Fares on the city-run public buses in Greenville are : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
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# Fares on the city-run public buses in Greenville are

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Fares on the city-run public buses in Greenville are [#permalink]

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27 Mar 2007, 09:46
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Fares on the city-run public buses in Greenville are subsidized by city tax revenues, but among the beneficiaries of the low fares are many people who commute from outside the city to jobs in Greenville. Some city councilors argue that city taxes should be used primarily to benefit the people who pay them, and therefore that bus fares should be raised enough to cover the cost of the service.

Each of the following, if true, would weaken the argument advanced by the city councilors EXCEPT:
(A) Many businesses whose presence in the city is beneficial to the cityâ€™s taxpayers would relocate outside the city if public-transit fare were more expensive.
(B) By providing commuters with economic incentives to drive to work, higher transit fares would worsen air pollution in Greenville and increase the cost of maintaining the cityâ€™s streets.
(C) Increasing transit fares would disadvantage those residents of the city whose low incomes make them exempt from city taxes, and all city councilors agree that these residents should be able to take advantage of city-run services.
(D) Voters in the city, many of whom benefit from the low transit fares, are strongly opposed to increasing local taxes.
(E) People who work in Greenville and earn wages above the nationally mandated minimum all pay the city wage tax of 5 percent.

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28 Mar 2007, 01:27
B. Every other statement weakens the argument.
B says cost of maintenance will increase, hence supporting the hike in fares.
OA?
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29 Mar 2007, 19:36
vineetgupta wrote:
Fares on the city-run public buses in Greenville are subsidized by city tax revenues, but among the beneficiaries of the low fares are many people who commute from outside the city to jobs in Greenville. Some city councilors argue that city taxes should be used primarily to benefit the people who pay them, and therefore that bus fares should be raised enough to cover the cost of the service.

Each of the following, if true, would weaken the argument advanced by the city councilors EXCEPT:
(A) Many businesses whose presence in the city is beneficial to the cityâ€™s taxpayers would relocate outside the city if public-transit fare were more expensive.
(B) By providing commuters with economic incentives to drive to work, higher transit fares would worsen air pollution in Greenville and increase the cost of maintaining the cityâ€™s streets.
(C) Increasing transit fares would disadvantage those residents of the city whose low incomes make them exempt from city taxes, and all city councilors agree that these residents should be able to take advantage of city-run services.
(D) Voters in the city, many of whom benefit from the low transit fares, are strongly opposed to increasing local taxes.
(E) People who work in Greenville and earn wages above the nationally mandated minimum all pay the city wage tax of 5 percent.

I go for D..not sure though on this one.
what is the OA ?
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29 Mar 2007, 20:06
mba07 wrote:
B. Every other statement weakens the argument.
B says cost of maintenance will increase, hence supporting the hike in fares.
OA?

If the fares are increased, the pollution levels will go up. This is clearly weakening argument of councilors..
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29 Mar 2007, 20:16
BLISSFUL wrote:
vineetgupta wrote:
Fares on the city-run public buses in Greenville are subsidized by city tax revenues, but among the beneficiaries of the low fares are many people who commute from outside the city to jobs in Greenville. Some city councilors argue that city taxes should be used primarily to benefit the people who pay them, and therefore that bus fares should be raised enough to cover the cost of the service.

Each of the following, if true, would weaken the argument advanced by the city councilors EXCEPT:
(A) Many businesses whose presence in the city is beneficial to the cityâ€™s taxpayers would relocate outside the city if public-transit fare were more expensive.
(B) By providing commuters with economic incentives to drive to work, higher transit fares would worsen air pollution in Greenville and increase the cost of maintaining the cityâ€™s streets.
(C) Increasing transit fares would disadvantage those residents of the city whose low incomes make them exempt from city taxes, and all city councilors agree that these residents should be able to take advantage of city-run services.
(D) Voters in the city, many of whom benefit from the low transit fares, are strongly opposed to increasing local taxes.
(E) People who work in Greenville and earn wages above the nationally mandated minimum all pay the city wage tax of 5 percent.

I go for D..not sure though on this one.
what is the OA ?

How is the answer D? Voters are strongly against this. Wont this weaken the argument ?

On the other hand, if E says clearly "people who pay tax are benefiting from lower fares" then E can't be the answer. But now I will go with E.
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29 Mar 2007, 20:43
Hi aurobindo,the argument assumes that the people outside Greenville do not pay any tax.
E weakens this by saying that the tax is actually cut from their wages.

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29 Mar 2007, 23:53
vineetgupta wrote:
Fares on the city-run public buses in Greenville are subsidized by city tax revenues, but among the beneficiaries of the low fares are many people who commute from outside the city to jobs in Greenville. Some city councilors argue that city taxes should be used primarily to benefit the people who pay them, and therefore that bus fares should be raised enough to cover the cost of the service.

Each of the following, if true, would weaken the argument advanced by the city councilors EXCEPT:
(A) Many businesses whose presence in the city is beneficial to the cityâ€™s taxpayers would relocate outside the city if public-transit fare were more expensive.
(B) By providing commuters with economic incentives to drive to work, higher transit fares would worsen air pollution in Greenville and increase the cost of maintaining the cityâ€™s streets.
(C) Increasing transit fares would disadvantage those residents of the city whose low incomes make them exempt from city taxes, and all city councilors agree that these residents should be able to take advantage of city-run services.
(D) Voters in the city, many of whom benefit from the low transit fares, are strongly opposed to increasing local taxes.
(E) People who work in Greenville and earn wages above the nationally mandated minimum all pay the city wage tax of 5 percent.

The argument is that people who pay taxes should get most benefit. By increasing fares, the people who come from outside are made to pay for the service they use.

A weakens the argument. If business move, tax payers are hurt
B if roads are repaired then it is also a cost to tax payer hence it weakens
E means that anyone working in Greenvile pays Tax so even people commuting to work are paying tax so it is not beneficial to them and hence weakens the argument

I am stuck between C and D. D seems to be more generic about people cribbing about high local taxes and not just bus fairs. C means that people who dont pay tax still get benefit from it.

I think i will go with C.
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30 Mar 2007, 00:16
Good Question!!!!!!!

Argument : Bus fares Should be hiked.

Any argument which says that bus fares can be hiked would not weaken the argument..

a,b,c - directly says that bus fares shouldn't be hiked
Between
d and e, E is my choice

IMO E
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30 Mar 2007, 01:29

All those working in the city pay the tax, hence living outside of the city makes no difference at all.

Makes the argument mute.
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30 Mar 2007, 02:58
Definitely E because it neither strengthens nor weakens the argument, it is neutral As simple as that...
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30 Mar 2007, 03:14
vineetgupta wrote:
Fares on the city-run public buses in Greenville are subsidized by city tax revenues, but among the beneficiaries of the low fares are many people who commute from outside the city to jobs in Greenville. Some city councilors argue that city taxes should be used primarily to benefit the people who pay them, and therefore that bus fares should be raised enough to cover the cost of the service.

Each of the following, if true, would weaken the argument advanced by the city councilors EXCEPT:

(A) Many businesses whose presence in the city is beneficial to the cityâ€™s taxpayers would relocate outside the city if public-transit fare were more expensive.

Clearly in favor of not increasing the fare hence weakens the coucilors argument.

(B) By providing commuters with economic incentives to drive to work, higher transit fares would worsen air pollution in Greenville and increase the cost of maintaining the cityâ€™s streets.

Says don't increase the fare because doing so would give an 'economic incentive' to people outside greenvile to use their own vehicles to drive to work -- which in turn would increase pollution in the city --- This DOES NOT weaken.

(C) Increasing transit fares would disadvantage those residents of the city whose low incomes make them exempt from city taxes, and all city councilors agree that these residents should be able to take advantage of city-run services.

Again goes against hiking fares and hence weakens.

(D) Voters in the city, many of whom benefit from the low transit fares, are strongly opposed to increasing local taxes.

This is indeed generic - kind of netural - neither weakens nor strengthens. In a way however this also advocates NOT increasing the fare.

(E) People who work in Greenville and earn wages above the nationally mandated minimum all pay the city wage tax of 5 percent.

People living outside of greenvile are already paying tax so no need to hike the fare for them - meaning in a way they are already paying for the benefits they are getting so this kills the argument that fares should be hiked.

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30 Mar 2007, 07:15
Has to be D

E weakens the argument
even people who commute from outside pay the taxes

Arg says
taxes should be used primarily to benefit the people who pay them

By increasing fares to commuters, commuters are not benefited

by POE it is D
Moreover, in D: votes are opposed to increasing local taxes

Actually no where the arg says abt local taxes. Arg talks about only city taxes
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30 Mar 2007, 07:24
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BLISSFUL wrote:
vineetgupta wrote:
Fares on the city-run public buses in Greenville are subsidized by city tax revenues, but among the beneficiaries of the low fares are many people who commute from outside the city to jobs in Greenville. Some city councilors argue that city taxes should be used primarily to benefit the people who pay them, and therefore that bus fares should be raised enough to cover the cost of the service.

Each of the following, if true, would weaken the argument advanced by the city councilors EXCEPT:
(A) Many businesses whose presence in the city is beneficial to the cityâ€™s taxpayers would relocate outside the city if public-transit fare were more expensive.
(B) By providing commuters with economic incentives to drive to work, higher transit fares would worsen air pollution in Greenville and increase the cost of maintaining the cityâ€™s streets.
(C) Increasing transit fares would disadvantage those residents of the city whose low incomes make them exempt from city taxes, and all city councilors agree that these residents should be able to take advantage of city-run services.
(D) Voters in the city, many of whom benefit from the low transit fares, are strongly opposed to increasing local taxes.
(E) People who work in Greenville and earn wages above the nationally mandated minimum all pay the city wage tax of 5 percent.

I go for D..not sure though on this one.
what is the OA ?

Take a look at D and E:
D) Voters in the city, many of whom benefit from the low transit fares, are strongly opposed to increasing local taxes.
(E) People who work in Greenville and earn wages above the nationally mandated minimum all pay the city wage tax of 5 percent.

Q.is abt hiking the Fare, not raising the taxes.
You can raise taxes so that you could keep the fares low.
The city needs new revenue; it can either get it by raising the taxes AND keeping the fares low OR..it can keep taxes same and hike the fares!

D) says voters are opposed to hike in taxes; does n't say they are opposed to hike in fares..so, D) DOES NOT weaken the argument that fares be hiked.

Take E) which says that even outsiders area already paying a city wage tax. does it mean: you can hike the tax ? probly not. does it mean hike fares ? may be.

SO, between D) and E) I would choose D as the better answer !

I am not really sure 100% though. we have to choose the best even if we are not sure...isn't it?
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02 Apr 2007, 03:43
Thanks AimHigher...good observation...the OA is D indeed.
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03 Apr 2007, 10:10
The explanation to the right answer was good..

Thanks!!!
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Re: Fares on the city-run public buses in Greenville are [#permalink]

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27 Jun 2016, 11:10
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Re: Fares on the city-run public buses in Greenville are   [#permalink] 27 Jun 2016, 11:10
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