Every passenger on a certain airplane is from either Japan : GMAT Data Sufficiency (DS)
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# Every passenger on a certain airplane is from either Japan

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Every passenger on a certain airplane is from either Japan [#permalink]

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15 Jul 2013, 07:49
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Every passenger on a certain airplane is from either Japan or Australia; no one is from both. Every passenger is reading either a novel or a biography; no one is reading both. If a passenger is to be selected at random, is the probability that the passenger is both from Japan and reading a novel greater than the probability that the passenger is both from Australia and reading a biography.

(1) The probability that a randomly selected passenger is either from Japan or reading a novel or both is 208/251 .

(2) The probability that a randomly selected passenger is either from Australia or reading a biography or both is 172/251
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Re: Every passenger on a certain airplane [#permalink]

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15 Jul 2013, 08:22
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vibhav wrote:
Every passenger on a certain airplane is from either Japan or Australia; no one is from both. Every passenger is reading either a novel or a biography; no one is reading both. If a passenger is to be selected at random, is the probability that the passenger is both from Japan and reading a novel greater than the probability that the passenger is both from Australia and reading a biography.

(1) The probability that a randomly selected passenger is either from Japan or reading a novel or both is 208/251 .

(2) The probability that a randomly selected passenger is either from Australia or reading a biography or both is 172/251

Hi,
lets take total passenger be 251

we have deter mine whether is the probability that the passenger is both from Japan and reading a novel greater than the probability that the passenger is both from Australia and reading a biography.
or in short
whether Jn>Ab
Jb+Jn+Ab+An=total=251
statement 1:
Japan or reading novel or both = all japanese and all who read novel= Jn+Jb+An=208.....(as probabity is 208/251)
this gives Ab=251-208=43....BUT WE CANNOT DETERMINE what is the share of Jn in 208
hence insufficient

statement 2:
Australia or reading a biography or both= all australians and all who read biography=Ab+An+Jb=172...(as probability is 172/251)
same as statement 1 this is insuffficient as we will be unable to take out Ab
hence insufficient

now subtract those two equations..
you will get Jn+Jb+An-Ab-An-Jb=208-172=36
or Jn-Ab=36
clearly Jn>Ab...hence probability of Jn will be more..
hence sufficient..

hope it helps
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02 Dec 2013, 13:27
Qs:

Every passenger on a certain airplane is from either Japan or Australia; no one is from both. Every passenger is reading either a novel or a biography; no one is reading both. If a passenger is to be selected at random, is the probability that the passenger is both from Japan and reading a novel greater than the probability that the passenger is both from Australia and reading a biography.

(1) The probability that a randomly selected passenger is either from Japan or reading a novel or both is .

(2) The probability that a randomly selected passenger is either from Australia or reading a biography or both is .

a!Statement (1) ALONE is sufficient, but statement (2) ALONE is not sufficient.

b!Statement (2) ALONE is sufficient, but statement (1) ALONE is not sufficient.

c!BOTH statements TOGETHER are sufficient, but NEITHER statement ALONE is sufficient.

d!EACH statement ALONE is sufficient.

e!Statements (1) and (2) TOGETHER are NOT sufficient.
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02 Dec 2013, 20:35
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garry_arora2000 wrote:
Qs:

Every passenger on a certain airplane is from either Japan or Australia; no one is from both. Every passenger is reading either a novel or a biography; no one is reading both. If a passenger is to be selected at random, is the probability that the passenger is both from Japan and reading a novel greater than the probability that the passenger is both from Australia and reading a biography.

(1) The probability that a randomly selected passenger is either from Japan or reading a novel or both is .

(2) The probability that a randomly selected passenger is either from Australia or reading a biography or both is .

You needn't give the standard 5 options for DS questions. They are the same for every question and people know them.

Make a table:

....................Japan...........Australia
Novel.............JN....................AN
Biography.......JB.....................AB

We need to know whether JN is greater than AB. JN represents number of people from Japan and reading a novel. AB represents number of people from Australia and reading a Biography and so on.
JN + AN + JB + AB = total number of people

(1) The probability that a randomly selected passenger is either from Japan or reading a novel or both is 208/251.

....................Japan...........Australia
Novel.............JN.....................AN
Biography......JB.....................AB

JN + AN + JB represent the passengers who are either from Japan or reading a novel or both. They sum up to 208 if total number of passengers is 251. This means AB = 251 - 208 = 43. But we don't know the value of JN so we cannot compare JN with AB.

(2) The probability that a randomly selected passenger is either from Australia or reading a biography or both is 172/251.
....................Japan...........Australia
Novel.............JN.....................AN
Biography......JB......................AB

AN + AB + JB = 172
So JN = 251 - 172 = 79
We don't AB so statement 2 alone is not sufficient to answer.

Using both statements we know AB = 43 and JN = 79 so JN is greater. Sufficient.
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Get started with Veritas Prep GMAT On Demand for $199 Veritas Prep Reviews Math Expert Joined: 02 Sep 2009 Posts: 35932 Followers: 6858 Kudos [?]: 90082 [0], given: 10413 Re: Probability [#permalink] ### Show Tags 03 Dec 2013, 00:42 garry_arora2000 wrote: Qs: Every passenger on a certain airplane is from either Japan or Australia; no one is from both. Every passenger is reading either a novel or a biography; no one is reading both. If a passenger is to be selected at random, is the probability that the passenger is both from Japan and reading a novel greater than the probability that the passenger is both from Australia and reading a biography. (1) The probability that a randomly selected passenger is either from Japan or reading a novel or both is . (2) The probability that a randomly selected passenger is either from Australia or reading a biography or both is . a!Statement (1) ALONE is sufficient, but statement (2) ALONE is not sufficient. b!Statement (2) ALONE is sufficient, but statement (1) ALONE is not sufficient. c!BOTH statements TOGETHER are sufficient, but NEITHER statement ALONE is sufficient. d!EACH statement ALONE is sufficient. e!Statements (1) and (2) TOGETHER are NOT sufficient. Merging similar topics. Please read carefully and follow: rules-for-posting-please-read-this-before-posting-133935.html Pay attention to the rules 1, 3, 7 and 10. Thank you. _________________ Manager Joined: 15 Aug 2013 Posts: 59 Followers: 1 Kudos [?]: 4 [0], given: 7 Re: Every passenger on a certain airplane is from either Japan [#permalink] ### Show Tags 03 Dec 2013, 11:44 Hello all, I am extremely sorry if this is not the correct place to ask but I could not find any other suitable section, so I am asking my query here. Can someone(quant experts) please help me on probability - concepts and questions. I am quite good in other areas including permutation and combination. My weaknes in probability is I do not know the resources to refer to improve my understanding and solve tough intermediate and tough problems. Please guide since probability questions are most likely to come as the score increases. Thanks.!! Math Expert Joined: 02 Sep 2009 Posts: 35932 Followers: 6858 Kudos [?]: 90082 [0], given: 10413 Re: Every passenger on a certain airplane is from either Japan [#permalink] ### Show Tags 04 Dec 2013, 01:31 zerosleep wrote: Hello all, I am extremely sorry if this is not the correct place to ask but I could not find any other suitable section, so I am asking my query here. Can someone(quant experts) please help me on probability - concepts and questions. I am quite good in other areas including permutation and combination. My weaknes in probability is I do not know the resources to refer to improve my understanding and solve tough intermediate and tough problems. Please guide since probability questions are most likely to come as the score increases. Thanks.!! Theory on Combinations: math-combinatorics-87345.html DS questions on Combinations: search.php?search_id=tag&tag_id=31 PS questions on Combinations: search.php?search_id=tag&tag_id=52 Tough and tricky questions on Combinations: hardest-area-questions-probability-and-combinations-101361.html Theory on probability problems: math-probability-87244.html All DS probability problems to practice: search.php?search_id=tag&tag_id=33 All PS probability problems to practice: search.php?search_id=tag&tag_id=54 Tough probability questions: hardest-area-questions-probability-and-combinations-101361.html Hope it helps. _________________ Intern Joined: 16 Feb 2014 Posts: 3 Location: India Concentration: Technology, Marketing GMAT 1: 630 Q46 V30 WE: Engineering (Computer Software) Followers: 0 Kudos [?]: 0 [0], given: 8 Re: Every passenger on a certain airplane is from either Japan [#permalink] ### Show Tags 16 Nov 2014, 05:34 VeritasPrepKarishma wrote: garry_arora2000 wrote: Qs: Every passenger on a certain airplane is from either Japan or Australia; no one is from both. Every passenger is reading either a novel or a biography; no one is reading both. If a passenger is to be selected at random, is the probability that the passenger is both from Japan and reading a novel greater than the probability that the passenger is both from Australia and reading a biography. (1) The probability that a randomly selected passenger is either from Japan or reading a novel or both is . (2) The probability that a randomly selected passenger is either from Australia or reading a biography or both is . You needn't give the standard 5 options for DS questions. They are the same for every question and people know them. Make a table: ....................Japan...........Australia Novel.............JN....................AN Biography.......JB.....................AB We need to know whether JN is greater than AB. JN represents number of people from Japan and reading a novel. AB represents number of people from Australia and reading a Biography and so on. JN + AN + JB + AB = total number of people (1) The probability that a randomly selected passenger is either from Japan or reading a novel or both is 208/251. ....................Japan...........Australia Novel.............JN.....................AN Biography......JB.....................AB JN + AN + JB represent the passengers who are either from Japan or reading a novel or both. They sum up to 208 if total number of passengers is 251. This means AB = 251 - 208 = 43. But we don't know the value of JN so we cannot compare JN with AB. (2) The probability that a randomly selected passenger is either from Australia or reading a biography or both is 172/251. ....................Japan...........Australia Novel.............JN.....................AN Biography......JB......................AB AN + AB + JB = 172 So JN = 251 - 172 = 79 We don't AB so statement 2 alone is not sufficient to answer. Using both statements we know AB = 43 and JN = 79 so JN is greater. Sufficient. Answer (C) i do not understand why you say "JN + AN + JB represent the passengers who are either from Japan or reading a novel or both" . Shouldn't it be (JN+JB) + (JN+AN) + (JN) , which makes it 3JN+AN+JB. Please help! Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor Joined: 16 Oct 2010 Posts: 7076 Location: Pune, India Followers: 2088 Kudos [?]: 13300 [1] , given: 222 Re: Every passenger on a certain airplane is from either Japan [#permalink] ### Show Tags 16 Nov 2014, 21:47 1 This post received KUDOS Expert's post GIGMAT wrote: VeritasPrepKarishma wrote: garry_arora2000 wrote: Qs: Every passenger on a certain airplane is from either Japan or Australia; no one is from both. Every passenger is reading either a novel or a biography; no one is reading both. If a passenger is to be selected at random, is the probability that the passenger is both from Japan and reading a novel greater than the probability that the passenger is both from Australia and reading a biography. (1) The probability that a randomly selected passenger is either from Japan or reading a novel or both is . (2) The probability that a randomly selected passenger is either from Australia or reading a biography or both is . You needn't give the standard 5 options for DS questions. They are the same for every question and people know them. Make a table: ....................Japan...........Australia Novel.............JN....................AN Biography.......JB.....................AB We need to know whether JN is greater than AB. JN represents number of people from Japan and reading a novel. AB represents number of people from Australia and reading a Biography and so on. JN + AN + JB + AB = total number of people (1) The probability that a randomly selected passenger is either from Japan or reading a novel or both is 208/251. ....................Japan...........Australia Novel.............JN.....................AN Biography......JB.....................AB JN + AN + JB represent the passengers who are either from Japan or reading a novel or both. They sum up to 208 if total number of passengers is 251. This means AB = 251 - 208 = 43. But we don't know the value of JN so we cannot compare JN with AB. (2) The probability that a randomly selected passenger is either from Australia or reading a biography or both is 172/251. ....................Japan...........Australia Novel.............JN.....................AN Biography......JB......................AB AN + AB + JB = 172 So JN = 251 - 172 = 79 We don't AB so statement 2 alone is not sufficient to answer. Using both statements we know AB = 43 and JN = 79 so JN is greater. Sufficient. Answer (C) i do not understand why you say "JN + AN + JB represent the passengers who are either from Japan or reading a novel or both" . Shouldn't it be (JN+JB) + (JN+AN) + (JN) , which makes it 3JN+AN+JB. Please help! You are counting instances, not people. We need the number of people instead. JN is the number of people who are Japanese and reading novels. JB is the number of people who are Japanese and reading biographies. Total JN and JB account for all Japanese. AN is the number of Aussies reading novels. AB is the number of Aussies who are reading biographies. AN + AB account for all Aussies. JN+JB+AN+AB account for all people in the plane. Number of people who are either from Japan or reading a novel or both includes all people on the plane except Aussies who are reading biographies. So JN+JB+AN represents the number of people who are either Japanese or reading a novel or both. You have double/triple counted the people. _________________ Karishma Veritas Prep | GMAT Instructor My Blog Get started with Veritas Prep GMAT On Demand for$199

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Re: Every passenger on a certain airplane is from either Japan [#permalink]

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24 May 2016, 09:22
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