Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR) - Page 3
Check GMAT Club Decision Tracker for the Latest School Decision Releases http://gmatclub.com/AppTrack

 It is currently 18 Jan 2017, 18:53

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

MBA Section Director
Status: On vacation...
Affiliations: GMAT Club
Joined: 21 Feb 2012
Posts: 3943
Location: India
City: Pune
GMAT 1: 680 Q49 V34
GPA: 3.4
Followers: 392

Kudos [?]: 2878 [0], given: 2159

Re: Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably [#permalink]

### Show Tags

25 Jan 2013, 23:45
Expert's post
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED

A) Not Relevant

B) Demand will be increased if the price falls and it is usable for the japanese …. Manufacturers. Correct.

C) This choice attributes the quality of wood pulp to the demand generated for it. However it is difficult to find support for this from the passage. So incorrect

D) Incorrect. When the demand doesn't increase if it remained same then the conclusion might hold true but if it drcreased then conclusion would be weakened.

E)Not relevant
_________________
Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor
Joined: 16 Oct 2010
Posts: 7121
Location: Pune, India
Followers: 2133

Kudos [?]: 13641 [2] , given: 222

Re: Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably [#permalink]

### Show Tags

03 Apr 2013, 23:48
2
KUDOS
Expert's post
3
This post was
BOOKMARKED
marshpa wrote:
Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably during this year. The reason for the rise is that the falling value of the dollar will make it cheaper for paper manufacturers in Japan and Western Europe to buy American wood pulp than to get it from any other source.

Which of the following is an assumption made in drawing the conclusion above?

(A) Factory output of paper products in Japan and Western Europe will increase sharply during this year.
(B) The quality of the wood pulp produced in the United States would be adequate for the purposes of Japanese and Western European paper manufacturers.
(C) Paper manufacturers in Japan and Western Europe would prefer to use wood pulp produced in the United States if cost were not a factor.
(D) Demand for paper products made in Japan and Western Europe will not increase sharply during this year.
(E) Production of wood pulp by United States companies will not increase sharply during this year.

I am not convinced with OA for this question..

Responding to a pm:
Why not (C)? Because (C) is a sufficient condition for the conclusion to be true while (B) is a necessary condition for the conclusion to be true. An assumption is a necessary premise for the conclusion so (B) is the correct option.

To elaborate:

Premises:
- Dollar is falling.
- It will be cheaper for paper manufacturers in Japan and Western Europe to buy American wood pulp than to get it from any other source.

Conclusion:
- Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably during this year.

The conclusion is linking 'Sale of pulp' to 'Cost of pulp'. It says since the cost will be lower, it will sell. We are assuming here that the American pulp is adequate in all other qualities that you look for while buying. Or that lower cost is all that matters while buying something.

Option (B) says that the quality is adequate and hence is an assumption. Notice that it is necessary for our conclusion. If the quality is not adequate, no matter what the cost, US pulp sale may not increase.

Option (C) says that Japanese and Europeans prefer to use US pulp if cost does not matter. Do we NEED this to be true? No. It is good if it is true because it means that if cost of US pulp goes down, US pulp will sell more (hence, it is sufficient for the conclusion to be true - assuming all else stays constant). But do we NEED them to prefer US pulp? No. It is not necessary for our conclusion to be true.

Beware of this difference between 'necessary' and 'sufficient' conditions. Remember that assumptions are NECESSARY conditions, they don't need to be sufficient. We end up incorrectly choosing sufficient because they cover a wider range. If sufficient is true, then conclusion has to be true. But mind you, that is not the question. THe question is looking for a necessary condition, not for a sufficient condition.

Check out another question on the same logic:
since-mayor-drabble-always-repays-her-political-debts-as-98398.html?hilit=assumption%20necessary%20sufficient

and watch out for my this week's post. I will discuss this on my blog Quarter Wit Quarter Wisdom.
_________________

Karishma
Veritas Prep | GMAT Instructor
My Blog

Get started with Veritas Prep GMAT On Demand for $199 Veritas Prep Reviews Intern Joined: 12 Dec 2012 Posts: 33 Concentration: Leadership, Social Entrepreneurship GMAT 1: Q V GMAT 2: 660 Q48 V33 GMAT 3: 740 Q49 V41 GPA: 3.74 Followers: 10 Kudos [?]: 105 [0], given: 19 Re: Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably [#permalink] ### Show Tags 22 Oct 2013, 04:41 Conclusion: Author claims that the export of US wood pulp will increase a lot during the current year. Premise: Falling value of dollar will make US pulp cheaper than pulp from anywhere else Find the assumption - i.e. some NEW information that MUST be true for the conclusion to be true. Pre-think assumptions - what HAS to be true? Some thoughts: 1. the dollar must fall quick enough for results to yield quickly 2. there must be demand from western and jap producers 3. there must be free capacity in their paper mills 4. is it the right grade of paper A. Relevant, but doesn't HAVE TO BE true. i.e. Jap and Western European manufacturers could just replace their existing suppliers and produce no more OR they can buy and store - this does not have to be true for the conclusion to be true B. CORRECT -> if paper quality is NOT adequate, why would importers buy (negation breaks down the argument - i.e. it must be a valid assumption) C. Relevant, but doesn't HAVE TO BE true. Sure this statement can support the conclusion. However, it doesnt have to be true for the conclusion to be true. Even if other factors were not attractive, importers could buy raw material PURELY on cost D. Demand doesn't have to increase. It just needs to exist. See point for A. Also if you negate this statement it STRENGTHENS the conclusion. For it to be an assumption, the negation must lead to the destruction of the conclusion E. Again, production need not increase. Even if production remained steady, exports may rise. Intern Joined: 15 Sep 2013 Posts: 44 Concentration: Strategy, Entrepreneurship GMAT 1: 680 Q47 V36 GMAT 2: 740 Q50 V40 GPA: 3.65 Followers: 0 Kudos [?]: 21 [0], given: 26 Re: Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably [#permalink] ### Show Tags 22 Oct 2013, 12:02 I would choose B over C because if B isn't true, then no matter how cheap it would be to buy wood pulp from US if it is not of considerable quality, the manufactures from Japan and Europe won't buy the pulp. _________________ Please +1 KUDOS if my post helped you in any way Manager Status: Persevering Joined: 15 May 2013 Posts: 225 Location: India Concentration: Technology, Leadership GMAT Date: 08-02-2013 GPA: 3.7 WE: Consulting (Consulting) Followers: 1 Kudos [?]: 86 [0], given: 34 Re: Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably [#permalink] ### Show Tags 23 Oct 2013, 10:17 B, C is kind of out of scope. We are told this scenario would happen due to falling value of dollar, So why should we even consider a case where cost is not a factor. It is "the" factor. -- _________________ --It's one thing to get defeated, but another to accept it. Manager Joined: 20 Nov 2011 Posts: 51 Followers: 0 Kudos [?]: 8 [0], given: 17 Re: Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably [#permalink] ### Show Tags 26 Nov 2013, 06:24 It is nice to see various CR questions but I just want to take an attention about low quality questions such as this one. These questions just throw you in the wrong-path of thinking. Solving an official problem over and over again still has an advantage over solving unknown and debatable such as this one. Do not bother if you missed Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor Joined: 16 Oct 2010 Posts: 7121 Location: Pune, India Followers: 2133 Kudos [?]: 13641 [0], given: 222 Re: Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably [#permalink] ### Show Tags 27 Nov 2013, 20:17 zazoz wrote: It is nice to see various CR questions but I just want to take an attention about low quality questions such as this one. These questions just throw you in the wrong-path of thinking. Solving an official problem over and over again still has an advantage over solving unknown and debatable such as this one. Do not bother if you missed I do not know the source of this question since the original poster hasn't given it but it is not a low quality question. Also, the OA is not debatable. It is a good tricky question and brings forward the essential difference between "necessary" and "sufficient" conditions which is something we focus a lot on in the first Veritas class. It is absolutely essential for you to understand this difference since you will find it useful not only in Verbal but also in Quant. _________________ Karishma Veritas Prep | GMAT Instructor My Blog Get started with Veritas Prep GMAT On Demand for$199

Veritas Prep Reviews

Intern
Joined: 30 Nov 2013
Posts: 37
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 37 [0], given: 6

### Show Tags

08 Dec 2013, 12:48
marshpa wrote:
Yes thats the OA but could you please provide reasons?

Good question ! The answer is definitely "B" but the question is a little tricky. I think the best way to tackle this question is to negate the answer choices and the one that makes the conclusion collapse is the right answer !!! For example
Answer choice B negated will be as follows if papers quality is not adequate for Japanese factories then exports will not rise so this best fits .

If you negate answer choice "C" you will realise that it is out of scope !!
Hope that helped
Intern
Joined: 25 Dec 2012
Posts: 21
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 1 [0], given: 4

Re: Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably [#permalink]

### Show Tags

07 Oct 2014, 04:56
B is correct

In order to ensure that the answer is correct, we can use the negation test for Assumption questions, it means that if we negate the correct answer it will weaken the conclusion of the argument. Let´s look the answer B, if we negate it, it will say that wood pulp produced in the United States would not be adequate. So it will weaken the conclusion related to the increase in export from USA, because if it does not meet the criteria of Japan and WE, they will not import the wood pulp, therefore, export will not increase as it is expected.
Manager
Joined: 12 Sep 2014
Posts: 172
GMAT 1: 740 Q49 V41
GPA: 3.94
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 75 [0], given: 103

Re: Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably [#permalink]

### Show Tags

07 Oct 2014, 05:19
Choose B for this.

Most of the other answer choices are the opposite of closing the logic gap and/or are out of scope.
Current Student
Joined: 02 Jul 2012
Posts: 215
Location: India
Schools: IIMC (A)
GMAT 1: 720 Q50 V38
GPA: 2.6
WE: Information Technology (Consulting)
Followers: 15

Kudos [?]: 224 [0], given: 84

Re: Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably [#permalink]

### Show Tags

23 Oct 2014, 23:09
This was an excellent question. I got it right, but after reading Karishma's reply, I would be wiser in eliminating wrong choices next time.
_________________

Give KUDOS if the post helps you...

Current Student
Joined: 06 Mar 2014
Posts: 277
Location: India
GMAT Date: 04-30-2015
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 72 [0], given: 84

Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably [#permalink]

### Show Tags

05 Nov 2014, 22:57
marshpa wrote:
Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably during this year. The reason for the rise is that the falling value of the dollar will make it cheaper for paper manufacturers in Japan and Western Europe to buy American wood pulp than to get it from any other source.

Which of the following is an assumption made in drawing the conclusion above?

(A) Factory output of paper products in Japan and Western Europe will increase sharply during this year.
(B) The quality of the wood pulp produced in the United States would be adequate for the purposes of Japanese and Western European paper manufacturers.
(C) Paper manufacturers in Japan and Western Europe would prefer to use wood pulp produced in the United States if cost were not a factor.
(D) Demand for paper products made in Japan and Western Europe will not increase sharply during this year.
(E) Production of wood pulp by United States companies will not increase sharply during this year.

I am not convinced with OA for this question..

In sum, this question boils down to two options, namely B and C.
There is a fine distinction between the two, which we tend to ignore.
What makes B an assumption is the element of addition of the 'unstated idea' that is necessary to hold the conclusion.

What makes C falter is that C is more of an inference than an assumption, it uses similarly worded terms that are not 'NECESSARY' but a mere inference or rather an extended premise of what is already stated in the passage.

Hence, B it is.
Manager
Joined: 30 Sep 2009
Posts: 124
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 27 [0], given: 183

Re: Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably [#permalink]

### Show Tags

06 Nov 2014, 02:38
Even though i selected C over B . I now understand why C cannot be the assumptions even though the argument fails.

C is just a repetition of the premise stated . Had the paragraph not mentioned the information it would be the perfect assumption to this question.
GMAT Club Legend
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 10531
Followers: 918

Kudos [?]: 203 [0], given: 0

Re: Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably [#permalink]

### Show Tags

08 Dec 2015, 17:49
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
Intern
Joined: 31 Jul 2013
Posts: 2
Location: United States
Concentration: Marketing, General Management
GMAT Date: 07-30-2015
WE: Project Management (Computer Software)
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 0 [0], given: 5

Re: Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably [#permalink]

### Show Tags

21 Dec 2015, 08:23
(B) The quality of the wood pulp produced in the United States would be adequate for the purposes of Japanese and Western European paper manufacturers.
(C) Paper manufacturers in Japan and Western Europe would prefer to use wood pulp produced in the United States if cost were not a factor.

As per option C, they prefer to USE wood pulp and NOT BUY it. Possibly they already have an excess inventory of Wooden pulp made in US and hence won't buy it this year. So this assumption is not necessarily true.
Manager
Joined: 01 Aug 2014
Posts: 55
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 3 [0], given: 1

Re: Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably [#permalink]

### Show Tags

30 Dec 2015, 00:34
Premise: US \$ fall value – cheaper for Japan and Europe to import.
Conclusion: Exports US’s wood pulp will rise.
Choice C and E are out of scope, Choice D does no impact the argument, Choice A uses too strong words, and it does not need to increase sharply in output of paper products – the output unchanged is enough to increase export US’s wood pulp.
Choice B is correct answer, it strengthens the argument and negate choice B will weaken the conclusion, not adequate quality– not increase exports.
Re: Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably   [#permalink] 30 Dec 2015, 00:34

Go to page   Previous    1   2   3   [ 56 posts ]

Similar topics Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
8 State tax officials, having had considerable success in 21 21 Jul 2011, 15:10
Exports of United States wood pulp will rise consid- erably 15 27 Sep 2010, 12:28
Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably 8 15 Dec 2008, 22:49
Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably 5 19 Jan 2008, 06:23
Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably 3 09 Feb 2007, 10:38
Display posts from previous: Sort by