Environmentalist: The commissioner of the Fish and Game : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
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# Environmentalist: The commissioner of the Fish and Game

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Environmentalist: The commissioner of the Fish and Game [#permalink]

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22 Dec 2009, 12:17
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Environmentalist: The commissioner of the Fish and Game Authority would have the public believe that increases
in the number of marine fish caught demonstrate that this resource is no longer endangered. This is a specious
argument, as unsound as it would be to assert that the ever-increasing rate at which rain forests are being cut
down demonstrates a lack of danger to that resource. The real cause of the increased fish-catch is a greater
efficiency in using technologies that deplete resources.
The environmentalist's statements, if true, best support which of the following as a conclusion?
(A) The use of technology is the reason for the increasing encroachment of people on nature.
(8) It is possible to determine how many fish are in the sea in some way other than by catching fish.
(C) The proportion of marine fish that are caught is as high as the proportion of rain forest trees that are cut
down each year.
(D) Modern technologies waste resources by catching inedible fish.
(E) Marine fish continue to be an endangered resource.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: Environmentalist: The commissioner of the Fish and Game [#permalink]

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22 Dec 2009, 15:41
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Looking at the paragraph as a whole, the main focus is more on marine fish then anything else. It says that "The commissioner...would have the public believe that increases in the number of marine fish caught demonstrate that this resource is no longer endangered." Already, this is an indication that the marine fish may be endangered. The environmentalist uses rainforests as an example to get this point across. He says that the rainforest is being cut down at an increasing rate, but that doesn't mean that it is not in danger. In parallel to marine fish, the environmentalist is trying to say that just because marine fish are being caught in increasing numbers does not mean that it is not in danger. Lastly, an alternate cause for the high number of fish caught is given---there are a lot of marine fish caught, not because they are plenty in number (not endangered), but because technology has become more efficient in catching them.

(A) At a first quick glance, some people might keep it, but it is very weak since the focus is on marine fish and the question of being endangered.

(B) This is out of scope.

(C) There is nothing to support whether the two proportions are the same or not. This is not the main point of the paragraph. You'd have to ask yourself: Is this paragraph about how technology wastes resources by catching fish people can't eat? Definitely not.

(D) This is out of scope.

(E) Correct. I think this is exactly what the paragraph is saying.

A conclusion should support every sentence in the paragraph and (E) does that.
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Re: Environmentalist: The commissioner of the Fish and Game [#permalink]

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22 Dec 2009, 18:46
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A kudos would greatly help

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Re: Environmentalist: The commissioner of the Fish and Game [#permalink]

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22 Dec 2009, 22:45
One more E
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K 4 KUDOS

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Re: Environmentalist: The commissioner of the Fish and Game [#permalink]

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23 Dec 2009, 01:33
I am still not finding it convincing. Environmentalist counter acts stating that marine fish are in danger of extintion then how come E can be the answer?

Whatever explanation you have provided that also goes in sync with my thought process but still i am not convinced for E can you please explain me in different way.
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Re: Environmentalist: The commissioner of the Fish and Game [#permalink]

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23 Dec 2009, 09:49
2
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Fact1 (commissioner)
increases in the number of marine fish caught demonstrate that this resource is no longer endangered.
Fact2 (Environmentalist counters Fact1 with an analogy) This is a specious
argument, as unsound as it would be to assert that the ever-increasing rate at which rain forests are being cut down demonstrates a lack of danger to that resource.
Fact 3 (Environmentalist ) The real cause of the increased fish-catch is a greater efficiency in using technologies that deplete resources.

In Fact 3 the author provides a alternate theory to the increased fish-catch, hence he argues against the the commissioner's claim that the fish are not endangered.

Question - The environmentalist's statements, if true, best support which of the following as a conclusion? Fact1 is wrong Fact 2 & 3 is right, with this the conclusion given in choice E can safely be drawn.
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Re: Environmentalist: The commissioner of the Fish and Game [#permalink]

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23 Dec 2009, 11:13
Sorry my mistake...i get it now...
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Re: Environmentalist: The commissioner of the Fish and Game [#permalink]

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29 Apr 2011, 08:17
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Re: Environmentalist: The commissioner of the Fish and Game [#permalink]

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30 Sep 2012, 01:55
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Question Stem
The environmentalist's statements, if true, best support which of the following as a conclusion?
Inference Question - So the answer MUST BE TRUE.

Argument
Environmentalist: The commissioner of the Fish and Game Authority would have the public believe that increases in the number of marine fish caught demonstrate that this resource is no longer endangered. This is a specious argument, as unsound as it would be to assert that the ever-increasing rate at which rain forests are being cut down demonstrates a lack of danger to that resource. The real cause of the increased fish-catch is a greater efficiency in using technologies that deplete resources.

Pre-thinking
Marine Fish is endangered

(A) The use of technology is the reason for the increasing encroachment of people on nature.
INCORRECT ANSWER - Fish and Forests is not equal to nature. There are many other things that are a part of nature. So we can make this generalization

(B) It is possible to determine how many fish are in the sea in some way other than by catching fish.
INCORRECT ANSWER - Nothing in the passage suggests that there is a method to determine the fish in the sea.

(C) The proportion of marine fish that are caught is as high as the proportion of rain forest trees that are cut
down each year.
INCORRECT ANSWER - The comparison between proportion of fish and rain forest trees is irrelevant. Nothing in the passage suggest this.

(D) Modern technologies waste resources by catching inedible fish.
INCORRECT ANSWER - Inedible Fish - This is outside the scope of the argument

(E) Marine fish continue to be an endangered resource.
CORRECT ANSWER - "specious argument" tells us that commissioner is not right and that marine fish still continue to be an endangered resource.
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Re: Environmentalist: The commissioner of the Fish and Game [#permalink]

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15 May 2013, 09:34
I am one of those who was confused between B&E and incorrectly chose B. I now realize B is perhaps more of an assumption rather than a conclusion. Option E follows from the stimuli presented.
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Re: Environmentalist: The commissioner of the Fish and Game [#permalink]

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16 Jun 2013, 08:46
The Environ. gives all the reasons and concludes that 'The commissioners argument about the resources being safe and large in number is 'specious' or in other words...the marine fishes are endangered.

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Re: Environmentalist: The commissioner of the Fish and Game [#permalink]

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29 Aug 2013, 06:26
Hi Guys,

Sorry to bring this thread alive again. But I was re-doing the CR questions from Og-12 and I got to this question.
While I know the answer E is correct for its definite reasons, I was kinda stuck with A here and was thinking of a definite way to rule it out. I see that A talks about: the use of technology being "the" reason of increasing encroachment of people on nature. I think A goes a little far ahead with this proposition. Also Environmentalists' main idea was the marine fishes and not the encroachment of nature.

Just wanted to bring this up and see what are the different reasons to rule out A.
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Re: Environmentalist: The commissioner of the Fish and Game [#permalink]

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16 Jun 2014, 21:01
vabhs192003 wrote:
Hi Guys,

Sorry to bring this thread alive again. But I was re-doing the CR questions from Og-12 and I got to this question.
While I know the answer E is correct for its definite reasons, I was kinda stuck with A here and was thinking of a definite way to rule it out. I see that A talks about: the use of technology being "the" reason of increasing encroachment of people on nature. I think A goes a little far ahead with this proposition. Also Environmentalists' main idea was the marine fishes and not the encroachment of nature.

Just wanted to bring this up and see what are the different reasons to rule out A.

I agree with your reasoning ... since encroachment is totally different concern .. he is actually drawing a relation between the deletion of the fish resource and the rain forest ... here the author is not pointing to the process they follow such as encroachment, using net etc ...
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Re: Environmentalist: The commissioner of the Fish and Game [#permalink]

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15 Sep 2014, 09:33
sagarsabnis wrote:
Environmentalist: The commissioner of the Fish and Game Authority would have the public believe that increases
in the number of marine fish caught demonstrate that this resource is no longer endangered. This is a specious
argument, as unsound as it would be to assert that the ever-increasing rate at which rain forests are being cut
down demonstrates a lack of danger to that resource. The real cause of the increased fish-catch is a greater
efficiency in using technologies that deplete resources.
The environmentalist's statements, if true, best support which of the following as a conclusion?
(A) The use of technology is the reason for the increasing encroachment of people on nature.
(8) It is possible to determine how many fish are in the sea in some way other than by catching fish.
(C) The proportion of marine fish that are caught is as high as the proportion of rain forest trees that are cut
down each year.
(D) Modern technologies waste resources by catching inedible fish.
(E) Marine fish continue to be an endangered resource.

Again not satisfied with the explanation from OG please can some one try?

main point is environmentalist is against commissioner..

commisioner - number of marine fish caught demonstrate that this resource is no longer endangered
Environmentalist - opposite ..

option A is quite appealing but "increasing encroachment of people on nature" is very generic whereas topic talks only about fish & forest.
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Re: Environmentalist: The commissioner of the Fish and Game [#permalink]

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08 Oct 2014, 08:36
E) Marine fish continue to be an endangered resource.
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Re: Environmentalist: The commissioner of the Fish and Game [#permalink]

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18 Apr 2015, 04:49
The question stem has just misguided me.....The environmentalist's statements, if true, best support which of the following as a conclusion?
The quetion says that the conclusion is alreadyy statd above ( ...as a conclusion) and we are looking for a premise... BUT (E) is a conclusion itself..
can someone help on this one...
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Re: Environmentalist: The commissioner of the Fish and Game [#permalink]

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16 Jul 2015, 01:42
luckyme17187 wrote:
sagarsabnis wrote:
Environmentalist: The commissioner of the Fish and Game Authority would have the public believe that increases
in the number of marine fish caught demonstrate that this resource is no longer endangered. This is a specious
argument, as unsound as it would be to assert that the ever-increasing rate at which rain forests are being cut
down demonstrates a lack of danger to that resource. The real cause of the increased fish-catch is a greater
efficiency in using technologies that deplete resources.
The environmentalist's statements, if true, best support which of the following as a conclusion?
(A) The use of technology is the reason for the increasing encroachment of people on nature.
(8) It is possible to determine how many fish are in the sea in some way other than by catching fish.
(C) The proportion of marine fish that are caught is as high as the proportion of rain forest trees that are cut
down each year.
(D) Modern technologies waste resources by catching inedible fish.
(E) Marine fish continue to be an endangered resource.

Again not satisfied with the explanation from OG please can some one try?

main point is environmentalist is against commissioner..

commisioner - number of marine fish caught demonstrate that this resource is no longer endangered
Environmentalist - opposite ..

option A is quite appealing but "increasing encroachment of people on nature" is very generic whereas topic talks only about fish & forest.

Even I was confused between A and E. I totally get it if someone says that both A and E are correct, just that E is more related to the question, and therefore a better answer choice.

But for no other reason, can I understand why A could not be a possible correct answer. In absence of E, would someone say that A is still incorrect?
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Re: Environmentalist: The commissioner of the Fish and Game [#permalink]

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17 Jul 2015, 16:35
Environmentalist: The commissioner of the Fish and Game Authority would have the public believe that increases
in the number of marine fish caught demonstrate that this resource is no longer endangered. This is a specious
argument, as unsound as it would be to assert that the ever-increasing rate at which rain forests are being cut
down demonstrates a lack of danger to that resource. The real cause of the increased fish-catch is a greater
efficiency in using technologies that deplete resources.

The environmentalist's statements, if true, best support which of the following as a conclusion?
(A) The use of technology is the reason for the increasing encroachment of people on nature. Technology is only referred to in the case of the marine fish.
(B) It is possible to determine how many fish are in the sea in some way other than by catching fish.not supported
(C) The proportion of marine fish that are caught is as high as the proportion of rain forest trees that are cut
down each year.A comparison is made but no numbers are given.
(D) Modern technologies waste resources by catching inedible fish.not supported
(E) Marine fish continue to be an endangered resource. The author refutes the claim that the increased numbers demonstrates that the "resource is no longer endangered."
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Re: Environmentalist: The commissioner of the Fish and Game [#permalink]

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25 Aug 2016, 04:51
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Re: Environmentalist: The commissioner of the Fish and Game   [#permalink] 25 Aug 2016, 04:51
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