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Excavations in the summer of 2008 at the sites of Hohle Fels

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Excavations in the summer of 2008 at the sites of Hohle Fels [#permalink] New post 02 Nov 2012, 22:10
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A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  55% (hard)

Question Stats:

59% (02:49) correct 41% (01:37) wrong based on 179 sessions
Excavations in the summer of 2008 at the sites of Hohle Fels and Vogelherd revealed nearly a complete paleolithic ivory bone flute. This flute is by far the most complete of all of the musical instruments thus far recovered from the caves of Swabia. These finds demonstrate the presence of a well-established musical tradition at the time when modern humans colonized Europe, more than 35,000 calendar years ago.

Because the discovered ivory bone flute has 5 holes in it, enough to play 5 notes from the 7-note diatonic scale, musicologists believe that the diatonic musical scale was developed and used thousands of years before it became popular during the Renaissance period in Western Europe.

Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the hypothesis?

(A)

Bone flutes were probably the only musical instrument made by Swabian cavemen.

(B)

The mammoth tusk bone used to make the Swabian flute would have been long enough to make a flute capable of playing a complete diatonic scale.

(C)

No musical instrument that is known to have used a diatonic scale is of an earlier date than the flute found in the Swabian cave.

(D)

Flutes are the simplest wind instrument that can be constructed to allow playing a diatonic scale.

(E)

The flute was made from a mammoth bone and the site at which the flute fragment was excavated was in a cave that also contained skeletal remains of wooly mammoths.

--------------
Your thoughts please on this question.
Thanks.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: Excavations in the summer of 2008 at the sites of Hohle [#permalink] New post 03 Nov 2012, 10:47
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B


In summary:
Flute found in a really old site from 35K ago. It had 5 holes in it. To play the the diatonic scale you need at least five holes. So, diatonic scale is 35K old.

Problem:
The conclusion lacks enough support/evidence.

A- Wrong. Knowing that flutes are the only instrument made by S is good but does not help the conclusion. It is doubtful to conclude that because they only made flutes, the flute found was not placed on site by other peoples of more recent generations who also made flutes. Basically we can't infer that the flute found was made by S people.
B-YES. For a couple of reasons: 1) removes the doubt I mentioned in A 2) Apparently, simply having 5 holes does not necessarily mean that the instrument is capable of playing the diatonic scale. This evidence check marks this requirement.
C-Wrong. Same reason as in A. Finding the instrument at a place of known time is no guarantee for the origin of that instrument.
D-Wrong. We don't care if it is the simplest. We care about the originating time of the diatonic scale.
E-Wrong. This only gives supporting information that in fact the flute was made out of mammoth bone. It does not help the conclusion of finding the age of diatonic scale.
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Re: Excavations in the summer of 2008 at the sites of Hohle Fels [#permalink] New post 25 Nov 2013, 07:18
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Re: Excavations in the summer of 2008 at the sites of Hohle Fels   [#permalink] 25 Nov 2013, 07:18
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