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# Flat Earth Society President: It is an accepted

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Kudos [?]: 601 [5] , given: 322

Flat Earth Society President: It is an accepted [#permalink]

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20 Jan 2013, 21:16
5
KUDOS
5
This post was
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Difficulty:

55% (hard)

Question Stats:

58% (02:10) correct 42% (01:23) wrong based on 332 sessions

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Flat Earth Society President: It is an accepted philosophical aphorism that all truth passes through three stages: first, it is mocked; second, it is opposed and condemned; third, it is accepted as self-evident. The central claims of my flat earth society were first mocked and now face ferocious opposition, so it is plain enough that they will shortly be accepted as self-evident.

Which of the following best describes the error in the president’s reasoning?

The evidence presented for the president’s conclusion is irrelevant to that conclusion.
The president generalizes from an atypical case.
The phenomenon introduced by the president in support of his principal contention is not a phenomenon covered by the aphorism supplied.
The president mistakes a condition necessary to obtain a result for a condition sufficient to obtain that result.
The president exploits two meaning of the word “truth.”
Source:Veri Prep
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Flat Earth Society President: [#permalink]

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21 Jan 2013, 13:33
1
KUDOS
what is your doubt here ??

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Re: Flat Earth Society President: [#permalink]

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21 Jan 2013, 21:25
I am not sure why it can't be "generalization of an atypical case"
Current Student
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Re: Flat Earth Society President: [#permalink]

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24 Jan 2013, 20:22
+1

Yes why it cannot be "Author is generalizing a typical case"??
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Re: Flat Earth Society President: [#permalink]

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24 Jan 2013, 20:53
3
KUDOS
targetgmatchotu wrote:
+1

Yes why it cannot be "Author is generalizing a typical case"??

targetgmatchotu & btg9788,

In this problem, the president does not generalize any specific/atypical case, rather he is using an accepted aphorism only to prove his claim (narrow in scope)

When you generalize, you extrapolate a certain claim/fact to things wider in scope.
For example:
Fact: Sweater keeps you warm in cold.
Narrow in scope: Its cold in here today, I should wear the sweater.
Generalized: Its cold in here today, everyone must be wearing the sweater.

Similarly in this problem:
Accepted aphorism: Truth passes through three stages: mocked; condemned; and then accepted.
Narrow in scope: President: My claims were mocked first, hence they are deemed to be accepted as truth.
Generalized: President: Everyone whose claims were mocked will soon find their claim accepted as truth.
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Re: Flat Earth Society President: It is an accepted [#permalink]

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19 Jan 2014, 10:41
1
KUDOS
TGC wrote:
Flat Earth Society President: It is an accepted philosophical aphorism that all truth passes through three stages: first, it is mocked; second, it is opposed and condemned; third, it is accepted as self-evident. The central claims of my flat earth society were first mocked and now face ferocious opposition, so it is plain enough that they will shortly be accepted as self-evident.

Which of the following best describes the error in the president’s reasoning?

The evidence presented for the president’s conclusion is irrelevant to that conclusion.
The president generalizes from an atypical case.
The phenomenon introduced by the president in support of his principal contention is not a phenomenon covered by the aphorism supplied.
The president mistakes a condition necessary to obtain a result for a condition sufficient to obtain that result.
The president exploits two meaning of the word “truth.”
Source:Veri Prep

I don't get why is D the correct answer?

Cheers!
J
Will provide Kudos for good responses

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Re: Flat Earth Society President: It is an accepted [#permalink]

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14 May 2014, 14:54
Could someone kindly elaborate on why D is incorrect?

Will throw some Kudos out there

Thanks!
Cheers!
J
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Re: Flat Earth Society President: It is an accepted [#permalink]

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20 Dec 2015, 05:04
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Re: Flat Earth Society President: It is an accepted [#permalink]

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21 Dec 2015, 03:36
Flat Earth Society President: It is an accepted philosophical aphorism that all truth passes through three stages: first, it is mocked; second, it is opposed and condemned; third, it is accepted as self-evident. The central claims of my flat earth society were first mocked and now face ferocious opposition, so it is plain enough that they will shortly be accepted as self-evident.

Which of the following best describes the error in the president’s reasoning?

The evidence presented for the president’s conclusion is irrelevant to that conclusion.
The president generalizes from an atypical case.
The phenomenon introduced by the president in support of his principal contention is not a phenomenon covered by the aphorism supplied.
The president mistakes a condition necessary to obtain a result for a condition sufficient to obtain that result.
The president exploits two meaning of the word “truth.”

I think the error in the president’s reasoning is that he assumes that his central claims of flat earth society were TRUE.
Can this be categorized as mistakes a condition necessary to obtain a result for a condition sufficient to obtain that result. I am not much convinced. I think we better call it:
The president assumes something as truth without proper substantiation. (definitely better worded )
Can somebody strengthen D ?
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Re: Flat Earth Society President: It is an accepted [#permalink]

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27 Dec 2015, 22:27
The president gives an accepted philosophical aphorism and the then claims that the central contentions of the flat earth society will follow the same path. Hence he initially states a condition and then assumes that the given condition will also follow the same track and give the same result. Hence the answer choice is "D".
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Flat Earth Society President: It is an accepted [#permalink]

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22 Jul 2016, 03:02
THE CORRECT ANSWER IS D INDEED

See this analogy:-
The easiest way to get into HARVARD MBA is
1) prepare for GMAT
2) Score 770+ in GMAT
3) Send application to HARVARD

These 3 are necessary conditions to get in HARVARD MBA, but they are not sufficient enough to guarantee an admission.
What if you score 780 in GMAT but you are only 11 years old and are currently in standard 6 in a school. Can you join HARVARD MBA without a high school or college degree or work experience. NO

So Necessary conditions doesn't means Sufficient condition. They go in both directions and can be often confusing . For example.
Being a fertile, healthy woman is a necessary condition in order to become pregnant.
But can a woman be pregnant without some sort of sperm donor or a male.
So having a willing, fertile, male to donate sperms is required. Adding that to the list will make our condition sufficient.

In layman's term always remember
NECCESARY CONDITION = ALL CRITERIAS / RULES/ REQUIREMENTS BUT NO STILL NO GUARANTEE
SUFFICIENT CONDITIONS = GUARANTEE

In the case of Flat earth president claims. He forgets that after being (1) laughed and (2) attacked, only those other theories that were (3) found to be true were (4) accepted. FOUND TO BE TRUE (3) IS SUFFICIENT CONDITION for acceptance.

In his case, he is (1) laughed and (2) opposed , now his theories will be found to be FLASE (3) and therefore not accepted (4) SINCE HE DOES NOT FULFILL (3), he will not will be accepted.

THEREFORE D is the CORRECT ANSWER

TGC wrote:
Flat Earth Society President: It is an accepted philosophical aphorism that all truth passes through three stages: first, it is mocked; second, it is opposed and condemned; third, it is accepted as self-evident. The central claims of my flat earth society were first mocked and now face ferocious opposition, so it is plain enough that they will shortly be accepted as self-evident.

Which of the following best describes the error in the president’s reasoning?

The evidence presented for the president’s conclusion is irrelevant to that conclusion.
The president generalizes from an atypical case.
The phenomenon introduced by the president in support of his principal contention is not a phenomenon covered by the aphorism supplied.
The president mistakes a condition necessary to obtain a result for a condition sufficient to obtain that result.
The president exploits two meaning of the word “truth.”
Source:Veri Prep

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Flat Earth Society President: It is an accepted   [#permalink] 22 Jul 2016, 03:02
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