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First discovered more than 30 years ago, Lina's sunbird, a

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First discovered more than 30 years ago, Lina's sunbird, a [#permalink] New post 28 Sep 2012, 12:41
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Difficulty:

  35% (medium)

Question Stats:

57% (01:39) correct 43% (00:55) wrong based on 162 sessions
First discovered more than 30 years ago, Lina's sunbird, a four-and-a-half-inch animal found in the Philippines and that resembles a hummingbird, has shimmering metallic colors on its head; a brilliant orange patch, bordered with red tufts, in the center of its breast; and a red eye.

A. found in the Philippines and that resembles
B. found in the Philippines and that, resembling
C. found in the Philippines and resembling
D. that is found in the Philippines and it resembles
E. that is found in the Philippines, resembling
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: Sunbird [#permalink] New post 28 Sep 2012, 12:51
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the two comparable elements of the original sentence are "found" and "that resembles". As originally expressed, these elements are not structured similarly - for "that resembles" to be correct, the earlier parallel element of the sentence would have to state "that is found." Eliminate A.

b. Parallel elements: "found" and "that, resembling" - Not parallel = Eliminate
c. Parallel elements: "found" and "resembling" - Parallel = Keep
d. Parallel elements: "that is found" and "it resembles" - Not parallel = Eliminate
e. Parallel elements: "that is found" and "resembling" - Not parallel = Eliminate

Hence C :lol:
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First discovered more than 30 years ago, Lina's sunbird [#permalink] New post 19 Jun 2013, 23:01
First discovered more than 30 years ago, Lina's sunbird, a four-and-a-half-inch animal found in the Philippines and
that resembles
a hummingbird, has shimmering metallic colors on its head; a brilliant orange patch, bordered with
red tufts, in the center of its breast; and a red eye.

A. found in the Philippines and that resembles
B. found in the Philippines and that, resembling
C. found in the Philippines and resembling
D. that is found in the Philippines and it resembles
E. that is found in the Philippines, resembling


This question primarily concerns parallel construction: the two comparable elements of the original sentence are
"found" and "that resembles". As originally expressed, these elements are not structured similarly - for "that
resembles" to be correct, the earlier parallel element of the sentence would have to state "that is found." Since the
original sentence contains a provable error, eliminate answer choice A and ANY OTHERS ANSWER CHOICES THAT
REPEAT THE ORIGINAL ERROR.

Last edited by Zarrolou on 19 Jun 2013, 23:35, edited 2 times in total.
Merging similar topics.
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Re: First discovered more than 30 years ago, Lina's sunbird, a [#permalink] New post 20 Jun 2013, 01:26
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The answer can as well be given in a little more complex way: This problem is a perfect example of: Participles.
Small Review:
A participle is a verbal (verb form) which is used as an adjective.
Generally,there are three participles that are commonly used as adjective:
1. the present participle(active voice); the past participle (passive voice) and the perfect participle (active voice). * The present participle always ends in ing *
2. The past participle usually ends in ed, d, t, n, or en.
3. The past participle of some of the verbs do not have distinctive endings: swum, gone, sung etc. *The perfect participle is always formed by prefixing the word having to the past participle: having sung, having driven, having seen etc

In the given sentence, we can clearly see that for the 1st participial phrase, the action of "found" happened in the past because Lina's sunbird was found more than 30 years ago. Further Lina's sunbird did not do any finding instead they were found by X not mentioned in the sentence so passive voice is right.

The second participial phrase starting with "resembling" implies that the "Lina's sunbird" is still resembling in the present (a present condition), so the use of present participle is better. We cannot say that the Lina's sunbird "resembled" because then this would illogically mean that they no longer resemble the humming bird.
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Re: First discovered more than 30 years ago, Lina's sunbird, a [#permalink] New post 28 Jul 2013, 04:42
What's the sentence structure for this sentence? Can someone comment?

Is it something like this for the correct answer choice...

First discovered more than 30 years ago, Lina's sunbird, a four-and-a-half-inch animal

1) found in the Philippines
2) and resembling a hummingbird, has shimmering metallic colors on its head
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Re: First discovered more than 30 years ago, Lina's sunbird, a [#permalink] New post 28 Jul 2013, 05:18
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fozzzy wrote:
What's the sentence structure for this sentence? Can someone comment?

Is it something like this for the correct answer choice...

First discovered more than 30 years ago, Lina's sunbird, a four-and-a-half-inch animal

1) found in the Philippines
2) and resembling a hummingbird, has shimmering metallic colors on its head


First discovered more than 30 years ago, (-modifier-) Lina's sunbird (-subject-), a four-and-a-half-inch animal found in the Philippines and that resembles a hummingbird (-modifier-),has(-verb-) shimmering metallic colors on its head ;a brilliant orange patch, bordered with red tufts, in the center of its breast; and a red eye. (-list of things-)

You are asked to complete the second modifier:

A. found in the Philippines and that resembles
Not parallel : "found" (modifier) "resembles" (verb)
D. that is found in the Philippines and it resembles
Not parallel, and moreover in a parallel list like this one, if the subject is the same, repeating the subject (and IT resembles) is considered redundant.

B. found in the Philippines and that, resembling
E. that is found in the Philippines, resembling
Those are not parallel as well "found/is found" and "resembling". ( and the comma + ing modifier is not used correctly)

C is parallel, and reminds us that the GMAT considers those modifiers perfectly parallel:
found in the Philippines and resembling
Another Official Question about this concept: scientists-have-recently-discovered-what-could-be-the-9394.html
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Re: First discovered more than 30 years ago, Lina's sunbird, a [#permalink] New post 02 Aug 2013, 01:22
one of my recent note works here..

"ed..and ing" structure !! feeling a good start of preparation :-)
Re: First discovered more than 30 years ago, Lina's sunbird, a   [#permalink] 02 Aug 2013, 01:22
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