percent in the 12 months that ended in september, slightly less than they
did in the year that ended in the previous quarter.

If the sentence was:
Employment costs were 2.8 percent ...slightly less than they were would be right
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Re: Employment costs rose 2.8 percent in the 12 months that [#permalink]

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03 Sep 2006, 13:04
Thanks gk... makes sense now... I hope i'll catch it on G-day
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Re: Employment costs rose 2.8 percent in the 12 months that [#permalink]

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03 Sep 2006, 15:59
mailtheguru wrote:
jjhko wrote:
Employment costs rose 2.8 percent in the 12 months that ended in September, slightly less than they did in the year that ended in the previous quarter.

A. less than they did
B. less than it did
C. less than they were
D. lower than
E. lower than they were

Could someone also explain what the difference is between A and C?

Thank,
jjhko

A.

did = rose.

Hi mailtheguru ,

is it correct to say: .......slightly less than in the year that ended in the previous quarter...?

Thanks a heap
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Re: Employment costs rose 2.8 percent in the 12 months that [#permalink]

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03 Sep 2006, 16:08
jerrywu wrote:
mailtheguru wrote:
jjhko wrote:
Employment costs rose 2.8 percent in the 12 months that ended in September, slightly less than they did in the year that ended in the previous quarter.

A. less than they did
B. less than it did
C. less than they were
D. lower than
E. lower than they were

Could someone also explain what the difference is between A and C?

Thank,
jjhko

A.

did = rose.

Hi mailtheguru ,

is it correct to say: .......slightly less than in the year that ended in the previous quarter...?

Thanks a heap

Both sides of a comparator should be the same form. You need a verb after "less than". For example:
She climbs as fast as her brothers do.
She climbs as fast as her brothers.
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Re: Employment costs rose 2.8 percent in the 12 months that [#permalink]

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03 Sep 2006, 16:23
mailtheguru wrote:
jerrywu wrote:
mailtheguru wrote:
jjhko wrote:
Employment costs rose 2.8 percent in the 12 months that ended in September, slightly less than they did in the year that ended in the previous quarter.

A. less than they did
B. less than it did
C. less than they were
D. lower than
E. lower than they were

Could someone also explain what the difference is between A and C?

Thank,
jjhko

A.

did = rose.

Hi mailtheguru ,

is it correct to say: .......slightly less than in the year that ended in the previous quarter...?

Thanks a heap

Both sides of a comparator should be the same form. You need a verb after "less than". For example:
She climbs as fast as her brothers do.
She climbs as fast as her brothers.

Hello mailtheguru,

I am kinda confused..

Soaring television costs accounted for more than half the spending in the presidential campaign of 1992, a greater proportion than it was in any previous election.

A. a greater proportion than it was
B. a greater proportion than
C. a greater proportion than they have been
D. which is greater than was so
E. which is greater than it has been

the OA is (B) ... I guess that the complete sentence is ..... a great proportation than they did......

Still, " they did" are ellipsis

Are they using the same rule ???

Go to work now....8:30 in the morning at Taipei...

thanks a heap..
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Re: Employment costs rose 2.8 percent in the 12 months that [#permalink]

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18 Jul 2013, 19:02
Employment costs rose 2.8 percent in the 12 months that ended in September, slightly less than they did in the year that ended in the previous quarter.
A, less than they did
B, less than it did
C, less than they were
D, lower than
E, lower than they were

What is wrong with D? What is the difference between "less" and "lower"? :s

Thanks!

Last edited by Zarrolou on 19 Jul 2013, 01:55, edited 1 time in total.
Merging similar topics.
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Re: Employment costs rose 2.8 percent in the 12 months that [#permalink]

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18 Jul 2013, 22:48
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Employment costs rose 2.8 percent in the 12 months that ended in September, slightly less than they did in the year that ended in the previous quarter.

A, less than they did
Correct.
- "they" refers to "employment costs". (plural)
- "rose" || "did"
- less is comparative form of little. Costs: uncountable noun ==> "Less" is correct.

B, less than it did
Wrong. "it" is singular and is not parallel with "employment costs" - plural.

C, less than they were
Wrong."were" (auxiliary verb) is not parallel with "rose" (main verb)

D, lower than
Wrong.
Costs do not rise low/high (comparative forms are: lower/higher). The usage sounds awkward. Costs should rise little / much.
Please note that: lower is a comparative form of low. Lower is only be used with nouns that can be described as low. There is no clear rule for less/lower. Usually, you have to memorize the usage of less/lower for each situation. For example:
a low bridge
a low salary
a low water level
a low temperature
a low price

E, lower than they were
Wrong.
- The usage of "lower" is not correct.
- "were" (auxiliary verb) is not parallel with "rose" (main verb)

Hope it helps
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Re: Employment costs rose 2.8 percent in the 12 months that [#permalink]

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18 Jul 2013, 22:50
for percents and fractions we use less not lower or fewer.
for time ,distance, money we use 'less'
for countable entities we use fewer

eg:fewer chocolates
less than \$541
less than 3 weeks
less than 3 kms

Higher and lower we use for physical entities
The height of the chair is lower than that of the table.
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Re: Employment costs rose 2.8 percent in the 12 months that [#permalink]

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18 Jul 2013, 23:02
rainbooow wrote:
higher and lower we use for physical entities
The height of the chair is lower than that of the table.

Hi rainbooow

I absolutely agree with your explanation, but not the quote part. "higher and lower we use for physical entities"
For example: low price, low temperature, low music level, etc..

Regards.
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Re: Employment costs rose 2.8 percent in the 12 months that [#permalink]

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30 Jan 2015, 23:16
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Re: Employment costs rose 2.8 percent in the 12 months that [#permalink]

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11 May 2015, 11:03
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Re: Employment costs rose 2.8 percent in the 12 months that [#permalink]

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20 May 2015, 04:02
jjhko wrote:
Employment costs rose 2.8 percent in the 12 months that ended in September, slightly less than they did in the year that ended in the previous quarter.

A. less than they did
B. less than it did
C. less than they were
D. lower than
E. lower than they were

Could someone also explain what the difference is between A and C?

Thank,
jjhko

Understand what is compared.
Do actions are compared or Do facts are compared?
Action of rising in one year is compared with action of rising in another year (previous year).
Hence we need ‘to do verb’ in the answer choice.

Only A & B has ‘to do verb’.
B makes pronoun agreement error (refers costs with it)
Hence, A is the correct choice.

As I always say - focus on meaning!

Cheers!
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Re: Employment costs rose 2.8 percent in the 12 months that [#permalink]

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25 May 2016, 11:09
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Re: Employment costs rose 2.8 percent in the 12 months that [#permalink]

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29 May 2016, 00:57
danzig wrote:
Employment costs rose 2.8 percent in the 12 months that ended in September, slightly less than they did in the year that ended in the previous quarter.
A, less than they did
B, less than it did
C, less than they were
D, lower than
E, lower than they were

What is wrong with D? What is the difference between "less" and "lower"? :s

Thanks!

D is wrong because
d mean "Lower than cost rose in the year". this is infered from elipsis.
cost rose 2 percent this year lower than costs rose that year. wrong, lower can not used to compare actions.
Re: Employment costs rose 2.8 percent in the 12 months that   [#permalink] 29 May 2016, 00:57
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