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Etymologists have encountered similar linguistic features in

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Etymologists have encountered similar linguistic features in [#permalink]

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New post 04 Mar 2013, 16:39
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A
B
C
D
E

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Etymologists have encountered similar linguistic features in widely varying language groups, which are consistent with the theory that all languages can be traced back to a common root language.

(A)which are consistent with the theory that all languages
(B)where the theory that all languages are consistent
(C)consistent with its theory that all languages
(D)findings consistent with the theory that all languages
(E)findings that are consistent with the theory that proposes that all languages


Need explanation of every answer choices............
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: Etymologists have encountered similar linguistic features [#permalink]

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New post 04 Mar 2013, 18:18
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Etymologists have encountered similar linguistic features in widely varying language groups, which are consistent with the theory that all languages can be traced back to a common root language.

(A)which are consistent with the theory that all languages
Incorrect: "which" modifies the noun right before the comma "language groups". Now, you're saying that "language groups are consistent with the theory ...". This doesn't make logical sense.
(B)where the theory that all languages are consistent
Incorrect: "where". "Where" can only be used in reference to physical places. Ex: "In France, where ..."
(C)consistent with its theory that all languages
Incorrect: #1) What is "consistent with its theory"? We can't answer this question given the previous clause. #2) "its" does not have an antecedent. What does it refer to?
(D)findings consistent with the theory that all languages
CORRECT: "findinigs consistent with the theory ...." modifies the whole previous clause. This information only adds additional information to the previous clause.
(E)findings that are consistent with the theory that proposes that all languages
Incorrect: Gramatically correct but way too wordy compared to choice D.
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Re: Etymologists have encountered similar linguistic features in [#permalink]

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New post 29 Sep 2014, 14:01
It was between D and E for me. E seems to be grammatically correct too, but I thought that the "proposed" part of the sentence is redundant, since a theory already suggests or proposes something.
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Re: Etymologists have encountered similar linguistic features in [#permalink]

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New post 29 Sep 2014, 15:33
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I agree that D is better, but you won't typically see a real SC problem where an answer is wrong solely on the grounds of concision unless the words are actually redundant. For example, you wouldn't want to say "The pouring rain fell," "the increasing cost of gas is going up," etc.
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Re: Etymologists have encountered similar linguistic features in [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jun 2015, 11:10
Etymologists have encountered similar linguistic features in widely varying language groups, which are consistent with the theory that all languages can be traced back to a common root language.

(A)which are consistent with the theory that all languages -> which cannot modify the whole clause
(B)where the theory that all languages are consistent -> where cannot modify the whole clause
(C)consistent with its theory that all languages -> Consistent seem to modify "groups" which is illogical
(D)findings consistent with the theory that all languages -> Findings -> modifies what Etymologists have encountered and consistent modifies "findings" . This is of the form Noun + Noun Modifier (Absolute phrase) which can modify any noun in the previous clause -> Correct
(E)findings that are consistent with the theory that proposes that all languages -> That are consistent -> is wordier and can be replaced by "consistent" as option D)
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Re: Etymologists have encountered similar linguistic features in [#permalink]

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New post 02 Sep 2015, 04:58
Etymologists have encountered similar linguistic features in widely varying language groups, which are consistent with the theory that all languages can be traced back to a common root language.

(A)which are consistent with the theory that all languages
(B)where the theory that all languages are consistent
(C)consistent with its theory that all languages
(D)findings consistent with the theory that all languages
(E)findings that are consistent with the theory that proposes that all languages

As we time to time encounter that 'which' does not modify preceding noun in every case. Some say that from the meaning we can understand what "which" modifies. Although I selected D, but how can prove that which does not modify "linguistic features". If we think so, the original sentence will be perfectly grammatical and meaning will stay intact.

Could anyone evaluate my thought?
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Re: Etymologists have encountered similar linguistic features in   [#permalink] 02 Sep 2015, 04:58
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