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For a trade embargo against a particular country to succeed,

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For a trade embargo against a particular country to succeed, [#permalink] New post 06 Dec 2010, 23:27
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A
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C
D
E

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Question Stats:

53% (02:28) correct 47% (01:47) wrong based on 739 sessions
For a trade embargo against a particular country to
succeed, a high degree of both international accord
and ability to prevent goods from entering or leaving
that country must be sustained. A total blockade of
Patria’s ports is necessary to an embargo, but such an
action would be likely to cause international discord
over the embargo.
The claims above, if true, most strongly support which
of the following conclusions?
(A) The balance of opinion is likely to favor Patria in
the event of a blockade.
(B) As long as international opinion is unanimously
against Patria, a trade embargo is likely to
succeed.
(C) A naval blockade of Patria’s ports would ensure
that no goods enter or leave Patria.
(D) Any trade embargo against Patria would be likely
to fail at some time.
(E) For a blockade of Patria’s ports to be
successful, international opinion must be
unanimous.


would anyone kindly give me an explanation about this question?
better analyse each choice,thanks so much
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: Help----from OG [#permalink] New post 07 Dec 2010, 01:51
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courtdancer wrote:
For a trade embargo against a particular country to
succeed, a high degree of both international accord
and ability to prevent goods from entering or leaving
that country must be sustained. A total blockade of
Patria’s ports is necessary to an embargo, but such an
action would be likely to cause international discord
over the embargo.

The claims above, if true, most strongly support which
of the following conclusions?

(A) The balance of opinion is likely to favor Patria in
the event of a blockade. - Its an overstatement. Eliminated.

(B) As long as international opinion is unanimously
against Patria, a trade embargo is likely to
succeed. - Two conditions are mentioned in para. Hence eliminated.

(C) A naval blockade of Patria’s ports would ensure
that no goods enter or leave Patria. - Not mentioned in the para. It is assuming things.

(D) Any trade embargo against Patria would be likely
to fail at some time. - Hold

(E) For a blockade of Patria’s ports to be
successful, international opinion must be
unanimous. - Not mentioned anywhere is the para.POE


would anyone kindly give me an explanation about this question?
better analyse each choice,thanks so much


Thus applying Fact test D prevails.
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Re: Help----from OG [#permalink] New post 07 Dec 2010, 04:05
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k i think i get this question ..

"For a trade embargo against a particular country to
succeed, a high degree of both international accord
and ability to prevent goods from entering or leaving
that country must be sustained"----------this is the condtion for success

"A total blockade of
Patria’s ports is necessary to an embargo, but such an
action would be likely to cause international discord
over the embarg
o."---------indicates lack of international accord
what can u conclude?
a) you cannot say this for sure --reject
b)lacks the condition ( ability to prevent goods)--so success may or may not be possible
c)cannot say this for sure that this will happen for all we know someone might smuggle the goods--so rejected
d)consider the tone.." likely " indicates that the tone is modest, ---not easy to see this though so this looks ohke
e) too strict ..
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Re: Help----from OG [#permalink] New post 07 Dec 2010, 10:34
I echo Amit.

Apply the facts to the conclusion, which should reflect those facts.
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Re: Help----from OG [#permalink] New post 07 Dec 2010, 19:05
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courtdancer wrote:
For a trade embargo against a particular country to
succeed, a high degree of both international accord
and ability to prevent goods from entering or leaving
that country must be sustained. A total blockade of
Patria’s ports is necessary to an embargo, but such an
action would be likely to cause international discord
over the embargo.
The claims above, if true, most strongly support which
of the following conclusions?
(A) The balance of opinion is likely to favor Patria in
the event of a blockade.
(B) As long as international opinion is unanimously
against Patria, a trade embargo is likely to
succeed.
(C) A naval blockade of Patria’s ports would ensure
that no goods enter or leave Patria.
(D) Any trade embargo against Patria would be likely
to fail at some time.
(E) For a blockade of Patria’s ports to be
successful, international opinion must be
unanimous.


would anyone kindly give me an explanation about this question?
better analyse each choice,thanks so much


Good call USCTrojan2006, Amit and Akshat...
Let me point out an important concept used in this question - that of necessary conditions.

Premises:
- International accord and ability to prevent goods from moving are necessary for a trade embargo to succeed.
- A total blockade of Patria’s ports is necessary to an embargo (to prevent goods from moving)
- but such an action would be likely to cause international discord over the embargo.

Two conditions are necessary for embargo to be successful. One of these conditions, if met, is likely to make the other condition fail.

What can I conclude without looking at the options?
That trade embargo in Patria is likely to fail.

(A) The balance of opinion is likely to favor Patria in
the event of a blockade.

We cannot conclude whether opinion will favor Patria.

(B) As long as international opinion is unanimously
against Patria, a trade embargo is likely to
succeed.

No. We need to block the ports too if we want the embargo to succeed. International opinion is not enough.

(C) A naval blockade of Patria’s ports would ensure
that no goods enter or leave Patria.

No information about the effectiveness of naval blockade.

(D) Any trade embargo against Patria would be likely
to fail at some time.
Got it!

(E) For a blockade of Patria’s ports to be
successful, international opinion must be
unanimous.

We don't know what will ensure successful blockade. We just know that blockade is likely to cause discord.
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Re: Help----from OG [#permalink] New post 15 Dec 2010, 04:04
VeritasPrepKarishma wrote:
courtdancer wrote:
For a trade embargo against a particular country to
succeed, a high degree of both international accord
and ability to prevent goods from entering or leaving
that country must be sustained. A total blockade of
Patria’s ports is necessary to an embargo, but such an
action would be likely to cause international discord
over the embargo.
The claims above, if true, most strongly support which
of the following conclusions?
(A) The balance of opinion is likely to favor Patria in
the event of a blockade.
(B) As long as international opinion is unanimously
against Patria, a trade embargo is likely to
succeed.
(C) A naval blockade of Patria’s ports would ensure
that no goods enter or leave Patria.
(D) Any trade embargo against Patria would be likely
to fail at some time.
(E) For a blockade of Patria’s ports to be
successful, international opinion must be
unanimous.


would anyone kindly give me an explanation about this question?
better analyse each choice,thanks so much


Good call USCTrojan2006, Amit and Akshat...
Let me point out an important concept used in this question - that of necessary conditions.

Premises:
- International accord and ability to prevent goods from moving are necessary for a trade embargo to succeed.
- A total blockade of Patria’s ports is necessary to an embargo (to prevent goods from moving)
- but such an action would be likely to cause international discord over the embargo.

Two conditions are necessary for embargo to be successful. One of these conditions, if met, is likely to make the other condition fail.

What can I conclude without looking at the options?
That trade embargo in Patria is likely to fail.

(A) The balance of opinion is likely to favor Patria in
the event of a blockade.

We cannot conclude whether opinion will favor Patria.

(B) As long as international opinion is unanimously
against Patria, a trade embargo is likely to
succeed.

No. We need to block the ports too if we want the embargo to succeed. International opinion is not enough.

(C) A naval blockade of Patria’s ports would ensure
that no goods enter or leave Patria.

No information about the effectiveness of naval blockade.

(D) Any trade embargo against Patria would be likely
to fail at some time.
Got it!

(E) For a blockade of Patria’s ports to be
successful, international opinion must be
unanimous.

We don't know what will ensure successful blockade. We just know that blockade is likely to cause discord.

Hi Karisma , i got the question right missed on a few points which you covered very well.Can you also tell what is mean by "International accord ".My line of reasoning was that International accord does not neccesarily mean that all should agree unanimously
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Re: Help----from OG [#permalink] New post 15 Dec 2010, 04:48
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mundasingh123 wrote:
VeritasPrepKarishma wrote:
courtdancer wrote:
For a trade embargo against a particular country to
succeed, a high degree of both international accord
and ability to prevent goods from entering or leaving
that country must be sustained. A total blockade of
Patria’s ports is necessary to an embargo, but such an
action would be likely to cause international discord
over the embargo.
The claims above, if true, most strongly support which
of the following conclusions?
(A) The balance of opinion is likely to favor Patria in
the event of a blockade.
(B) As long as international opinion is unanimously
against Patria, a trade embargo is likely to
succeed.
(C) A naval blockade of Patria’s ports would ensure
that no goods enter or leave Patria.
(D) Any trade embargo against Patria would be likely
to fail at some time.
(E) For a blockade of Patria’s ports to be
successful, international opinion must be
unanimous.


would anyone kindly give me an explanation about this question?
better analyse each choice,thanks so much


Good call USCTrojan2006, Amit and Akshat...
Let me point out an important concept used in this question - that of necessary conditions.

Premises:
- International accord and ability to prevent goods from moving are necessary for a trade embargo to succeed.
- A total blockade of Patria’s ports is necessary to an embargo (to prevent goods from moving)
- but such an action would be likely to cause international discord over the embargo.

Two conditions are necessary for embargo to be successful. One of these conditions, if met, is likely to make the other condition fail.

What can I conclude without looking at the options?
That trade embargo in Patria is likely to fail.

(A) The balance of opinion is likely to favor Patria in
the event of a blockade.

We cannot conclude whether opinion will favor Patria.

(B) As long as international opinion is unanimously
against Patria, a trade embargo is likely to
succeed.

No. We need to block the ports too if we want the embargo to succeed. International opinion is not enough.

(C) A naval blockade of Patria’s ports would ensure
that no goods enter or leave Patria.

No information about the effectiveness of naval blockade.

(D) Any trade embargo against Patria would be likely
to fail at some time.
Got it!

(E) For a blockade of Patria’s ports to be
successful, international opinion must be
unanimous.

We don't know what will ensure successful blockade. We just know that blockade is likely to cause discord.

Hi Karisma , i got the question right missed on a few points which you covered very well.Can you also tell what is mean by "International accord ".My line of reasoning was that International accord does not neccesarily mean that all should agree unanimously


A high degree of international accord means that most countries should agree to the decision. But the argument mentions "A total blockade of
Patria’s ports is necessary to an embargo, but such an
action would be likely to cause international discord
over the em
bargo."
So whatever is the level of accord that is needed, is likely to be not received.
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Re: Help----from OG [#permalink] New post 15 Dec 2010, 07:03
Thanks karishma
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Re: Help----from OG [#permalink] New post 28 Apr 2011, 03:26
'a high degree of both international accord
and ability to prevent goods from entering or leaving
that country must be sustained.'

but such an
action would be likely to cause international discord
over the embargo.

hence D
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Re: Help----from OG [#permalink] New post 21 Jul 2012, 20:42
VeritasPrepKarishma wrote:

A high degree of international accord means that most countries should agree to the decision. But the argument mentions "A total blockade of
Patria’s ports is necessary to an embargo, but such an
action would be likely to cause international discord
over the em
bargo."
So whatever is the level of accord that is needed, is likely to be not received.


Thank you for the explanation. I think the correct choices could be A or D but could not figure out a way to eliminate A. Now I got it.
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Re: For a trade embargo against a particular country to succeed, [#permalink] New post 05 Nov 2013, 01:16
just another Must be True question.

all you need is to apply fact test on the answer choices.
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Re: Help----from OG [#permalink] New post 05 Nov 2013, 07:59
VeritasPrepKarishma wrote:
courtdancer wrote:
For a trade embargo against a particular country to
succeed, a high degree of both international accord
and ability to prevent goods from entering or leaving
that country must be sustained. A total blockade of
Patria’s ports is necessary to an embargo, but such an
action would be likely to cause international discord
over the embargo.
The claims above, if true, most strongly support which
of the following conclusions?
(A) The balance of opinion is likely to favor Patria in
the event of a blockade.
(B) As long as international opinion is unanimously
against Patria, a trade embargo is likely to
succeed.
(C) A naval blockade of Patria’s ports would ensure
that no goods enter or leave Patria.
(D) Any trade embargo against Patria would be likely
to fail at some time.
(E) For a blockade of Patria’s ports to be
successful, international opinion must be
unanimous.


would anyone kindly give me an explanation about this question?
better analyse each choice,thanks so much


Good call USCTrojan2006, Amit and Akshat...
Let me point out an important concept used in this question - that of necessary conditions.

Premises:
- International accord and ability to prevent goods from moving are necessary for a trade embargo to succeed.
- A total blockade of Patria’s ports is necessary to an embargo (to prevent goods from moving)
- but such an action would be likely to cause international discord over the embargo.

Two conditions are necessary for embargo to be successful. One of these conditions, if met, is likely to make the other condition fail.

What can I conclude without looking at the options?
That trade embargo in Patria is likely to fail.

(A) The balance of opinion is likely to favor Patria in
the event of a blockade.

We cannot conclude whether opinion will favor Patria.

(B) As long as international opinion is unanimously
against Patria, a trade embargo is likely to
succeed.

No. We need to block the ports too if we want the embargo to succeed. International opinion is not enough.

(C) A naval blockade of Patria’s ports would ensure
that no goods enter or leave Patria.

No information about the effectiveness of naval blockade.

(D) Any trade embargo against Patria would be likely
to fail at some time.
Got it!

(E) For a blockade of Patria’s ports to be
successful, international opinion must be
unanimous.

We don't know what will ensure successful blockade. We just know that blockade is likely to cause discord.

I got confused and chose B.
If the embargo were to be made, only as long as the international opinion will be against it will succeed.
So how can I avoid this kind of mistake?
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Re: Help----from OG [#permalink] New post 06 Nov 2013, 05:16
Expert's post
ronr34 wrote:
I got confused and chose B.
If the embargo were to be made, only as long as the international opinion will be against it will succeed.
So how can I avoid this kind of mistake?


The 'conclusion' questions are usually pretty mathematical and just need a step by step approach. Here, you know that A and B are necessary for C. But A will imply 'not B'. So you can conclude that C will not happen.

After you practice a few such questions, they will make a lot of sense.
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Re: For a trade embargo against a particular country to succeed, [#permalink] New post 26 Nov 2014, 14:14
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 [#permalink] New post 21 Jan 2015, 02:16
Hi Karishma,

Please correct me if I am wrong with this approach, wanted to validate the approach as I have recently started with the prep.

Argument -

TE --> IA & PB
Partia Case: PB --> ~ IA
i.e. IA --> ~ PB

(A) The balance of opinion is likely to favor Patria in
the event of a blockade - InCorrect - IA --> ~ PB. Hence, ~PB --> ~ TE
(B) As long as international opinion is unanimously
against Patria, a trade embargo is likely to
succeed. InCorrect - ~ IA Hence, ~IA--> ~ TE (Also, IA is not the only reason)
(C) A naval blockade of Patria’s ports would ensure
that no goods enter or leave Patria. -- Incorrect - Restatement of PB
(D) Any trade embargo against Patria would be likely
to fail at some time. - Correct
(E) For a blockade of Patria’s ports to be
successful, international opinion must be
unanimous. - Incorrect AS TE --> IA; TE --> PB ... Hence PB --> IE (Incorrect)
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Re: For a trade embargo against a particular country to succeed, [#permalink] New post 15 Feb 2015, 16:30
VeritasPrepKarishma wrote:
courtdancer wrote:
For a trade embargo against a particular country to
succeed, a high degree of both international accord
and ability to prevent goods from entering or leaving
that country must be sustained. A total blockade of
Patria’s ports is necessary to an embargo, but such an
action would be likely to cause international discord
over the embargo.
The claims above, if true, most strongly support which
of the following conclusions?
(A) The balance of opinion is likely to favor Patria in
the event of a blockade.
(B) As long as international opinion is unanimously
against Patria, a trade embargo is likely to
succeed.
(C) A naval blockade of Patria’s ports would ensure
that no goods enter or leave Patria.
(D) Any trade embargo against Patria would be likely
to fail at some time.
(E) For a blockade of Patria’s ports to be
successful, international opinion must be
unanimous.


would anyone kindly give me an explanation about this question?
better analyse each choice,thanks so much


Good call USCTrojan2006, Amit and Akshat...
Let me point out an important concept used in this question - that of necessary conditions.

Premises:
- International accord and ability to prevent goods from moving are necessary for a trade embargo to succeed.
- A total blockade of Patria’s ports is necessary to an embargo (to prevent goods from moving)
- but such an action would be likely to cause international discord over the embargo.

Two conditions are necessary for embargo to be successful. One of these conditions, if met, is likely to make the other condition fail.

What can I conclude without looking at the options?
That trade embargo in Patria is likely to fail.

(A) The balance of opinion is likely to favor Patria in
the event of a blockade.

We cannot conclude whether opinion will favor Patria.

(B) As long as international opinion is unanimously
against Patria, a trade embargo is likely to
succeed.

No. We need to block the ports too if we want the embargo to succeed. International opinion is not enough.

(C) A naval blockade of Patria’s ports would ensure
that no goods enter or leave Patria.

No information about the effectiveness of naval blockade.

(D) Any trade embargo against Patria would be likely
to fail at some time.
Got it!

(E) For a blockade of Patria’s ports to be
successful, international opinion must be
unanimous.

We don't know what will ensure successful blockade. We just know that blockade is likely to cause discord.


Dear Karishma,

The answer is indeed D. However, your rejection of option E didn't convince me. We have been told what it takes to ensure a successful blockade. However, E talks about 'unanimity' in option against Patria, which is not the same as a high degree of international accord. As you well know, strong words like unanimous are generally a trap.
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Re: For a trade embargo against a particular country to succeed, [#permalink] New post 15 Feb 2015, 21:57
Expert's post
aviram wrote:
VeritasPrepKarishma wrote:
courtdancer wrote:
For a trade embargo against a particular country to
succeed, a high degree of both international accord
and ability to prevent goods from entering or leaving
that country must be sustained. A total blockade of
Patria’s ports is necessary to an embargo, but such an
action would be likely to cause international discord
over the embargo.
The claims above, if true, most strongly support which
of the following conclusions?
(A) The balance of opinion is likely to favor Patria in
the event of a blockade.
(B) As long as international opinion is unanimously
against Patria, a trade embargo is likely to
succeed.
(C) A naval blockade of Patria’s ports would ensure
that no goods enter or leave Patria.
(D) Any trade embargo against Patria would be likely
to fail at some time.
(E) For a blockade of Patria’s ports to be
successful, international opinion must be
unanimous.


would anyone kindly give me an explanation about this question?
better analyse each choice,thanks so much


Good call USCTrojan2006, Amit and Akshat...
Let me point out an important concept used in this question - that of necessary conditions.

Premises:
- International accord and ability to prevent goods from moving are necessary for a trade embargo to succeed.
- A total blockade of Patria’s ports is necessary to an embargo (to prevent goods from moving)
- but such an action would be likely to cause international discord over the embargo.

Two conditions are necessary for embargo to be successful. One of these conditions, if met, is likely to make the other condition fail.

What can I conclude without looking at the options?
That trade embargo in Patria is likely to fail.

(A) The balance of opinion is likely to favor Patria in
the event of a blockade.

We cannot conclude whether opinion will favor Patria.

(B) As long as international opinion is unanimously
against Patria, a trade embargo is likely to
succeed.

No. We need to block the ports too if we want the embargo to succeed. International opinion is not enough.

(C) A naval blockade of Patria’s ports would ensure
that no goods enter or leave Patria.

No information about the effectiveness of naval blockade.

(D) Any trade embargo against Patria would be likely
to fail at some time.
Got it!

(E) For a blockade of Patria’s ports to be
successful, international opinion must be
unanimous.

We don't know what will ensure successful blockade. We just know that blockade is likely to cause discord.


Dear Karishma,

The answer is indeed D. However, your rejection of option E didn't convince me. We have been told what it takes to ensure a successful blockade. However, E talks about 'unanimity' in option against Patria, which is not the same as a high degree of international accord. As you well know, strong words like unanimous are generally a trap.


Use variables since the terminology might be confusing you.

Argument:
For T (trade embargo) to succeed, you need both A (international accord) and B (Blockade of movement of goods which implies blockade of ports, train lines outside the country etc)
But B (Blockade of ports) is likely to cause international discord (which means A will be destroyed).

Option (E) For a blockade of Patria’s ports to be successful, international opinion must be unanimous.

What your option (E) says is that for B to be successful, A must happen. Point is, the argument tells us nothing about what we need for B. It only tells us the repercussions of B (that A will not happen). We don't know what will make B successful in the first place. The argument says nothing about it. The argument only tells us what you need for T and that A will not happen if B happens. We have no idea about what is needed for B to be successful. So we cannot say that from the argument, option (E) must be true. Hence (E) is not the answer.
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Karishma
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Re: For a trade embargo against a particular country to succeed,   [#permalink] 15 Feb 2015, 21:57
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