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Even though Clovis points, spear points with longitudinal

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Even though Clovis points, spear points with longitudinal [#permalink] New post 18 Oct 2006, 20:30
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Even though Clovis points, spear points with longitudinal grooves chipped onto their faces, have been round all over north America ,they are named for the new Mexico site where whey were first discovered in 1932

1) Even though Clovis points , spear points with longitudinal grooves chipped onto their faces, have been found all over north America, they are named for the new Mexico site where they were first discovered in 1932.
2) Although named for the new Mexico site where fist discovered in 1932. Clovis points are spear points of longitudinal grooves chipped onto their faces and have been found all over north America .
3) Named for the new Mexico site where they have been first discovered in 1932. Clovis points, spear points of longitudinal grooves chipped onto the faces, have been found all over north America .
4) Spear points with longitudinal grooves that are chipped onto the faces ,Clovis points , even though named for the new Mexico site where first discovered in 1932, but were found all over north America .
5) While Clovis points are spear points whose faces have longitudinal grooves chipped into them ,they have been found all over north America ,and named for the new Mexico site where they have been first discovered in 1932
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: Even though Clovis points, spear points with longitudinal [#permalink] New post 06 Oct 2012, 07:44
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Even though Clovis points, spear points with longitudinal grooves chipped onto their faces, have been found all over North America, they are named for the New Mexico site where they were first discovered in 1932.

1. Even though Clovis points, spear points with longitudinal grooves chipped onto their faces, have been found all over North America,
- Colored one is the appositive describing the points
2. they are named for the New Mexico site
3. where they were first discovered in 1932.

Nothing wrong in A


(A) Even though Clovis points, spear points with longitudinal grooves chipped onto their faces,have been found all over North America, they are named for the New Mexico site where they were first discovered in 1932.

(B) Although named for the New Mexico site where first discovered in 1932, Clovis points are spear points of longitudinal grooves chipped onto their faces and have been found all over North America.-- Meaning changed contrast should be between where they have been found and for what they have been named.

(C) Named for the New Mexico site where they have been first discovered in 1932, Clovis points, spear points of longitudinal grooves chipped onto the faces, have been found all over North America.-- with time frame simple past should be used, no contradictory clauses

(D) Spear points with longitudinal grooves that are chipped onto the faces, Clovis points, even though named for the New Mexico site where first discovered in 1932, but were found all over North America.- no verbs for subject clovis ; use of even though , but in same sentence makes it wrong

(E) While Clovis points are spear points whose faces have longitudinal grooves chipped into them, they have been found all over North America, and named for the New Mexico site where they have been first discovered in 1932.- they named for-> wrong helping verb are , were required. also the meaning is changed

So ans :A
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Re: Even though Clovis points , spear points with longitudinal [#permalink] New post 19 Nov 2012, 13:13
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Hi there,

Even though Clovis points, spear points with longitudinal grooves chipped onto their faces, have been round all over north America ,they are named for the new Mexico site where whey were first discovered in 1932.

The contrast set by the original sentence is that Clovis Points have been found in all over the North America, but they are named for the New Mexico where they were first discovered in 1932. This contrast is correct.

So let’s proceed to the PoE now:

A. Even though Clovis points, spear points with longitudinal grooves chipped onto their faces, have been found all over North America, they are named for the New Mexico site where they were first discovered in 1932. Correct. No errors.

B. Although named for the New Mexico site where first discovered in 1932, Clovis points are spear points of longitudinal grooves chipped onto their faces and have been found all over North America. Incorrect.
Notice the contrast this choice presents. It says although CPs are named for New Mexico site where…, they are spear points. This is not the intended contrast. The contrast is between where they have been found and for what they have been named. This sentence presents the contrast that says they are named for NM site but they look like this.

C. Named for the New Mexico site where they have been first discovered in 1932, Clovis points, spear points of longitudinal grooves chipped onto the faces, have been found all over North America. Incorrect.

1. Use of present perfect tense “have been discovered” is incorrect to refer to an action that took place in 1932.

2. This sentence does not present any contrast.

D. Spear points with longitudinal grooves that are chipped onto the faces, Clovis points, even though named for the New Mexico site where first discovered in 1932, but were found all over North America.Incorrect.
1. There is only one verb for "Spear points…”. But still the choice is using “but”. This means there should be another verb here. Absence of this verb leads to fragment error.

E. While Clovis points are spear points whose faces have longitudinal grooves chipped into them, they have been found all over North America, and named for the New Mexico site where they have been first discovered in 1932. Incorrect.

1. Per this sentence, the contrast is that CPs are spear points but they have been found all over the North America and are named for the NM site. This certainly is not the intended contrast.

Take Away

1. Understand the context of the sentence very well. Carefully notice the contrasts or comparisons made.

2. Assess if those contrasts or comparisons are logical or not.

3. Once you get the intended logical meaning, do the POE to find out which answer choice conveys the intended meaning in the best way.

Hope this helps. :)
Thanks
Shraddha
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Even though Clovis points, spear points with longitudinal [#permalink] New post 06 Oct 2012, 06:58
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Even though Clovis points, spear points with longitudinal grooves chipped onto their faces, have been found all over North America, they are named for the New Mexico site where they were fi rst discovered in 1932.

(A) Even though Clovis points, spear points with longitudinal grooves chipped onto their faces,have been found all over North America, they are named for the New Mexico site where they were fi rst discovered in 1932.

(B) Although named for the New Mexico site where first discovered in 1932, Clovis points are spear points of longitudinal grooves chipped onto their faces and have been found all over North America.

(C) Named for the New Mexico site where they have been fi rst discovered in 1932, Clovis points, spear points of longitudinal grooves chipped onto the faces, have been found all over North America.

(D) Spear points with longitudinal grooves that are chipped onto the faces, Clovis points, even though named for the New Mexico site where fi rst discovered in 1932, but were found all over North America.

(E) While Clovis points are spear points whose faces have longitudinal grooves chipped into them, they have been found all over North America, and named for the New Mexico site where they have been first discovered in 1932.

OA later :) Thanks for discussion
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Last edited by carcass on 07 Oct 2012, 02:12, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Even though Clovis points, spear points with longitudinal [#permalink] New post 23 Nov 2012, 06:40
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vsprakash2003 wrote:
Hi Shraddha,
Can you explain what you mean by "1. There is only one verb for "Spear points…”. But still the choice is using “but”. This means there should be another verb here. Absence of this verb leads to fragment error." for option D?


Hi there,

Choice D reads:

Spear points with longitudinal grooves that are chipped onto the faces, Clovis points, even though named for the New Mexico site where first discovered in 1932, but were found all over North America.

Carefully note the structure of this sentence. The subject here is Spear points. The verb for this subject is “were found”. But this verb is preceded by “but”. This means we have a contrast here. For that, we need one more verb for the subject then only we can join another verb with the same subject by using “but”. For example:

The coffee smells sweet but tastes bitter.

Here, we have two verbs for subject “The coffee” – “smells” and “tastes”. Because we have two verbs for the same subject and we are presenting contrast here, we join the two verbs with “but”.

However, there is a verb missing for Spear points.

Spear points with longitudinal grooves that are chipped onto the faces, Clovis points, even though named for the New Mexico site where first discovered in 1932,but were found all over North America.

This is the structure of the independent clause. We have a verb missing here. This leads to fragment.












Hope this helps.
Thanks.
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Re: Even though Clovis points, spear points with longitudinal [#permalink] New post 01 Mar 2014, 22:53
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Option A.
All other options have clearly identifiable mistakes.
B reverses the intended meaning by reversing the irony.
C completely does away with the irony.
In D,'even though-but' is incorrect idiomatic usage.
In E,'while' doesn't present the intended meaning correctly.

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Re: Even though Clovis points, spear points with longitudinal [#permalink] New post 04 Jun 2014, 11:17
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russ9 wrote:
Hi Mike

Can you please explain why past perfect is incorrect in C? If they "have been discovered in 1932" -- doesn't that imply that they are still around after being discovered? Isn't that the purpose of "have been"?

Thanks!




Hi russ9,

You are absolutely correct in saying that the present perfect tense can be used for an event that was completed in the past and whose effect is still visible in the present. However that is not the case in the above question.
Let’s take a look at a few simple examples before we discuss the official question. Can you identify which of the following sentences are correct?

1. The invention of steam engine has made our lives easier.

2. The invention of steam engine made our lives easier.

3. The steam engine has been invented in the 18th century.

4. The steam engine was invented in the 18th century.



EXAMPLE 1 & 2

Both these sentences tell us about the effects of the invention of the steam engine. The invention happened at a certain point of time in the past that is not mentioned in the sentence. However the effects of the invention (making our lives easier) are visible in the present context. So, the correct way to represent this event is by using the present perfect tense. Hence, example 1 is correct.
The simple past tense ‘made’ represents that the invention made our lives easier at a certain point of time in the past.


EXAMPLE 3 & 4

Both these sentences tell us about an event (the invention of steam engine) that happened in the 18th century. Since it is clearly mentioned in the sentence when the event happened and the sentence does not talk about the effects of this event, the correct way to represent this event is by using the simple past tense. So, example 4 is correct.


OFFICIAL QUESTION

From the context of this question, it is clear that Clovis points were first discovered at a certain point of time in the past: i.e., in 1932. The first discovery itself does not extend into the present. So, the discovery of the Clovis points is an event that happened in 1932 and hence it should be represented using the simple past tense (were discovered).

Note that the use of the present perfect tense verb “have been found” is perfectly correct here. Since the action of finding the Clovis points is a continuous action that started in the past and has continued over the years, it is represented using the present perfect tense (have been found).


Hope this helps! :)

Regards,
Deepak
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Re: SC - Clovis [#permalink] New post 19 Oct 2006, 10:19
sangarelli wrote:
KC wrote:
Even though Clovis points, spear points with longitudinal grooves chipped onto their faces, have been round all over north America ,they are named for the new Mexico site where whey were first discovered in 1932

1) Even though Clovis points , spear points with longitudinal grooves chipped onto their faces, have been found all over north America, they are named for the new Mexico site where they were first discovered in 1932.-----Should be the Answer
2) Although named for the new Mexico site where fist discovered in 1932. Clovis points are spear points of longitudinal grooves chipped onto their faces and have been found all over north America .
3) Named for the new Mexico site where they have been first discovered in 1932. Clovis points, spear points of longitudinal grooves chipped onto the faces, have been found all over north America .
4) Spear points with longitudinal grooves that are chipped onto the faces ,Clovis points , even though named for the new Mexico site where first discovered in 1932, but were found all over north America .
5) While Clovis points are spear points whose faces have longitudinal grooves chipped into them ,they have been found all over north America ,and named for the new Mexico site where they have been first discovered in 1932



(A)


hello ..

in C , what is wrong with "have been first discovered" ... ?

please help
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 [#permalink] New post 19 Oct 2006, 19:57
OA is A =)
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Re: SC - Clovis [#permalink] New post 19 Oct 2006, 20:20
jerrywu wrote:
sangarelli wrote:
KC wrote:
Even though Clovis points, spear points with longitudinal grooves chipped onto their faces, have been round all over north America ,they are named for the new Mexico site where whey were first discovered in 1932


3) Named for the new Mexico site where they have been first discovered in 1932. Clovis points, spear points of longitudinal grooves chipped onto the faces, have been found all over north America .



(A)


hello ..

in C , what is wrong with "have been first discovered" ... ?

please help


I think the problem with C is with the first sentence itself.
Named for the new Mexico site where they have been first discovered in 1932.
It isn't a complete sentence, this is the so called fragment?
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Clovis points [#permalink] New post 28 Jun 2007, 06:36
Even though Clovis points , spear points with longitudinal grooves chipped onto their faces, have been found all over north America, they are named for the new Mexico site where they were first discovered in 1932.

● Even though Clovis points , spear points with longitudinal grooves chipped onto their faces, have been found all over north America, they are named for the new Mexico site where they were first discovered in 1932.

● Although named for the new Mexico site where fist discovered in 1932. Clovis points are spear points of longitudinal grooves chipped onto their faces and have been found all over north America .

● Named for the new Mexico site where they have been first discovered in 1932, Clovis points, spear points of longitudinal grooves chipped onto the faces, have been found all over north America .

● Spear points with longitudinal grooves that are chipped onto the faces ,Clovis points ,even though named for the new Mexico site where first discovered in 1932, but were found all over north America .

● While Clovis points are spear points whose faces have longitudinal grooves chipped into them ,they have been found all over north America ,and named for the new Mexico site where they have been first discovered in 1932
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 [#permalink] New post 28 Jun 2007, 06:46
A, or the first one, is correct.
The rest have tense problems and/or are awkward.
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Even though Clovis points, spear points with longitudinal [#permalink] New post 23 May 2010, 07:23
Even though Clovis points, spear points with
longitudinal grooves chipped onto their faces, have
been found all over North America, they are named for
the New Mexico site where they were fi rst discovered
in 1932.


(A) Even though Clovis points, spear points with
longitudinal grooves chipped onto their faces,
have been found all over North America, they
are named for the New Mexico site where they
were fi rst discovered in 1932.

(B) Although named for the New Mexico site where
fi rst discovered in 1932, Clovis points are spear
points of longitudinal grooves chipped onto their
faces and have been found all over North
America.

(C) Named for the New Mexico site where they have
been fi rst discovered in 1932, Clovis points,
spear points of longitudinal grooves chipped
onto the faces, have been found all over North
America.

(D) Spear points with longitudinal grooves that are
chipped onto the faces, Clovis points, even
though named for the New Mexico site where
fi rst discovered in 1932, but were found all over
North America.

(E) While Clovis points are spear points whose faces
have longitudinal grooves chipped into them,
they have been found all over North America,
and named for the New Mexico site where they
have been fi rst discovered in 1932.

Guyz i couldnt even make a guess about that question damnnn. Help me to understand it plz??
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Re: Sentence Correction.confusing (700+) [#permalink] New post 24 May 2010, 07:38
A)the intended contrast is pretty clear

b)use of AND in later part of s/c fades the contrast

c)the s/c has omited the contrast and has put the s/c in simple terms ;
and wrng tense------->have been found

d)were is plural

e) while is incorrect choice for creating contrast

A
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Re: Sentence Correction.confusing (700+) [#permalink] New post 25 May 2010, 03:49
The answer is A


C) cant be cuz of the tense-have been discovered in 1932-

d) Even tough and but is not right use so i eliminated it

e) have been discovered in 1932 so it is gone.

But I couldt find anything wrong in B. So there is anyone can explain to me that where is the problem on B?
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Re: SC - Clovis [#permalink] New post 28 Nov 2010, 03:36
Hello all,

Any one can tell why they used present tense here "...they are named for ...", i thought this must be "were named" since the naming action is described very clearly at the time "when were first discovered in 1932". I'm puzzled with such detail and cannot go with A.

Thanks.

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Even though Clovis points, spear points with longitudinal grooves chipped onto their faces, have been round all over north America ,they are named for the new Mexico site where whey were first discovered in 1932[/u]
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Re: SC - Clovis [#permalink] New post 07 Dec 2010, 08:34
Is there a clear referent for they in A?
1) Even though Clovis points , spear points with longitudinal grooves chipped onto their faces, have been found all over north America, they are named for the new Mexico site where they were first discovered in 1932.

Couldn't they be referring to faces instead of Clovis points? Please can someone explain?
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Even though Clovis points, spear points with longitudinal [#permalink] New post 08 Apr 2011, 16:39
Even though Clovis points, spear points with longitudinal grooves chipped onto their faces, have
been found all over North America, they are named for the New Mexico site where they were first discovered
in 1932.

(A) Even though Clovis points, spear points with longitudinal grooves chipped onto their faces, have been found all over North America, they are named for the New Mexico site where they were first discovered in 1932.

(8) Although named for the New Mexico site where first discovered in 1932, Clovis points are spear points of longitudinal grooves chipped onto their faces and have been found allover North America.

(C) Named for the New Mexico site where they have been first discovered in 1932, Clovis points, spear points of longitudinal grooves chipped onto the faces, have been found all over North America.

(D) Spear points with longitudinal grooves that are chipped onto the faces, Clovis points, even though named for the New Mexico site where first discovered in 1932, but were found all over North America.

(E) While Clovis points are spear points whose faces have longitudinal grooves chipped into them, they have been found all over North America, and named for the New Mexico site where they have been first discovered in 1932

OA is A. Why is there no pronoun ambiguity in "spear points with longitudinal grooves chipped onto their faces, " ????

Thanks Voodoo
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Re: SC pronoun ambiguity [#permalink] New post 09 Apr 2011, 10:47
Hey,
I hope i can help u...
1st of all, ambiguity is only a "style" mistake and therefor you wont always find a solution that fixes it.

2nd - every other answer is bad - and A is the only one without bigger mistakes so no real dilemma here,...
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Re: SC pronoun ambiguity [#permalink] New post 10 Apr 2011, 06:13
nope. i dont agree. OA never has mistakes. it has been clarified thousands of times by Ron..
Re: SC pronoun ambiguity   [#permalink] 10 Apr 2011, 06:13
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