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Flat Earth Society President: It is an accepted

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Flat Earth Society President: It is an accepted [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jan 2013, 21:16
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Question Stats:

57% (02:12) correct 43% (01:29) wrong based on 286 sessions

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Flat Earth Society President: It is an accepted philosophical aphorism that all truth passes through three stages: first, it is mocked; second, it is opposed and condemned; third, it is accepted as self-evident. The central claims of my flat earth society were first mocked and now face ferocious opposition, so it is plain enough that they will shortly be accepted as self-evident.

Which of the following best describes the error in the president’s reasoning?

The evidence presented for the president’s conclusion is irrelevant to that conclusion.
The president generalizes from an atypical case.
The phenomenon introduced by the president in support of his principal contention is not a phenomenon covered by the aphorism supplied.
The president mistakes a condition necessary to obtain a result for a condition sufficient to obtain that result.
The president exploits two meaning of the word “truth.”
Source:Veri Prep
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Flat Earth Society President: [#permalink]

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Re: Flat Earth Society President: [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jan 2013, 21:25
I am not sure why it can't be "generalization of an atypical case"
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Re: Flat Earth Society President: [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jan 2013, 20:22
+1

Yes why it cannot be "Author is generalizing a typical case"??
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Re: Flat Earth Society President: [#permalink]

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targetgmatchotu wrote:
+1

Yes why it cannot be "Author is generalizing a typical case"??


targetgmatchotu & btg9788,

In this problem, the president does not generalize any specific/atypical case, rather he is using an accepted aphorism only to prove his claim (narrow in scope)

When you generalize, you extrapolate a certain claim/fact to things wider in scope.
For example:
Fact: Sweater keeps you warm in cold.
Narrow in scope: Its cold in here today, I should wear the sweater.
Generalized: Its cold in here today, everyone must be wearing the sweater.

Similarly in this problem:
Accepted aphorism: Truth passes through three stages: mocked; condemned; and then accepted.
Narrow in scope: President: My claims were mocked first, hence they are deemed to be accepted as truth.
Generalized: President: Everyone whose claims were mocked will soon find their claim accepted as truth.
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Re: Flat Earth Society President: It is an accepted [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jan 2014, 10:41
TGC wrote:
Flat Earth Society President: It is an accepted philosophical aphorism that all truth passes through three stages: first, it is mocked; second, it is opposed and condemned; third, it is accepted as self-evident. The central claims of my flat earth society were first mocked and now face ferocious opposition, so it is plain enough that they will shortly be accepted as self-evident.

Which of the following best describes the error in the president’s reasoning?

The evidence presented for the president’s conclusion is irrelevant to that conclusion.
The president generalizes from an atypical case.
The phenomenon introduced by the president in support of his principal contention is not a phenomenon covered by the aphorism supplied.
The president mistakes a condition necessary to obtain a result for a condition sufficient to obtain that result.
The president exploits two meaning of the word “truth.”
Source:Veri Prep


I don't get why is D the correct answer?

Would someone please elaborate?
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Re: Flat Earth Society President: It is an accepted [#permalink]

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New post 14 May 2014, 14:54
Could someone kindly elaborate on why D is incorrect?

Will throw some Kudos out there

Thanks!
Cheers!
J :)
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Re: Flat Earth Society President: It is an accepted [#permalink]

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New post 20 Dec 2015, 05:04
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Re: Flat Earth Society President: It is an accepted [#permalink]

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New post 21 Dec 2015, 03:36
Flat Earth Society President: It is an accepted philosophical aphorism that all truth passes through three stages: first, it is mocked; second, it is opposed and condemned; third, it is accepted as self-evident. The central claims of my flat earth society were first mocked and now face ferocious opposition, so it is plain enough that they will shortly be accepted as self-evident.

Which of the following best describes the error in the president’s reasoning?

The evidence presented for the president’s conclusion is irrelevant to that conclusion.
The president generalizes from an atypical case.
The phenomenon introduced by the president in support of his principal contention is not a phenomenon covered by the aphorism supplied.
The president mistakes a condition necessary to obtain a result for a condition sufficient to obtain that result.
The president exploits two meaning of the word “truth.”


I think the error in the president’s reasoning is that he assumes that his central claims of flat earth society were TRUE.
Can this be categorized as mistakes a condition necessary to obtain a result for a condition sufficient to obtain that result. I am not much convinced. I think we better call it:
The president assumes something as truth without proper substantiation. (definitely better worded ;))
Can somebody strengthen D ?
Thanks.
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Re: Flat Earth Society President: It is an accepted [#permalink]

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New post 27 Dec 2015, 22:27
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The president gives an accepted philosophical aphorism and the then claims that the central contentions of the flat earth society will follow the same path. Hence he initially states a condition and then assumes that the given condition will also follow the same track and give the same result. Hence the answer choice is "D".
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Re: Flat Earth Society President: It is an accepted   [#permalink] 27 Dec 2015, 22:27
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