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For a convention, a hotel charges a daily room rate of $120

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For a convention, a hotel charges a daily room rate of $120 [#permalink] New post 17 Oct 2008, 09:31
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For a convention, a hotel charges a daily room rate of $120 for 1 person and x dollars for each additional person. What is the charge for each additional person?

(1) The daily cost per person for 4 people sharing the cost of a room equally is $45.
(2) The daily cost per person for 2 people sharing the cost of a room equally is $25 more than the corresponding cost for 4 people.
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Re: hotel [#permalink] New post 17 Oct 2008, 11:41
D.

Stmt1: obviously sufficient.
Stmt2:
(120+x)/2 = (120 + 3x)/4 + 25 and we can solve for x. Hence, sufficient.
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Re: hotel [#permalink] New post 12 Dec 2008, 20:30
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Jcpenny wrote:
For a convention, a hotel charges a daily room rate of $120 for 1 person and x dollars for each additional person. What is the charge for each additional person?
(1) The daily cost per person for 4 people sharing the cost of a room equally is $45.
(2) The daily cost per person for 2 people sharing the cost of a room equally is $25 more than the corresponding cost for 4 people.


Slightly longer explanation:

Statement 1: If the average is $45, then the total cost per day is 4(45) = 180
With 4 people the cost is $120 + x + x + x
So, we get the equation 120 + 3x = 180 (clearly, we COULD solve this equation for x) --> sufficient


Statement 2:
The average cost for 2 people is (120+x)/2
The average cost for 4 people is (120+3x)/4
We know that the first average cost is $25 more than the second average, so we can create the equation (120+x)/2 = (120+3x)/4 + 25
(clearly, we COULD solve this equation for x) --> sufficient

Answer: D
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Re: hotel charges a daily room rate [#permalink] New post 18 Jan 2011, 09:45
IMO D.
A. If for each person the daly rate is 45$ than 45*4=280. 280-120=160 This is the additional payment that the 3 additional people in the room would have to pay. 160/3 is the rate that each of this 3 people would have to pay. Sufficient.
B. The room rate for 2 people = (120+X). The room rate for 4 people= (120+3*Y). In addition we know that X = 25+Y. So we have 2 integers and two equations. Sufficient.
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Re: hotel charges a daily room rate [#permalink] New post 18 Jan 2011, 21:23
It is D.

From (1) :


45 * 4 = 3x + 120 => x = (180 - 120)/3 = 20

From (2) :

120 + x = 120 + 3x
-------- --------- + 25
2 4

240 + 2x = 120 + 3x + 100

=> x = 240 - 220 = 20
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Re: hotel charges a daily room rate [#permalink] New post 18 Jan 2011, 23:39
Not clear with the second statement. Can anybody clear this please.
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Re: hotel charges a daily room rate [#permalink] New post 08 Feb 2011, 09:23
mcmoorthy wrote:
Not clear with the second statement. Can anybody clear this please.


(i) daily cost per person in the case of two persons: (120+x)/2;
(ii) daily cost per person in the case of four persons: (120+3x)/4.
Keeping in view the difference of $25, we make an equation:
(120+x)/2 - 25 = (120+3x)/4
240+2x-100 = 120+3x
240-100-120=3x-2x
X=20
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Re: hotel charges a daily room rate [#permalink] New post 08 Feb 2011, 09:52
Total cost for the room renting; 120 + x*n

x - charge per additional person
n - number of additional people

Q: What is x?

1. (120 + x * 4)/4 = 45.
x can be found. Sufficient.

2. (120 + 2*x)/2 = (120+4x)/4 + 25
x can be found. Sufficient.

Ans; "D"
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Re: hotel charges a daily room rate [#permalink] New post 08 Feb 2011, 22:26
Thanks Matt1177!. I got it now :)
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Re: For a convention, a hotel charges a daily room rate of $120 [#permalink] New post 27 Jul 2013, 09:13
What's the equation for the second statement?
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Re: For a convention, a hotel charges a daily room rate of $120   [#permalink] 27 Jul 2013, 09:13
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