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Floating in the waters of the equatorial Pacific, an array

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Floating in the waters of the equatorial Pacific, an array [#permalink] New post 08 Mar 2011, 07:03
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Question Stats:

58% (01:50) correct 42% (01:01) wrong based on 126 sessions
Floating in the waters of the equatorial Pacific, an array of buoys collects and transmits data on
long-term interactions between the ocean and the atmosphere, interactions that affect global
climate.
A. atmosphere, interactions that affect
B. atmosphere, with interactions affecting
C. atmosphere that affects
D. atmosphere that is affecting
E. atmosphere as affects
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: Floating in the waters [#permalink] New post 08 Mar 2011, 07:06
This is exactly the patten by which resumptive modifier works. That is the credited answer.

Other choices use with, that, as - all unidiomatic. A it is.
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Re: Floating in the waters [#permalink] New post 08 Mar 2011, 17:56
can u plz explain more abt this modifier? :cry:
or site a source?

gmat1220 wrote:
This is exactly the patten by which resumptive modifier works. That is the credited answer.

Other choices use with, that, as - all unidiomatic. A it is.

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Re: Floating in the waters [#permalink] New post 08 Mar 2011, 18:48
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http://grammar.about.com/od/rs/g/resump ... erterm.htm

Resumptive Modifier
Definition :
A modifier that repeats a key word at the end of a sentence and then adds informative or descriptive details related to that word. E.g

That kind of agentless prose should send up a red flag, a signal that here's a candidate for revision.

rohu27 wrote:
can u plz explain more abt this modifier? :cry:
or site a source?

gmat1220 wrote:
This is exactly the patten by which resumptive modifier works. That is the credited answer.

Other choices use with, that, as - all unidiomatic. A it is.
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Re: Floating in the waters [#permalink] New post 08 Mar 2011, 19:45
All other options are eliminated, C D E are using singular helping verb/verb for plural subject (InteractionS) B is wrong idiom.
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Re: Floating in the waters of the equatorial Pacific, an array [#permalink] New post 27 Feb 2012, 10:49
Why isn't the "B" in Buoys capitalized?
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Re: Floating in the waters of the equatorial Pacific, an array [#permalink] New post 10 Mar 2012, 04:17
a) atmosphere, interactions that affect

interactions is appositive ---use to modify the interactions between the ocean & the atmosphere..
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Re: Floating in the waters of the equatorial Pacific, an array [#permalink] New post 31 Jan 2013, 08:02
in B
"with ..."
is absolute phase which provide context for the main clause.

if B stands alone, B is logic and grammaticla. B means in the context that the interaction affects the climate, the main clause happen.

but B chang the original meaning and wrong.

og explanation of why B is wrong is not clear.

pls confirm, thank you.
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Re: Floating in the waters of the equatorial Pacific, an array [#permalink] New post 06 May 2014, 12:17
can someone please shed some light of the usage of "with" and why its wrong in this sentence.
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Re: Floating in the waters of the equatorial Pacific, an array [#permalink] New post 06 May 2014, 19:38
"With" usually describes how or using what tools/means/persons an action was performed. When "with" is preceded by a comma, it usually modifies the preceding clause (indicating "how" the action was performed) or the subject ("who else" did the subject perform the action with?).

So the possibilities with B are:
1. How does the array of buoys collect and transmit data?--by using the interactions affecting global climate.
2. Who/what else collects and transmits data?--interactions affecting global climate.

Neither possibility makes sense.

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Re: Floating in the waters of the equatorial Pacific, an array [#permalink] New post 08 May 2014, 08:46
prasi55 wrote:
"With" usually describes how or using what tools/means/persons an action was performed. When "with" is preceded by a comma, it usually modifies the preceding clause (indicating "how" the action was performed) or the subject ("who else" did the subject perform the action with?).

So the possibilities with B are:
1. How does the array of buoys collect and transmit data?--by using the interactions affecting global climate.
2. Who/what else collects and transmits data?--interactions affecting global climate.

Neither possibility makes sense.

--Prasad


Thanks for your reply. So, is "with" always used to describe the two cases you described?

Also, the clause followed by "with", as in this example - "with interactions affecting global climate" would have no bearing to predict the meaning of the with clause? Because then, I would say option A and B would have the same meaning -
A. atmosphere, interactions that affect
B. atmosphere, with interactions affecting
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Floating in the waters of the equatorial Pacific, an array [#permalink] New post 08 May 2014, 10:59
"With" is a very versatile word and is used to connote association/possession/manner of action.
For e.g. I eat bread with butter.
With 5 votes already in his kitty, Jimmis sure to win the election.
I eat bread, with butter providing occasional richness.

There is a crucial difference between A and B. B suggests that the "interactions affecting global climate" are different from the "interactions between the earth and the atmosphere". A uses what is called a resumptive modifier to suggest that there is just one type of interactions (in the sentence) and that these interactions have two properties:
1. They occur between the ocean and the atmosphere.
2. They (the same interactions) affect global climate.

You can read A like this:
(Modifier), an array of buoys collects and transmits data on long-term interactions between the ocean and the atmosphere.
(Additional information about these interactions is that) these interactions affect global climate.

A and B thus mean different things.


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Floating in the waters of the equatorial Pacific, an array   [#permalink] 08 May 2014, 10:59
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