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Even though it was not illegal for the bank to share its

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Even though it was not illegal for the bank to share its [#permalink] New post 31 Mar 2008, 15:03
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Even though it was not illegal for the bank to share its customers' personal and financial information with an outside marketing company in return for a commission on sales, the state's attorney general accused the bank of engaging in deceptive business practices by failing to honor its promise to its customers to keep records private.

a) by failing to honor its promise to its customers to keep

b) by its failure of honoring its promise to its customers to keep

c) in its failing to honor its promise to its customers of keeping

d) because of its failure in honoring its promise to its customers in keeping

e) because of its failure to honor its promise to its customers of keeping





In this problem, I chose D, but the OA is A. What is wrong with D and what makes option A the ideal answer? What is this question really testing?
I would really appreciate your input to this problem.
thanks
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by Zarrolou on 31 Jul 2013, 02:18, edited 1 time in total.
Added OA.
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Re: SC: Bank [#permalink] New post 31 Mar 2008, 18:19
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"To Keep" is correct usage rather than "of keeping" or "in keeping". Moreover A is concise and in active voice.

Choice D is in passive voice (another drawback).
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Re: SC: Bank [#permalink] New post 31 Mar 2008, 19:38
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tarek99 wrote:
Even though it was not illegal for the bank to share its customers' personal and financial information with an outside marketing company in return for a commission on sales, the state's attorney general accused the bank of engaging in deceptive business practices by failing to honor its promise to its customers to keep records private.

a) by failing to honor its promise to its customers to keep

b) by its failure of honoring its promise to its customers to keep

c) in its failing to honor its promise to its customers of keeping

d) because of its failure in honoring its promise to its customers in keeping

e) because of its failure to honor its promise to its customers of keeping





In this problem, I chose D, but the OA is A. What is wrong with D and what makes option A the ideal answer? What is this question really testing?
I would really appreciate your input to this problem.
thanks


'Promise to' is correct compared to promise in, of
and A is concise compared to B

So A
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Re: SC: Bank [#permalink] New post 31 Mar 2008, 19:45
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tarek99 wrote:
Even though it was not illegal for the bank to share its customers' personal and financial information with an outside marketing company in return for a commission on sales, the state's attorney general accused the bank of engaging in deceptive business practices by failing to honor its promise to its customers to keep records private.

a) by failing to honor its promise to its customers to keep
b) by its failure of honoring its promise to its customers to keep
c) in its failing to honor its promise to its customers of keeping
d) because of its failure in honoring its promise to its customers in keeping
e) because of its failure to honor its promise to its customers of keeping


A has no error as it is the most concise and succinct. "failure to" is also a correct idiom.


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Re: SC: Bank [#permalink] New post 31 Mar 2008, 20:18
In addition to above statements pertaining to the correct usage of infinitive "to keep" vs "keeping" (gerund), introduction of "because" changes the meaning. Try to read back the option D, it would mean "Because the bank failed to keep its promise, it is engaging in deceptive business practices". Using the expression "by failing to honour..." the phrase "deceptive business" is properly qualified.
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Re: SC: Bank [#permalink] New post 22 Jun 2010, 08:18
Lots of learnings for me. Thanks all of you.
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Re: SC: Bank [#permalink] New post 06 Jul 2010, 06:58
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yes indeed. sentence correction is like an ocean....the learning never ends.
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Re: SC: Bank [#permalink] New post 26 Jul 2010, 10:58
dushver wrote:
In addition to above statements pertaining to the correct usage of infinitive "to keep" vs "keeping" (gerund), introduction of "because" changes the meaning. Try to read back the option D, it would mean "Because the bank failed to keep its promise, it is engaging in deceptive business practices". Using the expression "by failing to honour..." the phrase "deceptive business" is properly qualified.


I dont see your point. It would actually be: "Because the bank failed..., the state's attorney general...", which is correct meaning.
Could anybody clarify?
Thanks.
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Re: SC: Bank [#permalink] New post 26 Jul 2010, 21:09
B, C, D and E - use three "its". The more pronoun the more complexity. If I have to tick on the answer blindly I will lift A.

engaging by failing ----> modifies bank and this is active voice. (usage of ing).

B, D and E passive. Plus pronoun misuse (three times its)
engaging in X by its failure
engaging in X because of its failure

Between A and C.
"engaging by failing" is better than "engaging in its failing". Since "engaging in its failing" changes the meaning of the sentence
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Re: SC: Bank [#permalink] New post 26 Jul 2010, 21:46
I agree with nusmavrik as in options C,D and E ,2nd and 3rd "its" clearly point to Bank so there's no need to add an extra "its"....
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Re: Even though it was not illegal for the bank to share its [#permalink] New post 31 Jul 2013, 02:14
Can someone provide a detailed explanation on this one. Thanks!
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Re: Even though it was not illegal for the bank to share its [#permalink] New post 31 Jul 2013, 02:45
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fozzzy wrote:
Can someone provide a detailed explanation on this one. Thanks!


Even though it was not illegal for the bank to share its customers' personal and financial information with an outside marketing company in return for a commission on sales, the state's attorney general accused the bank of engaging in deceptive business practices by failing to honor its promise to its customers to keep records private.

promise in / of keeping are just not idiomatic=> "promise to its customers to keep" is the correct version. This leaves us with A and B.

a) by failing to honor its promise to its customers to keep
b) by its failure of honoring its promise to its customers to keep

the state's attorney general accused the bank of engaging in deceptive business practices (how?) by + ing verb. A is correct.
If you want to say "how" a thing happened, in this case "how they did those practices" the construct in A is correct.
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Re: Even though it was not illegal for the bank to share its [#permalink] New post 31 Jul 2013, 03:10
tarek99 wrote:
Even though it was not illegal for the bank to share its customers' personal and financial information with an outside marketing company in return for a commission on sales, the state's attorney general accused the bank of engaging in deceptive business practices by failing to honor its promise to its customers to keep records private.

a) by failing to honor its promise to its customers to keep

b) by its failure of honoring its promise to its customers to keep

c) in its failing to honor its promise to its customers of keeping

d) because of its failure in honoring its promise to its customers in keeping

e) because of its failure to honor its promise to its customers of keeping



two idioms tested in this:

FAILIURE TO X....and PROMISE TO Y....

moreover you may notice that because of too many pronoun (ITS) and prepositional phrases..all other options are unnecessarily wordy.
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Re: Even though it was not illegal for the bank to share its   [#permalink] 31 Jul 2013, 03:10
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