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f(x,y)= {x+y, if x+y < 1 0, if x+y = 1 xy ,if x+y > 1 [#permalink]
23 Jan 2011, 02:04

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f(x,y)={x+y, if x+y<1; 0, if x+y=1; xy, if x+y>1. Where x and y are real numbers. If f(x,1/2)= 3/4 which of the following can be the values of x? I. 1/2 II. 3/4 III. 3/2 IV. 1/4

Answer:- III & IV (Sorry I don't have the answer choices for the question above.)

Please Explain

Last edited by MichelleSavina on 25 Jan 2011, 20:46, edited 3 times in total.

Re: f(x,y)= {x+y, if x+y < 1 0, if x+y = 1 xy ,if x+y > 1 [#permalink]
23 Jan 2011, 02:54

MichelleSavina wrote:

f(x,y)= {x+y, if x+y < 1 0, if x+y = 1 xy ,if x+y > 1. Where x and y are real numbers. If f(x,1/2)= 3/4 which of the following can be the values of x ? I. 1/2 II. 3/4 III. 3/2 IV. ¼

Note that the function f(x, y) has three different expressions for three different ranges of values of of (x + y).

Now, f(x, 1/2) = 3/4 As f(x, 1/2) ≠ 0, (x + 1/2) ≠ 1 => x ≠ 1/2

Let's analyze it for other two regions.

1. (x + 1/2) < 1 .... f(x, 1/2) = (x + 1/2) = 3/4 => x = (3/4 - 1/2) = 1/4 Also (1/4 + 1/2) < 1 as we assumed. Hence 1/4 is a possible value of x

2. (x + 1/2) > 1 .... f(x, 1/2) = x/2 = 3/4 => x = 3/2 Also (3/2 + 1/2) = 2 > 1 as we assumed. Hence 3/2 is a possible value of x

Thus, the correct answer is III and IV only.

_________________

Anurag Mairal, Ph.D., MBA GMAT Expert, Admissions and Career Guidance Gurome, Inc. 1-800-566-4043 (USA) +91-99201 32411 (India) http://www.facebook.com/Gurome

Re: f(x,y)= {x+y, if x+y < 1 0, if x+y = 1 xy ,if x+y > 1 [#permalink]
24 Jan 2011, 09:15

Expert's post

diebeatsthegmat wrote:

to be honest, i dont understand this question. can you tell me which source is it from?

f(x,y)={x+y, if x+y<1; 0, if x+y=1; xy, if x+y>1. Where x and y are real numbers. If f(x,1/2)= 3/4 which of the following can be the values of x? I. 1/2 II. 3/4 III. 3/2 IV. ¼

We are given some function f(x,y) and are told that it can have the following 3 values:

1. f(x,y)=x+y when x+y<1. For example if x=y=-1 then x+y=-2<1 and thus f(-1, -1)=-1+(-1)=-2;

2. f(x,y)=0 when x+y=1. For example if x=2 and y=-1 then x+y=1 and thus f(2, -1)=0;

3. f(x,y)=xy when x+y>1. For example if x=y=1 then x+y=2>1 and thus f(1, 1)=1*1=1.

Now we are told that f(x,\frac{1}{2})=\frac{3}{4} and are asked to determine possible values of x (y is given as \frac{1}{2}). We can notice that the value of the function does not equal to zero so we don't have the second case thus x+y\neq{1} --> x+\frac{1}{2}\neq{1} --> x\neq{\frac{1}{2}};

If we have the first case then f(x,\frac{1}{2})=x+\frac{1}{2}=\frac{3}{4} --> x=\frac{1}{4}, note that x+y=\frac{1}{4}+\frac{1}{2}=\frac{3}{4}<1 so \frac{1}{4} is a possible value of x;

If we have the third case then f(x,\frac{1}{2})=x*\frac{1}{2}=\frac{3}{4} --> x=\frac{3}{2}. note that x+y=\frac{3}{2}+\frac{1}{2}=2>1, so \frac{3}{2} is a possible value of x.

Re: f(x,y)= {x+y, if x+y < 1 0, if x+y = 1 xy ,if x+y > 1 [#permalink]
25 Jan 2011, 07:43

Bunuel wrote:

diebeatsthegmat wrote:

to be honest, i dont understand this question. can you tell me which source is it from?

f(x,y)={x+y, if x+y<1; 0, if x+y=1; xy, if x+y>1. Where x and y are real numbers. If f(x,1/2)= 3/4 which of the following can be the values of x? I. 1/2 II. 3/4 III. 3/2 IV. ¼

We are given some function f(x,y) and are told that it can have the following 3 values:

1. f(x,y)=x+y when x+y<1. For example if x=y=-1 then x+y=-2<1 and thus f(-1, -1)=-1+(-1)=-2;

2. f(x,y)=0 when x+y=1. For example if x=2 and y=-1 then x+y=1 and thus f(2, -1)=0;

3. f(x,y)=xy when x+y>1. For example if x=y=1 then x+y=2>1 and thus f(1, 1)=1*1=1.

Now we are told that f(x,\frac{1}{2})=\frac{3}{4} and are asked to determine possible values of x (y is given as \frac{1}{2}). We can notice that the value of the function does not equal to zero so we don't have the second case thus x+y\neq{1} --> x+\frac{1}{2}\neq{1} --> x\neq{\frac{1}{2}};

If we have the first case then f(x,\frac{1}{2})=x+\frac{1}{2}=\frac{3}{4} --> x=\frac{1}{4}, note that x+y=\frac{1}{4}+\frac{1}{2}=\frac{3}{4}<1 so \frac{1}{4} is a possible value of x;

If we have the third case then f(x,\frac{1}{2})=x*\frac{1}{2}=\frac{3}{4} --> x=\frac{3}{2}. note that x+y=\frac{3}{2}+\frac{1}{2}=2>1, so \frac{3}{2} is a possible value of x.

Answer: III and IV only.

Hope it's clear.

thank you. it is much clear with exact problem posted correctly.

gmatclubot

Re: f(x,y)= {x+y, if x+y < 1 0, if x+y = 1 xy ,if x+y > 1
[#permalink]
25 Jan 2011, 07:43