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Five hundred million different species of living creatures

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Five hundred million different species of living creatures [#permalink] New post 25 Mar 2005, 20:28
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  45% (medium)

Question Stats:

43% (01:46) correct 58% (00:50) wrong based on 120 sessions
Five hundred million different species of living creatures have appeared on Earth, nearly 99 percent of them vanishing.

A. Five hundred million different species of living creatures have appeared on Earth, nearly 99 percent of them vanishing.

B. Nearly 99 percent of five hundred million different species of living creatures that appeared on Earth have vanished.

C. Vanished are nearly 99 percent of the five hundred million different species of living creatures that appeared on Earth.

D. Of five hundred million different species of living creatures that have appeared on Earth, nearly 99 percent of them have vanished.

E. Of the five hundred million different species of living creatures that have appeared on Earth, nearly 99 percent have vanished.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by Zarrolou on 03 Jun 2013, 12:52, edited 1 time in total.
Added OA.
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Re: SC - Species [#permalink] New post 25 Mar 2005, 21:25
A and C are awakward.

B. Nearly 99 percent of five hundred million different species of living creatures that appeared on Earth have vanished. A and C are out. B is also out because of use of apeared.

E. Of the five hundred million different species of living creatures that have appeared on Earth, nearly 99 percent have vanished. It is also out because it says 99% only. it is not what is 99%?

D. Of five hundred million different species of living creatures that have appeared on Earth, nearly 99 percent of them have vanished. The only remaining is D, which is correct.
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 [#permalink] New post 26 Mar 2005, 06:27
Yes E makes sense in having present perfect because it is still contiuing having started some time in the past.
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Re: SC - Species [#permalink] New post 26 Mar 2005, 13:33
MA wrote:
A and C are awakward.

B. Nearly 99 percent of five hundred million different species of living creatures that appeared on Earth have vanished. A and C are out. B is also out because of use of apeared.

E. Of the five hundred million different species of living creatures that have appeared on Earth, nearly 99 percent have vanished. It is also out because it says 99% only. it is not what is 99%?

D. Of five hundred million different species of living creatures that have appeared on Earth, nearly 99 percent of them have vanished. The only remaining is D, which is correct.


Ma, can you explain why 'that appeared' in B is wrong.
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Re: SC - Species [#permalink] New post 26 Mar 2005, 17:22
rthothad wrote:
MA wrote:
B. Nearly 99 percent of five hundred million different species of living creatures that appeared on Earth have vanished. A and C are out. B is also out because of use of apeared.

Ma, can you explain why 'that appeared' in B is wrong.


In my opinion, that refers to "Five hundred million different species of living creatures" (that) appeared on Earth have vanished. i mean all creatures have vanished. but this not true. if all creatures were vanished, then what we are left?
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Re: SC - Species [#permalink] New post 26 Mar 2005, 17:47
nocilis wrote:
Five hundred million different species of living creatures have appeared on Earth, nearly 99 percent of them vanishing.

A. Five hundred million different species of living creatures have appeared on Earth, nearly 99 percent of them vanishing.

B. Nearly 99 percent of five hundred million different species of living creatures that appeared on Earth have vanished.

C. Vanished are nearly 99 percent of the five hundred million different species of living creatures that appeared on Earth.

D. Of five hundred million different species of living creatures that have appeared on Earth, nearly 99 percent of them have vanished.

E. Of the five hundred million different species of living creatures that have
appeared on Earth, nearly 99 percent have vanished.

This has been previously discussed with no conclusion so I am posting it again.

I will go with E.


as the use of present perfect "have appeared" is in line with the original sentence, making the fact that 'they appeared' relevant at present time.

Please explain your answer.


I go with B.

In E, the usage of two present perfect verb tense is inappropriate.
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Re: SC - Species [#permalink] New post 26 Mar 2005, 18:34
chunjuwu wrote:
I go with B.

In E, the usage of two present perfect verb tense is inappropriate.


I have lived in this place for five years and have worked at the same company" -> Uses two Present perfect and is a perfectly correct sentence.
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 [#permalink] New post 27 Mar 2005, 23:07
I go for E

A. Five hundred million different species of living creatures have appeared on Earth, nearly 99 percent of them vanishing.
A is akward, use of ING for "vanishing" and no link between the 2 main clauses.B. Nearly 99 percent of five hundred million different species of living creatures that appeared on Earth have vanished.
Suggest that there may be more than 500M different species
C. Vanished are nearly 99 percent of the five hundred million different species of living creatures that appeared on Earth.
Akward construction
D. Of five hundred million different species of living creatures that have appeared on Earth, nearly 99 percent of them have vanished.
I have hesitation with this one but it is not clear if there exists more than 500M different species. It is just said "Of 500M" and not "Of the 500M"
E. Of the five hundred million different species of living creatures that have appeared on Earth, nearly 99 percent have vanished.
Ok
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Re: SC - Species [#permalink] New post 27 Mar 2005, 23:57
nocilis wrote:
chunjuwu wrote:
I go with B.

In E, the usage of two present perfect verb tense is inappropriate.


I have lived in this place for five years and have worked at the same company" -> Uses two Present perfect and is a perfectly correct sentence.


nocilis:
I think the sentence you gave above is different from the one in question. In your example, you are joining two independent clauses using the conjugation "and" where in, both the clauses NEED to be in the same tense.
But, in the question - the first part of the sentence is a dependent clause (without the main clause "nearly 99% vanished", we would have a sentence fragment) and hence I agree with what chunjwu says..
Answer should be B

Gurus pl. correct me if I am wrong :dunnow
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 [#permalink] New post 28 Mar 2005, 00:10
Five hundred million different species of living creatures have appeared on Earth, nearly 99 percent of them vanishing.

A. Five hundred million different species of living creatures have appeared on Earth, nearly 99 percent of them vanishing.
- awkward phrasing.

B. Nearly 99 percent of five hundred million different species of living creatures that appeared on Earth have vanished.
- 'have vanised' is the wrong tense. Suggests 'vanishing' is still occuring today

C. Vanished are nearly 99 percent of the five hundred million different species of living creatures that appeared on Earth.
- awkward phrasing

D. Of five hundred million different species of living creatures that have appeared on Earth, nearly 99 percent of them have vanished.
- 'of five hundered' --> disjointed

E. Of the five hundred million different species of living creatures that have appeared on Earth, nearly 99 percent have vanished.

Go with E for this one.
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 [#permalink] New post 28 Mar 2005, 00:14
ywilfred wrote:
Five hundred million different species of living creatures have appeared on Earth, nearly 99 percent of them vanishing.

A. Five hundred million different species of living creatures have appeared on Earth, nearly 99 percent of them vanishing.
- awkward phrasing.

B. Nearly 99 percent of five hundred million different species of living creatures that appeared on Earth have vanished.
- 'have vanised' is the wrong tense. Suggests 'vanishing' is still occuring today
C. Vanished are nearly 99 percent of the five hundred million different species of living creatures that appeared on Earth.
- awkward phrasing

D. Of five hundred million different species of living creatures that have appeared on Earth, nearly 99 percent of them have vanished.
- 'of five hundered' --> disjointed

E. Of the five hundred million different species of living creatures that have appeared on Earth, nearly 99 percent have vanished.

Go with E for this one.


Can you explain the above contradiction (in RED)?
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 [#permalink] New post 28 Mar 2005, 00:23
hmmm.. . didn't see that .. let me try again.. :oops:
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 [#permalink] New post 28 Mar 2005, 09:02
I agree with Antmavel's analysis. B would be correct if it had the word "the". "have vanished" is correct.
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 [#permalink] New post 28 Mar 2005, 10:11
i ll go with E

one problem, what i notice in B is the usage of "appeared" . it should be "have appeared" with the change in the sentence construction.

B- Nearly 99 percent of five hundred million different species of living creatures that appeared on Earth have vanished.

the relative clause "that appeared on earth" modifies "living creatures"

living creatures is the whole group (100%) out of which 99% have vanished.
so-- "living creatures that appeared on earth"-- would suggest that not a single specie of the 500 million diff species EXISTS (appear) at present, but in fact 1% of them are still in existence.
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 [#permalink] New post 28 Mar 2005, 10:16
I disagree. I believe both past tense and present perfect tense can be used for this case. "appeared" means "came into existence". The 5 mil species came into existence in the past. It doesn't matter it they are still here today or not.
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Re: SC - Species [#permalink] New post 29 Mar 2005, 05:54
nocilis wrote:
chunjuwu wrote:
I go with B.

In E, the usage of two present perfect verb tense is inappropriate.


I have lived in this place for five years and have worked at the same company" -> Uses two Present perfect and is a perfectly correct sentence.



Hi, in your case, the two actions have the same time order. So, two perfect tenses are correct.

But in the original question, it must 'appear' first and then 'vanished'.
So, two perfect tenses cannot tell which one happened first.

In choice E, if they have appeared on the earth, how come they vanished? Again, it must 'appeared' first and then 'have vanished now'.

So, I stick with B.

OA, please
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 [#permalink] New post 29 Mar 2005, 16:36
Sorry guys don't have the OA. I picked this question from GMAT club in another thread.
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 [#permalink] New post 29 Mar 2005, 16:57
Sorry for the late reply. I've been meaning to re-work this question, but I've been bogged down with office work. Anyway, here are my thoughts on this question.

Five hundred million different species of living creatures have appeared on Earth, nearly 99 percent of them vanishing.

A. Five hundred million different species of living creatures have appeared on Earth, nearly 99 percent of them vanishing.
- A is wrong. 'have appeared on earth' suggests new creatures are still appearing today. 'nearly 99% of them vanishing' is also disjointed from the earlier part of the sentence.

B. Nearly 99 percent of five hundred million different species of living creatures that appeared on Earth have vanished.
- 99% of the species that appeared -> correct, past tense suggests that the creatures have already appeared
- 'have vanished' suggests that the species are still dying out today.

C. Vanished are nearly 99 percent of the five hundred million different species of living creatures that appeared on Earth.
- 'Vanished are early 99%' -> sounds strange. Beginning with a verb (vanish) that does not modify anything.

D. Of five hundred million different species of living creatures that have appeared on Earth, nearly 99 percent of them have vanished.
- same as for A (have appeared)

E. Of the five hundred million different species of living creatures that have appeared on Earth, nearly 99 percent have vanished.
- same as for A (have appeared)

I'll take B.
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 [#permalink] New post 29 Mar 2005, 16:58
HongHu wrote:
But B is missing a word "the".


Does indeed sounds strange without a 'the', but clarity of the sentence is still maintained even without the word.
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 [#permalink] New post 30 Mar 2005, 01:35
nocilis wrote:
Sorry guys don't have the OA. I picked this question from GMAT club in another thread.


Terrible :? Is there any way someone can get the OA ? Even if you do not have the OA, do you have the source Nocilis ?
  [#permalink] 30 Mar 2005, 01:35
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