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First published in 1946, and comparing the ways the world

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First published in 1946, and comparing the ways the world [#permalink] New post 21 Oct 2010, 03:06
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First published in 1946, and comparing the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible, Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach laid the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days

(A) and comparing the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible, Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach laid the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days

(B and laying the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days, Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach compared the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible.

(C) Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach, compares the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible, and lays the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days

(D) and comparing the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible, Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach, lays the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days

(E) and comparing Homer’s Odyssey with the Bible and the ways the world appears in both , Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach laid the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days

(OA under spoiler after 5 answers)
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Last edited by daagh on 22 Oct 2010, 02:44, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Odyssey, the Bible, and Mimesis [#permalink] New post 21 Oct 2010, 12:07
Should be C. Most logical and sequential sentence flow than the rest.
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Re: Odyssey, the Bible, and Mimesis [#permalink] New post 22 Oct 2010, 02:35
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Let us just get hold of the gist.

1. A book first - published - in 1946 – a past participle is rightly used.
2. A book is -comparing - something ( even as of today) so a present participle – comparing – is rightly used.
3. Comparison is between the way world appears in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible. Comparison is not between the whole books of Odyssey and Bible.
4. The book laid the foundation for something beginning from early times to his days. - To his days - is the key here, restricting the foundation as something of a past and not applicable at the moment. So the correct expression for this will be a simple past – laid -.

It may be seen that only A fits in

(A) and comparing the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible, Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach – laid - the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days –
Right choice

(B and laying the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days, Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach compared the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible.
Wrong because, comparison should come first and then the laying the foundation

(C) Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach, compares the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible, and lays the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days
wrong

(D) and comparing the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible, Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach, lays the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days
wrong

(E) and comparing Homer’s Odyssey with the Bible and the ways the world appears in both, Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach laid the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days
E – Compares Homer’s Odyssey with the Bible which alters the intent.
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Last edited by daagh on 02 Nov 2010, 02:00, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Odyssey, the Bible, and Mimesis [#permalink] New post 22 Oct 2010, 05:07
daagh wrote:
Let us just get hold of the gist.

1. A book first - published - in 1946 – a past participle is rightly used.
2. A book is -comparing - something ( even as of today) so a present participle – comparing – is rightly used.
3. Comparison is between the way world appears in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible. Comparison is not between the whole books of Odyssey and Bible.
4. The book laid the foundation for something beginning from early times to his days. - To his days - is the key here, frestricting the foundation as something of a past and is not applicable at the moment. So the correct expression for this will be a simple past – laid -.

It may be seen that only A fits in

(A) and comparing the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible, Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach – laid - the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days –
Right choice

(B and laying the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days, Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach compared the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible.
Wrong because, comparison should come first and then the laying the foundation

(C) Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach, compares the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible, and lays the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days
wrong

(D) and comparing the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible, Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach, lays the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days
wrong

(E) and comparing Homer’s Odyssey with the Bible and the ways the world appears in both, Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach laid the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days
E – Compares Homer’s Odyssey with the Bible which alters the intent.


Thanks for your brief explanation...
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Re: Odyssey, the Bible, and Mimesis [#permalink] New post 22 Oct 2010, 22:35
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Kudos Daagh.

I originally answered C, but 'lays' is obviously wrong.

(c) *lays* the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning *from the very early times to his days*

It's frustrating how I make these same mistakes over and over again.
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Re: Odyssey, the Bible, and Mimesis [#permalink] New post 02 Nov 2010, 01:35
anyone helps me explain why the word 'appear" is in the present tense form, not past form
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Re: First published in 1946, and comparing the ways the world [#permalink] New post 24 Dec 2011, 21:17
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Why C is not the answer? Already explained by me in my gist in this same thread.
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Re: First published in 1946, and comparing the ways the world [#permalink] New post 25 Dec 2011, 00:59
daagh wrote:
First published in 1946, and comparing the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible, Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach laid the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days

(A) and comparing the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible, Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach laid the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days

(B and laying the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days, Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach compared the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible.

(C) Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach, compares the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible, and lays the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days

(D) and comparing the ways the world appears both in Homer’s Odyssey and in the Bible, Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach, lays the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days

(E) and comparing Homer’s Odyssey with the Bible and the ways the world appears in both , Mimesis, a philosophical treatise written by Auerbach laid the foundation for a unified theory of western literature beginning from the very early times to his days

(OA under spoiler after 5 answers)



Initially went with C, but i think the word "lays" is incorrect to use because, the treatise had already been bublished and so "laid" is the correct word to use...........But i am not sure about this answer..Plz correct me if i am wrong....
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Re: First published in 1946, and comparing the ways the world [#permalink] New post 25 Dec 2011, 02:16
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You are right and between A and E which use ‘laid’, E is out because of altered intent
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Re: First published in 1946, and comparing the ways the world [#permalink] New post 25 Dec 2011, 06:31
C is the best answer in my opinion.

For all the other options "first published in" modifies Mimesis, which it needs to touch. Furthermore "and" after a comma is only used to connect two main clauses and "first published in" obviously isn't a main clause since there's no subject.

However, the tenses in C should be past, so I don't really see a clear correct answer, I'd just say that C is the best.
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Re: First published in 1946, and comparing the ways the world [#permalink] New post 26 Dec 2011, 00:07
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BN1989 wrote:
C is the best answer in my opinion.

For all the other options "first published in" modifies Mimesis, which it needs to touch. Furthermore "and" after a comma is only used to connect two main clauses and "first published in" obviously isn't a main clause since there's no subject.

However, the tenses in C should be past, so I don't really see a clear correct answer, I'd just say that C is the best.

"first published in" past participle phrase and " and comparing the ways the world appears ..." present participle phrase both are modifying the same noun "Mimesis" so the modifiers are not misplaced actually,
for ex "tired, but still practicing hard, Nadal is far tenacious than his other opponents"'
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Re: First published in 1946, and comparing the ways the world [#permalink] New post 26 Dec 2011, 02:05
Answer cannot be A, since it contains 2 modifiers Back-to-Back.
Its has to be C, since, the structure of the sentence is :
Modifier, Memesis, Modifer, compares this to this.
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Re: First published in 1946, and comparing the ways the world [#permalink] New post 26 Dec 2011, 02:21
who laid the foundation? Mimesis or Auerbach? Confused, if OA is A.
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Re: First published in 1946, and comparing the ways the world [#permalink] New post 26 Dec 2011, 07:13
alex39 wrote:
BN1989 wrote:
C is the best answer in my opinion.

For all the other options "first published in" modifies Mimesis, which it needs to touch. Furthermore "and" after a comma is only used to connect two main clauses and "first published in" obviously isn't a main clause since there's no subject.

However, the tenses in C should be past, so I don't really see a clear correct answer, I'd just say that C is the best.

"first published in" past participle phrase and " and comparing the ways the world appears ..." present participle phrase both are modifying the same noun "Mimesis" so the modifiers are not misplaced actually,
for ex "tired, but still practicing hard, Nadal is far tenacious than his other opponents"'

You're right, "Mimesis" is modified by two phrases, which are seperated by a comma and "and". Although I think this is a little wordy, it's perfectly correct grammatically.
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Re: First published in 1946, and comparing the ways the world [#permalink] New post 26 Dec 2011, 07:15
BDSunDevil wrote:
who laid the foundation? Mimesis or Auerbach? Confused, if OA is A.

Mimesis is the subject of the sentence and hence "laid the foundation".
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Re: First published in 1946, and comparing the ways the world [#permalink] New post 28 Dec 2011, 01:42
Even i got C. But E seems better... laid is correct
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Re: First published in 1946, and comparing the ways the world [#permalink] New post 25 Oct 2013, 23:32
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Re: First published in 1946, and comparing the ways the world [#permalink] New post 26 Oct 2013, 00:50
Can't believe I got this question right. Actually the percentage of incorrect answers made me eliminate C :P. Besides the fact that the "his" has ambiguous reference. Narrowed it down to A and E. Finally cam up with A
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Re: First published in 1946, and comparing the ways the world [#permalink] New post 28 Oct 2013, 08:52
this is a hard question in that we have to choose between "lays" and "laid"

why D is wrong?, I think we neen a timeless action, which is "lays" , not "laid"

this is an unofficial question and I normally do not study the hard point of that question
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Re: First published in 1946, and comparing the ways the world [#permalink] New post 09 Aug 2014, 04:26
Hi egmat!! Please answer these queries of mine:

1) Is this sentence an example of verb-ed and verb-ing being parallel(because they are modifiers)?
2) Why is choice C wrong?

Thanks!!
Re: First published in 1946, and comparing the ways the world   [#permalink] 09 Aug 2014, 04:26
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