Excavation of the ancient city of Kourion on the island of : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
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# Excavation of the ancient city of Kourion on the island of

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Excavation of the ancient city of Kourion on the island of [#permalink]

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14 Jun 2009, 19:23
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Excavation of the ancient city of Kourion on the island of Cyprus revealed a pattern of debris and collapsed buildings typical of towns devestated by earthquakes. Archaeologists have hypothesized that the destruction was due to a major earthquake known to have occured near the island in A.D. 365.

Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the archaeologists' hypothesis?

(A) Bronze ceremonial drinking vessals that are often found in graves dating from years preceding and following A.D. 365 were also found in several graves near Kourion.
(B) No coins minted after A.D. 365 were foundin Kourion, but coins minted before that year were found in abundance
(C) Most modern histories of Cyprus mention that an earthquake occured near the island in A.D. 365.
(D) Several small statues carved in styles current in Cyprus in the century between A.D. 300 and 400 were found in Kourion.
(E) Stone inscriptions in a form of the Greek alphabet that was definitely used in Cyrpus after A.D. 365 were found in Kourion.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: critical reasoning problem: earthquakes [#permalink]

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18 Jun 2009, 09:44
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I guess B would be the right option.

A. Bronze ceremonial drinking vassals that are often found in graves dating from years preceding and following A.D. 365 were also found in several graves near Kourion. We are talking about Kourion 'near' will not help.
B. No coins minted after A.D. 365 were found in Kourion, but coins minted before that year were found in abundance.
C. Most modern histories of Cyprus mention that an earthquake occurred near the island in A.D. 365. Earthquake can occur but that destroyed the city is not indicated.
D. Several small statues carved in styles current in Cyprus in the century between A.D. 300 and 400 were found in Kourion. does not help
E. Stone inscriptions in a form of the Greek alphabet that was definitely used in Cyrpus after A.D. 365 were found in Kourion. Information not required.
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Re: critical reasoning problem: earthquakes [#permalink]

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12 May 2010, 05:26
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scorpio7 wrote:
Excavation of the ancient city of Kourion on the island of Cyprus revealed a pattern of debris and collapsed buildings typical of towns devestated by earthquakes. Archaeologists have hypothesized that the destruction was due to a major earthquake known to have occured near the island in A.D. 365.

Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the archaeologists' hypothesis?

(A) Bronze ceremonial drinking vessals that are often found in graves dating from years preceding and following A.D. 365 were also found in several graves near Kourion. - The word following implies quake can also have happened in 366 or 367
(B) No coins minted after A.D. 365 were foundin Kourion, but coins minted before that year were found in abundance
(C) Most modern histories of Cyprus mention that an earthquake occured near the island in A.D. 365. - Nearby earthquake has no significance - Earthquake in India did not cause one in pakistan
(D) Several small statues carved in styles current in Cyprus in the century between A.D. 300 and 400 were found in Kourion. - same as A
(E) Stone inscriptions in a form of the Greek alphabet that was definitely used in Cyrpus after A.D. 365 were found in Kourion.- weakens the argument

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Re: Excavation of the ancient city of Kourion on the island of [#permalink]

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23 May 2013, 19:17
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(A) Bronze ceremonial drinking vessals that are often found in graves dating from years preceding and following A.D. 365 were also found in several graves near Kourion.---Irrelevant
(B) No coins minted after A.D. 365 were foundin Kourion, but coins minted before that year were found in abundance----shows that the coins something happened in AD 365 that stopped the normal coin production
(C) Most modern histories of Cyprus mention that an earthquake occured near the island in A.D. 365.--------Modern history is out of scope
(D) Several small statues carved in styles current in Cyprus in the century between A.D. 300 and 400 were found in Kourion.----------Irrelevant
(E) Stone inscriptions in a form of the Greek alphabet that was definitely used in Cyrpus after A.D. 365 were found in Kourion. ---------Doesn't make the argument strong
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Re: critical reasoning problem: earthquakes [#permalink]

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07 Jan 2011, 01:10
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the matter here is why C is wrong

I think C is wrong because C RESTATES EVIDENCE. Restate or contradict evidence is alway wrong in A, W, S questions. Restate evidence can be correct in Inference questions.

In OG book, I do not see this kind of trick-restate or contradict evidence.

the answer choice which RESTATE EVIDENCE is very attractive in Assumption and Strenthen questions. The answer choice which CONTRADICT EVIDENCE is very attractive in Weaken questions. We only realize this trick wrong answer choice when we see the correct choice beside. When we see 2 answer choice are attractive, think about this trick to be the winner

there are 2 tricks I see on gmatprep questions, 1- affecting conclusion outside context of evidence, 2- offer scenario which strenthen or weaken but do not offer action which strenthen, weaken. though it is easy for us to understand the explanation, we get the question right hard.

we have to master this trick by creating an arguement, creating the answer choices.

hi, friends, please, give your idea on this. and remember, pracite on formal questions like this.
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Re: critical reasoning problem: earthquakes [#permalink]

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16 Jun 2009, 20:37
IMO B
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Re: critical reasoning problem: earthquakes [#permalink]

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16 Jun 2009, 23:33
Moved to the CR forum.

Scorpio - let me know if this is not the right location of this question.

Thanks
BB.
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Re: critical reasoning problem: earthquakes [#permalink]

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18 Jun 2009, 07:08
I'll go with "B" also as it further proves the hypothesis that it occurred in AD 365. If there are no coins past this point= Earthquake occurred.

Last edited by anish319 on 18 Jun 2009, 09:40, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: critical reasoning problem: earthquakes [#permalink]

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18 Jun 2009, 08:57
B is the only choice that is correctly showing that nothing happened after 365 AD.
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Re: critical reasoning problem: earthquakes [#permalink]

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21 Jun 2009, 12:06
Its clear B...One of the official guide questions...
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Re: critical reasoning problem: earthquakes [#permalink]

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21 Jun 2009, 12:12
Unquestionably B
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Re: critical reasoning problem: earthquakes [#permalink]

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22 Jun 2009, 11:07
Except B and E, all other options are either talking abt "Near to Kourion" or before or after 365 but not 365 AD. So A, C and D can't be the answer.
E is totally irrelevant and B is the one which can prove that there was something before 365 which becameinactive after 365.

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Re: critical reasoning problem: earthquakes [#permalink]

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23 Jun 2009, 06:57
B. This question is in the OG.
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Re: critical reasoning problem: earthquakes [#permalink]

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10 May 2010, 05:10
This is a repost. This question was given a few weeks back
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Re: critical reasoning problem: earthquakes [#permalink]

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10 May 2010, 10:30
B It is .
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Re: critical reasoning problem: earthquakes [#permalink]

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10 May 2010, 22:07
I will go with option B
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Re: critical reasoning problem: earthquakes [#permalink]

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11 May 2010, 00:35
Archaeologists have hypothesized that the destruction was due to a major earthquake known to have occured near the island in A.D. 365.

The answer choice has to support the hypothesis "City destroyed by Earthquake".

Choice B states
No coins minted after A.D. 365 were foundin Kourion, but coins minted before that year were found in abundance
B informs that the city was destroyed in A.D. 365, but does not confirm how the city was destroyed.

According to me 'C' should be the answer. Because archaeologists were excavating a land which showed clear indications of a city destroyed by an earthquake.
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Re: critical reasoning problem: earthquakes [#permalink]

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11 May 2010, 04:31
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Re: critical reasoning problem: earthquakes [#permalink]

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11 May 2010, 11:54
@aielman

Option C says that an earthquake had occurred around AD365 but nowhere does it indicate that the earthquake was big enough to have destroyed the entire city.

B seems to be the correct answer.
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Re: critical reasoning problem: earthquakes [#permalink]

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11 May 2010, 18:49
C is the only answer that strengthens the CONCLUSION
Re: critical reasoning problem: earthquakes   [#permalink] 11 May 2010, 18:49

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