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Executives and federal officials say that the use of crack a

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Executives and federal officials say that the use of crack a [#permalink] New post 16 Oct 2009, 03:55
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Executives and federal officials say that the use of crack and cocaine is growing rapidly among workers, significantly compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, which already are a cost to business of more than $100 billion a year.

(A) significantly compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, which already are a cost to business of
(B) significantly compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, which already cost business
(C) significantly compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, already with business costs of
(D) significant in compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, and already costing business
(E) significant in compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, and already costs business

Hi everyone.
I was working the 1000 sc through and found unclear for me question. Can u help me please. What is the subject for the second sentence? (which cost business....)



I think it is a USE ...
however in B (the right answer the subject is plural, COST)

Tnank you for any help.

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Re: 1000 sc - 289 [#permalink] New post 16 Oct 2009, 05:25
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Ayrish wrote:
Hi everyone.
I was working the 1000 sc through and found unclear for me question. Can u help me please. What is the subject for the second sentence? (which cost business....)


289. Executives and federal officials say that the use of crack and cocaine is growing rapidly among workers, significantly compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, which already are a cost to business of more than $100 billion a year.

(A) significantly compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, which already are a cost to business of
(B) significantly compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, which already cost business
(C) significantly compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, already with business costs of
(D) significant in compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, and already costing business
(E) significant in compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, and already costs business

I think it is a USE ...
however in B (the right answer the subject is plural, COST)

Tnank you for any help.


You need an adverbial modifier (significantly compounding) so cancel out choices D and E.
"which" is refering to plural subject - the effects of drug and alcohol abuse
In A: a cost to business of is weird and unidiomatic.
C again has a modifier issues.
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Re: 1000 sc - 289 [#permalink] New post 30 Jan 2010, 05:01
Ayrish wrote:
Hi everyone.
I was working the 1000 sc through and found unclear for me question. Can u help me please. What is the subject for the second sentence? (which cost business....)


289. Executives and federal officials say that the use of crack and cocaine is growing rapidly among workers, significantly compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, which already are a cost to business of more than $100 billion a year.

(A) significantly compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, which already are a cost to business of
(B) significantly compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, which already cost business
(C) significantly compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, already with business costs of
(D) significant in compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, and already costing business
(E) significant in compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, and already costs business

I think it is a USE ...
however in B (the right answer the subject is plural, COST)

Tnank you for any help.


B is correct....

Explanation:
D and E are out as you need an adverb for sure....
you need 'which' as the second clause is modify the first clause..... hence C is out..

between A and B.. cost would be preferred as a verb than a noun (currently in A)

Also as asked by you the subject of the clause is 'the effects of drug and alcohol abuse' which is plural... and hence cost is perfect....
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Re: 1000 sc - 289 [#permalink] New post 25 Mar 2011, 02:27
B, this one should have the word businesses in it, shouldn't it?
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Re: 1000 sc - 289 [#permalink] New post 25 Mar 2011, 09:41
+1 B

However, I think that the verb "cost" should be "costS" because it refers to abuse. "Which" refers to the noun which is next to it.
Or could it refer to a noun phrase ("the effects of drug and alcohol abuse")?

Thanks!
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Re: 1000 sc - 289 [#permalink] New post 22 Apr 2011, 22:46
which is referring effects (plural) not only abuse.
hence,Cost will be plural
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Re: 1000 sc - 289 [#permalink] New post 19 Nov 2012, 06:47
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Would you please someone explain the reference of "which" in this question?
According to Manhattan SC book,page 91, I though "which" always refers to the noun immediately preceding it. So here "which" should refer to abuse.
Can someone tell me what I'm missing here?

Thank you:)
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Re: 1000 sc - 289 [#permalink] New post 19 Nov 2012, 13:03
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misan wrote:
Would you please someone explain the reference of "which" in this question?
According to Manhattan SC book,page 91, I though "which" always refers to the noun immediately preceding it. So here "which" should refer to abuse.
Can someone tell me what I'm missing here?

Thank you:)


Hi there,

The correct answer for this question is B. Let's see the senetnce with the correct answer choice now:

Executives and federal officials say that the use of crack and cocaine is growing rapidly among workers, significantly compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, which already cost business more than $100 billion a year.

"which" is a relative pronoun that must refer to a preceding noun entity. This entity can be a single word noun entity or a noun phrase. In this case, "which" modifies the preceding noun entity "the effects of drug and alcohol abuse", a noun phrase. Since "the effects" is the head of this noun phrase, "which" stands for that plural enity and hence takes plural verb "cost".

So Noun Modifiers can refer to a slightly far away noun as we saw in this sentence. To read more on this topic, click on the following link:
noun-modifiers-can-modify-slightly-far-away-noun-135868.html

Hope this helps. :)
Thanks.
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Re: Executives and federal officials say that the use of crack a [#permalink] New post 14 Apr 2013, 22:04
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Executives and federal officials say that the use of crack and cocaine is growing rapidly among workers, significantly compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, which already are a cost to business of more than $100 billion a year.

(A) significantly compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, which already are a cost to business of >>> Wrong. Too wordy
(B) significantly compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, which already cost business >>> Correct. Concise. "The effects" is plural + "cost" --> Correct
(C) significantly compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, already with business costs of >>> Wrong. the use of "with" is unclear.
(D) significant in compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, and already costing business >>> Wrong. parallel structure is wrong.
(E) significant in compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, and already costs business >>> Wrong . parallel structure is wrong.

So, B is the best.
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Re: Executives and federal officials say that the use of crack a [#permalink] New post 06 Nov 2013, 20:54
Hello:


Any help would be appreciated!

119. Executives and federal officials say that the use of crack and cocaine is growing rapidly
among workers, significantly compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, which already are a cost
to business of
more than $100 billion a year.

(A) significantly compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, which already are a cost to business
of
(B) significantly compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, which already cost business
(C) significantly compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, already with business costs of
(D) significant in compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, and already costing business
(E) significant in compounding the effects of drug and alcohol abuse, and already costs business

OA B. Narrowed to B,C,E.

My questions on the OA
What s which referring to? I know that there is "middlemen" in there "of drug and alcohol abuse"
but it shouldn't be effects of "abusing of something".
I picked up C because i was trying to avoid "the which" modifier part, but already kind of intuited that already couldn't modify the whole sentence...

Thanks in advance
Re: Executives and federal officials say that the use of crack a   [#permalink] 06 Nov 2013, 20:54
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