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Faced with an estimated $2 billion budget gap, the citys

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Re: Faced with an estimated $2 billion budget gap, the citys [#permalink] New post 18 Apr 2012, 06:01
eyunni wrote:
290. Faced with an estimated $2 billion budget gap, the city’s mayor proposed a nearly 17 percent reduction in the amount allocated the previous year to maintain the city’s major cultural institutions and to subsidize hundreds of local arts groups.

(A) proposed a nearly 17 percent reduction in the amount allocated the previous year to maintain the city’s major cultural institutions and to subsidize
(B) proposed a reduction from the previous year of nearly 17 percent in the amount it was allocating to maintain the city’s major cultural institutions and for subsidizing
(C) proposed to reduce, by nearly 17 percent, the amount from the previous year that was allocated for the maintenance of the city’s major cultural institutions and to subsidize
(D) has proposed a reduction from the previous year of nearly 17 percent of the amount it was allocating for maintaining the city’s major cultural institutions, and to subsidize
(E) was proposing that the amount they were allocating be reduced by nearly 17 percent from the previous year for maintaining the city’s major cultural institutions and for the subsidization

Please explain your answers. Also, is 'allocated for' not idiomatic?


A: Proposed.... to... and to.... ..CORRECT
B: reduction from previous year.... reduction should be wrt money...WRONG
C: reduce the amount from previous year or reduce the amount by some percent to make to an amount...WRONG
D: has proposed.... it was allocating... maintaining... no PARALLELISM .. WRONG
E: was proposing...this is supposed to be the statement...nothing in past.. WRONG
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Re: Faced with an estimated $2 billion budget gap, the citys [#permalink] New post 18 Apr 2012, 11:58
charlemagne wrote:
i choose A

it just sounds right


cant the mods/gods evaluate and insert an official answer in cases its not provided.?
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Re: Faced with an estimated $2 billion budget gap, the citys [#permalink] New post 18 Apr 2012, 12:01
Good Explainations! Thought it couldn't be A for a while.
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Re: Faced with an estimated $2 billion budget gap, the citys [#permalink] New post 22 May 2013, 23:28
upasanadatta wrote:
I agree with answer choice A(love gurpreetsingh's explanation)......but csn someone tell me why .....'nearly 17% reduction' is not wtrong....'nearly' is an adver that should modify a verb....which verb is it modifying here????


Hi Upasana,

An adverb modifies not only a verb but also adjectives and other adverbs.
here it modifies the adjective 17 percent
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Re: Faced with an estimated $2 billion budget gap, the citys [#permalink] New post 22 Aug 2014, 09:14
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
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Re: Faced with an estimated $2 billion budget gap, the citys [#permalink] New post 06 Dec 2014, 01:37
Hi All,

I am confused with the usage of reduction in choice A. Can some one explain why it is correct?
Quote:
city’s mayor proposed a nearly 17 percent reduction
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Re: Faced with an estimated $2 billion budget gap, the citys [#permalink] New post 07 Dec 2014, 19:34
eyunni wrote:
Faced with an estimated $2 billion budget gap, the city’s mayor proposed a nearly 17 percent reduction in the amount allocated the previous year to maintain the city’s major cultural institutions and to subsidize hundreds of local arts groups.

(A) proposed a nearly 17 percent reduction in the amount allocated the previous year to maintain the city’s major cultural institutions and to subsidize
(B) proposed a reduction from the previous year of nearly 17 percent in the amount it was allocating to maintain the city’s major cultural institutions and for subsidizing
(C) proposed to reduce, by nearly 17 percent, the amount from the previous year that was allocated for the maintenance of the city’s major cultural institutions and to subsidize
(D) has proposed a reduction from the previous year of nearly 17 percent of the amount it was allocating for maintaining the city’s major cultural institutions, and to subsidize
(E) was proposing that the amount they were allocating be reduced by nearly 17 percent from the previous year for maintaining the city’s major cultural institutions and for the subsidization

Please explain your answers. Also, is 'allocated for' not idiomatic?


Choice A Maintains its parallelism with "to maintain" and "to subsidize". Seems great.

Choice B "To maintain..." and "for subsidizing" isn't parallel

Choice C "The maintenance"... and "to subsidize" isn't parallel

Choice D "for maintaining..." and "to subsidize" isn't parallel
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Re: Faced with an estimated $2 billion budget gap, the citys [#permalink] New post 04 May 2015, 20:31
eyunni wrote:
Faced with an estimated $2 billion budget gap, the city’s mayor proposed a nearly 17 percent reduction in the amount allocated the previous year to maintain the city’s major cultural institutions and to subsidize hundreds of local arts groups.

(A) proposed a nearly 17 percent reduction in the amount allocated the previous year to maintain the city’s major cultural institutions and to subsidize
(B) proposed a reduction from the previous year of nearly 17 percent in the amount it was allocating to maintain the city’s major cultural institutions and for subsidizing
(C) proposed to reduce, by nearly 17 percent, the amount from the previous year that was allocated for the maintenance of the city’s major cultural institutions and to subsidize
(D) has proposed a reduction from the previous year of nearly 17 percent of the amount it was allocating for maintaining the city’s major cultural institutions, and to subsidize
(E) was proposing that the amount they were allocating be reduced by nearly 17 percent from the previous year for maintaining the city’s major cultural institutions and for the subsidization

Please explain your answers. Also, is 'allocated for' not idiomatic?


this question is in old og but good to study

realizing the grammatical role of each phrase is key to sc section.

"from the previous year" have no fuction in the sentence, so , we can eliminate b,c d, and e quickly for only this error.

A is left.

this question is typical of gmat. the sentence is long and make us uncomfortable. but if we focus on grammartical roles , the problem is simple
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Re: Faced with an estimated $2 billion budget gap, the citys [#permalink] New post 04 May 2015, 20:33
if you like my posting, pls, give me a kudos to encourage me, a person failing on gmat many years, to post here. thank you
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Re: Faced with an estimated $2 billion budget gap, the citys [#permalink] New post 05 May 2015, 06:00
Expert's post
(a) has correct parallelism.
the words that APPEAR parallel in (c) are not words that are supposed to be parallel in the first place, so that "decoy parallelism" is irrelevant.

if you are interpreting “reduce” and “maintain” as parallel elements, then that means you aren't thinking about the meaning of the sentence.

not considering the meaning of sentences in SC is a huge, huge mistake, since so many things (parallel elements, usage of modifiers, verb tenses, etc.) necessarily flow from the meaning of the sentence! if you don't consider what the sentence means -- i.e., if you simply analyze it from the standpoint of grammar alone -- then you are shutting yourself out of reliably being able to find any of these mistakes.
when you read the prompt of an SC problem, READ FOR MEANING FIRST!
don't worry about being able to pick out mistakes in the prompt -- you'll find the mistakes when you compare the answer choices to each other.
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Re: Faced with an estimated $2 billion budget gap, the citys   [#permalink] 05 May 2015, 06:00

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