For a trade embargo against a particular country to succeed, : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
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For a trade embargo against a particular country to succeed,

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Director
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02 May 2005, 14:24
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16. For a trade embargo against a particular country to succeed, a high degree of both international accord and ability to prevent goods from entering or leaving that country must be sustained. A total blockade of Patriaâ€™s ports is necessary to an embargo, but such an action would be likely to cause international discord over the embargo.

The claims above, if true, most strongly support which of the following conclusions?

(A) The balance of opinion is likely to favor Patria in the event of a blockade.
(B) As long as international opinion is unanimously against Patria, a trade embargo is likely to succeed.
(C) A naval blockade of Patriaâ€™s ports would ensure that no goods enter or leave Patria.
(D) Any trade embargo against Patria would be likely to fail at some time.
(E) For a blockade of Patriaâ€™s ports to be successful, international opinion must be unanimous.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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02 May 2005, 15:21
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I'd go with D. Its because the statement should be a conclusion. The argument is
1. Complete blockage required for trade embargo to succeed.
2. Trying to enforce a complete blockage is likely to create a discorm amongst nations.

The only logical conclusion is that "therefore, a trade embargo against Patria is likely to fail".

Stmts B and E are suggestions for the embargo to succeed, not conclusions.
Stmt A is wrong because the passage doesn't mention that international discord would help Patria.
C is simply a fact. already stated in the arguments, not a conclusion.
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03 May 2005, 08:08
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In E, unanimous agreement does not necessarily mean a high degree of cooperation.

Therefore, D.
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03 May 2005, 15:10
(D). Blockade will cause international discord. => trade embargo will fail (first sentence)
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04 May 2005, 05:46
The OA is D.
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23 Mar 2009, 05:37
For a trade embargo against a particular country to succeed, a high degree of both international accord and ability to prevent goods from entering or leaving that country must be sustained. A total blockade of Patria’s ports is necessary to an embargo, but such an action would be likely to cause international discord over the embargo.
The claims above, if true, most strongly support which of the following conclusions?
(A) The balance of opinion is likely to favor Patria in the event of a blockade.
(B) As long as international opinion is unanimously against Patria, a trade embargo is likely to succeed.
(C) A naval blockade of Patria’s ports would ensure that no goods enter or leave Patria.
(D) Any trade embargo against Patria would be likely to fail at some time.
(E) For a blockade of Patria’s ports to be successful, international opinion must be unanimous.
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23 Mar 2009, 10:18
D IMO

just take it this way..

A-->embargo

B-->condn 1(a high degree of both international accord )
and
C-->condn 2(ability to prevent goods from entering or leaving that country)

As per the passage
For A(embargo) to happen we need both B and C

Now which one strongly supports it?
Obviously D.

(A) The balance of opinion is likely to favor Patria in the event of a blockade.
(B) As long as international opinion is unanimously against Patria, a trade embargo is likely to succeed.
(C) A naval blockade of Patria’s ports would ensure that no goods enter or leave Patria.
(D) Any trade embargo against Patria would be likely to fail at some time.
(E) For a blockade of Patria’s ports to be successful, international opinion must be unanimous.
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23 Mar 2009, 11:57
nitya34 wrote:
D IMO

just take it this way..

A-->embargo

B-->condn 1(a high degree of both international accord )
and
C-->condn 2(ability to prevent goods from entering or leaving that country)

As per the passage
For A(embargo) to happen we need both B and C

Now which one strongly supports it?
Obviously D.

(A) The balance of opinion is likely to favor Patria in the event of a blockade.
(B) As long as international opinion is unanimously against Patria, a trade embargo is likely to succeed.
(C) A naval blockade of Patria’s ports would ensure that no goods enter or leave Patria.
(D) Any trade embargo against Patria would be likely to fail at some time.
(E) For a blockade of Patria’s ports to be successful, international opinion must be unanimous.

nitya34,
Thanks for explanation but I am not able to relate your conditions with option D. Can you be a bit more elaborative?

I chose E.. and if possible, can you explain why E is wrong? (E option may be very strong (unanimous opinion) ..?)

Thanks.
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24 Mar 2009, 06:58
Hey thanks nitya34 for the link.
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31 Aug 2010, 15:27
I'm for D also. but,

'Any trade embargo' in D is still problematic.

Given article (ports, such an action, 'the' embargo) is limited to 'naval' trade.
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Re: For a trade embargo against a particular country to succeed, [#permalink]

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22 Oct 2012, 06:37
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ugimba wrote:
For a trade embargo against a particular country to succeed, a high degree of both international accord and ability to prevent goods from entering or leaving that country must be sustained. A total blockade of Patria’s ports is necessary to an embargo, but such an action would be likely to cause international discord over the embargo.
The claims above, if true, most strongly support which of the following conclusions?
(A) The balance of opinion is likely to favor Patria in the event of a blockade.
(B) As long as international opinion is unanimously against Patria, a trade embargo is likely to succeed.
(C) A naval blockade of Patria’s ports would ensure that no goods enter or leave Patria.
(D) Any trade embargo against Patria would be likely to fail at some time.
(E) For a blockade of Patria’s ports to be successful, international opinion must be unanimous.

My explanation:
A> Out of scope
C>1. this cannot be a conclusion
2.'naval'-->additional info introduced in a must be true question. Not allowed
D> focus on[color=#ff0000] 'likely'
. Stimulus says that a total blockade is 'likely' to cause discord.Thus, any trade embargo would be likely to fail. Notice, 'at some time' is only given to confuse you folks!
E> 2 conditions are necessary. therefore, this option is clearly insufficient.
cheers[/color]
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Re: For a trade embargo against a particular country to succeed, [#permalink]

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27 Nov 2012, 00:22
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First of all, we need to know that it is an infer question. (Yippe! Half way done!)

Premise1: Two actions (international accord + preventing goods from moving in or out of banned country) are NECESSARY for success of embargo.
Premise2: The actions will result in an outcome that will defeat one of the two action which is necessary for the outcome.

Read as: The actions will result in an outcome (total blockade) that (by causing international discord) will defeat one of the two action (international accord) which is necessary for the outcome.

Use 'Prethinking for CR' (a term coined by e-gmat)
Logic says that when the prerequisites for an action is killed by outcome of the action, the action may not survive. So, an Embargo which is defeating its NECESSARY requisites will be eventually fail.

We already know the answer at this stage. Still let us check the options

A. 'Shell game' (a term coined by GMAT CR Bible Book)
This is tempting. Our real world knowledge sways away to think that embargo is bad. So, if an embargo fails, it may be favouring Patria!
Wait! Wait ! Wait! What if embargo caused a regime change in Patria and this event paved way for a meritocratic system of governance influence by theory of Übermensch! And then like Germany, Patria became a powerful nation! In this case, embargo might help Patria!!

Am I introducing my personal judgement that embargo is bad? If yes... that is bad habit for CR. Beware!

B. P2 says that international discord will arise. This option negates my P2. At the most, this option create a P3. But in that case also, the argument is left bare without any conclusion/inference.

C. At the most, the option can serve as definition of embargo and may serve as Premise3. Still no sign of conclusion 'shore' for my 'logic ship'.

D. Logical syllogism says that Embargo will fail. This is exactly what we want!

E. In the light of premise1 and 2, this option is self defeating. P2: If blockade is successful, international discord will arise. So, international opinion can never be unanimous.
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Re: For a trade embargo against a particular country to succeed, [#permalink]

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20 Jun 2014, 10:18
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15 Oct 2014, 01:23
(E) For a blockade of Patria’s ports to be successful, international opinion must be unanimous. WRONG
Blockade: the surrounding of an area by soldiers or ships to stop people or supplies entering or leaving
Embargo: an official order to stop trade with another country
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05 Feb 2015, 03:07
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ugimba wrote:
nitya34 wrote:
D IMO

just take it this way..

A-->embargo

B-->condn 1(a high degree of both international accord )
and
C-->condn 2(ability to prevent goods from entering or leaving that country)

As per the passage
For A(embargo) to happen we need both B and C

Now which one strongly supports it?
Obviously D.

(A) The balance of opinion is likely to favor Patria in the event of a blockade.
(B) As long as international opinion is unanimously against Patria, a trade embargo is likely to succeed.
(C) A naval blockade of Patria’s ports would ensure that no goods enter or leave Patria.
(D) Any trade embargo against Patria would be likely to fail at some time.
(E) For a blockade of Patria’s ports to be successful, international opinion must be unanimous.

nitya34,
Thanks for explanation but I am not able to relate your conditions with option D. Can you be a bit more elaborative?

I chose E.. and if possible, can you explain why E is wrong? (E option may be very strong (unanimous opinion) ..?)

Thanks.

Hey,

To add to this - in case it is still useful - indeed D is the correct answer, even though I also chose E.

E is wrong because of the word unanimous. It is true that this word is an exaggeration, but I think that this one really requires you to take it to the limits in order to agree that "unanimous" is that far away from "high degree" of international accord. So, indeed, this is not the correct answer, even though I think it is not wrong. It is just one og the GMAT cases where you really have to take it 100% literal. Anyway, it is what it is!

D is correct, but I found another reason that the one presented by nitya34.
The stem says that the 2 conditions for an embargo to success are:
1) high level of international agreement, and
2) no goods going in and out the country (total blockage)

Now, D says that "Any trade embargo against Patria would be likely to fail at some time". The reason why this is true is that one of the 2 necessary conditions can NEVER happen. Specifically, a total blockage can never happen, as it is stated that "such an action would be likely to cause international discord over the embargo". So, both use th word "likely" and together they delete on of the 2 conditions that MUST BOTH happen for a total blockage to succeed.

CR would be so much fun if you didn't have to do it for the GMAT.... I think I need a large dose of some sort of conentration pills, combined with meditation and a dose of holy spirit insipration; unfortunately, these things are exactly what I would never endorse ... May the force be with us then!
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Re: For a trade embargo against a particular country to succeed, [#permalink]

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05 Mar 2015, 00:07
A trade embargo against a country succeed = high degree of international agreement + ability to prevent goods from entering & leaving this country.
+ 1 embargo <-- Total blockage of Patria
+ Patria blockage --> (likely) international discord over the embargo
MBT question.
A. Cannot pass the fact test.
B. Not enough, we need both international accord & ability.
C. We need a total blockage, not only a naval blockage
D. Because of the international disagreement, D can be 1 possibility. CORRECT.
E. Not enough, and they may all be against the blockage/in favor of the blockage.
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Re: For a trade embargo against a particular country to succeed, [#permalink]

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25 Apr 2016, 19:59
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: For a trade embargo against a particular country to succeed, [#permalink]

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03 May 2016, 04:16
I agree with D

but what exactly is the difference between D and A?
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Re: For a trade embargo against a particular country to succeed,   [#permalink] 03 May 2016, 04:16
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