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# Five-star General John Pershing had such a sweeping command

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Five-star General John Pershing had such a sweeping command [#permalink]  22 Jan 2013, 14:06
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47% (01:50) correct 53% (00:52) wrong based on 356 sessions
Five-star General John Pershing had such a sweeping command in World War I as no single WWII general is a correspondence to him.
(A) such a sweeping command in World War I as no single WWII general is a correspondence to
(B) such a sweeping command in World War I that no single WWII general would be a correspondence with
(C) so sweeping a command in World War I as no single WWII general would be corresponding to
(D) so sweeping a command in World War I that no single WWII general corresponds to
(E) such a sweeping command in World War I because no single WWII general corresponds with

In this sentence about Blackjack Pershing, the same root word appears in noun & verb forms (correspondence, corresponds, corresponding). For a full discussion of this frequent SC issue, as well as a complete explanation of the sentence above, see:
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2013/active-verbs-on-the-gmat/

Mike
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Mike McGarry
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Re: Five-star General John Pershing [#permalink]  22 Jan 2013, 14:53
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mikemcgarry wrote:
Five-star General John Pershing had such a sweeping command in World War I as no single WWII general is a correspondence to him.
(A) such a sweeping command in World War I as no single WWII general is a correspondence to
(B) such a sweeping command in World War I that no single WWII general would be a correspondence with
(C) so sweeping a command in World War I as no single WWII general would be corresponding to
(D) so sweeping a command in World War I that no single WWII general corresponds to
(E) such a sweeping command in World War I because no single WWII general corresponds with

In this sentence about Blackjack Pershing, the same root word appears in noun & verb forms (correspondence, corresponds, corresponding). For a full discussion of this frequent SC issue, as well as a complete explanation of the sentence above, see:
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2013/active-verbs-on-the-gmat/

Mike

with him is wrong, right is $$TO$$him. only based on this we have A C and D

such a is wrong

would be is wrong. we are comparing X that $$IS$$ Y ( a matter of fact)

D is the best
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Re: Five-star General John Pershing [#permalink]  23 Jan 2013, 14:58
I just couldn't convince myself that so sweeping was correct...that sounds terrible.
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Re: Five-star General John Pershing [#permalink]  23 Jan 2013, 15:30
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skiingforthewknds wrote:
I just couldn't convince myself that so sweeping was correct...that sounds terrible.

Dear skiingforthewknds,
With all due respect, this is why it's vitally important to do high-brow reading in preparation for the GMAT. If your ear is tuned, say, to the level of grammar present in most modern media, then you are completely set up to make a sizable number of errors on the GMAT SC simply by following your ear, and many fully correct grammatical structures will sound "wrong" as well. It's very important to "re-train" your ear in correct grammar ---- the GMAT SC is designed to excoriate folks who uncritically trust what they hear in colloquial English.
Does this make sense?
Mike
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Re: Five-star General John Pershing [#permalink]  23 Jan 2013, 17:02
No worries Mike. I never said I was solely using my ear just that fact it sounded that bad. You can knock off a lot in various other rules its just a mind game with that worfing

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Re: Five-star General John Pershing had such a sweeping command [#permalink]  25 Sep 2013, 09:32
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Re: Five-star General John Pershing had such a sweeping command [#permalink]  13 Jul 2014, 06:14
skiingforthewknds wrote:
I just couldn't convince myself that so sweeping was correct...that sounds terrible.

Great question!

....so sweeping.... sounds terrible for me as well (however, i'm not a native speaker, so could be wrong).

But I guess the author of this question realised this and intentionally pasted 5 different options to the second part of the sentence (correspondence with / correspondence to etc).
And four out of these five could be rather easily eliminated. So, in my opinion, this question could be answered even w/o analysing the first construction
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Re: Five-star General John Pershing had such a sweeping command [#permalink]  14 Jul 2014, 00:47
Got the right answer but confused by the usage of the word correspond. What does this sentence mean anyway Mike ?
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Re: Five-star General John Pershing had such a sweeping command [#permalink]  14 Jul 2014, 10:40
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himanshujovi wrote:
Got the right answer but confused by the usage of the word correspond. What does this sentence mean anyway Mike ?

Dear himanshujovi,
I'm happy to help.

This is a sentence with hard vocabulary and a sophisticated meaning. It is a very hard sentence, but something like this could appear on the GMAT SC. Here's the OA, version (D):

Five-star General John Pershing had so sweeping a command in World War I that no single WWII general corresponds to him.

OK, what does this mean? First of all, "sweeping" in this context means "vast, unlimited." Having a "sweeping command" means having virtually unlimited power, having tremendous authority. Pershing was the "top dog" in the US military in WWI. That's the first fact communicated in this sentence.

Now, you asked about the word "correspond." A correspondence is a pattern of matching. X corresponds to Y if X & Y are each in their own pattern, and the two patterns match, X and Y are at matching points in the two patterns.

For example, in the US, the President, corresponds to the Prime Minister in many other countries. They have different titles but the same essential role.

The CEO of a corporation corresponds to the president or chancellor of a university.

One could say that the movements of a symphony correspond to the chapters of a book --- both play the same role of dividing the word into meaningful sections.

One could say that the Eiffel Tower, the iconic landmark of France, corresponds to the Taj Mahal, the iconic landmark of India. They both correspond to the Statue of Liberty in the USA or to the Great Wall of China. It's not clear which single German landmark or single Japanese landmark would most correspond with these.

Here, in this SC question, the pattern of matching concerns the first and the second World War.

If we ask: who was the #1 most important military leader in the US military in WWI? The answer is clearly and unambiguously John Pershing.

If we ask: who was the #1 most important military leader in the US military in WWII? Well, there's not really a clear answer. Many generals were important --- Eisenhower, Patton, Bradley, MacArthur, as well as Admiral Nimitz, etc., but there was none who stood out as the supreme leader, the way Pershing did in WWI. In other words, no WWII leader corresponds to Pershing. Pershing had a specific role in WWI, and nobody had a matching role in WWII.

Does all this make sense?
Mike
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Re: Five-star General John Pershing had such a sweeping command [#permalink]  16 Jul 2014, 07:10
mikemcgarry wrote:
Five-star General John Pershing had such a sweeping command in World War I as no single WWII general is a correspondence to him.
(A) such a sweeping command in World War I as no single WWII general is a correspondence to
(B) such a sweeping command in World War I that no single WWII general would be a correspondence with
(C) so sweeping a command in World War I as no single WWII general would be corresponding to
(D) so sweeping a command in World War I that no single WWII general corresponds to
(E) such a sweeping command in World War I because no single WWII general corresponds with

In this sentence about Blackjack Pershing, the same root word appears in noun & verb forms (correspondence, corresponds, corresponding). For a full discussion of this frequent SC issue, as well as a complete explanation of the sentence above, see:
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2013/active-verbs-on-the-gmat/

Mike

pls, confirm my idea following
A. to talk of result the idiom is "such ... that" . this is not idiom
B. after "such... that" we can not use "would". PLS ADVISE WHAT TENSE WE USE IN SUCH.. THAT CLAUSE.
C. "so...that" is idiom. this is not idiom
E, the causal relation is not correct inhere
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Re: Five-star General John Pershing had such a sweeping command [#permalink]  16 Jul 2014, 09:12
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vietmoi999 wrote:
mikemcgarry wrote:
Five-star General John Pershing had such a sweeping command in World War I as no single WWII general is a correspondence to him.
(A) such a sweeping command in World War I as no single WWII general is a correspondence to
(B) such a sweeping command in World War I that no single WWII general would be a correspondence with
(C) so sweeping a command in World War I as no single WWII general would be corresponding to
(D) so sweeping a command in World War I that no single WWII general corresponds to
(E) such a sweeping command in World War I because no single WWII general corresponds with

In this sentence about Blackjack Pershing, the same root word appears in noun & verb forms (correspondence, corresponds, corresponding). For a full discussion of this frequent SC issue, as well as a complete explanation of the sentence above, see:
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2013/active-verbs-on-the-gmat/

Mike

pls, confirm my idea following
A. to talk of result the idiom is "such ... that" . this is not idiom
B. after "such... that" we can not use "would". PLS ADVISE WHAT TENSE WE USE IN SUCH.. THAT CLAUSE.
C. "so...that" is idiom. this is not idiom
E, the causal relation is not correct inhere

Dear vietmoi999,
I'm happy to respond. On (A) & (C) & (E), you are 100% correct. In (B), there is no rule about a "that" clause and verb tense --- we simply have to use the verb tense relevant to the situation. If we were talking hypothetically, say about a future war, then we might use "would." WWII was a long time ago, and all the achievements of those generals is well known at this point. There is absolutely nothing hypothetical, speculative, or ambiguous about what those folks accomplished. That's why "would" is wrong. Here, we are taking about a correspondence, a pattern of matching, and this pattern is something we are perceiving in the present moment, so the present tense --- "does correspond" or simply "corresponds" is perfectly correct.

Does all this make sense?
Mike
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Re: Five-star General John Pershing had such a sweeping command   [#permalink] 16 Jul 2014, 09:12
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