Fares on the city-run public buses in Greenville are : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
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# Fares on the city-run public buses in Greenville are

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Director
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Fares on the city-run public buses in Greenville are [#permalink]

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24 Feb 2005, 05:27
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Fares on the city-run public buses in Greenville are subsidized by city tax revenues, but among the beneficiaries of the low fares are many people who commute from outside the city to jobs in Greenville. Some city councilors argue that city taxes should be used primarily to benefit the people who pay them, and therefore that bus fares should be raised enough to cover the cost of the service.
Each of the following, if true, would weaken the argument advanced by the city councilors EXCEPT:
(A) Many businesses whose presence in the city is beneficial to the cityâ€™s taxpayers would relocate outside the city if public-transit fare were more expensive.
(B) By providing commuters with economic incentives to drive to work, higher transit fares would worsen air pollution in Greenville and increase the cost of maintaining the cityâ€™s streets.
(C) Increasing transit fares would disadvantage those residents of the city whose low incomes make them exempt from city taxes, and all city councilors agree that these residents should be able to take advantage of city-run services.
(D) Voters in the city, many of whom benefit from the low transit fares, are strongly opposed to increasing local taxes.
(E) People who work in Greenville and earn wages above the nationally mandated minimum all pay the city wage tax of 5 percent.
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24 Feb 2005, 05:45
I guess it is D
E infact says that the plan is benefiting those who pay taxes.

Last edited by anandnk on 24 Feb 2005, 06:35, edited 1 time in total.
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24 Feb 2005, 05:48
Thanks Anand. I really get messed up with excep or but questions. Any tip will be helpful.
S
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24 Feb 2005, 06:37
saurya_s wrote:
Thanks Anand. I really get messed up with excep or but questions. Any tip will be helpful.
S

You are not alone. It depends when you try to solve these questions. I did it in the morning when I was fresh and not thinking about CRs. If you prepare to solve CRs then you lose your cool and that can make you miss simple words or make a simple CR into a complicated one.
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24 Feb 2005, 09:57
shud be "D".....I find it easier to deal with EXCEPT ques by changing the ques itself i.e. now read the question as , which of the following, strengthens (or vice versa based on what the ques is), the argument. This gets rid off the EXCEPT and the confusion.
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24 Feb 2005, 19:28
banerjeea_98 wrote:
shud be "D".....I find it easier to deal with EXCEPT ques by changing the ques itself i.e. now read the question as , which of the following, strengthens (or vice versa based on what the ques is), the argument. This gets rid off the EXCEPT and the confusion.

But in doing so, are not you leaing a Hole between "Not weakening" and "Strengthening". There may be some (out of scope) answer choices which actulally does not strengthen the sentence. What do u say??

Do the test takers practically do such thing????
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24 Feb 2005, 20:08
Hi,

The best answering technique with the EXCEPT questions is the method suggested by princeton review.

Tick all those options that weaken the argument.
One of them will not weaken it eventhough it doesnt strengthen it.

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24 Feb 2005, 21:09
Hi,

The best answering technique with the EXCEPT questions is the method suggested by princeton review.

Tick all those options that weaken the argument.
One of them will not weaken it eventhough it doesnt strengthen it.

Wishes

I knida agree with you..
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08 Mar 2005, 19:47
saurya_s wrote:
Fares on the city-run public buses in Greenville are subsidized by city tax revenues, but among the beneficiaries of the low fares are many people who commute from outside the city to jobs in Greenville. Some city councilors argue that city taxes should be used primarily to benefit the people who pay them, and therefore that bus fares should be raised enough to cover the cost of the service.
Each of the following, if true, would weaken the argument advanced by the city councilors EXCEPT:

(E) People who work in Greenville and earn wages above the nationally mandated minimum all pay the city wage tax of 5 percent.

could someone spell out for me why is E wrong here? Thanks in advance.
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08 Mar 2005, 19:59
Stem says the people who live outside of the city but work in the city benefits from the low bus fair and that is not fair because the tax should be used to benefit who pays it and not be used to benefit people who do not pay it. E says the people who live outside and work in the city pays tax too, so there's nothing unfair about them being benefited from the low bus rate.
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09 Mar 2005, 01:55
Fares on the city-run public buses in Greenville are subsidized by city tax revenues
among the beneficiaries of the low fares are many people who commute from outside the city to jobs in Greenville.
Some city councilors argue that city taxes should be used primarily to benefit the people who pay them
therefore bus fares should be raised enough to cover the cost of the service. <--- conclusion

We need an answer choice that strengthens this claim, or at least doesn't weaken it.

(A) Many businesses whose presence in the city is beneficial to the cityâ€™s taxpayers would relocate outside the city if public-transit fare were more expensive.
- Might be compelling evidence then to not raise the fare

(B) By providing commuters with economic incentives to drive to work, higher transit fares would worsen air pollution in Greenville and increase the cost of maintaining the cityâ€™s streets.
- does not strenghten the argument, and in fact, quite out of scope

(C) Increasing transit fares would disadvantage those residents of the city whose low incomes make them exempt from city taxes, and all city councilors agree that these residents should be able to take advantage of city-run services.
- Weakens the claim

(D) Voters in the city, many of whom benefit from the low transit fares, are strongly opposed to increasing local taxes.
- If votes are opposed to increasing taxes ( which is used to subsidize bus fares), then the bus fare should be raised to cover the cost of service

(E) People who work in Greenville and earn wages above the nationally mandated minimum all pay the city wage tax of 5 percent
- weakens the conclusion

D it is.
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10 Mar 2005, 06:38
Yea D
sorry i was late on this one
10 Mar 2005, 06:38
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