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# Following the destruction of the space shuttle Challenger,

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Director
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Following the destruction of the space shuttle Challenger, [#permalink]

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21 Jul 2007, 09:15
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14% (01:34) correct 86% (00:43) wrong based on 26 sessions

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300. Following the destruction of the space shuttle Challenger, investigators concluded that many key people employed by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration and its contractors work an excessive amount of overtime that has the potential of causing errors in judgment.
(A) overtime that has the potential of causing
(B) overtime that has the potential to cause
(C) overtime that potentially can cause
(D) overtime, a practice that has the potential for causing
(E) overtime, a practice that can, potentially, cause

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21 Jul 2007, 09:27
botirvoy wrote:
300. Following the destruction of the space shuttle Challenger, investigators concluded that many key people employed by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration and its contractors work an excessive amount of overtime that has the potential of causing errors in judgment.
(A) overtime that has the potential of causing ackward wording
(B) overtime that has the potential to cause ackward wording
(C) overtime that potentially can cause ('can' should be placed before 'potentially')
(D) overtime, a practice that has the potential for causing
(E) overtime, a practice that can, potentially, cause

not the most concise but doesn't distort the meaning.. answer E?
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21 Jul 2007, 09:54
beckee, thx for explanation!
Dont you think "can" and "potentially" in E result in redundancy?
This is the only reason I did not like E
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21 Jul 2007, 11:16
botirvoy wrote:
(A) overtime that has the potential of causing
(B) overtime that has the potential to cause
(C) overtime that potentially can cause
(D) overtime, a practice that has the potential for causing
(E) overtime, a practice that can, potentially, cause

A - incorrect idiom
B - correct idiom (potential to)
C - potentially is awkward
D - incorrect idiom
E - potentially is awkward.

what is the OA?
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02 Sep 2007, 05:38
Any one to explain why OA is E??

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02 Sep 2007, 06:12
E is correct

(A) overtime that has the potential of causing- here it says that overtime is causing errors but it is wrong. so eliminate it
(B) overtime that has the potential to cause- again same error
(C) overtime that potentially can cause- again same error
(D) overtime, a practice that has the potential for causing- 'potential for' worng idiom
(E) overtime, a practice that can, potentially, cause - clear and concise. so it is correct
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15 Oct 2007, 11:56
i feel the overtime does not cause the problem.
it is practising overtime will cause damage
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15 Oct 2007, 12:48
botirvoy wrote:
300. Following the destruction of the space shuttle Challenger, investigators concluded that many key people employed by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration and its contractors work an excessive amount of overtime that has the potential of causing errors in judgment.
(A) overtime that has the potential of causing
(B) overtime that has the potential to cause
(C) overtime that potentially can cause
(D) overtime, a practice that has the potential for causing
(E) overtime, a practice that can, potentially, cause

Would go with B..."to cause" sounds coorect
D and E are out...overtime is not a practice.
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15 Oct 2007, 12:55
I would go with "B"

what's the OA?

I agree OT is not a practice
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15 Oct 2007, 15:16
Cooper2248817 wrote:
I would go with "B"

what's the OA?

I agree OT is not a practice

A, B and C are incorrect. "That" cannot refer to an entire antecedant clause, but only to a specific noun (a rule, which for GMAT purposes, applies to all the relative pronouns--"who, what, when, where, which, and that"). Consider the last part of the antecedent clause, "...work an excessive amount of overtime that..." In this construction, "that" refers to "(the working) of an excessive amount of overtime" rather than to "overtime," itself. GMAT grammatical rules don't allow this sort of reference for any of the relative pronouns.

D has the wrong idiom "potential for"

I am going with E for the lack of any better choices.
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15 Oct 2007, 17:48
botirvoy wrote:
300. Following the destruction of the space shuttle Challenger, investigators concluded that many key people employed by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration and its contractors work an excessive amount of overtime that has the potential of causing errors in judgment.
(A) overtime that has the potential of causing
(B) overtime that has the potential to cause
(C) overtime that potentially can cause
(D) overtime, a practice that has the potential for causing
(E) overtime, a practice that can, potentially, cause

Id go w/ B as well.

E can and potentially is redundant. So its def. not concise. I don't see how Overtime is a "practice" in this case.

Also correct idiom is potential to.

So i dunno why E is OA.
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15 Oct 2007, 18:52
botirvoy wrote:
300. Following the destruction of the space shuttle Challenger, investigators concluded that many key people employed by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration and its contractors work an excessive amount of overtime that has the potential of causing errors in judgment.
(A) overtime that has the potential of causing -->unidiomatic
(B) overtime that has the potential to cause
(C) overtime that potentially can cause-------> "can" is redundant
(D) overtime, a practice that has the potential for causing----> unidiomatic
(E) overtime, a practice that can, potentially, cause------> "potentially" is an adverb that modifies verb "cause" not "can" as it is in C.

I would go for E,

shorlist B and E. B is out cause it sounds as if "the amount of overtime has the potential...." , so if we cover part after "of", it sounds as if the " the amount" itself has a potential, which is logically incorrect...
Can amount have a potential...? if not then E.

E corrects this mistake, by stating that it is practice that has the potential.
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15 Oct 2007, 19:26
botirvoy wrote:
300. Following the destruction of the space shuttle Challenger, investigators concluded that many key people employed by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration and its contractors work an excessive amount of overtime that has the potential of causing errors in judgment.
(A) overtime that has the potential of causing
(B) overtime that has the potential to cause
(C) overtime that potentially can cause
(D) overtime, a practice that has the potential for causing
(E) overtime, a practice that can, potentially, cause

..., a practice that... is incorrect. a practice (modifier for an excessive amount of overtime) does not need any other qualifier.
So, D and E are out.

A and B seems wordy. I will pick C.
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16 Oct 2007, 01:36
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botirvoy wrote:
300. Following the destruction of the space shuttle Challenger, investigators concluded that many key people employed by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration and its contractors work an excessive amount of overtime that has the potential of causing errors in judgment.
(A) overtime that has the potential of causing
(B) overtime that has the potential to cause
(C) overtime that potentially can cause
(D) overtime, a practice that has the potential for causing
(E) overtime, a practice that can, potentially, cause

E is right.

ABC are out because "overtime that" is modifying "overtime," which is not right.

D "has the potential for causing" is unidiomatic, should be "has the potential to cause"

I saw some posts saying that overtime is not a practice. But the clause unambiguously describes "[working] an excessive amount of overtime," which is a practice.
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10 Jan 2009, 07:48
OA to this is E, but I never understood how "can" and "potentially" in E can live together.
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10 Jan 2009, 08:16
Where can I find 1000 RC ,SC and CR ??

Thanks
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10 Jan 2009, 17:20
A,B & C are not appropriate; because overtime does not cause error.
D is inappropriate just because of the potential for causing. if it were to cause, it would be correct.
E is most appropriate (GMAT does not look for correct but just most appropriate).
financeguy wrote:
Any one to explain why OA is E??

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24 Apr 2010, 05:53
As per Manhattan SC, can and potentially cannot live together: redundant.
So i dont understand why is E the OA...
thanks.
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19 Jul 2010, 14:42
noboru wrote:
As per Manhattan SC, can and potentially cannot live together: redundant.
So i dont understand why is E the OA...
thanks.

Could anybody elaborate in this?
Thanks
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20 Jul 2010, 08:02
Hey noboru, the below explanation might help.

Quote:
A, B, and C have modifier issues. "That" introduces an essential noun modifier, but the information following the word "that" is not essential in order to understand the meaning of the words coming before the word "that" - rather, the stuff after the word "that" makes an additional, but separate, point. Also, "that' introduces a noun modifier, but the noun before is not what they're trying to refer to - they're trying to refer to the fact that they work an excessive amount of overtime. That's a whole clause, not just a noun.

To know whether something is essential, try stopping the sentence at the word "overtime." Do you still understand everything that was written to that point? Sure. You've lost the meaning of the extra words, but it hasn't messed up the meaning of the words up to the word "overtime." Then look at choices D and E - they introduce "that" after the words "a practice." Can you stop at "a practice" now and still know what they're talking about? Nope.

Now, between D and E, you do have to know that they consider "has the potential for causing" wordier than "can, potentially, cause. Fewer words, yes, but also just using the verb form (since we're talking about an action, that's preferred to writing the verb in noun form).

"potential to" --> just describes a potential effect of something; may or may not be intentional or aimed at some goal
"potential for" --> used only when a specific goal is intended. in the first sentence, this goal is the relieving of severe pain.

causing errors in judgment is definitely not a goal or intended effect, so "potential for" is incorrect in that sentence.
Re: 1000 SC #300   [#permalink] 20 Jul 2010, 08:02

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