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# Executives and federal officials say that the use of crack

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Executives and federal officials say that the use of crack [#permalink]  17 Aug 2009, 13:25
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44% (02:13) correct 55% (01:15) wrong based on 3 sessions
Executives and federal officials say that the use of crack and cocaine is growing rapidly among workers, significantly compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, which already are a cost to business of more than \$100 billion a year.

(A) significantly compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, which already are a cost to business of
(B) significantly compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, which already cost business
(C) significantly compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, already with business costs of
(D) significant in compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, and already costing business
(E) significant in compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, and already costs business
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Re: crack and cocaine [#permalink]  17 Aug 2009, 13:42

According to Manhattan Gmat Sc VAN pattern Adverb is preferred here, thats why Significantly is correct. So D/E is out of the equation.
I thought A and C are redundant so I guess it is B
Please correct me If I am wrong
Thank you
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Re: crack and cocaine [#permalink]  17 Aug 2009, 13:50
IMO B.

significantly compounding is better than significant in compounding.
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Re: crack and cocaine [#permalink]  17 Aug 2009, 13:52
skg wrote:

According to Manhattan Gmat Sc VAN pattern Adverb is preferred here, thats why Significantly is correct. So D/E is out of the equation.
I thought A and C are redundant so I guess it is B
Please correct me If I am wrong
Thank you

skg, What is "VAN pattern Adverb"?
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Re: crack and cocaine [#permalink]  17 Aug 2009, 14:00
skg wrote:

According to Manhattan Gmat Sc VAN pattern Adverb is preferred here, thats why Significantly is correct. So D/E is out of the equation.
I thought A and C are redundant so I guess it is B
Please correct me If I am wrong
Thank you

Fantastic VAN application.

OA is B.
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Re: crack and cocaine [#permalink]  17 Aug 2009, 14:03
There is a topic in Manhattan Gmat SC
First chapter: grammer, meaning and concision.
How to rank parts of speech. There are 6 patterns.
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Re: crack and cocaine [#permalink]  17 Aug 2009, 14:15
skg wrote:
There is a topic in Manhattan Gmat SC
First chapter: grammer, meaning and concision.
How to rank parts of speech. There are 6 patterns.

I have Manhattan SC 3rd version. I don't remember anything like 6 patterns mentioned in that. Which version of Manhattan GMAT SC book do you use?
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Re: crack and cocaine [#permalink]  19 Aug 2009, 04:02
Imo B significant is used wrongly in D and E .
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Re: crack and cocaine [#permalink]  01 Sep 2011, 10:50
Quote:
Executives and federal officials say that the use of crack and cocaine is growing rapidly among workers, significantly compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, which already are a cost to business of more than \$100 billion a year.

(A) significantly compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, which already are a cost to business of
(B) significantly compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, which already cost business
(C) significantly compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, already with business costs of
(D) significant in compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, and already costing business
(E) significant in compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, and already costs business

'Significantly' vs 'significant' ---> 'significantly' is correct. Eliminates D and E.
A is incorrect because it leaves us confused as to which holds a value of 'more than \$100 billion a year' - is it the business? or is it the compounding costs of substance abuse?
C is incorrect as well because it changes the meaning of the statement.
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Re: Executives and federal officials say that the use of crack [#permalink]  01 Sep 2012, 03:11
Here is what I think:
Executives and federal officials say that the use of crack and cocaine is growing rapidly among workers, significantly compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, which already are a cost to business of more than \$100 billion a year.

(A) significantly compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, which already are a cost to business of
(B) significantly compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, which already cost business
Correct. Corrects the error pointed out in option A. More concise.
(C) significantly compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, already with business costs of
In addition to points discussed for option "A". The verb "cost" is now used as a noun "costs. Here "already" (adverb) modifies "business costs", which is a noun
(D) significant in compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, and already costing business
Significant here modifies "workers" As if the the workers play a significant role in compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse. "... and already costing business" This clause makes the sentence looks like ==> Executives and federal officials say that the use of crack and cocaine is growing rapidly among workers, (Worker Modifier) non-essential clause, and already costing business. It seems that the executives and federal officials are talking about two problems 1) The use of crack and cocaine... and 2) Saying that the use is costing business. This would have been right if the two clauses were parallel with the use of "that" => and that the use is already costing business more than \$100 billion a year.
(E) significant in compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, and already costs business
As explained in D. Also, the effects would have a plural verb "cost" and not the singular verb "costs"

Please correct me if I'm wrong.
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Re: Executives and federal officials say that the use of crack   [#permalink] 01 Sep 2012, 03:11
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# Executives and federal officials say that the use of crack

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